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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3121
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    imposture [ im-POS-cher ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of deception by using an assumed name, character or identity
    2. the practice of fraudulently imposing upon anyone
    3. an instance of deception by using a false name and identity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The friendly insurance agent was taken into custody by the police for imposture.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Whistler, said Ruskin, was guilty of "wilful imposture" in asking 200 guineas "for flinging a pot of paint in the public's face" with one of his nocturnes of the Thames.
    The Telegraph, Turner and Constable: we've lost the art of feuds for art's sake, Christopher Howse, 22 September 2009.
     
    gamut [ Gam-uh' t ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a complete range of anything
    2. the entire range of recognized musical notes
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As Head of marketing, he had to be knowledgeable about the entire gamut of marketing activities conducted by his company.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There are 11 nominees, whose finely nuanced performances run the full gamut from comedy to tragedy.
    Telegraph, Cannes Film Festival: Canines battle it out for top Palm Dog, 20 May 2008
     
    unsullied [ uhn-SUHL-eed ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. immaculately clean and fresh
    2. untarnished or unblemished
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The unsullied clothes were folded and placed in the cupboard.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Much of Bhutan's earnings come from tourists who come in search of beautiful mountain scenery, ancient beliefs and a society unsullied by the larger world.
    abcNews, Losing the Yeti in Forgotten Nation of Bhutan, By TIM SULLIVAN Associated Press Writer, August 12, 2008
     
    wallow [ WOL-oh ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to indulge or luxuriate
    2. (intr.v.) to relax or laze about by rolling or lying in mud or water
    3. (intr.v.) to billow forth or surge up
    4. (n.) an act or example of wallowing
    5. (n.) a condition or state of degeneracy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She wallowed and cried her eyes out in self pity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     While India continued to wallow in the misery of a lone silver medal, it was euphoria for China as it celebrated its best performance at the Olympics.
    The Times of India, China rears sporting head, August 24, 2004
     
    squat [ skwot ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to sit in a crouching position with the legs drawn up
    2. (intr. v.) to sit on ones haunches
    3. (intr. v.) to illegally occupy land in order to acquire a title to it
    4. (tr. v.) to settle upon as an illegal occupant
    5. (n.) the act of crouching
    6. (n.) an exercise in which one sits on one's haunches then stands while holding a weighted barbell
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When on a camping trip you have to learn to squat as there are no chairs in the jungle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As for squatting, that will have to be option. I can't even bend over to touch me knees, never mind a squat.
    BBC, Ouch! It's a disability thing!
     

  2. #3122
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    pare [ pair ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to use a sharp instrument to remove the outer covering or skin of
    2. to remove by cutting away
    2. to reduce or decrease gradually
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He pared and cut the fruit into little pieces for the fruit salad.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In London, the FTSE 100's midday gains of 0.6% slipped away, while midday rises of nearly 1.5% on the Paris and Frankfurt leading indexes were pared back.
    BBC, Post-Saddam stock rally sags, 15 December 2003.
     
    bagasse [ buh'-GAS ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     plant residue or refuse that is left after the produce is extracted from it.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Bagasse is considered as a useful source for alternative energies since it is cheap and abundant in our country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Biomass includes specially-grown crops like willow, and material like bagasse, sugar-cane waste, which power stations can burn.
    BBC, What to use when the oil runs out, By Alex Kirby, 22 April, 2004
     
    tepid [ TEP-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lukewarm or barely warm
    2. half-hearted or devoid of enthusiasm, zeal or passion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tepid tea was sent back to the kitchen to be reheated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The US economy managed to grow at the tepid rate of 1.6% during the first three months of the year.
    BBC, Sluggish growth for US economy, 25 April, 2003
     
    sebaceous [ si-BEY-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     greasy, fatty or pertaining to sebum or tallow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Sebaceous glands are overactive in humid climate.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The fungus, which is genetically related to yeast, feeds on sebum, the oily product produced by the sebaceous glands found in the skin.
    BBC, Genetic code of dandruff cracked, 6 November 2007
     
    sanguine [ SANG-gwin ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) lively and hopeful or optimistic
    2. (adj.) reddish or like blood
    3. (n.) a red oxide crayon used for marking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was his sanguine belief that a search party would be sent out to rescue them.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If that seemed a remarkably sanguine assessment, it should be remembered that Button was not able to keep his cool all weekend.
    The Telegraph, Jenson Button shunted out of Belgian Grand Prix but result is huge let-off in title race, Tom Cary, 30 August 2009
     

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    thwart [ thwawrt ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to block, hinder, obstruct or prevent an untoward incident from taking place
    2. (tr.v.) to pass across or extend
    3. (adj.) transverse or oblique
    4. (adj.) perverse or wrong
    5. (n.) a seat that extends across a boat for the rower to sit on
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was thwarted by the allied forces.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Everton thwarted Tottenham by winning the midfield battle but it is up front where they are today counting the cost.
    Telegraph, Everton victory overshadowed by Aiyegbeni Yakubu's season-ending Achilles injury, By Oliver Brown at White Hart Lane, 30 Nov 2008
     
    quay [ kee, key, kwey ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a wharf, landing place or reinforced bank for ships to load and unload
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A new quay had to be built to accommodate the increased maritime activity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Although dockers have been working normally the goods they are unloading are starting to fill up the storage space on quays and in sheds.
    Economist, The blockade of Britain, January 13th 1979
     
