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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3021
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

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    opprobrium [ uh'-PROH-bree-uh' m ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. infamy, disgrace or ignominy
    2. reproach, criticism or contempt
    3. one that causes dishonour, shame or humiliation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was the result of the opprobrium that he faced which caused him to contemplate suicide.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Peter Davies, the former regulator of the National Lottery, attracted much opprobrium for accepting a ride in a jet controlled by GTech, then part of the Camelot consortium.
    Telegraph, The corporate flying squad, 21 Mar 2001
     
    penurious [ puh'-NOO' R-ee-uh' s, -NYOO 'R- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. parsimonious, stingy or miserly
    2. destitute, indigent or impoverished
    3. lacking resources
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The shelter provided food for the penurious urchins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As part of Diamond Jubilee Celebration of All Kerala Children's Society, Madras Medical Mission in association with the society would be performing cardiac surgery for 75 penurious children below the age of 18.
    The Times of India, Free cardiac surgery for children below 18, 28 Jun 2004
     
    preamble [ PREE-am-buh' l, pree-AM- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. introduction, preface or prelude
    2. a preliminary or introductory occurrence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The preamble was long, winding and full of confusing jargons.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Many of us are probably aware that the preamble to the Indian Constitution says that India is a socialist - along with being a secular and democratic - republic.
    BBC, India parliament begins session, 15 November 2007
     
    puissance [ PYOO-uh'-suh'ns, pyoo-IS-uh'ns, PWIS-uh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. power
    2. might
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     America's naval puissance was unparalleled.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     No European nation can alone exercise effective military puissance.
    The Telegraph, The West needs France to rejoin Nato. Denis MacShane, 21 September 2007
     
    surge [ surj ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a rush or strong wavelike advance
    2. (n.) a swelling wave or a rolling sea
    3. (intr. v.) to rise and move in a billowing manner
    4. (intr. v.) to increase suddenly
    5. (tr. v.) to gradually loosen or slacken
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The excited fans surged onto the football field as soon as the game was over.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Health chiefs have revealed how icy weather saw a surge in patient numbers across south west Scotland.
    BBC, Big freeze prompted patient surge, 2 February 2010
     

  2. #3022
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    vanguard [ VAN-gahrd ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the foremost position in an army advancing into a battle.
    2. the foremost or leading position or persons in a trend or movement.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The commandos or special forces are always at the vanguard of any battle in which the Indian army takes part in.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As West's vanguard approached the outskirts of the city, it encountered a defended roadblock.
    Patton's Vanguard: The United States Army Fourth Armored Division, By Don M. Fox
     
    transient [ TRAN-shuh'nt, -zhuh'nt, -zee-uh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) transitory, temporary or not everlasting
    2. (adj.) in existence for only a brief period of time
    3. (n.) one that is temporary or transient in nature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His doctor said that this was a transient phase in his life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The only side-effect that has been noted so far is a transient fever that can be treated with over-the-counter medicines.
    The Economist, Golden slingshot, Nov 6th 2008
     
    preternatural  [ pree-ter-NACH-er-uh' l, -NACH-ruh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. extraordinary, exceptional, abnormal or deviant from what is normal
    2. supernatural or beyond what is natural
    3. inexplicable, psychic or mysterious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The preternatural Gothic architecture horrified one and all.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama has become renowned for his almost preternatural calm as displayed at every stage of the presidential campaign.
    The Times of India, Leader Article: Bobos In Oz, Swagato Ganguly, 29 June 2007
     
    rendezvous [ RAHN-duh'-voo, -dey-; Fr. r*ahn*-de-VOO ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an agreement or arrangement between two people to meet up at a fixed place at a fixed time
    2. (n.) an engagement or meeting between two persons
    3. (n.) the place or venue chosen to meet
    4. (n.) a meeting between two spacecrafts
    5. (tr.v.) to meet, assemble or come together at a particular place, at a particular time
    6. (intr.v.) to come together or meet at a rendezvous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was late as usual for his rendezvous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If the radar is affected, the crew will have to use a different method of rendezvous with the space station.
    Telegraph, Business comment: Look to China for root causes of the crisis, By Roger Bootle, 17 Sep 2007
     
    roseate [ ROH-zee-it, -eyt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. rosy or rose-coloured
    2. extremely optimistic or cheerful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The roseate tinge found in the painting was added while restoring the painting.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At the J.N. Ding Darling refuge on Florida's Sanibel Island and two other Florida refuges, the colorful roseate spoonbill is out in force.
    BBC, Freezing fog creates 'snowy' feel, 22 December 2006
     

  3. #3023
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    sylph [ silf ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a graceful woman or girl
    2. a supernatural being that inhabits the air.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     An Asian woman's sylph like appearance is what makes her attractive to occidental men.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She's the only sylph I ever saw, who could stand upon one leg, and play the tambourine on her other knee, like a sylph.
    MSN Encarta, Charles Dickens (1812 - 1870), British novelist, Said by Mr. Crummles (Nicholas Nickleby, 1839)
     
    reactionary [ ree-AK-shuh'-ner-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) regressive, conservative or pertaining to or strongly advocating reaction in politics and opposing political and social change
    2. (n.) a person who is reactionary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The reactionary views mentioned in the newspaper are fast becoming popular.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     According to Vinod Kelkar, "The setting up of a third-party forum (comprising individuals from different professions, including doctors) is needed to curb reactionary attacks."
    The Times of India, Doctors under siege, Vishwas Kothari, October 20, 2008
     
