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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3141
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    demagogue [ DEM-uh'-gog, -gawg ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person or leader who appeals to the prejudices or passions of the people to gain power
    2. (n.) in ancient times, a leader who champions the cause of the masses
    3. (intr. v.) to speak or behave like a demagogue
    4. (tr. v.) to treat an issue like a demagogue; obscure an issue with prejudice, emotions, etc.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was an effective demagogue and succeeded in uniting the workers in order to demand for better working conditions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Self confident and energetic, O'Connor was a charismatic demagogue, who used mass meetings and the widely read 'Northern Star' to unite the forces of the working class behind him.
    BBC, The Chartist Movement 1838 - 1848, By Stephen Roberts
     
    truism [ TROO-iz-uh'm ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a cliché or an obvious truth
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She liked to include truisms in her speech.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It seems almost as a truism, which everyone who cares for the value of openness deems to be self-evident.
    Oxford, Are Network Neutralists Legal Positivists? (Part I), by Marcelo Thompson, June 12th, 2008
     
    tentative [ TEN-tuh'-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. experimental, provisional or implemented as a trial
    2. hesitant, unsure or uncertain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor performed a tentative check-up to check the man's fitness.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There are tentative signs of a new gold rush in the US, according to the Gold Prospectors Association of America (GPAA).
    BBC, Tentative signs of US gold rush, 9 April 2009
     
    recluse [ REK-loos, ri-KLOOS ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) person who lives in isolation
    2. (adj.) living in isolation
    3. (adj.) pertaining to isolation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Children were afraid of the recluse who lived in the cottage surrounded by overgrown hedges.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The 55-year-old, known as Charles, was a recluse who had lived in a flat above the warehouse for many years.
    BBC, Greed and lies caught up with killer, Cris Summers, 7 September 2009
     
    dutiful [ DOO-tuh'-fuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. characterized by performing one's duty or doing what is expected
    2. proceeding from a sense of obligation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was a dutiful wife whose only concern seemed to be her children and husband.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In place of dutiful suffering, responsibility and sacrifice, they were hungry for a measure of individual self-fulfilment.
    BBC, The crisis of the mediocre marriage, 11 January 2010.
     

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    détente [ dey-TAHNT; Fr. dey-THAN*T ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the relaxing or easing of tension, between rivals, esp. nations, through negotiations or talks.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The current détente between the US and Russia after decades of mistrust and hostility during the cold war is a welcome step.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nevertheless, General Bashir said the pardon was made at the request of the two priests and in a spirit of political détente.
    BBC, Alleged Khartoum bombers pardoned, 6 December, 1999
     
    pique [ peek ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) feeling of anger or resentment, esp., aroused by a sense of wounded pride
    (v.) 2. to excite or arouse an emotion
    3. (v.) to provoke one to act or respond to a challenge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All attempts at industrial rejuvenation in the state were annulled by the pique of the masses.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Traders' concerns focus on the political and the practical. The first addresses whether the Saudis' unilateral move will be, in effect, annulled by the pique of its peers.
    Financial Times, The Short View: Saudi oil, Jamie Chisholm, June 16 2008
     
    quarry [ KWAWR-ee, KWOR-ee ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) prey or game
    2. (n.) an open excavation pit to obtain stone by blasting or digging
    3. (n.) an object being pursued
    4. (tr.v.) to excavate stone from a quarry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His indecisiveness caused his quarry to escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The (Special Area of Conservation) SAR is about 10% of the 100 acres (40.5 hectares) that Stone firms Ltd wants to quarry at the site.
    BBC News, Bid to stop quarrying of cliffs, 10 February 2009
     
    rebuff [ n. ri-BUHF, REE-buhf; v. ri-BUHF ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a blunt rejection or refusal
    2. (n.) an obstruction to progress
    3. (tr. v.) to reject directly
    4. (tr. v.)to force to retreat
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The defendant's application for acquittal received a rebuff from the judge.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The man, named locally as Peter Brown, was turned away and also rebuffed moments later when he tried to convince someone else to go drinking with him.
    The Telegraph, Jockey fire death: man arrested had 'been refused entry to party', Nick Britten and Ian Johnston, 7 September 2009
     
    dominate [ DOM-uh'-neyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to control or rule by superior power
    2. (tr. v.) to overpower
    3. (intr. v.) to exert mastery over
    4. (intr. v.) to have a position that is superior to the others
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their team could dominate the game due to their skill and superior tactics.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The pros and cons of ethanol production are set to dominate an energy summit of eight Latin American nations which has got under way in Venezuela.
    BBC, Ethanol dominating energy summit, 16 April 2007.
     

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    gainsay [ GEYN-sey, geyn-SEY ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to deny or contradict
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It would be difficult to gainsay the economic policies enunciated by such stalwarts as Dr. Manmohan Singh and P. Chidambaram.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They included mandatory jail terms for persistent burglars and drug dealers, something the judiciary opposed but which Labour, recognising the popularity of a tough stand on crime, could not gainsay.
    Telegraph, Labour happy to follow Howard's way, 10 August 2004
     
    turgid [ TUR-jid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. swollen, bloated or tumid
    2. pompous, grandiloquent or extremely ornate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The turgid boil on his foot required medical attention.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With the police, courts and prosecution being openly biased, criminal cases against the accused are sinking like stones in a turgid pool.
    The Times of India, Unfinished justice, 22 Mar 2007
     
    reek [ reek ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an unpleasant or foul odour
    2. (n.) fog, smoke or steam
    3. (intr.v.) to emanate, give off or exude strong, unpleasant odours
    4. (intr.v.) to give off steam, fumes or smoke
    5. (tr.v.) to give off or exude
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The reek caused by the leak in the drainage pipes was unbearable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     From Turin in the north to Rome in the south, there is a heavy reek of corruption about the game they call calcio.
    BBC News, Italians losing faith in football, by Mark Duff, 27 May 2006
     