    savor [ SEY-ver ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to relish
    2. (tr. v.) to experience the taste or aroma of
    3. (tr. v.) to give flavour to
    4. (intr. v.) to have a pleasing taste or aroma
    5. (n.) a hearty appetite for something enjoyable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He tilted his head to one side, savored the food in his mouth and then let out a sigh of approval.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He moves languidly as if to savor his dark deeds, his head and body jerking at times from an overload of brain impulses.
    The Telegraph, The critics' verdict on Heath Ledger in The Dark Knight, Rebecca Davies, 16 July 2008
     
    dormer [ DWAR-mer  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a vertical window in a projection built out from a sloping roof
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The architect said that the benefits of adding a dormer to the house would be more natural light, fresh air and also a panoramic view.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Although costs vary with the size and complexity of the project, remodeling an existing basement starts at about $20 per square foot, a fraction of what it costs to build an addition or enlarge second-floor space with dormers.
    CNN, Need more room? Think down, not up, Scott Gibson, 13 September 2007.
     
    chalice [ CHAL-is ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a cup or goblet for drinking
    2. a cup for the consecrated wine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     For centuries, men have been in search of the chalice which Jesus used in his last supper.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The deacon put the chalice in a safe place-and perhaps even sent it to Spain-before being killed.
    National Geographic, What's Inside Rome's Ancient Catacombs?, By Maria Cristina Valsecchi
     

  4. #3124
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    tribute [ TRIB-yoot ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an acknowledgement of a favour conferred upon oneself by means of a gift, compliment or any other means
    2. the obligation for a feudal vassal to pay tax to the overlord
    3. a tax or payment levied by one ruler on another as the price for protection or peace
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A fitting tribute to our soldiers was erected in the heart of the capital.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leaders from the bloc also plan a tribute to Castro's ailing 82-year-old brother Fidel, who has not been seen in public since undergoing emergency intestinal surgery in July 2006.
    abcNews, Raul Castro Defiant of US Embargo on Eve of Summit, By WILL WEISSERT Associated Press Writer, December 7, 2008
     
    seclusion [ si-KLOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state, condition or act of being isolated or at solitude
    2. a place that is isolated
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The seclusion rendered her demented.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A scattering of wooden cottages blends seamlessly with the lush green gardens of the hillside, offering sweet seclusion, understated luxury and a deserted white-sand beach.
    Telegraph, Hermitage Bay, Antigua & Barbuda: overview, Mr & Mrs Smith review, 15 Dec 2008
     
    shard [ shahrd ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a small piece of broken metal, glass or earthenware
    2. the hard exterior shell or scale
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The old woman swept the shards of broken earthenware out of her shop.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Scattered around the ship are shards of pottery, animal bones, and thousand-year-old clamshells.
    CNN, Tunnel links continents, uncovers ancient history, Ivan Watson, 21 September 2009
     
    verisimilitude [ ver-uh'-si-MIL-i-tood, -tyood ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the quality that makes one appear to be true or plausible
    2. one that seems or appears to be plausible or true
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His open nature, along with his verisimilitude, made people believe in him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He was a man whose films known for social verisimilitude and known for their social conscience.
    BBC, Will Kazan's films outlive the controversy?, By Stephen Dowling, 29 September, 2003
     
    queasy [ KWEE-zee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. nauseous or nauseated
    2. nauseating or tending to cause nausea
    3. squeamish, uncomfortable or uneasy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The queasy feeling experienced by everyone was caused by the smell of rancid milk.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One kid got a little queasy when he saw the blood.
    CNN, 50-plus-vehicle pileup clogs New Hampshire interstate, by Nick Valencia, January 11, 2009
     

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    sidestep [ SAHYD-step  ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to step to one side
    2. (tr. v.) to elude or dodge
    3. (intr. v.) to avoid by stepping out of the way
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The little boy swiftly sidestepped to escape the charging bully.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Appointed deputy general secretary of the POEU in August 1969, Stanley sidestepped the argument between the union barons and Barbara Castle over her In Place of Strife reform package, arguing that much of it could be implemented without legislation as the government was already the employer.
    The Telegraph, Bryan Stanley, 17 August 2009
     
    trident [ TRAHYD-nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a three pronged spearlike weapon
    2. a three-pronged spear
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The artist sculpted a statue of Neptune bearing a trident for the School of Oceanography.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Indian state of Rajasthan is to introduce a ban on Hindus carrying a traditional religious icon, the trident.
    BBC, Rajasthan to ban Hindu trident, 10 February 2003.
     
    umbrage [ UHM-brij ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. offence, displeasure or resentment
    2. foliage of trees that cast shadows and provide shade
    3. a hint or indication of doubt or hostility
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The umbrage should not go unpunished.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Everybody gets annoyed at some point and hearing other people's tales of umbrage can be pretty entertaining.
    BBC, Losing it!, By contributor Jennifer Bartram
     
    quizzical [ KWIZ-i-kuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. odd, queer, eccentric or comical
    2. puzzled, perplexed or confused
    3. teasing, questioning or mocking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The quizzical expression on his face was one in a million.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The teen had a quizzical look on his face when the verdict was read in the hushed courtroom.
    CNN, Teen guilty of second-degree murder in teacher killing, May 16, 2001
     
    slack [ slak ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) loose or weak
    2. (adj.) slow or not brisk
    3. (adj.) negligent
    4. a loose state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The staff would take advantage of the slack manager by having frequent breaks..
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But their opener in the 10th minute was gifted by slack defending by England as Dirk Kuyt cut out Rio Ferdinand's weak pass and rounded goalkeeper Robert Green before sending a right foot shot past captain John Terry on the line.
    CNN, Defoe double rescues England in Amsterdam, 12 August 2009
     