    retaliate [ ri-TAL-ee-eyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to return or repay esp. something evil with something evil
    2. (intr.v.)to exact revenge or reciprocate evil with evil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The union leader retaliated by asking the mill workers to go on strike.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The cross-border developments came as North Korea said it would retaliate if a "satellite" launch from its northeastern coast were intercepted, with the communist nation saying interference would "mean a war."
    BBC News, Merthyr FC's temporary reprieve, 20 February 2009
     
    premature [ pree-muh'-CHOO'R ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. happening before its due time
    2. Born before the gestation period is completed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The premature birth of the twins concerned the doctors as the babies were underweight.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In their second innings, Sri Lanka had reached 157 for two with Jayawardene unbeaten on 23 when heavy rain brought play to a premature end with 11.4 overs left to bowl.
    CNN, Sangakkara puts Sri Lanka in total control, 28 August 2009
     
    assiduous [ uh'-SIJ-oo-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     showing constant attention and application; persistent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Assiduous preparation is essential to crack the CAT examination.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is always assiduous in preparation and is simply never casual in his approach to anything to with work - and that is the same for his chat show too.
    BBC, Michael Parkinson - Journalist and Broadcaster, 19th February 2008
     

  4. #3024
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    primogeniture [ prahy-muh'-JEN-i-cher, -choo' r ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a condition or state where one is the first born among the children of the same set of parents
    2. (law) a right to inheritance which exclusively belongs to the first born child esp. the eldest male child
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Modern monarchy is undecided about doing away with primogeniture
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     About 30% of UK firms are family owned, and half of them are managed by family members, with control passed down by "primogeniture" to the eldest son.
    Telegraph, Barack Obama: redefining the male physique, By Terry Kirby, 19 Jan 2009
     
    reparation [ rep-uh'-REY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an act of making up or making amends
    2. indemnification, compensation or atonement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was asked to make reparations to his victims.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The party also wants an apology for slavery, although it is not asking for financial reparations.
    CNN, NASA keeps eye on two shuttle problems, November 15, 2008
     
    rout [ rout ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a throng, mob or rabble
    2. (n.) a terrible defeat or a retreat succeeding such a defeat
    3. (n.) chaos, disturbance or riot
    4. (tr.v.) to defeat in a decisive manner
    5. (tr.v.) to retreat after being defeated
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The police were called in to control the rout.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The conflict began more than a week ago when Georgia launched a military incursion into South Ossetia to rout separatist rebels.
    abcNews, Bird Day events alight at national wildlife refuges, By Ben Abramson, USA TODAY, May 8, 2008
     
    pander [ PAN-der ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a pimp, procurer or go-between in sexual intrigues
    2. (n.) one catering to or exploiting other people's weaknesses and desires
    3. (tr.v.) to behave or act as a pander
    4. (intr.v.) to act as or be a pander in order to gratify someone else's desires
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Panders are looked down on by society.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama has said he's picking people for their skills and not pandering to special interests.
    CNN, Why some women's groups are miffed at Obama, From Jessica Yellin CNN National Political Correspondent, December 22, 2008
     
    purvey [ per-VEY ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to supply provisions
    2. to publicize
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Volunteers would purvey provisions and medicines to the survivors of the deluge.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But at the same time it is bound to a method and a rhetoric that treats its public as consumers and the information it purveys as a commodity.
    BBC, Archbishop to attack news media, 14 June 2005
     

  5. #3025
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    debunk [ di-BUHNGK  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to expose the exaggerated claims of
    2. to ridicule the falseness of a claim or sentiment
    3. to show to be false or pretentious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He debunked the predictions of the soothsayer by simple arguments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The discovery of this "watery world" helps debunk the notion that Earth-like planets could form only in conditions similar to those in our solar system.
    CNN, Scientists spot nearby 'super-Earth', John D. Sutter, 16 December 2009.
     
    sidereal [ sahy-DEER-ee-uh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. astral or related or pertaining to the stars
    2. measured with or determined by reference to the stars
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     This mission will concentrate on the sidereal aspects of the faraway planets in our solar system.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Venus Express is expected to begin its primary science mission -- a 15-Earth month period that translates into two of Venus' long sidereal days -- in June after a series of maneuvers to reach its final operational orbit.
    CNN, Bound for Venus, By Tariq Malik, April 10, 2006
     
    palaeontologist [ pal-ee-uh' n-TOL-uh'-jist, pey-lee- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an expert who has studied the fossil remains of prehistoric plants, animals, and other organisms
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The character of Ross Geller in the famed comedy, "Friends", was a palaeontologist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Palaeontologists have long known that as temperatures go up and down over geological time, generally speaking, so does the upper size limit of cold-blooded creatures - or poikilotherms.
    BBC, Largest snake 'as long as a bus', By Paul Rincon, 4 February 2009
     
    perforce [ per-FAWRS, -FOHRS ]
     adverb ]
     MEANING :
     by necessity or due to force of circumstances
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had to sell his house perforce as his financial situation was deplorable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is also a meditation, always simple but sometimes quite profound, on the nature of faith and on how it gives meaning to lives which have perforce to be lived in a materialist culture.
    Telegraph, Parents and pastors, William Oddie, 25 May 2004
     
    prim [ prim ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) formal, demure or precise
    2. (tr.v.) to have a very prim or demure expression on one's face
    3. (tr.v.) to formally or demurely dress up
    4. (intr.v.) to fix one's mouth in a demure or formal expression
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The prim and proper expression on her face soon melted away.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is evidence of arranged marriages in Western societies as far back as the 1500s and in the prim Victorian era, which encouraged a union for cultural and economic reasons rather than mere love.
    The Times of India, TODAY'S EDITORIAL: We're All Socialists, 15 Jan 2008
     

