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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3161
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    sagacious [ suh'-GEY-shuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     shrewd, wise, farsighted or having an acute judgement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was considered to be a sagacious old lady.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sagacious judgements to bring say, a sensible backpack for touristy wandering give way to a vague recollection of an SAS technique for making a suitable carrier out of discarded clothing.
    BBC, Venice: By the Sleepy lagoon, 08 September, 2004
     
    lax [ laks ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. negligent, careless or lacking vigour
    2. slack, loose or not rigid or taut
    3. (of the bowels) loose or not retentive
    4. (phonetics) articulated by relaxing jaw and tongue muscles
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lax attitude displayed by the manager resulted in severe losses to the company.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ms Harman's intervention in the pension row came as the Conservatives condemned British regulators for taking "too lax" an approach towards financial misdemeanours.
    Telegraph, Sir Fred Goodwin will not be allowed to keep his pension, says Harriet Harman, By Robert Winnett, Deputy Political Editor, 02 Mar 2009
     
    invincible [ in-VIN-suh'-buh'l  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unbeatable
    2. cannot be conquered
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The foolish Emperor considered himself invincible and decided to conquer the world.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Nazis seemed like a cold and invincible enemy, thanks in part to the efficiency of their propaganda, the scale of the Nuremburg rallies, the skull and crossbones insignia, the scream of Stukas as they dive-bombed.
    The Telegraph, Second World War: the build up to war, Nigel Farndale, 17 August 2009
     
    implement [ n. IM-pluh'-muh'nt; v. IM-pluh'-ment ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an instrument or tool or equipment
    2. (n.) a means of or an agent
    3. (v.) to carry out or perform
    4. (v.) to put into effect
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He went into town and bought the gardening implements that he needed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Joint Chiefs of Staff say they'll need time to implement changes if "don't ask, don't tell' is repealed.
    CNN, Pentagon preparing repeal of 'don't ask, don't tell' policy, 2 February 2010.
     
    bereaved [ bih-REEVD ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) being greatly saddened at the death of a loved one
    2. (adj.) grief-stricken or suffering the loss of a loved one
    3. (n.) a person or persons who have lost a loved one (the bereaved)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After the burial service, friends tried to comfort the bereaved family.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In addition, the chaplaincy service available in all hospitals across Wales works within the wider patient support team to provide comfort and support to people who have been bereaved.
    BBC, Bereaved children 'not supported', 16 January 2009.
     

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    stilted [ STIL-tid ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) (architecture) having an arch begin at a distance above an impost
    2. (adj.) stiff, formal or pompously dignified
    3. (tr.v.) to raise or elevate on stilts
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The stilted platform was termed dangerous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For centuries the seminomadic Moken people have lived as hunter-gatherers, dwelling on boats or stilted dwellings along the coasts of Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand.
    National Geographic, Sea Gypsies of Asia Boast "Incredible" Underwater Vision, by Brian Handwerk, May 14, 2004
     
    mayhem [ MEY-hem, mey-uh' m ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (law) an offence or crime of physically crippling, severely injuring or maiming another person
    2. deliberate and needless destruction or violence
    3. a state of chaos or random disorder
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Mayhem resulted as people panicked and ran helter skelter.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Alan Barlow said he told Strathclyde Police a mob of youths was causing mayhem in his street in Craigend, Glasgow, at about 0300 GMT on Saturday.
    BBC, Attacked man rues police response, 11 March 2009
     
    insensible [ in-SEN-suh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not capable of being emotional
    2. without physical feeling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The officer was too insensible to understand the plight of his secretary.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If people drink themselves insensible they alone must bear responsibility for the consequences.
    BBC, Teenage murderer jailed for life, 25 June 2009.
     
    hireling [ HAHY-uh'r-ling ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person who works only for cash
    2. (adj.) serving for cash only
    3. (adj.) mercenary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He sent his hirelings to threaten the poor farmers with violence if they sold their produce to anyone else.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It happens whenever any public officer who has stolen enough money to pay hirelings is brought to court.
    BBC, African view: Loves lost, 13 November 2009.
     
    rasp [ rasp, rahsp ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to scrape with something rough
    2. (tr. v.) to irritate of grate upon
    3. (tr. v.) to speak with a grating sound
    4. (intr. v.) to grate or scrape
    5.(intr. v.) to make a grating sound
    6. (n.) a coarse file with sharp, raised, pointed projections
    7.(n.) a grating sound
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lad said that he rasped the rust off the lawn mower for five dollars and would charge another five dollars to grease the mechanism.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Tension builds as screams and shrieks come from the undergrowth, horror-film music booms out and a woman's voice rasps "If you go down to the woods today, you'd better not go alone."
    The Telegraph, Thi3teen: gothic horrors in Alton Towers, Joanna Symons, 26 March 2010.
     