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    unctuous [ UHNGK-choo-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. excessively smug or insincerely eager
    2. having a slippery, greasy or oily character that is characteristic of an ointment or oil
    3. (of minerals) marked by an oily, greasy or soapy feel
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The unctuous expression on his face was extremely irritating.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I miss the unctuous attentions of the retail sector, the vaguely cheeselike scent of crisp new bills.
    CNN, The agony of seven days without spending, By Steve Almond, November 13, 2008
     
    reconnaissance [ ri-KON-uh'-suh' ns, -zuh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an exploration, survey, inspection or examination that is conducted in order to garner information esp. military information about enemy territory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Reconnaissance conducted by the troops suggested that the enemy was about to surrender.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Operation Oqab Tsuka (Eagle's Summit) involved the deployment of massive firepower-some 5,000 troops, plus hundreds of special forces, 30 helicopters, two reconnaissance drones and 20 jets.
    Economist, Dam difficult, Sep 4th 2008
     
    dispatch [ di-SPACH ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to send on specific business or to a particular destination
    2. (tr. v.) to execute promptly
    3. (tr. v.) to put to death
    4. (intr. v.) to hurry
    5. (n.) an official communication sent by special messenger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The parcel containing life saving drugs was dispatched this morning.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Calderon has dispatched thousands of soldiers and federal police officers to supplement local police forces.
    CNN, Calderon to violence-plagued Juarez: 'We're looking for solutions' 11 February 2010.
     
    ablution [ uh'-BLOO-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a washing or cleansing of the body, especially for religious reasons
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Hindu religion lays great stress on performing ablutions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the Sikh holy city of Amritsar, where thousands of devotees gathered to celebrate the birthday of one of the religion's most important gurus, there was not enough water available for the pre-prayer ablutions.
    CNN, Workers aim to restore power after massive India blackout, January 3, 2001
     
    retroactive [ re-troh-AK-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     influencing, having an effect or applicable to something that happened over a period prior to its enactment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The riots were blamed on the retroactive speech.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They are taking help of both Indian and Canadian law firms to file suits against Canada's ministry of citizenship and immigration for "announcing retroactive rules affecting their chances.
    The Times of India, Knowing French a pre-condition to go to Canada, 14 May 2003
     

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    shrew [ shroo ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. an ill-tempered woman known for her scolding
    2. a small, mouse-like insectivorous mammal that has a long, pointed snout and soft fur
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The shrew screeched the house down.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A conservation project in Kent is giving people the chance to learn more about water shrews.
    BBC, Project to protect water shrews, 19 August, 2004
     
    churlish [ CHUR-lish ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     mean and impolite
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It would be churlish not to applaud the visiting team's resounding victory.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leading academician Zamiruddin told the Hindustan Times that the decision was "churlish and thoughtless" unless the government replaced the rhymes with equally popular and easy-to-learn Indian ones.
    BBC, Humpty Dumpty ruled 'too Western' , 14 June 2006
     
    superannuated [ soo-per-AN-yoo-ey-tid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. too old to continue service; retired
    2. outdated, obsolete or old-fashioned
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The series was discontinued because the company deemed the product superannuated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Council unanimously rejected the UGC's proposal for grant of selective reemployment to superannuated teachers from 65 to 70 years.
    Hindustan Times, Revised courses spell relief for students, Swaha Sahoo,July 14, 2008
     
    rankle [ RANG-kuh' l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to cause rancour or resentment or fester bitter feelings in the mind
    2. (intr.v.) to cause festering or ill feelings or resentment in the mind
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His arrogance rankled the members of the jury.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The subsequent "sacking" of customers often rankles quota-driven salespeople.
    Economist, CFO in focus, January 2009, by Josh Hyatt, Jan 20th 2009
     
    spurn [ spurn ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to reject scornfully
    2. (tr. v.) to kick at or stamp on scornfully
    3. (intr. v.) to show contempt for or to scorn something
    4. (n.) a scornful rejection
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She suffered a nervous breakdown after being spurned by the boy she loved.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Meier killed herself after the "boy" spurned her and at one point told her via the Internet that the world would be a better place without her, according to prosecutors.
    CNN, Conviction in MySpace suicide case tentatively overturned, 2 July 2009
     

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    rebuke [ ri-BYOOK ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to reprove or express sharp, stern disapproval of
    2. (tr. v.) to reprimand or admonish
    3. (tr. v.) check or repress
    4. (n.) a sharp, stern disapproval or a reprimand
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The teacher rebuked the children who did not complete their homework assignment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The rebuke comes after China warned that Washington risked damaging US-China relations if it went ahead with the meeting, however analysts said the China's carefully calibrated response indicated that Beijing was not going to overreact.
    The Telegraph, China summons US ambassador to protest Barack Obama's meeting with Dalai Lama, Peter Foster, 19 February 2010.
     