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    rendition [ ren-DISH-uh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an act, instance or result of rendering
    2. an interpretation or version
    3. translation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her rendition of 'I dream a dream' was very well received.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     David Miliband has admitted two US "extraordinary rendition" flights landed on UK territory in 2002.
    BBC, Ghana to blacklist NGOs, By Iliasu Adam BBC Africa Live, Northern Ghana, 25 February, 2004
     
    pantomime [ PAN-tuh'-mahym ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the art of making gestures without uttering any words
    2. (n.) a dramatic performance involving making gestures without uttering sounds
    3. (n.) an actor performing such an act
    4. (tr.v.) to express oneself by means of actions or gestures
    5. (intr.v.) to express oneself without any verbal utterances by just using gestures or actions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Pantomimes are often performed on street corners on weekends.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An exhibition celebrating decades of Scottish pantomime is opening its nationwide tour in Edinburgh.
    BBC, New exhibit celebrates pantomime, 26 November 2008
     
    peroration [ per-uh'-REY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the concluding part of an oration where the orator summarises the entire speech or discourse emphatically
    2. a lofty speech adorned with bombastic or grandiloquent words
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The peroration prepared for the CEO was witty and concise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Helms went on to equate New Labour with Neville Chamberlain finishing with a lyrical peroration on the wonders of Margaret Thatcher.
    Telegraph, Jesse Helms, 07 Jul 2008
     
    proboscis [ proh-BOS-is, -kis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. trunk or snout
    2. an elongate or tubular organ that is used by insects to suck blood or food
    3. an unusually long nose of a person
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In the horror film, the alien had a proboscis-like organ which was its primary weapon of defence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is another aspect to Israel's onslaught, apart from the belief that peace and security is best achieved through the proboscis of a Merkava tank.
    BBC, Father and son firms under fire, 15 March 2006
     
    repellent [ ri-PEL-uh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) repulsive, offensive or causing distaste or disgust
    2. (adj.) warding off or driving away
    3. (adj.) impervious or resistant esp. to liquids
    4. (n.) one that causes repulsion esp. one that repels insects
    5. (n.) a medicine or treatment for tumours or swellings
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Mosquito repellents available nowadays are not very effective.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The noodles were found to be contaminated with paradichlorobenzene, a chemical used in bug repellent.
    CNN, Black Iraqis make Obama a model to follow, By Jill Dougherty CNN, January 19, 2009
     

  7. #3027
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    ruffian [ RUHF-ee-uh' n, RUHF-yuh' n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) miscreant, hoodlum, bully, rough-neck or lawless person
    2. (adj.) brutal, unruly or lawless
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ruffian was apprehended by the police.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We notice one threatening ruffian with a pony-tail and immediately believe all pony-tailed youths are thugs.
    CNN, Lawmaker hints at long stay in Georgia, despite cease-fire, August 17, 2008
     
    lunar [ LOO-ner ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) of, related or pertaining to the moon
    2. (adj.) pertaining or related to silver
    3. (adj.) measured based on the revolution of the moon around planet earth
    4. (adj.) round, pallid or crescent
    5. (n.) an observation taken from the moon for navigating or mapping purposes
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lunar calendar war referred to before making any decision.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A lunar eclipse takes place when the earth is between the sun and the moon.
    BBC, Islands anticipate lunar eclipse, 4 May, 2004
     
    prophylactic [ proh-fuh'-LAK-tik, prof-uh'- ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) protective or preventive esp. against a disease
    2. (n.) a vaccine, drug or preventive treatment
    3. (n.) a contraceptive mechanism or device
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The prophylactic medication was ineffective as the virus spread to epidemic proportions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In premenopausal women taking steroids for SLE, the researchers conclude, bone mineral density can be preserved or increased with prophylactic therapy.
    The Times of India, 'India at par with Aus in crisis', 22 Mar 2004
     
    pivotal [ PIV-uh'-tl  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. of crucial importance
    2. like a hinge or serving as a hinge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Finance Minister played a pivotal role in the shaping of the economy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     During debates over pivotal issues, tempers have flared often.
    CNN, Commentary: Why the shock about Joe Wilson? Julian E. Zelizer, 14 September 2009
     
    pucker [ PUHK-er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.)to purse
    2. (tr. v.) to draw together into small creases
    3. (intr. v.) to become wrinkled
    4. (n.) a wrinkle or crease
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The child puckered her lips and gave a loud flying kiss to the departing guests.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Bill Clinton moves in with hands and puckered lips to kiss his wife Hillary.
    The Telegraph, Hillary Clinton kisses Barack Obama instead of husband Bill, Toby Harnden, 6 November 2009
     

  8. #3028
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    compendium [ kuh'm-PEN-dee-uh'm ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a concise account of a subject
    2. a brief treatise or a summary
    3. a complete list
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The history teacher gave the students a compendium on Maratha history.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Savage Detectives, Bolaño's most celebrated novel about a doomed quest to find an avant-garde poet in the deserts of northern Mexico, is an almost exhaustive compendium of Mexican writers from the 1970s, some shrouded in pseudonyms and some subjected to open hostility.
    The Telegraph, Nazi Literature in the Americas by Roberto Bolaño: review, Ed King, 10 January 2010.
     