    recompense [ REK-uh'm-pens ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.)to award compensation to
    2. (tr. v.)to award compensation for
    3. (n.) payment for work done
    4. (n.) compensation paid for damage or loss
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The company recompensed the accountant with a huge amount for manipulating the accounts of the company.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     You do realise, don't you, that there are still people who do things with no thought of reward or recompense?
    The telegraph, Property in France: c'est la folie, Michael Wright, 6 August 2009
     
    brindled [ BRIN-dld ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. greyish with darker streaks or spots
    2. tawny with streaks of a darker colour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The little boy chose a boxer dog with a brindled coat from the pet shop.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Brindled mongrels ran in circles, yelping, and there was a whinnying of horses.
    CNN, 'The Ground Beneath Her Feet', Salman Rushdie, 15 April 1999.
     

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    leviathan [ li-VAHY-uh'-thuh' n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an unusually gigantic water beast mentioned in the Bible
    2. (n.) anything that is unusually large of its kind
    3. (adj.) gigantic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Our small boat began to sway and pitch violently from the waves generated by the leviathan oil tanker.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     IBM, needless to say, isn't the Big Blue of my early years. It is no longer the arrogant leviathan that would crush you like a bug for competing with it, or, in my case, writing nasty things about it.
    ABC News, Silicon Insider: The Laptop Lament, B U R L I N G A M E, Calif., April 24 2008
     
    tryst [ trist, trahyst ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an appointment or meeting or a place for such a meeting
    2. (tr.v.) to fix up a meeting
    3. (intr.v.) to agree for an appointment or meeting
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The garden became famous as it was their chosen place for a tryst.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Finns retreat to their havens every midsummer, for their tryst with nature.
    The Economic Times, Finland: Land of lakes, 27 Nov 2008
     
    vociferous [ voh-SIF-er-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. clamorous, noisy or vehement when expressing one's feelings
    2. marked or characterised by a vehement or loud outcry
    3. blatant, boisterous or strident
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vociferous protests went unheard.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Democrats believe that the Obama camp chose Biden, known for his vociferous critiques of the Bush administration, to help fill perceived gaps in Obama's résumé with his foreign policy experience.
    CNN, McCain campaign: Clinton did not say Obama ready to lead, August 27, 2008
     
    purgatory [ PUR-guh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) (roman catholic church) a place or condition in which the people who have died in god's grace suffer and expatiate their sins
    2. (n.) any state or place in which punishment, expatiation and suffering are temporary
    3. (n.) limbo, hell or netherworld
    4. (adj.) tending or serving to expatiate or cleanse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He feared ending up in purgatory as a result of his misdeeds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is as if after years in purgatory the light has come back into Mrs Sharma's life.
    The Times of India, Free of oil and grime, September 4, 2004
     
    reprobate [ REP-ruh'-beyt ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person without any sense of right or wrong
    2. (n.) a person doomed or without hope of being saved
    3. (adj.) without principles of right and wrong
    4. (tr. v.) to reject or condemn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His election promise to the community was that he would endeavour to convert hardened reprobates into respectable law abiding citizens.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We sincerely believe and hope this reprobate should never be allowed into society again to cause this degree of pain and suffering to another family.
    BBC, Alicia's killer jailed for life, 2 August 2004
     

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    bruit [ broot ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) (medicine) any general abnormal sound heard on auscultation (the act of listening, either directly or through a stethoscope or other instrument, to sounds within the body as a method of diagnosis).
    2. (n.) (archaic) rumour; report
    3. (n.) (archaic) noise; din; clamour
    4. (tr. v.) to spread rumour; repeat
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The bruit detected by the doctor using a stethoscope indicated that the patient needed medical attention.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Using a stethoscope to listen to your carotid arteries, your doctor can detect a noise, called a 'bruit', made by turbulent blood flow through a narrowed artery.
    BBC, Strokes, 11th May 2001
     
    tyro [ TAHY-roh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a novice, amateur or one who is just beginning to learn something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tyro will undergo two months of training.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The champions argue that it makes more sense for them, and also in the long run for England, if tyros come under their enlightened wing earlier.
    Telegraph, Premier League plan for elite boarders, By Henry Winter, 08 Oct 2008
     
    quirk [ kwurk ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an idiosyncrasy, whim, or peculiar mannerism or trait
    2. (n.) a sharp turn or twist
    3. (n.) an accident or vagary
    4. (n.) a subterfuge, shift or quibble
    5. (tr.v.) to form with a twist or curve
    6. (adj.) formed with a curve or twist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His quirks made him stand out in a crowd
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The small town in Kansas which shared the programme's name was spared the effects of the attacks by a geographical quirk.
    BBC News, Heroes in the thick of it in 2007, By Kevin Young, 24 December 2007
     
    scorch [ skawrch ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to burn slightly so as to cause discolouration
    2. (tr. v.) to wither with heat
    3. (tr. v.) to subject to severe criticism censure; excoriate
    4. (intr. v.) to become singed
    5. (intr. v.) to move at a very fast pace
    6. (n.) the mark left by a slight burn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Arabs wear a keffiyeh to prevent being scorched by the heat of the desert sun.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Of course the fires still happen, but instead of being small and their effects being benign, they scorch the earth, and damage the capacity of the soil to function again.
    The Telegraph, How's your carbon footprint doing? Goeffrey Lean, 4 September 2009
     
    nostalgia [ no-STAL-juh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a sentimental longing for the happiness of a former place or time
    2. a condition of being homesick or a display of homesickness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The old man talked about the carefree days of his childhood with nostalgia.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Daniel Radcliffe, now 20, told CNN with a hint of nostalgia about his first day on set in Goathland railway station in northern England.
    CNN, 'Harry Potter' stars look back on nine years of magic, Teo Kermeliotis, December 2009.
     