    coeval [ koh-EE-vuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     belonging to the same age or period
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Archaeologists regard the two great cities of the Indus valley civilization- Mohenjo Daro and Harappa- to be approximately coeval.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The statues, revealed by the excavations, were of a type that was coeval physically.
    BBC, Slippery Stage, By Tim Bearder
     
    sophistry [ SOF-uh'-stree ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a tricky, seemingly plausible method of reasoning that is actually misleading
    2. believable but fallacious argumentation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The glib executive would indulge in sophistry to justify his actions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran lived up to his reputation for assertiveness and sophistry during an address last week to the United Nations General Assembly, a prickly interview on CNN, and a stilted exchange with about two dozen members of the Council on Foreign Relations.
    CNN, Highlights from the world's press, Ravi Agarwal, 25 September 2006
     
    alms [ ahmz ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. something given as charity
    2. food, money or donations given to the needy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They subsisted on the alms that were received from the community.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Yeomen of the Guard - the Tower of London's Beef eaters will carry the alms purses during the service, which will be attended by the Choir of the Chapel Royal.
    BBC, Queen set to visit city at Easter, 25 January 2007.
     
    boisterous [ BOI-ster-uh' s, -struh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. rough, noisy; rowdy; very jolly or high spirited
    2. (of waves) stormy and rough
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Soccer is a sport which attracts large, boisterous crowds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The work of British sculptor Raymond Mason, it depicts a crowd of boisterous market porters bearing fruit and vegetables and pushing laden handcarts.
    CNN, Central Paris treasure awaits discovery,By Mark Tungate, July 17, 2008
     

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    opportunist [ op-er-TOO-niz-uh' m, -TYOO- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     one who takes complete advantage of an opportunity irrespective of whether it goes against ones principles or ethics
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being an opportunist the groom ran away with bag containing the cash whilst the in-laws argued about the dowry.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Opportunist thieves who found the front door to Newent police station in Gloucestershire unlocked made off with items including a patrol car key.
    BBC, Unlocked police station burgled, 27 October 2008
     
    squander [ SKWON-der ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to spend in a wasteful manner
    2. (tr. v.) to miss out on an opportunity
    3. (n.) wasteful expenditure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He squandered his inheritance on entertaining his friends.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But however egregious the examples of squandered cash in Brown's Britain, no one thinks that efficiencies alone will plug the gap.
    The Telegraph, Gordon Brown and David Cameron must learn how to cut with compassion, Mary Riddel, 14 September 2009
     
    ambrosia [ am-BROH-zhuh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. food of the Gods which supposedly conferred immortality on those who ate it
    2. food with an especially delicious flavour or fragrance
    3. a dessert containing primarily oranges and flaked coconut
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The CEO of a pharmaceutical company declared that the research and development department had identified the ingredient in ambrosia that promoted immortality.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In ancient Greek mythology, ambrosia is sometimes the food, sometimes the drink, of the gods, often depicted as conferring ageless immortality upon whoever consumes it.
    Wikipedia, This article is about the food or drink of the gods.
     
    gerontology [ jer-uh' n-TOL-uh'-jee, jeer- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the branch of science dealing with the process of aging and the problems of aged people
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The scientific study of gerontology holds great promise since the population is ageing in most developed countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This idea goes back to one of the founders of scientific gerontology, Bruce Ames of the University of California, Berkeley.
    Economist, How to live forever, 3 Jan 2008
     
    plenitude [ PLEN-i-tood, -tyood ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. completeness or fullness
    2. abundance or ampleness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He sensed a feeling of plenitude in the air as he looked at the happy faces around him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A sense of plenitude and intense lightness emerges - authentic, surprising and happy.
    The Times of India, A new masculine freedom, 15 Jun 2007
     

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    bruit [ broot ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) (medicine) any general abnormal sound heard on auscultation (the act of listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis).
    2. (n.) (archaic) rumour; report
    3. (n.) (archaic) noise; din; clamour
    4. (tr. v.) to spread rumour; repeat
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The bruit detected by the doctor using a stethoscope indicated that the patient needed medical attention.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Using a stethoscope to listen to your carotid arteries, your doctor can detect a noise, called a 'bruit', made by turbulent blood flow through a narrowed artery.
    BBC, Strokes, 11th May 2001
     
    tyro [ TAHY-roh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a novice, amateur or one who is just beginning to learn something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tyro will undergo two months of training.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The champions argue that it makes more sense for them, and also in the long run for England, if tyros come under their enlightened wing earlier.
    Telegraph, Premier League plan for elite boarders, By Henry Winter, 08 Oct 2008
     
    quirk [ kwurk ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an idiosyncrasy, whim, or peculiar mannerism or trait
    2. (n.) a sharp turn or twist
    3. (n.) an accident or vagary
    4. (n.) a subterfuge, shift or quibble
    5. (tr.v.) to form with a twist or curve
    6. (adj.) formed with a curve or twist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His quirks made him stand out in a crowd
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The small town in Kansas which shared the programme's name was spared the effects of the attacks by a geographical quirk.
    BBC News, Heroes in the thick of it in 2007, By Kevin Young, 24 December 2007
     
    scorch [ skawrch ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to burn slightly so as to cause discolouration
    2. (tr. v.) to wither with heat
    3. (tr. v.) to subject to severe criticism censure; excoriate
    4. (intr. v.) to become singed
    5. (intr. v.) to move at a very fast pace
    6. (n.) the mark left by a slight burn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Arabs wear a keffiyeh to prevent being scorched by the heat of the desert sun.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Of course the fires still happen, but instead of being small and their effects being benign, they scorch the earth, and damage the capacity of the soil to function again.
    The Telegraph, How's your carbon footprint doing? Goeffrey Lean, 4 September 2009
     
    succumb [ suh'-KUHM ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to yield or give in to superior force
    2. to die
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The soldier succumbed to his injuries due to heavy blood loss.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     France striker Thierry Henry succumbed to a high temperature for Barca, while Bayern's Germany strikers Lukas Podolski and Miroslav Klose were ruled out with calf and ankle injuries respectively.
    CNN, Barcelona stroll into Champions semifinals, April 14, 2009
     