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    insubordinate [ in-suh'-BAWR-dn-it ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) disobedient, defiant or rebellious to authority
    2. (adj.) not lower
    3. (n.) one who is defiant to authority
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The insubordinate behaviour displayed was shameful.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the seminary Lustiger was later remembered as a stubborn and insubordinate student.
    Telegraph, Cardinal Lustiger, 08 Aug 2007
     
    nexus [ NEK-suh' s ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a link or connection
    2. a series or group that is connected
    3. the core or focus
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They had a direct nexus to the underworld through the local goon.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The vast corporate nexus of the oil, automobile, and petrochemical industries -- enabled by the military and political power of the American imperial state -- constitutes the system of addiction.
    CNN, The price of our oil addiction, By Michael Watts, November 10, 2008
     
    contention [ kuh'n-TEN-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of striving in opposition
    2. a competition or contest
    3. an assertion or an affirmation put forward in an argument
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Having survived the round-robin stage and the semi-finals, the two teams were now in fierce contention to win the prestigious trophy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Five photographers from Birmingham and the Black Country are in contention to have their picture chosen for the basis of the world's biggest photo mosaic.
    BBC, The Big Picture, 4 February 2010.
     
    pharisee [ FAR-uh'-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a member of an ancient Jewish sect that adhered to a strict interpretation and observance of the Mosaic law in its written and oral forms
    2. a sanctimonious or self-righteous individual
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His holier-than-thou attitude earned him the title of Pharisee.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These hypocritical newspaper Pharisees have had to give up attacking gay marriage and other arrangements, and so they turn their fire - as usual - on the eternal question of when it is right for women to have babies.
    The telegraph, Britain's oldest mother deserves congratulation not disapproval, Boris Johnson, 18 May 2009.
     
    heyday [ HEY-dey ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the stage of greatest achievement in one's life
    2. prime
    3. the period of greatest strength, popularity or success in one's life
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He boasted that he won the inter-state middle-weight boxing championship in his heyday.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He relished such foibles, not only in politicians but also among colleagues in Fleet Street's bibulous heyday.
    The Telegraph, Alan Watkins, 9 May 2010.
     

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    stultify [ STUHL-tuh'-fahy ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to impair, cripple or render ineffective
    2. to cause to look stupid, ridiculous or foolish
    3. (law) to prove one to be of unstable or unsound mind and, hence, not legally responsible for one's actions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The thief was stultified after the policeman shot at his ankle when he tried to escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Kanter argued that large companies need to liberate their employees from stultifying hierarchies if they are going to be able to "dance" in the flexible, fast-changing future.
    Economist, Empowerment, Oct 27th 2008
     
    muster [ MUHS-ter ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to summon, gather, call upon or assemble
    2. (intr.v.) to assemble, collect, gather or come together
    3. (n.) a gathering, assembling or collection
    4. (n.) a roll, inventory or list
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He mustered courage and fell into the thick of the battle field.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Coalition-watchers will look first to see whether the PNV and its smaller allies can muster the 38 seats needed to retain power.
    BBC, Basque election race wide open, By Steve Kingstone BBC News, Bilbao, 27 February 2009
     
    lavish [ LAV-ish ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) in large measure
    2. (adj.) generous
    3. (tr. v.) to offer very generously
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He enjoyed a lavish lifestyle throughout his life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Thirty miles south of Prague is Konopiste Castle, the lavish residence of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
    CNN, Beyond Prague: 3 fascinating day trips, Rick Stevens, 25 June 2009
     
    lurk [ lurk ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to waylay
    2. to move sneakily
    3. to be present without being seen
    4. to read but not be an active participant in the conversation of an online discussion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The poor girl did not know that danger was lurking just around the corner.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     No retailer or supplier can ignore it - and competition - that lurks in those markets.
    The Telegraph, Tesco boss warns on increase in joblessness, Rowena Mason, 11 June 2009
     
    advocacy [ AD-vuh'-kuh'-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of arguing in favour of or of pleading for
    2. the act of pleading or supporting
    3. the work of an advocate or the profession
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The activist was famous for his advocacy of the fundamental rights of citizens.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We are extremely concerned that advocacy levels in the private sector are not regulated, leaving hundreds of children in Wales without the independent support they need to voice their concerns about the treatment they are receiving in these homes.
    BBC, Concerns over private children's care homes support, 15 February 2010.
     

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    ruminate [ ROO-muh'-neyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to chew up repetitively like a cow does
    2. (tr. v.) to ponder over a thought repetitively
    3. (intr.v.) to chew cud repetitively like a cow
    4. (intr.v.) to think over a matter repetitively
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She often ruminated about her daily workload over a cup of tea.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He never wrote another novel (one attempt, "Answered Prayers," was left unfinished) or enjoyed the same level of success -- and perhaps ruminated over all that until he died in 1984 from alcoholism and drug addiction.
    CNN, 'It wasn't easy being him', By Paul Clinton, October 12, 2005
     
    inferno [ in-FUR-noh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an intense fire
    2. hell like
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The inferno burnt away all their precious belongings and memories.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The inferno is the worst since a swathe of 2007 wildfires that claimed 77 lives around the country.
    The Telegraph, Greece wildfires: firefighters battle to save homes in Athens, 24 August 2009.
     
    intransigence [ in-TRAN-si-juh'n-se ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the act of being inflexible
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His intransigence often got him into trouble with his employers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But Bill Schneider, a CNN senior political analyst, said that the intransigence could backfire on both parties.
    CNN, Partisan dispute divides Congress over energy legislation, Ted Barrett, 25 July 2008.
     
    culpable [ KUHL-puh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. deserving censure
    2. blameworthy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His lawyer's argument that he had not realize his act could be construed as a crime did not save him from the charge of culpable ignorance.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Those culpable for the fraud should not only be sacked - they need to be prosecuted and put behind bars.
    BBC, US suspends Kenya school funding, 26 January 2010
     
    gazette [ guh'-ZET ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) any newspaper
    2. (n.) an official government journal
    3. (tr. v.) to publish in the official government journal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The bankruptcy of his company was announced in the gazette.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Looks like another member of the Walford community has been appealing to the Gazette's problem page for help.
    BBC, Look what we found in the Walford Gazette... again! 4 May 2010.
     