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    sustenance [ SUHS-tuh'-nuh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. maintenance of life or provision of a means of livelihood
    2. the process or act of being sustained
    3. something that provides support or strength
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sustenance depended on how good a hunter he was.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The kitchen dressers of Highland crofts often contained a "porridge drawer" which was filled with freshly cooked porridge that could be cut into squares when cold and taken onto the hills for sustenance.
    BBC, Secret weapon wins porridge title, 12 October 2008
     
    nubile [ NOO-bil, -bahyl, NYOO- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (pertaining to a young woman) marriageable or physically and mentally mature
    2. (pertaining to a young woman) sexually attractive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Miss India contestants are nubile, young women with beauty and brains.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The biologist Iain Douglas-Hamilton is walking up on an elephant, a sizable young female, nubile and shy.
    National Geographic, Family Ties, By David Quammen National Geographic Contributing Writer, September 2008
     
    odium [  OH-dee-uh'm  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) detestation or extreme hatred
    2. (n.) opprobrium or disgrace that has been brought upon oneself by a hateful action
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The extremist leader brought public odium upon himself by delivering a blasphemous speech.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The vast majority of these people want nothing more than the American dream of working hard, making money, spending money, educating their kids, and living in peace and protection from the odium of governments that are not free.
    CNN, Your e-mails: Answers on immigration, 16 May 2006
     
    internecine [ in-ter-NEE-seen ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. relating to internal conflict or struggle as within a nation or organization
    2. ruinous to both parties to the conflict
    3. characterized by bloodshed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The internecine feud between the two noble families had endured for several generations.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The decision maintains the pressure on the opposition which on Tuesday replaced Malcolm Turnbull as leader with Tony Abbott following an internecine brawl between the conservative and liberal wings of the party.
    CNN, Australia carbon laws fail to pass Senate, Peter Smith, 2 December 2009.
     
    stalwart [ STAWL-wert ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) strongly and sturdily built
    2. (tr. v.) valiant; brave and strong
    3. (tr. v.) uncompromising or steadfast
    4. (n.) a physically strong and sturdy person
    5.(n.) an uncompromising partisan
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The security guards employed by the bank were all stalwart ex-army personnel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leeds United stalwart Gary Kelly is to retire at the end of the season.
    BBC, Leeds veteran Kelly set to retire, 1 May 2007.
     

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    supplant [ suh'-PLANT, -PLAHNT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to supersede or usurp one's place by trickery or plotting
    2. to uproot, displace or substitute
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The general tried to supplant the king by planning a military coup.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     David Miliband, the man who is thought to want to supplant Gordon Brown at 10, Downing Street, leaves the Labour Party conference as damaged goods, largely caused by self-inflicted wounds.
    The Herald, Labour analysis: Miliband suffers setback
     
    swarthy [ SWAWR-th'ee, -thee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     possessing a dark colour or complexion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His swarthy complexion made him stand out in the crowd.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We get rice and beans from a charity called Care Myanmar, drinking water from the sky and fish from this creek, said Maung Oo, a swarthy 51-year-old, as he stared at monsoon floodwaters lapping against his makeshift bamboo and tarpaulin hut.
    abcNews, Myanmar Cyclone Survivors Rely on Handouts, Struggle On, By Aung Hla Tun, November 2, 2008
     
    lupine [ LOO-pin ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) savage or predatory
    2. (adj.) pertaining to characteristic of a wolf
    3. (n.) any of the different types of plants that belong to the genus lupinus, of the pea family that bears edible seeds, or white, pink or blue flowers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lupine features, prominently seen in the various portraits of his ancestors, were not reflected in his portrait.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is 62 and still looks as he has always looked - tall, lean and lupine with his floppy, side-parted hair still (suspiciously?) dark.
    Telegraph, Bryan Ferry: 'I don't want to be controversial', Nigel Farndale, 16 Apr 2008
     
    obelisk [ OB-uh'-lisk ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a tall, sleek, four-sided monolithic stone pillar that tapers toward its top and terminates or ends in a pyramid
    2. obelus, dagger or one resembling a shaft
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The structure, shaped like an obelisk, was thought to contain mystical powers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The obelisk was erected by Colonel Archibald Robertson, the British Resident at the Court of the Raja of Satara from 1827 to 1832, when his eldest daughter, 'Tilly', died, aged 10, in the hill station.
    The Times of India, Hill station lovers restore destroyed memories, Gunvanthi Balaram, 18 April 2004
     
    hortatory [ HAWR-tuh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. encouraging or urging to some course of action
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The team went on to win the match after listening to the hortatory speech delivered by their coach.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     What we don't want is another six-party meeting that just turns into hortatory exchanges of view.
    CNN, Powell: Serious talks over N Korea, 7 January 2004.
     

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    sully [ SUHL-ee ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to taint, defile or make soiled
    2. (intr.v.) to tarnish, stain or defile
    3. (n.) one that defiles or stains
    (n.) (archaic) a spot or stain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her reputation was sullied by gossip mongers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Fraudulent phone-in competitions and profane Christmas shows have sullied the reputation of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) for high-minded paternalism in recent years.
    Economist, Broadcasting uncertainty, Nov 6th 2008
     
    lout [ lout ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a goon, boor, oaf or awkward person
    2. (tr.v.) to scorn or treat contemptuously
    3. (intr.v.) to respectfully bend, bow or stoop
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was often described as a lout with brains the size of a pea.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The drunken lout is the most common killer of the office party, according to Marjorie Brody, president of Brody Communications, a business consulting firm in Philadelphia.
    abcNews, Holiday Parties Are a Headache for Managers, By ERIC NOE, Dec. 15, 2005
     
    ominous [ OM-uh'-nuh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. foreboding, portentous or inauspicious
    2. of or being a omen esp. one that is evil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had an ominous feeling that something was bound to go wrong ever since a black cat crossed his path early in the morning.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Roger Federer sent out an ominous message to his rivals by claiming the Masters 1000 tournament in Cincinnati with a straight sets demolition of Novak Djokovic in the final on Sunday.
    CNN, Federer back to his best with Cincinnati win, August 23, 2009
     
    debar [ di-BAHR ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to exclude or shut out from
    2. to prohibit or forbid
    3. to fend off or prevent entry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The court should debar the lawyers who indulge in unethical practices.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If convicted in the land case, Miss Jayalalitha could be debarred from contesting elections for six years.
    BBC, World: South Asia, Jayalalitha charged in land case, 19 July 1999.
     