    genial [ JEEN-yuh' l, JEE-nee-uh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. warm, friendly manner or attitude
    2. of or relating to the chin
    3. conducive to growth or comfort
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Probably the foremost qualification that a diplomat or a doctor should possess is a genial disposition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This important study demonstrated a characteristic of his intellectual method, whereby he took on an intellectual position and engaged in genial but strenuous debate with it.
    Telegraph, Professor Anthony Nuttall
     
    caveat [ KAV-ee-aht, -at, KAH-vee-, key- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a warning of taking something into account before carrying out plans
    2. a formal notice filed by an interested party with a court or officer, so that the action is taken only after telling the person who has given the notice
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Nutritionists recommend red meat as a food that is rich in protein and amino acids, but with a caveat; too much intake of red meat leads to high cholesterol levels and possible heart disease.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But the caveat is that we only find sufficient numbers of native bees in areas that are near native habitat.
    National Geographic, Powerful Pollinators, Wild Bees May Favor Eco-Farms, by Ben Harder, October 28, 2004
     
    microcosm [ MAHY-kruh'-koz-uh' m ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a miniature of the world or universe
    2. a human or society that can be considered as an epitome of the universe or world
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They built a microcosm as part of their science project.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The game's opening stage is something of a microcosm of the whole game.
    Telegraph, Gears Of War 2 video game review, by Tom Hoggins, 19 Nov 2008
     
    papyrus [ puh'-PAHY-ruh' s ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an aquatic, tall plant belonging to the sedge family, that is found in abundantly in the Nile region of Egypt
    2. a writing material, prepared from this plant by soaking, pressing, and drying thin strips of the pith of this plant, used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.
    3. an ancient scroll or document
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Writing material was often made from leaves of the papyrus.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Rolls of papyrus and literary texts along with waxed tablets recording business transactions could also be unearthed.
    CNN, $100 million donated to restore dead Roman city, August 8, 2000
     

  9. #3029
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    petrify [ PE-truh'-fahy ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to transform to a stone
    2. (tr.v.) to terrorize, frighten, daze or stun with fear
    3. (tr.v.) to harden, deaden or become rigid
    4. (intr.v.) to become rigid or stony
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Acute fear petrifies a person into inaction.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nicole Bagley, who recently moved to the flat in Foleshill, said she was "petrified" when police smashed the door with a hammer at about 0500 GMT.
    BBC, Police raid suspect's former home, 16 February 2009
     
    prod [ prod ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to poke, jab, prick or goad
    2. (tr.v.) to urge, stir or incite
    3. (intr.v.) to urge or stir another
    4. (n.) a poke, jab or thrust
    5. (n.) a stimulus or an incitement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She prodded and pushed till she got things done her way.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Robbers broke into a fast food restaurant and used an electric cattle prod to threaten staff.
    CNN, Report: Japan fitness goes to dogs, By Samantha Broun For CNN, April 17, 2006
     
    refulgent [ ri-FUHL-juh'nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. shining brightly
    2. bright and resplendent
    3. radiant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The refulgent setting at the exhibition made viewing easy by placing every item under a spotlight.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yet Susan, face to face with these two improbably refulgent paragons, was unfazed, and launched without hesitation into her song.
    BBC, The singer not the song, 24 April 2009.
     
    upbraid [ uhp-BREYD ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to find fault with or reproach sharply
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The court upbraided the police for their harsh and brutal methods.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some restaurants have introduced no-mobile-telephone areas and the elderly managers of the kissaten, the coffee houses that serve as the equivalent of the pub in Japanese towns and villages, are willing to upbraid customers whose noise levels break the usual calm.
    Telegraph, The Far East fights back over menace of the mobile phone, By Damien McElroy in Beijing, 19/06/2001
     
    luscious [ LUHSH-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sweet, delicious or extremely gratifying
    2. having a strong sensual or seductive appeal
    3. voluptuous or physically arousing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The luscious display of assorted flavours of ice-creams appeased every palate.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This was a brilliantly balanced combination of light but substantial pastry; fluffy, deep chocolate filling; and a crown of luscious glaze.
    abcNEWS, On the trail of the perfect recipe, by Jenny Sawyer, November 12, 2008
     

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    yoke [ yohk ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a crossbar that is used to harness animals like oxen together
    2. (n.) one that can be used to bond, join or unite two or more objects
    3. (tr.v.) to bond or unite together by using a yoke
    4. (intr.v.) to securely harness or bind together
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The yoke used was made of bamboo.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The yoke is similar to a steering wheel on a car.
    CNN, NTSB: Checklist helped avoid crash of troubled jet, February 24, 1999
     
    sanguinary [ SANG-gwuh'-ner-ee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. bloody or involving bloodshed
    2. blood thirsty, cruel or murderous
    3. composed or consisting of blood
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sanguinary witnessed in Rwanda horrified the world.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With the Civil War now in its fourth sanguinary year, Christman's body was among all too many bodies overwhelming the nation's capital.
    Telegraph, Other great feuds between leading authors, By Urmee Khan, 01 Jun 2008
     
    propagation [ prop-uh'-GEY-shuh'n  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of spreading
    2. the increase in number by natural reproduction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Some clerics who are concerned about the propagation of their faith encourage non-believers to embrace the faith.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The propagation of this set of fake data shows once again the power of the internet to distribute and amplify information, said the People's Daily, in an apparent justification of China's internet censorship.
    The Telegraph, China denies claim that Communist Party offspring make up 90pc of multi-millionaires, Malcolm Moore, 7 August 2009
     
    impenitent [ im-PEN-i-tuh'nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unrepentant
    2. having no feeling of regret or sorrow for sin
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The impenitent murderer was given the death penalty for his crime.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But Miss Smith remained impenitent even when chided by her predecessor, John Reid, who said he would certainly have wanted to know if his "opposite number" was about to be arrested.
    The Telegraph, Sketch: Jacqui Smith, the Lady Bracknell of Labour, Andrew Gimson, 4 December 2008.
     