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    schism [ SIZ-uh' m, SKIZ- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. division of a large group or organisation into smaller groups or factions
    2. an attempt to bring about a division or split in a religious body like the christian church
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The schism within the party has started to become visible.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is a period with early musicals where the singers were required to sing with classical techniques. It wasn't until the 1960s that a schism appeared.
    Telegraph, Carousel: a poor man's opera? No way!, 17/11/2008
     
    mien [ meen ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. bearing, demeanour or the way one conducts oneself
    2. an appearance, form or aspect
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The glamorous mien displayed set him apart from his contemporaries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Thich Nhat Hanh, the renowned Zen master, is a rare mix of gentle mien and understated resilience.
    The Times of India, Thich Nhat Hanh: Zen master & peacenik, 2 Oct 2008
     
    ineptitude [ in-EP-ti-tood, -tyood, i-NEP-  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the quality of being unskilful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His ineptitude became apparent from the poor quality of his work.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We are surrounded by monuments to the laziness, vanity and sheer ineptitude of bad architects; they form the stage set of our lives and - as long as there are clients happy to pay for dross and planners ready to grant it permission - one from which there is no escape.
    The Telegraph, Carbuncle Cup: the ugliest buildings in Britain, Ellis Woodman, 4 September 2009
     
    daze [ deyz ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v. ) to stun or stupefy
    2. (tr. v.) to overwhelm
    3. (n.) a state of bemusement
    4. (n.) a state of shock
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was dazed after the mugger hit him on the head.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "I am overwhelmed, I'm just in a daze, he said.
    BBC, Dream Alliance wins Welsh Grand National, Peter Shuttleworth , 28 December 2009.
     
    spawn [ spawn ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the mass of eggs deposited aquatic animals
    2. (n.) a brood or offspring in large numbers
    3. (n.) a person who is the offspring of a parent
    4. (n.) mycelia of mushrooms grown in specially prepared organic matter for food
    5. (tr. v.) to produce in large numbers
    6. (tr. v.) to produce or give rise to
    7.(tr. v.) to plant with mycelia
    8. (intr. v.) to deposit eggs in a mass
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Salmons spawn in freshwater then return to the sea.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Forecasters warned that another round of severe weather may hit Oklahoma on Tuesday, less than 24 hours after a storm system spawned multiple tornadoes that killed at least five people across the state.
    CNN, On the Radar: Tornadoes, oil safety, racial profiling, 11 May 2010.
     

  7. #3167
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    sporadic [ spuh'-RAD-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. occurring intermittently or at regular intervals of time
    2. isolated, unique or scattered
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sporadic beep failed to wake her up.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There will be some serious disasters to U.S. forces in the midst of sporadic mutinies and command breakdowns.
    Chronicles Magazine, Nostradamus I'm Not, by Clyde N. Wilson
     
    jostle [ JOS-uh' l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to collide, shove, push or elbow
    2. (intr.v.) to contend or vie for a position
    3. (tr.v.) to shove, push or bump into
    4. (intr.v.) to vie or contend for an advantage
    5. (n.) a shock, push, bump or collision
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was jostled and pushed out of the train.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Angel would jostle for position beneath the hole and squat with a sheet of paper on his knees to do his secret drawings.
    abcNews, On Death Row, Nigerian Draws the Hanged, By KATY POWNALL Associated Press Writer, December 30, 2008
     
    legacy [ LEG-uh'-see ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) heritage
    2. (n.) money or property left for another by a will
    3.(adj.) Relating to computer periphery or data that is outmoded.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After his death, the legacy was passed on to his two children.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The 'new stadium' concept represents the very opportunity to meet FIFA requirements, provide a magnificent legacy for Rushcliffe and Greater Nottingham, but at the same time recognising the sensitivities and concerns of local communities.
    The Telegraph, Nottingham Forest hope new ground will stage 2018 World Cup matches, 7 September 2009
     
    awry [ uh'-RAHY ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adv.) in a position that is twisted toward one side
    2. (adv.) away from the proper course
    3. (adj.) with a sidewards twist or askew
    4. (adj.) amiss
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sudden gust of wind blew the girl's neatly combed hair all awry.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A play in a prestigious Frankfurt theater went awry when four of Germany's top actors decided to substitute vodka for water.
    BBC, Friday's Quote of the Day, 29 January 2010.
     
    rotundity [ roh-TUHN-di-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the condition of roundness or plumpness in a person
    2. fullness of tone or speech
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     To get rid of her rotundity, the doctor recommended a fat free diet and regular exercise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Short and inclined to rotundity, Graham was a formidably energetic manager who demanded high standards.
    The Telegraph, Sir Peter Graham, 2 August 2009.
     