    buttress [ BUH-tris ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an external support built to provide stability to a structure
    2. (n.) any support or prop
    3. (n.) something shaped like a tree trunk with a widening base
    4. (n.) a bony protuberance, esp. on a horse's hoof
    5.(tr. v.) to prop up or to lend support to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The loft in the shed collapsed because it was not built with a proper buttress.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He said Tony and his wife, Cherie, had agreed to give way on the issue of a series of masonry buttresses that were required to support a Grade II listed wall on the property, and the design of a sports pavilion.
    The Telegraph, Tony Blair makes U-turn after protests at country house, Richard Eden, 13 March 2010.
     

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    suave [ swahv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. polite, courteous or smoothly and superficially agreeable
    2. smooth, sophisticated or diplomatic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His suave mannerisms won him the admiration of many.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the American version of the ad, a suave Mac, played by Justin Long, an actor, contrasts with a lovable but decidedly uncool PC, played by John Hodgman, a comedian who has been catapulted to celebrity as a result.
    Economist, Hello again, I'm Vista, Aug 7th 2008
     
    molten [ MOHL-tn ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) melted or liquefied by means of applying heat
    2. (adj.) produced as result of heating or liquefaction
    3. (adj.) brilliant glowing as a result of heating
    4. (tr.v.) past participle of melt
    5. (intr.v.) past participle of melt
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The molten lava that was spewed from the volcano scattered, destroying everything in its path.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The volcano is one of Japan's most active and last erupted in September 2004 when molten rock and ash blanketed areas more than 125 miles from the crater.
    Telegraph, Japan warns of volcano eruption within 48 hours, By Julian Ryall in Tokyo, 02 Feb 2009
     
    interim [ IN-ter-uh'm ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) provisional
    2. (n.) meanwhile
    3. (n.) for the time being
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The interim President of the nation was appreciated by the public more than the President whom he succeeded.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In July, the group posted interim results that were ahead of expectations, but the group said that it would not meet its production target until later than expected.
    The Telegraph, Questor's tips of the year are up an average of 30pc, Garry White, 30 August 2009.
     
    phenomena [ fi-NOM-uh'-nuh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. circumstances, occurrences, or facts that are observed or that are perceptible by the senses
    2. a marvel or an unusual or extraordinary occurence
    3. a paragon or an extraordinary person
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The class was taken on a field trip to study the phenomena of nature.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Humans are noted for their desire to understand and influence their environment, seeking to explain and manipulate natural phenomena through science, philosophy, mythology and religion.
    BBC, Human (Homo sapiens), About the Human.
     
    shambles [ sham-buh'l-es ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a scene of complete ruin, clutter or disorder
    2. (n.) a scene of bloodshed or carnage
    3. (n.) a slaughterhouse
    4. (intr. v.) to walk by shuffling the feet or in an awkward, unsteady manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The entire house was left in a shambles after the police searched the place for concealed drugs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Oregon police say teens used a foreclosed home for a party and left the place in shambles.
    CNN, Kids party it up in foreclosed home, leave it trashed, 7 April 2010.
     

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    stoic [ STOH-ik ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who is apathetic to emotions like grief and pleasure
    2. (n.) one who belongs to a greek school of philosophy that had been founded by zeno who stated that wise men are the ones who are apathetic to worldly emotions like grief and pleasure
    3. (adj.) being indifferent to earthly emotions like grief and pleasure
    4. (adj.) of or pertaining to stoics
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His stoic mannerisms caused people to feel that he lacked emotions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
      "The stoic silence that he maintains is scary sometimes," said a police official.
    The Timesof India, 2 cops top SIMI man's hate list, Prashant Dayal, September 29, 2008
     
    subterfuge [ SUHB-ter-fyooj ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. deception or trickery used to evade or conceal situations
    2. a device or stratagem that is deceptive in nature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Subterfuge had to be employed to continue maintaining friendly relations with neighbouring countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the country's only museum dedicated to the art of subterfuge and spycraft; see everything from James Bond's Aston Martin to storage devices for cyanide.
    National Geographic, Best of Washington, D.C.: Must-Dos
     
    litotes [ LAHY-tuh'-teez, LIT-uh'-, lahy-TOH-teez ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a figure of speech that involves an understatement where a statement esp. an affirmative one is expressed by negating its contrary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The frequent use of litotes in his writings showed his wry sense of humour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lovers of litotes, the English virtue of understatement, may relish the way Mike Warburton, of accountants Grant Thornton, summed up Mr Darling's performance.
    Telegraph, Taxing times for the Government, By Ian Cowie, 16 May, 2008
     
    loll [ lol ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to recline in a lazy way
    2. (tr.v.) to sag or hang down loosely
    3. (n.) the manner of lazing(archaic)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He lolled the whole day at home while his wife worked hard in the office as well as at home.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Shops are open, restaurants full and men loll on the pavements eating sweets to recuperate from daylight fasting.
    The Telegraph, Muammar Gaddafi hits out on 40th anniversary of Libyan coup, Damien McElroy, 1 September 2009, 8 September 2009.
     
    improvise [ IM-pruh'-vahyz ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) extemporize or perform without previous preparation
    2. (tr. v.) to provide from what is available
    3. (intr. v.) to perform something on the spur of the moment or without previously preparing for it
    4. (intr. v.) to make do with what is available
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The professor told the student that he should improvise instead of complaining the lack of proper equipment to conduct the experiment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In many work places you dare not improvise.
    BBC, Can comedy and rock 'n roll help business? Arlene Gregorius, 17 December 2009.
     