    spry [ sprahy ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     nimble, vigorous, lively or active
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The spry lad jumped over the fence and disappeared behind the thicket.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Born at Gillingham, Kent, on November 11 1911, Hugh Gordon was a spry, witty, urbane man, who even in childhood had been obsessed with making and flying model aeroplanes.
    Telegraph, Hugh Gordon, 20 Mar 2009
     

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    putrefaction [ pyoo-truh'-FAK-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. process of rotting
    2. the state of decomposition or decay
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Putrefaction had set in causing a stench to emanate from the carcass.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As most of the coolies fled this was not an easy job and became more and more unpleasant when putrefaction set in.
    The telegraph, Britain at War: Evacuated to Western Australia. 9 april 2009
     
    compliance [ kuh'm-PLAHY-uh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of conforming or yielding obediently
    2. a tendency to yield readily to others
    3. cooperation or acquiescing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The workers had to come to work early in compliance with the orders of the management.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Because states are responsible for issuing a vehicle's registration, Ditlow sees an opportunity for state governments to force compliance.
    CNN, Fact Check: Enforcing auto recalls, Emma Lacey-Bordeaux, 5 February 2010.
     
    repercussion [ ree-per-KUHSH-uh' n, rep-er- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. consequence or result of any action
    2. reflection, rebounding, reverberation or recoil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     People must be ready to face the repercussions of their actions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The arrest made people think that those who fight against corruption now face repercussion themselves.
    BBC, Bush's media man sets exit date, 31 August 2007
     
    rummage [ RUHM-ij ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to thoroughly and actively investigate or search
    2. (tr.v.) to discover, find or uncover something after a thorough search
    3. (intr.v.) to energetically or hastily search
    4. (n.) a thorough and hasty search
    5. (n.) miscellaneous things or articles
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective rummaged through the garbage while searching for clues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They also keep items neat and in plain view so there's no need to rummage through drawers or piles of clothing.
    Telegraph, Rory Kinnear: becoming an actor was a way of getting to know my father better, John Preston, 31 Jan 2008
     
    paramour [ PAR-uh'-moo' r ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a lover esp. one who is illicit
    2. (archaic) sweetheart
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Romeo was Juliet's paramour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Tila Tequila blames the media and her paramour's interest in self-promotion for her breakup, and says she was much more guarded during her second "Shot at Love" on MTV.
    abcnews, Tila Tequila More Guarded in Second 'Shot at Love', May 22, 2008
     

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    petty [ PET-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. trivial or insignificant
    2. minor or of little or no importance
    3. narrow-minded or small-minded
    4. mean in trifling matters
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Petty cash was found lying around the house.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Rodrigues of the Teamworks program said giving parents a place to do petty complaining only "opens up a can of worms."
    CNN, Rhode Island proposal: Youth sports oversight, or overreach?, By Kara Yates and Robyn Sidersky CNN, March 6, 2009
     
    sanctimonious [ sangk-tuh'-MOH-nee-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     feigning piety or pretending to be holy or righteous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sanctimonious attitude was overbearing to many people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Salman Rushdie denounced Germaine Greer as a "philistine, sanctimonious, and disgraceful, but it is not unexpected" over her support for the Brick Lane activists.
    BBC, Housing slump hits Shanghai owners, By Chris Hogg BBC News, Shanghai, 4 March 2009
     
    poncho [ PON-choh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a square or rectangular piece of cloth with a hole in the centre for the head- used as a cloak
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She adjusted her poncho before swinging onto the back of her horse.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As I entered company after company, each promising slight variations of alternate treks for drastically different prices, I nearly hung up my poncho and headed home.
    CNN, So you missed the Inca Trail? A guide to alternate treks, Rachel Barth, 28 May 2008.
     
    prostrate [ PROS-treyt ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to lay face down on the ground
    2. (tr. v.) to reduce to exhaustion or physical weakness
    3. (adj.) laying flat on the ground facing down
    4. (adj.) completely depressed or disconsolate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The villagers prostrated themselves before the deity to show their reverence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The 70 million population figure produced by the Office of National Statistics has become a totem before which all politicians are expected to prostrate themselves.
    BBC, Alan Johnson challenged by immigration officer, 10 February 2010.
     
    misogamist [ mi-SOG-uh'-mee, mahy- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     one who hates marriage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Historians are still unable to unearth the reason why Alexander the Great was such a fierce misogamist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Arthur is transformed into an indecisive politician, a neurotic military genius, or an embittered misogamist.
    BBC, h2g2 - Rex Futurus
     

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    torpid [ TAWR-pid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. numb or having no sensation of motion
    2. hibernating or dormant
    3. inactive or sluggish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her torpid fingers were frozen solid because of the cold.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Despite his generosity, Stump's bitterness over the torpid pace of rebuilding is evident.
    CNN, Recovery in New Orleans big but not easy, By Eliott C. McLaughlin, August 28, 2006
     
    sarcophagus [ sahr-KOF-uh'-guh' s ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a coffin made of stone that usually bears sculptures or inscriptions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sarcophagus was found surrounded by artefacts made of gold and silver.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In an operation lasting around eight hours, pathologists removed the body of Wladyslaw Sikorski from its two-ton marble sarcophagus in the crypt of Krakow's Wawel Cathedral, the resting place of many of Poland's national heroes.
    BBC, The state of play in Singapore, By Andrew Fraser BBC Sport in Singapore, 4 July, 2005
     
    smattering [ SMAT-er-ing ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) superficial, piecemeal or slight knowledge
    2. (n.) a small amount or number
    3. (adj.) superficial or slight
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The smattering of freckles across the bridge of her nose was quite distinctive on her fair skin.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Cass program takes business executives, as well as a smattering of foreign diplomats, through much of English and British culture, everything from the way the country is governed to how its people tend to view themselves.
    CNN, Negotiating the cultural maze, By Peter Walker for CNN, January 9, 2007
     