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    servile [ SUR-vil, -vahyl ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. a fawning or submissive attitude
    2. of or pertaining to slaves or servants
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The servile adoration of the servant angered him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Enslaved workers are also employed as domestic servants, working in kitchens or subjected to servile marriages.
    abc NEWS, In Australia, bid to help trafficking victims, By Phil Mercer
     
    specious [ SPEE-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. having a characteristic of being logical and plausible when actually it is fictitious or not genuine
    deceptively beautiful or visually appealing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The debate consisted mostly of specious arguments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In assessing what Palin's candidacy has meant for feminism, the question is not specious.
    Telegraph, And Sarah Palin's favourite number is.?.?. 12, By Lionel Shriver, 14/11/2008
     
    geniality [ jee-nee-AL-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a friendly disposition
    2. courteous and pleasant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He became the most popular student in school because of his geniality.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His face was rather long and cheerful, he had fine eyes, and in his appearance and manner could express geniality or, when necessary, a serious composure.
    The telegraph, Moctezuma: the leader who lost an empire, 21 September 2009.
     
    felicity [ fi-LIS-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being very happy or in bliss
    2. a pleasing personality or an instance of skilful faculty
    3. good fortune
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was so much in love that her felicity was boundless.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This overall sense of felicity speaks of his self-proclaimed passion for the American barefoot marvel Mark Morris, as do the many fleeting, witty moments with which he peppers the piece.
    The Telegraph, Royal Ballet triple bill at Covent Garden, review, Mark Monahan, 10 May 2010.
     
    desiccate [ DES-i-keyt ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to dry completely or thoroughly
    2. (tr. v.) (of food) to remove moisture in order to preserve
    3. (tr. v.) to make lifeless or dull
    4. (intr. v.) to become dry
    5.(adj.) dehydrated or dried
    6. (adj.) wanting in spirit or animation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The company would first desiccate the vegetable then grind it to a powder and finally pack the powdered vegetable in attractive containers for export to third world countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     And the best medicine administered by the vet is an ancient Egyptian cure - honey - which helps to dessicate the wound.
    BBC, Animal welfare worker, 7 July 2007.
     

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    inimitable [ i-NIM-i-tuh'-buh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     matchless or not capable of being imitated or copied
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His inimitable spirit made him a unique leader.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Martin has captained England on a number of occasions, often in difficult circumstances, and he has always led the side from the front in his own inimitable fashion.
    CNN, Corry gives up international rugby, January 8, 2008
     
    inept [ in-EPT ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     not having the ability to perform a certain job
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The editor deeply regretted choosing the inept journalist to complete the task.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Since running as Senator John McCain's vice-presidential candidate, senior campaign officials have described her as inept, ignorant and egocentric.
    The Telegraph, Sarah Palin's presidential hopes crushed as Levi Johnston claims she can't even shoot a gun, Alex Spillius, 2 September 2009
     
    lumber [ LUHM-ber ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) logs of wood sawed into boards, planks, or other structural pieces
    2. (n.) something of no use
    3. (n.) an assortment of stored items
    4. (tr v.) to fell trees and saw them into suitable pieces
    5. (tr.v.) to make a disorderly mess of unused items
    6. (intr.v.) to cut and prepare logs of wood for marketing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lumber cam from trees in the nearby forest area.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In what had once been an isolated lumber and mill town, high-end restaurants and brewhouses opened.
    BBC, Economic crash in Oregon boomtown, Adam Brookes, 4 September 2009
     
    nirvana [ nir-VAH-nuh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a state characterized by freedom from pain, troubles and worries of the external world
    2. salvation through the union of Atman with Brahma
    3. an ideal condition of unworldly happiness or heavenly state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He said that nirvana was unattainable but there were others in his class who believed otherwise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Those keen to adopt mindfulness training as a mere means to a happier life ignore the fact that the ideas Buddhists have traditionally wanted people to be mindful of are not necessarily comfortable ones, even if they ultimately lead the way to nirvana.
    The Telegraph, The miserable results of our quest for happiness, Julian Baggini, 13 January 2010.
     
    fallow [ FAL-oh ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj. ) plowed and left uncultivated
    2. (adj.) inactive or not in use
    3. (adj.) pale yellow or light brown
    4. (n.) the act of plowing land and leaving it unseeded
    5. (tr. v.) to plough and leave the land unseeded
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The fallow field was the farmer's way of ensuring that it would become fertile the following season.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mohseni, who started the country's top television network, Tolo TV, said he's just trying to revive Afghan culture after the fallow Taliban era when music and television were banned.
    CNN, Fight for future of Afghanistan's culture plays out on TV, Andrew Tkach, 6 August 2009.
     

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    sojourn [ n. SOH-jurn; v. SOH-jurn, soh-JURN ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a trip, vacation or tour
    2. (n.) a temporary or short term residence
    3. (intr.v.) to visit or reside temporarily in some place
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He decided to take a sojourn to Las Vegas.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     You could even bring a potted shrub or tree in from the garden for a short sojourn, covering any unsightly soil with a smart mulch of pebbles, shells, even glass marbles or old corks.
    Telegraph, 50 ways to improve your home: In the garden, 31 Mar 2008
     
    mortify [ MAWR-tuh'-fahy ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to deaden or discipline one's bodily appetites by fasting or self-denial
    2. (tr.v.) to shame, embarrass or humiliate
    3. (intr.v.) to practise mortification
    4. (intr.v.) to become necrosed or gangrenous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The outcome of the game mortified the home team.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is not only deeply painful for the two of us but also for everyone else affected and it would mortify our mother if she were alive today and, if we might say so, we feel we are more able to speak for our mother than Paul.
    CNN, Burrell slammed as 'runaway train', October 25, 2003
     
    irrevocable [ i-REV-uh'-kuh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. cannot be undone
    2. cannot be changed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Once submitted, the payment is irrevocable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The path of non-violence is our irrevocable commitment and it is important that there be no departure at all from this path.
    BBC, Profile: The Dalai Lama, 25 February 2009
     
    entomology [ en-tuh;-MOL-uh'-jee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the study of insects
    2. the scientific study of insects
    3. the branch of zoology dealing with insects
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Each student was supposed to bring an insect in a glass jar for his or her project on entomology.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A maggot became a key witness in a murder inquiry in Perth, Australia, in the latest breakthrough for forensic entomology - the science of using insects to crack criminal cases.
    BBC, Maggots help crack Perth murder mystery, 13 August 2003.
     