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    steadfast [ STED-fast, -fahst, -fuh' st ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. faithful or unswervingly, unwaveringly loyal
    2. steady, firm or constant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was considered to be a steadfast and brave soldier.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Russia's steadfast refusal to let EUMM inside the contested territories could also be construed as an attempt to cover up the destruction seemingly inflicted on predominantly Georgian-populated areas after their inhabitants left in the wake of the conflict.
    Economist, Still simmering, Oct 30th 2008
     
    litany [ LIT-n-ee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a prayer that is part of a liturgy and consists of a series of recitals of invocation by a leader that is alternated with fixed responses by the congregation.
    2. a resonant or repetitive recital or chant
    3. a dreary or tedious account
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The boring litany about the travels undertaken by Captain Wells was poorly received by the audience.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Last year it signed an exclusive deal to supply RIM's BlackBerry Storm, but industry experts have suggested a litany of problems with the phone's operating system have suppressed sales.
    Telegraph, Vodafone signs exclusive deal for Google's new G2 phone, By Rupert Neate in Barcelona, 17 Feb 2009
     
    irate [ ahy-REYT, AHY-reyt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. furious
    2. pertaining to anger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The irate customer yelled at the poor customer service executives.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The furor surrounding Ovrebo is not the first time -- and will certainly not be the last -- a referee has found himself or herself in the firing line from irate players and fans.
    CNN, Controversial refereeing decisions, Mike Steere, 8 May 2009
     
    dire [ dahy-uh'r ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. causing dread
    2. involving disaster or misfortune
    3. desperate or urgent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was warned of dire consequences if he disclosed the name of the bully.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The federal government does not plan to stop paying interest on the federal debt, a move which would have dire economic consequences.
    CNN, Broad range of programs targeted by proposed spending freeze, 27 January 2010.
     
    unwieldy [ uhn-WEEL-dee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not easily handled or managed due to awkward shape, size or weight
    2. unmanageable due to complexity
    3. clumsy or ungainly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Two porters were required to carry the unwieldy package and load it onto the truck.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At the same time he was developing an interest in computers - which were in those days unwieldy machines available almost exclusively at universities.
    The Telegraph, Ed Roberts, 2 April 2010.
     

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    slaked [ sleyk ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to quench or satiate a desire or craving
    2. (tr.v.) to rejuvenate or invigorate
    3. (tr.v.) to disintegrate lime by hydrating it
    4. (tr.v.) to curb or diminish
    5. (intr.v.) to cause lime to undergo slaking by hydration
    6. (intr.v.) to abate or curb
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He slaked his thirst by drinking an entire bottle of cold water.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This unstable material is then "slaked" in a water bath (a violent chemical reaction during which the rock turns to lime putty).
    Telegraph, Property in Hampshire: Old Ship happy to live off the land, Anna Tyzack, 08 Aug 2008
     
    veneration [ ven-uh'-REY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) respect or a feeling of awe
    2. (n.) an act or expression of this feeling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sage's devotees lowered their heads in veneration upon his arrival.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The city's flamboyance is reflected in its people's showy, stylish dress, its bloody history as a center for the Spanish Inquisition paralleled by its veneration of the bullfight, its vibrancy reflected in its arts and culture.
    CNN, Seville: City overview, 19 February 2007
     
    bantering [ BAN-ter-ring ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. exchanging mildly teasing remarks
    2. speaking in a teasing manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was bantering with the pretty girls while the others were doing some serious studying.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But before long, she's bantering with the crowd - as much at ease headbanging and squealing as she is making cracks about the audience's choice of knitwear.
    BBC, Across the line, Orla Graham.
     
    pinnace [ PIN-is ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a light boat propelled by oars or a sailing boat used in attendance on a larger ship
    2. any of various kinds of ship's attendance boats
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pirates used the pinnace to ferry supplies from the island to their ship which was anchored off the coast.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Bear in mind that our ship is a pinnace and not a full-size warship.
    BBC, 'Superguns' of Elizabeth I's navy, 20 February 2009.
     
    encumber [ en-KUHM-ber ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to burden with or to put a heavy load on
    2. to obstruct of hinder the performance of
    3. to weigh down with financial or legal obligations
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After the company had been restructured, it was no longer encumbered with debt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The very high prices paid for new mobile licenses will encumber the balance sheets, force up the cost of capital and bear down on share prices.
    BBC, Telecoms firms caught in costs spiral, 18 August 2000.
     