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    splice [ splahys ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to stick or fasten together
    2. (n.) the place where two ends have been joined
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The editor had to cut and splice the film in several places to remove certain objectionable scenes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     When a fiber-optic line is cut, the repair can be a tedious process, requiring scores of lines to be spliced together.
    CNN, Cut cable quiets Sprint service in West, 10 January 2006
     
    debase [ dih-BEYS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to adulterate or lower the quality of
    2. to degrade or reduce the dignity or significance of
    3. to lower the character or value of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The petty officer was debased by being reduced to the rank of private.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Historically, legal tender laws have been used by governments to force their citizens to accept debased and devalued currency.
    CNN, Ron Paul: Let the dollar prove itself, Ron Paul, 30 October 2009.
     
    grandiose [ GRAN-dee-ohs ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. remarkably grand or important
    2. grand in a pretentious way
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The grandiose palace at Versailles is a major tourist attraction.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We sat down for lunch in a grandiose dining room with wood-carved panels on the walls and about 15 tables.
    National Geographic, Lake Tanganyika, 1 September 2004
     
    paradox [ PAR-uh'-doks ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one that is self-contradictory or absurd, yet true
    2. one that exhibits contradictory qualities
    3. an assertion that contradicts itself or may seem to do so although it has been deduced or based on logic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her writings were a paradox which swayed between two extremes like a pendulum.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is a tragic paradox that people who have exceptional educational skills should be without avenues for upward social and economic mobility.
    The Times of India, Kerala Paradox, August 14, 2003
     
    mealymouthed [ MEE-lee-mouth'd ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. avoiding the use of straightforward talk or plain language
    2. inclined to mince words or speaking insincerely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They told her not to bring her mealymouthed friend to the party.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The best the timid Tories can offer is mealymouthed mumbling about how difficult it is to ""put the toothpaste back in the tube"".
    The Telegraph, Gordon Brown's first year, 20 June 2008.
     

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    buoyant [ BOI-uh' nt, BOO-yuh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tending or having the ability to float
    2. cheerful; lively
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The currents in the Ganges makes it easy for a swimmer to remain buoyant.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A buoyant Colin Montgomerie yesterday regarded world No.1 Tiger Woods as beatable and declared himself a contender for next week's Open Championship at Carnoustie.
    The Herald, Monty plans to prove he's a major contender again, DOUGLAS LOWE, Golf Correspondent,12 July 2007
     
    perusal [ puh'-ROO-zuh' l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     scrutiny or a careful examination or study
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The findings have been made public for their perusal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As I was leaving for New York the next morning, I put the book in my hand luggage, for perusal on the long flight.
    Telegraph, A fascinating read, by J A McGrath, 27 Oct 2005
     
    redundant [ ri-DUHN-duh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. superfluous, excess or overabundant
    2. prolix or unnecessarily repetitive
    3. profuse or lavish
    4. comprising extra or unusual features
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The redundant nature of the research work made it a waste of money.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Charlotte Gardner, a 25-year-old Californian, was made redundant by a financial-services firm in November.
    Economist, Generation Y goes to work, Dec 30th 2008
     
    apologist [ uh'-POL-uh'-jist ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person who makes a defense or justification of a belief, idea, etc
    2. one who argues in defense of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was an apologist of the rights of the downtrodden.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Price said people were entitled to think from the article that Mr Galloway was an apologist for the Iraqi regime.
    BBC, Galloway denies Saddam 'fawning', 16 November 2004.
     
    commodious [ kuh'-MOH-dee-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     spacious and roomy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It is virtually impossible for a middle class person to find commodious accommodation in Mumbai.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Living in cheap and commodious housing, inhabitants of the larger settlement blocs close to the Green Line could enjoy a comfortable suburban lifestyle within an easy commute to jobs inside Israel itself.
    National Geographic, Lines in the Sand: Deadly Times in the West Bank and Gaza, By Andrew Cockburn, October 2002
     

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    slither [ SLITH' -er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to glide, slip or slide like the motion of a reptile
    2. (intr.v.) to move or walk with a sliding motion
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to glide or slide
    4. (n.) sliding or gliding motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being cursed, he lost the power to use his legs and often slithered around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The island seemed like a tiny slither of land, buildings squashed to the very edge of the waterline on all sides.
    BBC, Standing on the roof of the world, 11 September, 2001
     
    sheath [ sheeth ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a case or covering for a sharp instrument like a sword or knife
    2. (n.) a condom
    3. (n.) the metal covering of an electric cable
    4. (tr. v.) to insert a sharp instrument into its case
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The soldier put his sword back in its sheath and said that he had done enough of killing for one lifetime.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One of Antonio's companions pulled his knife from its sheath and took a step forward.
    BBC, Doctor Who, 24 September 2009
     
    hue [ hyoo ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a shade of colour or tint
    2. an outcry or shouting
    3. a characteristic or feature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sun reflected off the lake in sparkling hues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is comings and goings of characters and baddies to fight. A quirky humour and lots of bright vibrant hue dominating its style.
    BBC, Film Network - Users - Anthony Osman
     
    decadence [ DEK-uh-duh ns, di-KEYD-ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act or process of falling into decline, deterioration
    2. moral or cultural degeneration
    3. excessively self-indulgent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Some historians are of the view that the Moghul empire collapsed due to internal decadence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The other is that they're noble and pure people uncorrupted by the decadence of modern society.
    National Geographic, Anthropologist on Living With a Remote Amazon Tribe, By Tom Foreman, May 21, 2003
     
    sensual [ SEN-shoo-uh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to the sensory and bodily needs and not to the intellect
    2. voluptuous, carnal, indecent or lewd
    3. worldly, materialistic or not religious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Latin American dances include a lot of sensual movements and fancy foot work.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the Dance of the Seven Veils she gave Herod exactly what he meant by dancing, and included among a range of sensual movements one spectacular roll right across the stage,
    Telegraph, German soprano whose 'sensual' performances as Salome enthralled critics and audiences for a quarter of a century, 01 Dec 2008
     