    malapropos [ mal-ap-ruh'-POH ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) out of place or inappropriate
    2. (adj.) inopportune or untimely
    3. (adv.) inappropriately or inopportunely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The student was summoned to the principal's office because of his malapropos behaviour in class.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is a widespread problem that malapropos institutions and inferior process can't be replaced in time in the course of an organization's running.
    Study on Terminator Community of Management Innovation, ZHAO Xinan, FAN Furong
     

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    risque [ ri-SKEY; Fr. R*ees-KEY ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     improper, indecent or off-colour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The risque remarks landed him in trouble.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Brand has built a career on his outlandish image and risque routines, but his calls to 78-year-old actor Andrew Sachs have sparked hundreds of complaints and drawn condemnation in Parliament.
    abc News, UK Media Watchdog Investigates Brand's Prank Calls, By JILL LAWLESS, October 28, 2008
     
    savant [ sa-VAHNT, SAV-uh' nt; Fr. Sa*-vahn* ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a philosopher, scholar or one who is learned
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The king decided to consult a savant for a better understanding of the subject.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is usually some savant among the holiday guests who notes that of course there's room for dessert -- there is a hollow leg or extra stomach set aside for just that purpose.
    abc NEWs, I Couldn't Eat Another Bite! What's for Dessert?, By DAVID L. KATZ, M.D., Nov. 22, 2007
     
    infraction [ in-FRAK-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     infringement or violation of a pact or law
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The infraction resulted in heavy fines being imposed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At present the cuts are carried out in July and September, and occupiers of land may be fined up to 50 for each infraction.
    BBC, Branchage changes to be discussed, 31 October 2007
     
    irksome [ URK-suh'm ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. irritating
    2. bothersome
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All the people found his habit of spying on his neighbours very irksome.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The president seems to find the Russian media's tendency to highlight his treatment of the Belarusian opposition particularly irksome.
    BBC, Russia protests over Belarus TV closure, 24 July, 2004
     
    beget [ bi-GET ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v. ) to procreate, spawn or breed
    2. (tr. v.) to cause
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The young couple who survived the accident hoped they could beget children and live a normal family life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They hope success will beget success and they will be able to muddle through.
    CNN, China: From Tiananmen through today, Jaime FlorCruz, 4 June 2009.
     

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    rife [ rahyf ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. widespread or prevalent
    2. abundant, copious or in plenty
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The air was rife with speculation about the match.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     DEEP in the heart of Afghanistan's Helmand province, an area rife with Taliban activity and the very front line for the soldiers based here, daily life is nothing but eventful.
    The Herald, Daily round of patrols, attacks and reprisals
     
    infidel [ IN-fi-dl, -del ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a non-believer in a particular faith or religion
    2. (n.) an atheist or one devoid of religious beliefs
    3. (n.) a sceptic or non-believer of a theory or belief
    4. (adj.) unbelieving or not accepting
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their treatment of those they considered infidels was abhorrent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The bombings targeted the Yazidi sect, which Muslim extremists have denounced as infidel.
    BBC, Minority targeted in Iraq bombings, Roger Hardy, 15 August 2007
     
    influx [ IN-fluhks ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. coming or flowing in
    2. mass inrush or arrival
    3. a confluence of water bodies
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The influx of illegal immigrants should be stopped.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President Obama announced Monday that cash-strapped state governments will see the first influx of federal stimulus-related assistance later this week.
    CNN, States to get first stimulus boost this week
     
    intersperse [ in-ter-SPURS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. intermingle
    2. arrange with spaces between
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lengthy television soap was, thankfully, interspersed with a number of advertisements from time to time.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Intersperse general conversation with quotes from obscure texts.
    BBC, Back of Beyond, 10 January 2006.
     
    precinct [ PREE-singkt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a police station
    2. the regions that immediately surround a place
    3. a district of a city under the jurisdiction of or patrolled by the police
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The police precinct was evacuated due to a bomb scare.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Alexeyeva spoke to CNN briefly on the mobile phone as a police bus was carrying her and other detained protesters to a local police precinct.
    CNN, Moscow police disperse opposition rally, Maxim Tkachenko, 31 December 2009.
     

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    sobriquet [ SOH-bruh'-key, -ket, soh-bruh'-KEY, -KET; Fr. saw-br*ee-KE ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an epithet or nickname
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He gained the sobriquet "the hawk" after his win in the race.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For their loyalty, the Pashtuns of eastern Afghanistan earned the sobriquet, "the kingmakers."
    National Geographic, Afghan Warlords Clash Over King's Return, Christian Science Monitor, January 31, 2002
     
    idyllic [ ahy-DIL-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. related to or characteristic of an idyll
    2. natural, simple, picturesque or pastoral
    3. romantic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The idyllic setting was perfect for the wedding.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Each year, more than 2 million people visit the store in the idyllic town of Frankenmuth, Michigan.
    CNN, Five festive Christmas stores, By Jacque Wilson
     