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    squalid [ SKWOL-id, SKWAW-lid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. dirty, foul, filthy, wretched
    2. sordid or morally degraded
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The squalid conditions prevalent in the last century gave rise to many diseases.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Conditions in the cells were squalid and lacked decency
    BBC, Police cell condition 'squalid', 6 August 2008
     
    muse [ myooz ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to meditate or think deeply
    2. (intr.v.) to ponder or deeply meditate
    3. (n.) a dreamy abstraction or a state of deep meditation
    4. (n.) a poet
    5. (n.) a guiding force or light or the source of one's inspiration
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They often mused about the secrets of the universe.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His 60,000 photos of the Big Bend must carry countless memories, unspoken things that act as muse and healer both.
    CNN, Wide open in West Texas, By Taylor Bruce, January 28, 2009
     
    involute [ adj., n. IN-vuh'-loot; v. in-vuh'-LOOT, IN-vuh'-loot ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) complicated
    2. (adj.) having the edge curved inward
    3. (n.) a curve traced from the extension of another curve
    4. (tr.v.) to coil inwards
    5. (tr.v.) to go back to a prior state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The topic was too involute for him to understand correctly.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Modelled on a gearbox, presumably that of a see-through Bentley, Richard Mille's chronograph is brimming with innovation: there's an "optimised minute counter" with which to count all those optimised minutes, plus a "torque sensor" and "involute wheel toothing" for the chronophile who has everything, including a dictionary, but not a moment to spare.
    The Telegraph, The gear box, Simon arron, 6 December 2003
     
    commemorative [ kuh'-MEM-uh'-rey-tiv ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) serving as a reminder of
    2. (adj.) honouring and preserving the memory of
    3. (n.) anything that honours and preserves the memory of another
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Dignitaries from all over the world were invited to the commemorative dinner after the coronation of the queen.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A second commemorative event for Michael Jackson could be staged in London to mark what would have been the singer's 51st birthday.
    The Telegraph, Michael Jackson commemorative event planned for London, Ben Leach, 8 July 2009.
     
    exude [ ig-ZOOD, ik-SOOD ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to project abundantly or radiate
    2. (tr. v.) to send out or emit through pores or small openings.
    3. (intr. v.) to gradually come out through pores or to ooze out
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had a positive outlook on life and exuded optimism wherever he went.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This is supposed to be the phase of the campaign when Woods exudes a steely invulnerability, but he heads south to the Players Championship at Sawgrass this week in fear of embarrassment.
    The Telegraph, Tiger Woods humbled at Quail Hollow as the magic disappears, Oliver Brown, 1 May 2010.
     

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    staid [ steyd ]
     verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) sedate, sober or steady
    2. (adj.) fixed, unchanged or not mutable
    3. (v.) (archaic) stay
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The staid cut of his coat was unfashionable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr S Iswaran, the trade and industry minister spearheading the event, says F1 would help reinvent Singapore by dispelling its staid and conservative image and boosting the economy.
    BBC, Singapore hopes F1 will rev up economy, By Sharanjit Leyl, 29 September 2008
     
    maul [ mawl ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a hammer that is heavy and used to drive wedges or stakes
    2. (tr.v.) to use or handle in a rough manner
    3. (tr.v.) to batter, injure or rough up
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A maul was used to drive the wooden stakes into the ground.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A woman mauled by a chimpanzee two weeks ago has lost her hands, nose, lips and eyelids and may be blind and suffering brain damage, hospital officials have said.
    Telegraph, Pet chimp attack: Victim lost hands and nose and may have brain damage, 04 Mar 2009
     
    limp [ limp ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to walk unevenly by trying to avoid putting too much weight on one leg
    2. (tr. v.) to proceed in a slow and uneven way
    3. (n.) an uneven gait
    4. (adj.) lacking firmness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He limped his way home after a car crashed into his left leg.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Kim was left with a permanent limp from the incident, which was widely considered an assassination attempt.
    CNN, Former South Korean President Kim dies, 18 August 2009
     
    disbar [ dis-BAHR ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to expel from the practice of law by official action
    2. to debar or suspend from the legal profession
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They made an application to have the seedy lawyer disbarred.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Musharraf regime introduced several changes in election laws which disbar some of the prominent politicians including Mrs Bhutto and Mr Sharif.
    BBC, Pakistan's general election, 11 October 2002.
     
    rapt [ rapt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. being absorbed or deeply engrossed
    2. enraptured or displayed with emotion
    3. spiritually carried away to another plane of existence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The topic was so interesting that the students paid rapt attention to every word that was uttered by the lecturer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Coghlan, now 57, showed he had lost none of his charisma as he regaled the rapt audience with memories from his track career.
    BBC, Sergiu Ciobanu and Maria McCambridge clinch Omagh wins, 28 March 2010.
     

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    rustic [ RUHS-tik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) rural or pertaining to the countryside
    2. (adj.)simple, unsophisticated or lacking elegance
    3. (adj.) made by using rough wood
    4. (n.) persons who belong to rural locales
    5. (n.) unsophisticated or simple persons
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rustic countryside was attractive.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Stepping into the Grassroots Cafe's minimalist interior, you find beige brick walls, rustic wooden tables, a flagstone floor, and not much else.
    The Herald, City cafe is taking innovative food back to its roots, GAVIN PORTER
     
    mire [ mahyuh*r ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) bog, slush or marsh
    2. (n.) a tough, disadvantageous or difficult situation
    3. (tr.v.) to plunge or cause to stick fast as though in mire
    4. (tr.v.) to entangle, entrap, hamper or hinder
    5. (intr.v.) to sink or stick in mire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He struggled for his footing as he almost slipped and fell into the mire.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Bank is embarking on its unprecedented policy to prevent the UK economy - already mired in the deepest recession since the 1980s - from tipping into something worse.
    Telegraph, Bank of England poised to cut interest rates close to zero and print money, By Angela Monaghan, 05 Mar 2009
     
    infuriate [ v. in-FYOO'R-ee-eyt; adj. in-FYOO'r-ee-it ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to cause to be very angry
    2. (adj.) enraged
    3. (adj.) marked by extreme anger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His repeated pestering infuriated all his colleagues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Advertising has again this year shown its power to inspire and infuriate.
    BBC, Ad Breakdown's pick of 2006, 1 January 2007.
     
    corroborate [ kuh'-ROB-uh'-reyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to confirm
    2. to substantiate or support with other evidence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He said that since the circumstances had changed, he was unable to corroborate his previous statement.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     CNN could not corroborate the authenticity of the memo, which was obtained by National Public Radio.
    CNN, Military denies hiding report after Fort Hood killings 20 November 2009.
     
    upshot [ uhp-shot ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the result or the conclusion of
    2. the gist or central theme
    3. consequence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The upshot of their tiff was that they were not talking to each other.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The upshot was a dystopian regime in which Lord Mandelson and Alastair Campbell were recalled from ignominy to orchestrate a campaign of lavish deceit.
    The Telegraph, It will take a long time for the new boys to unravel Gordon Brown's mess, Jeff Randall, 13 May 2010.
     