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    denigrate [ DEN-i-greyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to malign or defame someone; to criticize in a derogatory way
    2. to belittle; to disregard the importance or value of someone or something
    3. blacken; to make black
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     One should not denigrate the efforts of ordinary Indians and Pakistanis in bringing the two countries closer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Those two communities are trying to do things to improve the situation, so this isn't to denigrate them.
    National Geographic, World Summit Erred by Ignoring Tourism, Editor Says, By Robin R. Burfield, September 4, 2002
     
    tempo [ TEM-poh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (music) speed at which music is played
    2. pace, rhythm or speed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His music consisted of fast tempo accompanied by a foot-tapping beat.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama also is likely to submit a $130 billion request for military and diplomatic operations in Iraq and Afghanistan next year, which may not be adequate considering the increase in the tempo of operations in Afghanistan.
    abcNews, AP Sources: Obama to Seek $17B in Budget Savings, By ANDREW TAYLOR Associated Press Writer, May 6, 2009
     
    skiff [ skif ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a small boat meant for one person only.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Tom and Jerry would shoot the rapids in their skiffs for the excitement.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A search was launched after Brixham Coastguard received a report of an empty upturned skiff in the River Plym near Plymouth.
    BBC, Man dies in river rowing accident, 1 August 2008
     
    regent [ REE-juh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person who exercises the ruling power in a kingdom during the absence or disability of the sovereign
    2. (n.) a university officer who exercises general supervision over the conduct and welfare of students
    3. (adj.)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When the king fell ill, his son assumed power as prince regent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Catherine acted as regent for the young king and as a result dominated Charles throughout his reign.
    BBC, Catherine de Medici (1519 - 1589),
     
    coagulate [ v. koh-AG-yuh'-leyt; adj. koh-AG-yuh'-lit ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to cause transformation of a liquid into a soft, semisolid or solid mass
    2. (tr. v.) to curdle or congeal or form a clot
    3. (intr. v.) to become thickened or semisolid
    4. (adj.) thickening or congealing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor sutured the wound after the nurse cleaned it of the blood that had coagulated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Previously, it was thought that large dust particles from meteoroids were only formed as the particles in the cloud coagulate over a period of weeks, eventually settling on the Earth.
    CNN, Source of cosmic dust found, Bjorn Carey, 29 Augyst 2005.
     

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    embargo [ em-BAHR-goh ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a government ban on the movement of trade ships into or out of its ports
    2. (n.) a government edict prohibiting trade with foreign nations
    3. (n.) a prohibition; a ban
    4. (v.) to impose an embargo on
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Most foreign policy experts are of the view that the US trade embargo imposed on Iran has not yielded any significant results.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In October 1962 the United States and the Soviet Union were on the brink of nuclear war after the Kennedy administration discovered that the Soviet Union was constructing missiles in Cuba. As a result the U.S. government banned U.S. tourist travel to Cuba, and that embargo remains today.
    National Geographic, Travel Editor: Off-Limits Cuba a Diamond in the Rough, by Sarah Mullin for National Geographic News, October 22, 2002
     
    timorous [ TIM-er-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     timid, fearful or apprehensive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The timorous little boy grew up to be a brave soldier.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     British Prime Minister Gordon Brown moved on Monday to stamp out the biggest threat yet to his 15-month-old premiership, sacking a Labour official who accused him of "timorous" political maneuvering.
    abcNews, UK's Brown Tries to Stamp out Revolt, By Frank Prenesti, September 15, 2008
     
    spectral [ SPEK-truh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. spectral or ghostly
    2. pertaining to, resembling or of a spectre
    3. related to or of a spectrum
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective set up machines to record spectral activity in the vicinity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For years, scientists presumed this rainbow was made by some sort of chemical or spectral process.
    CNN, Searching for aliens in all the wrong places, By Miles O'Brien, August 6, 2004
     
    sanity [ SAN-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the quality of being of sound mind
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The man told us that whenever he would read the bible to preserve his sanity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Frank Field has, for many years now, been the voice of sanity in the Labour Party.
    The Telegraph, Bribing voters with their own money is no longer an option, Frank Field, 12 September 2009
     
    mar [ mahr ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to spoil or inflict damage on
    2. (tr. v.) to impair the soundness or integrity of
    3. (tr. v.) to disfigure or deface
    4. (n.) a blemish or disfiguring mark
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They marred his new shirt by ripping out the pocket.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Commonwealth summit in Uganda has been marred by violent clashes between demonstrators and police in the capital, Kampala.
    BBC, Uganda summit marred by clashes, 23 November 2007.
     