    volubility [ VOL-yuh'-buh'l-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     fluency or articulateness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The candidate wasn't hired due to his lack of volubility of the English language.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     When it was suggested that the phrase was out of favour before Mr Brown's last Washington visit, he and President Bush developed special relationship volubility, spouting the phrase six times in two minutes during their Rose Garden double act.
    The Telegraph, Just how special will the relationship between Barack Obama and Gordon Brown be? Tim Shipman, 1 March 2009
     
    elliptical [ i-LIP-ti-kuh'l  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) oval in shape or pertaining to an oval
    2. (adj.) expressed briefly or without irrelevant matter
    3. (adj.) tending to be obscure, ambiguous or cryptic while speaking or writing
    4. (n.) a type of galaxy in the shape of a spheroid rather than a disk
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Most of the members voiced their preference for an elliptical swimming pool rather than a circular one.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Compared to the Solar System, most extrasolar systems look odd, with planets in very small or very elliptical orbits.
    The telegraph, Discovery of new planets raises hopes of other life in universe, 14 December 2009.
     
    debilitate [ dih-BIL-i-teyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to make feeble or weak
    2. to drain the energy or strength of
    3. to enervate or to weaken
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The patient was severely debilitated after surviving a coma which lasted for three days.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They would be debilitated from lack of food or inadequate food and barely adequate water, and very badly burnt and blistered by the sun and the wind.
    BBC, Burmese men's survival tale doubt, 21 Jan 2009.
     

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    vivacious [ vi-VEY-shuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     lively, sprightly or highly spirited
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The vivacious, little girl won the 100-metre sprint.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The music runs its relentlessly vivacious course before ending in an exultant blaze of trumpets and drums.
    BBC, More information about the Mozart pieces..., 17 January 2009
     
    penology [ pee-NOL-uh'-jee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the study of the deterrent and reformatory aspects of punishment of criminals
    2. (n.) the study of the management procedures in prisons
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The warden feigned ignorance of penology and proclaimed that criminals were supposed to suffer for their crimes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As an acolyte of the hanging-is-not-punishment-enough school of penology, I feel that my views on the killers of Jamie Bulger deserve a hearing.
    The Telegraph, There is hope for these boys - more punishment could end it, Dr Theodore Dalrymple, 6 July 2000.
     
    pulverize [ PUHL-vuh'-rahyz ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to pound or grind to a powder
    2. (tr. v.) to crush completely or demolish
    3. (intr. v.) to be pounded or ground to a powder
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     At the factory, bottles and scrap glass pieces were pulverized and used to make emery paper.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With first-floor galleries open to the sky, the museum contains little besides crates of pulverized objects.
    BBC, Afghanistan: At the Crossroads of Ancient Civilisations By Dan Cruickshank, 19 January 2010.
     
    melancholy [ MEL-uh'n-kol-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) depression or a gloomy disposition
    2. (n.) pensiveness
    3. (adj.) affected by gloom or depression
    2. (adj.) pensive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He suffered from melancholy after the funeral of his best friend.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It's an Edwardian fable about eternal cycles of regeneration and the restorative power of nature; melancholy and ill-health are exchanged for well-being and spiritual uplift.
    The Telegraph, The Secret Garden at the West Yorkshire Playhouse, review, Dominic Cavendish, 12 January 2010.
     
    natty [ NAT-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. spruce or smartly dressed
    2. having a neat and trim appearance
    3. dapper
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All the executives were dressed in natty dark business suits.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Chief Male Nurse was an ex-RAF man, still wearing his blazer with badge and a very natty cravat.
    BBC, In a mad world, Alan, 14 October 2009.
     

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    sequester [ si-KWES-ter ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to separate or segregate
    2. (tr.v.) to withdraw or remove
    3. (law) to confiscate or take possession of temporarily
    4. (intr.v.) to undergo separation or sequestration
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was sequestered from her friends as a part of her punishment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The country is not awash with petrodollars because the state taxes its energy earnings heavily, and sequesters its dollar takings in its central-bank reserves and its Stabilisation Fund.
    The Economist, A taxonomy of trouble, Oct 23rd 2008
     
    ichthyology [ ik-thee-OL-uh'-jee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a branch of zoology that is concerned with the study of fishes
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was an avid reader in the field of ichthyology.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Monod finally returned to Paris in 1965, to take up a chair of African Ichthyology at the Museum d'histoire naturelle.
    Telegraph, Theodore Monod, 23 Aug 2001
     
    vanquish [ VANG-kwish ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to conquer or overcome in battle
    2. to defeat in a conquest, competition or conflict
    3. to overpower
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The English vanquished the Indian rebellion during the war of 1857.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Victory is achieved once all the enemies have been vanquished.
    CNN, Web video game aim: 'Kill' Bush characters, 18 September 2006
     
    seminary [ SEM-uh'-ner-ee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a school, especially one providing education in theology the training of ministers, priests, or rabbis
    2. a place of origin and propagation
    3. a high grade school for young women
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The couple proudly announced that their son had entered the seminary to train for priesthood.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Mercaz Harav seminary is a well-known center for Jewish studies.
    BBC, In pictures: Israel seminary attack, 6 March 2008.
     
    perquisite [ PUR-kwuh'-zit ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a benefit, privilege or incidental payment
    2. a payment or benefit over and above regular salary
    3. a demand or something due as a particular privilege
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He said that the salary he received from the company was not so high but the perquisites were generous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For a liberal Virginian to win a Southern red state signaled that cherished Republican majorities in both House and Senate, plus all the perquisites they entail, could be lost in 2006.
    CNN, The impact of Virginia, 10 November 2005.
     