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    sinecure [ SAHY-ni-kyoo' r, SIN-i- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a job or position that provides a high salary but requires minimal or no work
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He loved his job as it was a sinecure.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Before that she resigned a State sinecure, protesting the "lack of ethics" of fellow Republican members, and went on to destroy the political careers of Randy Ruedrich, GOP State Chairman, and Gregg Renkes, a former Alaska Attorney General.
    Chronicles Magazine, Editors' Round Table on Sarah Palin: An Innocent Abroad, by Srdja Trifkovic
     
    muffle [ MUHF-uh' l ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to conceal by wrapping or enveloping
    2. (tr.v.) to pad, wrap or envelop with something in order to stifle sound
    3. (tr.v.) to stifle, suppress or repress
    4. (n.) one that muffles
    5. (n.) a sound that is muffled
    6. (n.) an oven or kiln that heats without direct contact with fire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sound of protest was muffled as a cloth was thrown over his head.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Chief Inspector of Prisons Anne Owers said she would stay to ensure a proposed super-inspectorate would not "muffle" inspection work.
    BBC, Prisons watchdog to stay in post, 28 June 2006
     
    latent [ LEYT-nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. existing but not able to be seen
    2. an undeveloped stage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His latent talent came to light during the competition, much to the chagrin of his opponents.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Forget the football pitch - there's nothing quite like quarterly growth statistics to bring out the latent nationalism of Europeans.
    The Telegraph, Germany's rapid recovery might be a mirage, Jeremy Warner, 14 August 2009
     
    opulence [ OP-yuh'-luh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. wealth
    2. affluence
    3. great abundance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In India, the name 'Ambani' is synonymous with untold wealth and opulence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Overlooking a dazzling swathe of white-sand beach, Le Royal Meridien Beach Hotel and Spa - to give it its grandiose full title - is a haven of classic opulence in the futuristic whirl of Dubai's marina development.
    Telegraph, Le Royal Meridien, Dubai, 25 Jan 2010.
     
    imperil [ im-PER-uh'l ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to put at risk or endanger
    2. to expose to danger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He imperilled the financial stability of his company by embarking upon a major high risk venture which no other company was willing to undertake.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The British government says the IRA ceasefire has not broken down despite growing fears that incidents of violence in Northern Ireland could imperil last year's peace agreement.
    BBC, World: Europe Mowlam says IRA hasn't violated ceasefire, 26 August 1999.
     

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    scorn [ skawrn ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to reject with utmost contempt or scorn
    2. (intr.v.) to treat with scorn or reject disdainfully
    3. (n.) a contemptuous or disdainful rejection
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She scorned anyone who disagreed with her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But there has been a counter, more populist tradition, which is not only to scorn liberal ideas but to scorn ideas entirely.
    CNN, Palin's future causes Republican rift, By Alexander Mooney, October 29, 2008
     
    inveterate [ in-VET-er-it ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. habitual
    2. set in the way of doing something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The inveterate liar told lies for the most insignificant of reasons.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We especially like the inclusion of text explanations along the bottom, although, being inveterate nitpickers, we did detect some mistakes.
    CNN, Review: Solid picture, good price from Westinghouse TV, David Katzmaier, 23 August 2007
     
    botch [ boch ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v. ) to spoil by bad workmanship
    2. (tr. v.) to bungle or perform clumsily
    3. (n.) an eruption on the skin
    4. (n.) a piece of work that is ruined or defective
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In his eagerness to do more work than the other apprentices he botched the project.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Clinton met with representatives from other world powers Wednesday in London to discuss ways to help Yemen improve its economic situation and fight terrorism in the wake of a botched attack on a U.S. airliner.
    CNN, Clinton presses Yemen to move on key reforms, Elise Labott and Jill Dougherty, 27 January 2010.
     
    canto [ KAN-toh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one of the main or principal divisions of a long poem
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They recited the canto of 'The Three Preludes' for the talent competition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Such was the case with Canto Vital ("Song of Nature"), the almost hilariously signature piece that finished off the first half of his program at the Coliseum.
    The Telegraph, Carlos Acosta and Guests: London Coliseum, review, Mark Monahan, 24 July 2009.
     
    wanderlust [ WON-der-luh'st ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a very strong desire to travel
    2. the urge to rove about
    3. an irresistible impulse to travel
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She said that if she won the lottery, she would give vent to her wanderlust and explore the farthest reaches of the earth.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An 83-year-old cyclist who cannot control his wanderlust is about to set off on a gruelling journey to Russia.
    BBC, Octogenarian hits the road again, 8 August 2003.
     