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    echelon [ ESH-uh'-lon ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a formation of troops or military aircraft, or individuals wherein each unit is positioned somewhat to the right or left of the unit in front such that the entire formation appears like a series of stairs
    2. (n.) one of several units of such an arrangement
    3. (n.) any group or unit that acts in an organised or disciplined way
    4. (n.) a grade or level of authority
    5. (n.) (spectroscopy) a diffraction grating that consists of a series of plates arranged one after another in a stepwise manner
    6. (v.) to be a part of an echelon
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The top echelon of the company took the decision to expand the company's operations overseas.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The first Echelon of 21 B.D. Sector embarked in five LCT's on June 2nd '44 at Portland where they remained in harbour till Sunday, June 4th '44.
    BBC, Report on the Landing in France of the First Echelon of 21 BD sector on D-day, 6 June 1944, by DavidHeathcote, 01 November 2003
     
    superficial [ soo-per-FISH-uh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. being close to or pertaining to the surface
    2. shallow, apparent or not profound
    3. trivial or not substantial
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The superficial layer is made of fine sheets made of pressed wood.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The book, published this week, urges people to reject the superficial temptations offered by contemporary culture.
    Telegraph, Disney accused by Catholic cleric of corrupting children's minds, By Jonathan Wynne-Jones, 29 Nov 2008
     
    remorse [ ri-MAWRS ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     regret, penitence, self-reproach or guilt owing to some wrong doing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The remorse shown by the accused led the judge to reduce his sentence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     England captain Phil Vickery says he hopes the Bristol prop who put him out of the Six Nations is feeling remorse.
    BBC News, Vickery hopes for Hobson remorse, 26 March 2007
     
    scabbard [ SKAB-erd ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a sheath or holder for a sword or knife
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ferocious warrior drew his sword from its scabbard and battled the enemy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wearing only his pyjamas, Carson hurled abuse at Mr Korn, 58, before drawing the antique Japanese weapon from its scabbard and lunging towards him.
    The Telegraph, Millionaire attacked 'noisy' neighbour with Samurai sword, Murray Wardrop, 25 August 2009
     
    carnage [ KAHR-nij ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a massacre or slaughter of many people
    2. corpses or dead bodies
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     To avoid the carnage of a war with his enemy the king sent his emissary to negotiate for a peaceful settlement of their differences.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Two ''brilliant'' soldiers who died preventing mass carnage in Afghanistan have been honoured in Britain and on the frontline.
    The Telegraph, Two soldiers killed preventing carnage in Afghanistan honoured, 14 January 2010.
     

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    turbulence [ TUR-byuh'-luh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. disorder, commotion or agitation
    2. an interruption caused in the normal flow of wind by eddies
    3. violent and irregular flow of fluids
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Passengers panicked after the airplane experienced turbulence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The turbulence of the transfer window is over and Gordon Strachan is now preparing for the instant judgments that will be made on his latest recruits.
    The Herald, Strachan delighted to get his man at last, HUGH MacDONALD, Chief Sportswriter, February 02 2008
     
    suffuse [ suh'-FYOOZ ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to overspread, fill or infuse with colour, light or liquid
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He flicked the switch and suffused the room with light.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Predictable political views suffuse every section of the paper, right down to the food and wine pages.
    abcNews, Silicon Insider: Saving Newspapers, By MICHAEL S. MALONE, Nov. 10, 2005
     
    repine [ ri-PAHYN ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to be unhappy or in a gloomy emotional state
    2. to long for
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The teacher told the little girl that she could repine all she wanted and that the other children were going to enjoy the picnic anyway.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ramsay shouldn't repine if he fails to crack Manhattan - after all, he failed in Glasgow, which will surely have hurt him more.
    The Telegraph, Boasting is meat and drink to New York, Michael Henderson, 13, January 2007
     
    surcharge [ n. SUR-chahrj; v. sur-CHAHRJ, SUR-chahrj ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an extra charge added to the usual amount
    2. (n.) the act of charging more than the usual amount
    3. (n.) a new denomination printed over the original stamp
    4. to charge an amount over the original amount
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The finance minister has imposed a surcharge on the amount of entertainment tax payable by cinema halls.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The speaker has said several times she would like to squeeze more savings out of the system, and if we can do that, we can reduce the number of people affected by the surcharge, said Brendan Daly, a spokesman for Pelosi.
    CNN, Obama, GOP trade barbs in health care fight, 20 July 2009
     
    itinerant [ ahy-TIN-er-uh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) characterized by travelling from place to place or characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering
    2. (n.) a person who travels form place to place
    3. (n.) one who alternates between working and wandering
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The itinerant minister travelled from village to village to preach to the people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sometimes itinerant printers would carry their wooden printing blocks from village to village in carts.
    BBC, Russian naboika block print fabric,
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    El Dorado [ el duh'-RAH-doh, -REY- or ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an imaginary city in south america sought by spanish explorers for its great riches and wealth
    2. a place offering extraordinary wealth or opportunities
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     To most people around the world, the United states offers an El Dorado of opportunities.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An almighty task, but to those in the world of shipwrecks, pirates and treasure troves, this was their El Dorado.
    BBC, How To Find A Treasure Trove, 19 May 2007
     
    versatile [ VUR-suh-tahyl or, especially Amr., -tl ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. capable of changing, adapting or multi-tasking
    2. reversible or capable of turning backwards and forwards
    3. serving a number of varied functions and uses
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her versatile songs were very well known.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Water is nature's most versatile tool.
    National Geographic, Erosion and Weathering
     