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    retrench [ ri-TRENCH ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to reduce, cut down or curtail
    2. (tr. v.) to delete or remove
    3. (intr. v.) to economize or scrimp
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His orders retrenched the supplies reaching the branch offices.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The decision will enable companies, having up to 1,000 employees, to retrench without getting prior approval from the government.
    The Times of India, Corporate India welcomes labour law amendments, 22 Feb 2002
     
    hegira [ hi-JAHY-ruh', HEJ-er-uh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a journey undertaken in order to escape from an unpleasant place and get to a more conducive one
    2. (islam) the flight of prophet muhammad from mecca to medina in 622 a.d.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The hegira is re-enacted every year.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Eventually, the leading scholars of the third century after the hegira sifted through the extant material and made their own collections of what they thought to be authentic.
    Telegraph, Hadith: a tradition stretching back to Mohammed, By Alan Jones, 14 Nov 2001
     
    immaculate [ i-mak-yuh'-lit ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pure, without any blemish
    2. without any errors
    3. free form sin
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His immaculate appearance at all times amazed his colleagues.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Either their homes are absolutely immaculate and look like something out of a House and Gardens magazine, or are a complete mess as they never have the time and the enthusiasm when they get home!
    BBC, EastEnders - Characters & Cast - Interviews, Kirsten Dudley, 2 July 2009
     
    queer [ kweer ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) unconventional or strange
    2. (adj.) feeling faint or unwell
    3. (adj.) of a questionable character or shady
    4. (tr. v.) to ruin or jeopardize
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His mother had some queer notions about appropriate behaviour at a birthday party.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Having been a naval officer, he became a prep school master and a journalist, and developed a passion for "queer and unusual pets".
    The Telegaph, The Defence of the Realm: the Authorised History of MI5 by Christopher Andrew, Simon Heffer, 16 October 2009.
     
    dispirited [ dih-SPIR-i-tid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. discouraged or disheartened
    2. gloomy or depressed
    3. dejected
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The children were dispirited when they realized that their class picnic had been cancelled.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some black leaders are charging that the nation's first African-American president has failed to help black communities hit hard by the downturn, leaving party strategists worried that black Democrats will become dispirited and skip November's congressional elections.
    CNN, POLITICAL HOT TOPICS: Alison Harding, March 17, 2010.
     

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    raze [ reyz ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. destroy, demolish or tear down
    2. (archaic) to erase, scrape off or shave off
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The illegal constructions were razed to the ground.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     New York's original Pennsylvania Station, a similarly grand, classically-inspired structure, was razed in 1964.
    CNN, Washington's Union Station celebrates 100 years, October 2, 2008
     
    grisly [ GRIZ-lee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. horrible, frightful, gruesome or ghastly
    2. grim or formidable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The grisly nature of the murder sent shockwaves through the local community.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An ancient skeleton excavated from Stonehenge has revealed a grisly execution at the famous site.
    BBC, Stonehenge execution revealed, 9 June, 2000
     
    hew [ hyoo ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to fell with an axe
    2. (tr.v.) to deliver blows with a sharp instrument
    3. (intr.v.) to cut by striking with a sharp instrument
    4. (intr.v.) to obey the rules
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He hewed down the tree with a mighty stroke.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I have imagined how satisfying it might be just to walk into the forest with only a rifle and an axe, hew out logs for a rough shack and, by courage and cleverness make a life.
    BBC, State Of The Union: Changes in the high country, Charles Gusewelle, 4 October 2004
     
    atavism [ AT-uh'-viz-uh'm ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the reappearance of characteristics of some remote ancestor, in an individual, that have been absent for some generations
    2. a throwback or a reversion to an earlier type
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The proud father explained to his wife that the sixth toe on the left foot of their baby was due to atavism.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Murray is neither sentimental nor whimsical when he writes about this atavism on the edge of our world; as a Hebridean native himself, he understands the culture as a living and changing thing, mourning the loss of people first, and folk-ways only in as much as they form part of a holistic system.
    The Telegraph, The Guga Hunters by Donald S Murray - review, Will Self, 26 November 2008.
     
    carcinogenic [ kahr-suh'-nuh'-JEN-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. any substance that tends to cause or produce cancer
    2. a cancerous agent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The government banned the use of DDT as a pesticide after tests proved that it had carcinogenic properties.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Packs of the product, brought to the UK from China, have had a new English label put on to hide the original label which contained the Chinese symbols for Aristolochia, a banned toxic and carcinogenic plant derivative.
    The Telegraph, Recalled Chinese medicine still on sale, 30 March 2010.
     