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    iniquitous [ i-NIK-wi-tuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     sinful, evil, vicious or wicked
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His iniquitous personality made him the antagonist of the novel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Scottish Gas and Scottish Hydro Electric have ended that iniquitous practice and it's only Scottish Power that's left.
    BBC, Scottish Power charges criticised, 5 February 2007
     
    minutiae [ mi-NOO-shee-uh', -shuh', -NYOO- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     trivial, minute, minor or unnecessary details
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The new policies were concerned about the minutiae of every employee.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The BBC declined to comment on Stourton's version of events, saying it would not be "discussing the minutiae" of the situation.
    BBC, Stourton 'devastated' by removal, 15 December 2008
     
    lustrous [ LUHS-truh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. shining
    2. well-known
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The mobile handset was sleek and had a lustrous, metallic body.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A rising generation, meanwhile, knows the carnage and chaos only as a distant childhood distraction, and, for them, a lustrous science- and technology-driven future beckons.
    CNN, Author illuminates a forgotten corner of history, Christopher Shea, 7 February 2000
     
    harangue [ huh'-RANG ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to scold
    2. (intr. v.) to address a scolding to
    3. (n. ) a long and pompous speech or verbal attack
    4. (n.) a speech with strong feelings and expression
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When children are constantly harangued about what they shouldn't be doing, more often than not, they end up doing just what they're told not to do.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The latest breach saw five pro-hunting protesters burst into the Commons and harangue Rural Affairs Minister and Cardiff South and Penarth MP Alun Michael.
    BBC, Not so tight after all, David, 15 September, 2004.
     
    pestilential [ pes-tl-EN-shuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. causing, relating to or tending to produce a deadly epidemic disease
    2. of the nature of a virulent epidemic disease
    3. very harmful or deadly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The bubonic plague was the most pestilential woe of the middle ages.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Contending with pestilential swamps and violent encounters, the mortality rate was 55 per 1,000 men, compared with 10 for fleets in the Mediterranean or in home waters.
    BBC, The Royal Navy and the Battle to End Slavery, Huw Lewis-Jones, 5 November 2009.
     

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    simper [ SIM-per ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to grin or smile in a coy or silly manner
    2. (tr.v.) to express or say by grinning coyly
    3. (n.) a coy, shy or silly grin or smile
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She simpered and tried to gain his attention.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lib Dem Nicol Stephen summons a soppy simper on his wistful, wee-boy phizzer.
    BBC, Beware those smiling politicians, By Robert McNeil, 30 April 2007
     
    inopportune [ in-op-er-TOON, -TYOON ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     ill-timed, unsuitable, inappropriate or untimely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Policies implemented at an inopportune time almost always fail.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They're also addictive for some users, who are prone to sending e-mail in the middle of family dinners and other inopportune occasions.
    CNN, Analysis: 8 ways to prepare for mobile usage, By Dan Gillmor, January 28, 2002
     
    lament [ luh'-MENT ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to show sorrow for
    2. (intr. v.) to be sorrowful
    3. (intr. v.) to bemoan
    4. (n.) a display of grief
    5. (n.) a song of mourning
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In the book "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the phoenix lamented the death of his beloved master, Albus Dumbledore by singing a very beautiful tune.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The children lamented that their mother was far from skilled at the task and that their father was not there.
    CNN, 'Jon & Kate' returns with new challenges, Lisa Respers France, 4 August 2009
     
    buffoon [ buh'-FOON ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one who amuses others by using jokes, gestures or tricks
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was the buffoon of the class and amused everyone with his antics.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Alan Duncan, the serial buffoon and gaffe merchant, has been disciplined by David Cameron.
    The Telegraph, DaveWatch: inadequate David Cameron is afraid to sack serial buffoon Alan Duncan, Gerald Warner, 14 August 2009.
     
    uproarious [ uh'p-RAWR-ee-uh's, -ROHR ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tumultuous or characterized by a state of uproar
    2. very full-bodied or loud, noisy and confusing
    3. very funny or hilarious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There were bouts of uproarious laughter after every joke narrated by the comedian.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     That was the trigger to create the state's current uproarious scene, casting a long shadow on national politics
    CNN, Bush's Terminator, 15 August 2003.
     

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    sacrosanct [ SAK-roh-sangkt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. hallowed, holy or sacred
    2. one that is uninfringeable or inviolable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All the sacrosanct objects were kept in a safe and rarely displayed to the public.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the run-up to the March presidential elections, Putin refused repeated calls to seek a constitutional amendment allowing him to run for a third consecutive term, saying the constitution was sacrosanct.
    abc News, Russian Lawmakers Back Extending Presidential Term, By DAVID NOWAK, November 14, 2008
     
    matriarch [ MEY-tree-ahrk ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a female or woman heading or leading a group, family or tribe
    2. a mother or woman who is highly respected
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The matriarch of the household, often the wife of the senior most male member, wields supreme power in tackling domestic issues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Long before Big Brother, there was reality TV in the form of The Family, which featured Margaret Wilkins, matriarch of a Reading household, the subject of a 1974 BBC series.
    BBC, A good life now over, By Nick Serpell, 1 September 2008
     
    infuse [ in-FYOOZ  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to pour into
    2. to absorb flavour by soaking in a liquid
    3. to permeate
    4. to impress upon by repetition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sudden victory after three successful losses infused them with new vigour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Swedes like their crayfish cooked in salty water infused with dill.
    CNN, Discover the real Malmo, 7 January 2009.
     
    pedagogy [ PED-uh'-goh-jee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the function or work of a teacher
    2. the art or science of teaching
    3. training or instruction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was advised not to take up pedagogy as a profession because there were many teachers who were unemployed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On the whole, animals learn by imitation, not pedagogy.
    CNN, Instinct isn't everything, some study required, 10 October 2007.
     
    occlude [ uh'-KLOOD ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to close shut or to obstruct
    2. (tr. v.) to block or to prevent the passage of
    3. (tr. v.) to bring the set of upper teeth and the set of lower teeth together in proper alignment
    4. (intr. v.) to close the teeth so that the cusps fit together or to clench the teeth of the upper and lower jaws
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The door leading to the cameraman's darkroom completely occluded daylight.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The author makes the far Right, the ruthlessness of market forces and the war in Iraq occlude his story, even showing how some of the troubles that beset the characters had been brewing two generations ago.
    The Telegraph, What the rotters did next, Tom Payne, 29 August 2004.
     

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