    quack [ kwak ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the call or cry of a duck
    2. (n.) an untrained person who pretends to be a doctor
    3. (intr. v.) to utter a 'quack' or make the sound of a duck call
    4. (intr. v.) to act as a physician despite being unqualified
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He went into the marshland only to record the quack of a wild duck for his environmental project.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He's only had one encounter with Carhart -- when the doctor drove his car by protesters and "quacked like a duck."
    CNN, Protests to focus on doctor who performed 60,000 abortions, Wayne Drash, 28 August 2009
     
    contrivance [ kuh'n-TRAHY-vuh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a mechanical device or machine
    2. an engineered feat
    3. a plan or scheme
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Before the advent of the steam engine the horse carriage was a contrivance which people found suitable for travel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Though voters may like his warmth and lack of contrivance, he will have to beware the potentially fatal blandishments of his rivals.
    The Telegraph, Nick Clegg: kingmaker of a hung parliament, 6 February 2010.
     

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    sermon [ SUR-muh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a religious lecture
    2. a discourse based on scripture
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The preacher's sermon on the topic of "love thy neighbour" touched the hearts of the people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The meetings at his home lasted six to eight hours, with the screening of videos that included sermons and scenes promoting holy war, the statement said.
    CNN, Madrid train bomb suspect moved to Spain, Al Goodman, 12 August 2009
     
    lineage [ LIN-ee-ij ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a direct descent from a particular ancestor
    2. ancestry
    3. the amount charged per printed line of a magazine article or the number of lines printed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was able to trace his lineage back to the 12th century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For future generations to encounter an impassable chasm of anonymity, with eventually millions unable to trace their male lineage anterior to 2008, would be intolerable.
    The Telegraph, Every child has the right to a lineage, Gerald Warner, 9 June 2008.
     
    avenge [ uh'-VENJ ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to inflict punishment in return for some offence or injury
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being a vindictive person, he wanted to avenge the snide remarks heaped upon him by his colleagues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Colin Dalgleish, the Great Britain and Ireland Walker Cup team captain, hopes to be given the chance to avenge the 121/2-111/2 defeat at Royal County Down in the 2009 match at Merion, Pennsylvania.
    The Herald, Dalgleish has revenge on his mind, DOUGLAS LOWE, Golf Correspondent, September 11 2007
     
    rehabilitate [ ree-huh'-BIL-i-teyt, ree-uh'- ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to restore or reinstate the condition, health, reputation, means of livelihood or shelter of those who have lost it
    2. (intr.v.) to undergo the process of rehabilitation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was rehabilitated into society after he had served his sentence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Windows is the company's most profitable business, generating some 30 percent of its revenue, and Microsoft is desperate to fully rehabilitate the credibility of its operating systems.
    Telegraph, Microsoft pledges to do "a better job" with Windows 7, By Catherine Elsworth in Los Angeles, 25 Nov 2008
     
    migratory [ MAHY-gruh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. transient, wandering or having a tendency to wander periodically
    2. periodically or seasonally migrating esp. birds
    3. nomadic or roving
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The migratory birds are a favourite with tourists.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An atlas can illustrate global historical and political trends, display migratory bird flights or economic trade patterns.
    abcNEWS, Offbeat atlases map architecture, art, and whimsy, by Norman Weinstein, December 2, 2008
     

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    stoke [ stohk ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to stir up, feed or fuel a fire
    2. (tr.v.) to tend or fuel a furnace
    3. (tr.v.) to intensify or activate
    4. (intr.v.) to tend or fuel a fire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He stoked the flames by adding fuel to the fire.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A wildfire stoked by heavy winds, high temperatures and low humidity burned high-end homes Wednesday in the foothills of Santa Barbara County, California.
    CNN, Wildfires scorch parts of California, Arizona, May 7, 2009
     
    sober [ SOH-ber ]
     verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) abstaining from drugs and alcohol
    2. (adj.) a calm and quiet manner
    3. (adj.) plain, straightforward not showy
    4. (v.) to recover from an intoxicated state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was the only sober person at the party and was amused by the display of drunken antics though he could not figure out why they were so desperately trying to make fools of themselves.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Singer George Michael has said he was "stone cold sober" when he was arrested after a car crash.
    BBC, Michael 'sober' at crash arrest, 15 August 2009
     
    rancorous [ RANG-ker-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. full of bitterness
    2. resentful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rancorous youth was arrested while trying to damage public property.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Members of Congress will come back from their summer break in September to a plate full of health care reform -- that's if they survive the latest rancorous and sometimes violent town hall meetings.
    CNN, Analysis: Health care will run into spending bills after recess, Ed Hornick, 11 august 2009
     
    disparage [ di-SPAR-ij ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to reduce in rank or reputation; to bring reproach upon
    2. to speak or treat invidiously; belittle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Uncouth TV comedians often disparage individuals and communities which is in very poor taste.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wit, pointed humor often consisting of observations meant to disparage or attack, expressed in clever comparisons or contrasts and making heavy use of word-play.
    MSN Encarta, Encyclopedia Article: Wit
     
    theocracy [ thee-OK-ruh'-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a nation or state where the rule of god is established
    2. a nation or state where the rule of the clergy or priests is established as they claim to possess divine powers or authority
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He termed the country a land of atheists where theocracy was abolished.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Xinhua commentary on religion in Tibet accused the Dalai Lama of seeking to restore theocracy there and ignoring China's respect for religious freedoms.
    abcNews, China Decries Dalai Lama's Demands for Autonomy, December 4, 2008
     