    sultry [ SUHL-tree ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sweltering, hot and emitting heat
    2. arousing or exciting desire or passion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sultry summer months soon lost their appeal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     American singer and actress Julie London - famed in the 1950s and 1960s for her sultry voice on hits like Cry Me A River - has died, aged 74.
    BBC, Singer Julie London dies, 19 October, 2000
     
    requite [ ri- KWAHYT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to offer something in return for having received something
    2. to take revenge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ungrateful man requited the kind lady for her unconditional love with money.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I'm sure that everyone has at some point in their life felt love, whether it be requited or unrequited.
    BBC, Love, Life and That Little Bit Extra, Sarah Nagra, 22 September 2009
     
    imbibe [ im-BAHYB ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to drink or consume as if by drinking
    2. (tr. v.) to absorb or soak or receive in the mind
    3. (intr. v.) to drink
    4. (intr. v.) to absorb
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She felt tipsy after having imbibed a few glasses of wine at the party.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The shrews have such an appetite for alcohol that each night they imbibe, weight for weight, the equivalent of a human drinking nine glasses of wine.
    BBC, What the papers say, 29 July 2008.
     

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    eclat [ ey-KLAH; Fr. ey-kla* ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. showy display; publicity
    2. brilliant performance or success
    3. acclaim; renown
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Dan Brown's "The Da Vinci code" was received with great eclat by critics and booklovers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     By McGonagall's own account, the poem was '... received with eclat and [he] was pronounced by the Press the Poet Laureate of the Tay Bridge...'.
    BBC Home : h2g2 : William McGonagall : 8th September 2000
     
    leer [ leer ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a sidelong look that indicates sly and malicious intent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The young girl wearing a micro-mini dress and walking with a provocative gait made onlookers leer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Most impressively, he won a role of a lifetime as The Joker, complete with a lipstick-smeared leer, in The Dark Knight, this summer's highly anticipated follow-up to 2005's Batman Begins.
    ABC News, Heath Ledger: A Budding Career Cut Tragically Short, By SUSAN WLOSZCZYNA, Jan. 23, 2008
     
    terse [ turs ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. concise, brief, pithy and to the point
    2. curt or brusque
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His terse note caused panic among the company investors.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Brown family on Saturday issued a terse statement asking for privacy.
    abcNews, O.J. Simpson's Luck Runs out After 13 Years, By Dan Whitcomb, October 4, 2008
     
    purview [ PUR-vyoo ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the extent, range or scope of authority, intention, concern or competence
    2. the scope or range of vision or understanding
    3. the scope or purpose of a statute or document
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The magistrate could not punish the offenders as the crime was committed beyond his judicial purview.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The separatists have little or no base in Jammu or Ladakh but they never leave these areas outside the purview of their political claims.
    BBC News, Who really represents Kashmiris?, By Nayeema Ahmad Mahjoor, 5 September 2005
     
    rave [ reyv ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.)to speak hysterically or incoherently
    2. (intr. v.)to roar
    3. (tr. v.)to speak in a hysterical manner
    4. (n.) the act of speaking in a hysterical manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The delirious old miner raved about the gold mine that he had found.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sure, it's not the "dime on a dollar" rule of thumb for savings that I rave about, but it's a start.
    CNN, Clark Howard: Pinching nickels and do-it-yourself projects, Clark Howard, 1 april 2009
     

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    winsome [ WIN-suh'm  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pleasing, charming or engaging
    2. light-hearted or cheerful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His winsome attitude got him the contract.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It returned in triumph to the winsome tunes of bagpipes, though it was guarded closely in a closed Land Rover over the bridge at Coldstream.
    CNN, Scotland's 'Stone of Scone' finds its way home, Richard Blystone, November 15, 1996
     
    snivel [ SNIV-uh' l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to sniffle while weeping
    2. (intr.v.) to whine or complain in a tearful manner
    3. (tr.v.) to utter or speak while sniffling
    4. (n.) nasal mucus
    5. (n.) an act or instance of snivelling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His manners were revolting and my irritation increased when he snivelled.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The only thing worse than an employee calling in sick is having them sniveling and sneezing all over you.
    CNN, Presenteeism more than a health risk, December 30, 2004
     
    sullied [ SUHL-ee-d ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. ruined or dirtied
    2. defiled
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His reputation had been sullied by the unruly behaviour of his supporters.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The general consensus is that, out in Zimbabwe where Sri Lanka are steamrollering their acquiescent hosts, Test cricket is being sullied.
    BBC, Could mess lead to Test shake-up? Scott Heinrich, 12 May 2004
     
    exult [ ig-ZUHLT ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to rejoice with enthusiasm
    2. to be jubilant or triumphant
    3. to jump for joy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They were exulted when their team won the match.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Another rare example of Cronkite showing emotion on air was the joy he expressed at Apollo 11's 1969 moon landing: "Man on the moon!" he exulted, rubbing his hands in delight.
    CNN, Former CBS anchor 'Uncle Walter' Cronkite dead at 92, Todd Leopold, 18 July 2009.
     
    brusque [ bruhsk; especially Brit. broo'sk ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. blunt or abrupt in manner
    2. curt in speech
    3. discourteous or rough
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The customers avoided him because of his brusque behaviour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     To his credit, David Cameron was swift to grasp the true implications of the scandal and to take action: he is still resented by some of his backbenchers for what they regard as the brusque way he treated them.
    The Telegraph, MPs' expenses: A damning indictment of brazen dishonesty and greed, 4 February 2010.
     

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