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    smirk [ smurk ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to simper, smile or express smugly
    2. (tr.v.) to smile or simper in a smug manner
    3. (n.) a smug smile or the expression on the face of one who smirks
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He smirked simply to annoy her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Stevenson is a man of great dignity and patience but Mr Zorin's face began to crack, somewhere between a smirk and a sigh.
    BBC, The last step of brinkmanship, 29 October, 2002
     
    avuncular [ uh'-vuhng-kyuh'-ler ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. of or something related to an uncle
    2. having the characteristics of an uncle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Although he had been a mediocre student in college, his avuncular, bedside manner ensured for him a flourishing medical practice.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     According to Sigurður Arnalds, the spokesman for Landsvirkjun, the national power company-an avuncular engineer everyone calls "Siggi," whose hooded eyes and white-fringed balding head give him the same soft appeal as Mr. Magoo-the grand idea was to "export electrical power on ships in the form of aluminum."
    National Geographical, Iceland-Power struggle, March 2008
     
    therapeutic [ ther-uh'-PYOO-tik ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) possessing medicinal, curative characteristics or healing powers
    2. (n.) one that possesses therapeutic characteristics
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The town is well known for the therapeutic massages offered by the local people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Prof Hugh Pennington, a leading microbiologist, said there was "no risk" involved in hospital visitors bringing flowers, which had a therapeutic effect for patients.
    Telegraph, Flowers banned from hospital wards, By Auslan Cramb, Scottish Correspondent, 17 Aug 2008
     
    savour [ SEY-ver ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the flavour, taste or smell of something
    2. (intr.v.) to have a particular flavour, smell or taste
    3. (intr.v.) to relish or enjoy something
    4. (tr.v.) to season or add flavour to something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The savour was so tantalizing that all the guests required seconds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If you eat proper chocolate and really savour the flavour then a small amount goes a long way and does satisfy you.
    BBC, 'Savour the real chocolate flavour', 12 March 2009
     
    transcendental [ tran-sen-DEN-tl ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) being beyond ordinary experiences
    2. (adj.) superior or surpassing the ordinary
    3. (adj.) supernatural or metaphysical
    4. (n.) categories that have universal application, as being, one, true, good
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He studied the technique of transcendental meditation under the guidance of a master.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The limits of his transcendental personality in terms of results are becoming as apparent abroad as they are at home.
    The Telegraph, Barack Obama: stumbling towards isolationism, Toby Harnden, 6 February 2010.
     

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    grimace [ GRIM-uh' s, gri-MEYS ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a distorted facial expression often indicating discomfort, pain, disgust etc.
    2. (v.) to make distorted facial expressions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The thought of entering the dark, filthy alley made him grimace.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They found changes in facial expression, including a grimace, squeezing eyes shut and furrowing the brow, were best indicators the baby was in pain.
    Telegraph, Babies feel more pain than doctors realise, 24 June 2008
     
    quiescence [ kwee-ES-uh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being dormant
    2. inactiveness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After nearly a year of quiescence, the union leaders have, once again, initiated disruptive activities in the factory.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It has been an essential element in the technique of the aggressive states alternately to rasp the nerves of their pacific neighbours by accumulating menacing legions under arms and hypnotise the gullible into quiescence with words of good intent.
    The Telegraph, Europe in tension - Apr 12, 1939, 12 April 2009
     
    sacrilegious [ sak-ruh'-LIJ-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to or involving violation of anything sacred
    2. guilty of blasphemy
    3. contrary to what is held to be sacred
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He outraged their religious sentiment by his sacrilegious behaviour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Burning books that contain wisdom and knowledge and experience, is seen as a sacrilegious and politically abhorrent act.
    BBC, What's your passion? Damon Rose, 21 November 2004.
     
    doff [ dof, dawf ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     (tr. v.) 1. to take off or remove, part or whole of one's clothing
    2. to take off or tip one's hat as a show of respect or in greeting
    3. to discard; throw off; get rid of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It has become de riguer for fashion models to doff part of their skimpy outfits on the ramp in order to generate public interest in the show.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     People rarely stand still and doff their caps when a funeral passes nowadays - and other vehicles on the road tend to show more impatience than deference towards the cortege.
    BBC, Funeral processions - etiquette and the law, Sam Weller
     
    mishap [ MIS-hap, mis-HAP ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an accident, misfortune or bad luck
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The mishap was caused due to the negligence of the driver.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Air Force says the plane was heading back to its home base in Missouri when the mishap occurred.
    CNN, CNN Student News Transcript: February 25, 2008, February 25, 2008
     

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    skittish [ SKIT-ish ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lively, capricious or restless
    2. coy, shy or bashful
    3. jumpy, restive, frightful or excitable
    4. variable, uncertain, undependable or fickle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The kitten was skittish and a little jittery.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     SUVs are not as equipped as sporty cars to travel safely at higher speeds -- and sporty cars tend to get skittish much more readily when it snows.
    CNN, Safe driving rules everyone should follow, By Eric Peters, November 28, 2008
     
    serration [ se-REY-shuh'n  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a saw-toothed edge
    2. in the form of small sharp projections or sawlike
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The jungle knife had serrations along one edge of the blade while the other edge was smooth and razor sharp.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The serrations make gripping slippery prey, such as fish and frogs, much easier.
    BBC, Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus)
     
    douche [ doosh ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a stream or jet of water or medicinal solution that is applied to a body or bodily cavity for medical purposes
    2. (n.) the instrument used to apply a douche
    3. (n.) the administration of a douche
    4. (v.) to cleanse or treat with a douche
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The douche applied was effective in cleaning the wound.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If you wished for a quick back and sides followed by a cold douche it could be arranged without getting your hair wet.
    BBC, Else Happened And I Was In Uniform (Part 4), By Gloin F, 22 July 2005
     
    tortuous [ TAWR-choo-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. crooked, winding or curvy
    2.tricky, devious, deceptive or not straightforward
    3. extremely complex, circuitous or involved
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tortuous journey lasted fourteen hours.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The path follows a tortuous route along granite headlands.
    National Geographic, Best Beaches, By William G. Scheller
     
    tenacious [ tuh'-NEY-shuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. having a firm or persistent hold
    2. highly retentive
    3. obstinate, persistent or stubborn
    4. adhesive, sticky or viscous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her tenacious mind helped her memorize jargon through medical school.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With a reputation among supporters as a shrewd administrator and tenacious activist, Ledezma, 53, has led or attended just about every anti-Chavez protest march.
    abcNews, New Caracas Mayor Seeks Detente With Chavez, By IAN JAMES Associated Press Writer, December 3, 2008
     

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    sinewy [ SIN-yoo-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tough, strong or stingy
    2. forceful, powerful or vigorous esp. in case of language
    3. muscular
    4. like or marked by the strength of sinews
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sinewy muscles were earned doing hard labour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Britain's industrial wastelands, the sinewy places which once produced the coal and steel, now lie empty and silent.
    BBC, Why farmers think they deserve help, 20 September, 1999
     
    rabble [ RAB-uh'l ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a group of persons treated with disrespect
    2. (n.) any tool or mechanical device used in refining furnaces
    3. (tr. v.) to stir the charge in a furnace with a rod
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rabble went on a rampage and ransacked the manor of the nobleman.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Having witnessed the actions of the anti-veal protesters at South coast ports in the '90s I agree with the general description of mindless rabble.
    The Telegraph, The death of Marcus the sheep was a lesson to us all, Rowan Pelling, 15 September 2009
     
    intolerant [ in-TOL-er-uh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) bigoted or unwilling to endure or respect beliefs other than one's own
    2. (n.) a bigot
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The police warned him that his intolerant attitude would land him in trouble.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "This is an intolerant, totalitarian government," Cuban dissident Laura Pollan told CNN from her home, where the march began.
    CNN, Protesters mark Human Rights Day in Cuba, David Ariosto, 11 December 2009.
     
    senescence [ si-NES-uh 'nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. old age, antiquity or elderliness
    2. the phase in the growth of a plant between maturity and death
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Senescence has rendered him bedridden.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One theory of ageing suggests senescence is a result of damage caused to body cells by reactive molecules called free radicals.
    Economist, Eat less. Live longer, Apr 12th 2007
     
    snub [ snuhb ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) 1. to ignore or refuse to recognize
    2. (tr. v.) to turn down with a sharp retort
    3. (n.) a deliberate insult
    4. (adj.) blunt
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The few innovative ideas put forth by the fresher were snubbed by his seniors.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Among other things, I didn't want to be -- to borrow from sixth-grade parlance -- a user, a phony who thought she could get what she wanted by conveniently nuzzling up to someone she usually snubbed.
    CNN, Cancer, my parents and my doubts about God, Kelly Corrigan, 11 August 2009
     

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    machinations [ mak-uh'-NEY-shuh'nz ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a cunning scheme or crafty plot
    2. an intriguing and underhand plot
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their gruesome machinations of the witch flopped and the children escaped unharmed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In short, there are some invaluable events for budding filmmakers, especially for those who want to know more about the machinations of the UK film industry.
    BBC, festivals & awards 2009, James Rocarols, 20 July 2009.
     
    chagrin [ shuh'-GRIN ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a feeling of mental unease or embarrassment due to failure
    2. (v.) to cause embarrassment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     To his chagrin, the show ended just as he arrived.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These two malcontents were chagrined at the raid by the FBI upon the headquarters of David Koresh's Branch Davidian religious cult two years earlier; more than 70 people died in a fire that began during the raid.
    BBC, Chemical Cock-Ups: The 1921 Oppau Disater and its Aftermath, 20th July, 2006
     
    gerrymander [ JER-i-man-der ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the division of a state into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts while concentrating the voting strength of the other party into as few districts as possible
    2. (tr. v.) to configure the voting districts so that one party gets an unfair advantage over the other in the election
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their party's victory in the recent election was due to a major gerrymander.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The renewal meant that the Justice Department could continue to insist on district maps that were carefully racially gerrymandered to elect black and Hispanic candidates.
    CNN, Commentary: Identity politics in the age of Obama. Abigail Thernstrom, 4 June 2009.
     
    dastardly [ DAS-terd-lee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. cowardly
    2. malicious; characterised by underhanded treachery; sneaking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Terrorists are carrying out dastardly bomb blasts in various cities in the country in order to foment violence between communities.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The dastardly attacks on September 11, 2001 will be an indelible date in U.S. history-and, in their shared hour of agony on that fateful day, one more bond between two sister cities.
    National Geographic, Comment: Washington, New York-Bonded by History, Edward C. Smith, American University, October 5, 2001
     
    reminiscence [ rem-uh'-NIS-uh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. recollection of certain ideas that may have been known in a prior existence
    2. a remembrance, recollection or memory of something experienced in the past
    3. one that reminds of or is suggestive of another
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His reminiscence of past happenings spooked his family.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It might seem quite natural for the elderly to often slip happily into reminiscence but living in the past could indicate dissatisfactionwith the present, says psychologists.
    The Times of India, Living in past dissatisfaction with present, Living in past dissatisfaction with present31 Mar 2006
     

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