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    recreant [ REK-ree-uh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) cowardly, gutless or craven
    2. (adj.) unfaithful, treacherous or traitorous
    3. (n.) one who is cowardly or gutless
    4. (n.) a deserter, traitor, renegade or unfaithful person
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Recreant acts can cause an army to lose the battle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One of the jobs of the prefects at my school was to summon the junior boys to be thrashed; and I remember being appalled to listen to the blubbing pleas of some recreant, as he was given 12 strokes.
    Telegraph, Our teachers are defenceless in class, By Boris Johnson, 12/02/2004
     
    immolate [ IM-uh'-leyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to sacrifice or kill in order to sacrifice
    2. to destroy by means of fire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was immolated as a show of regaining respect for the clan.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The following year two students, Jan Palach and Jan Zajic, immolated themselves at the foot of the National Museum in Wenceslas Square in protest at the continuing Soviet occupation.
    Telegraph, Trial and terror in a by-gone Prague, 01 Oct 2007
     
    husk [ huhsk ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the dry outer covering of some fruits or seeds
    2. the worthless part
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The husks of rice were collected as they made excellent fodder for cattle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Extracted from the germ and inner husk of rice, this oil's very high smoke point (254C) makes it suitable for high-temperature cooking.
    The Telegraph, The rapeseed revolution, Lydia Bell, 1 June 2009
     
    chimerical [ ki-MER-i-kuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. imaginary
    2. unrealistic or highly fanciful
    3. highly unlikely or improbable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was a chimerical concept and had no practical application.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Norman Stone, director and producer of The Narnia Code, to be screened on BBC2 at Easter, says the theory is the "best explanation yet" for the chimerical nature of the books.
    The Telegraph, Secret theme behind Narnia Chronicles is based upon the stars, says new research, Alastair Jamieson, 30 November 2008.
     
    dumbfound [ duhm-FOUND, DUHM-found ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to make speechless with amazement
    2. to amaze or astonish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His wife was dumbfounded when she heard that her husband had tendered his resignation because of a minor altercation with his colleague.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Police in Australia say they are ""dumbfounded"" by the dumping of a live shark on the doorstep of a newspaper in Victoria state.
    BBC, Shark 'dumped' on Australia paper, 23 April 2009.
     

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    menagerie [ muh'-NAJ-uh'-ree, -NAZH- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a collection of varied and exotic animals especially held for display
    2. a place where exotic and unusual animals are held
    3. a varied or diverse group
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The menagerie of lions and tigers being paraded around the circus ring thrilled the audience.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There were well-stocked games rooms, extensive lawns (much used for games of football), an adventure playground, a menagerie (goats, rabbits, hens, guinea pigs), plus a superb amount of information on local walks and cycle routes.
    The Telegraph, Youth hostels: bunking down with the family, Fred Mawer, 05 Mar 2008
     
    demented [ di-MEN-tid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. mad, insane or mentally ill or deranged
    2. suffering from or showing symptoms of dementia
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His demented rantings landed him in a mental asylum.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The controversial statement, questioning the veracity of the battle spawned angry reactions with major-general Atma Singh (retd.) being derided as 'disloyal' and a 'demented mind'.
    The Times of India, Maj. Gen. Atma's remarks rapped, Vishal Sharma, 1 March 2008
     
    enmity [ EN-mi-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     animosity, rancour, hostility or antagonism
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their enmity has been ongoing for the past twenty years.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The United States has in itself no character of enmity against the laws, religion or tranquillity of Muslims.
    Telegraph, Barack Obama's speech at Cairo University: Full text, 04 Jun 2009
     
    avocation [ av-uh'-KEY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a hobby or something a person does as a pastime in addition to a principal occupation
    2. a persons vocation or calling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Two of his pet avocations were lyric writing and singing.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Gerald Hayes, civil servant and musicologist, when not at his various avocations, is usually to be found either at the Athenaeum or the Arts Club.
    The Telegraph, World War 2: London day-by-day, Sidney Osborne, 7 September 2009.
     
    psychosomatic [ sahy-koh-suh'-MAT-ik  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to a physical disorder that is caused by emotional factors
    2. involving both the mind and the body
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Every time his mother-in-law came to visit he would suffer from severe psychosomatic back pain.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "The competitive and punitive educational environment leads to high levels of stress and psychosomatic symptoms," the study concluded.
    The Telegraph, Third of Chinese primary school children suffer stress, study finds, Peter Foster, 19 January 2010.
     

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    derision [ di-RIZH-uh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the use of scorn or ridicule to show contempt; jeering laughter
    2. an object of ridicule
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He looked at the beggars with derision.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is unnecessary to add he was showered with derision and laughter.
    Telegraph, North Korea says George W Bush 'deserved shoe-throwing incident', 19 Dec 2008
     
    euphoria [ yoo-FAWR-ee-uh', -FOHR- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a feeling of elation, happiness or well-being
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His feelings of euphoria did not last long.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Obama made it clear that Kenya's ongoing instability had ruled out his father's homeland as an initial destination, despite the euphoria it would have produced.
    Telegraph, Barack Obama tells Africa to stop blaming colonialism for problems, By Alex Spillius in Washington, 09 Jul 2009
     
    euthanasia [ yoo-thuh'-NEY-zhuh', -zhee-uh', -zee-uh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     mercy killing or painless death by means of medicines given to hopelessly sick individuals in order to give them respite from their suffering
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Euthanasia has been banned in many countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A court approved a request for euthanasia for the first time in South Korea, telling doctors to take a brain-dead woman off life support at her family's request.
    The Times of India, In a first, S Korea OKs euthanasia, AFP, 29 Nov 2008
     
    rake [ reyk ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an agricultural implement with tines like a fork
    2. (n.) a dissolute or licentious or profligate person
    3. (tr. v.) to gather or move using a rake
    4. (intr. v.) to conduct a thorough search
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The farmer used a rake to pile the hay in stacks.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Rake the area to create a fine surface, removing larger stones, roots or other debris.
    The Telegraph, Which makes the best lawn: turf or seed? 11 September 2009.
     
    incrustation [ in-kruh'-STEY-shuh'n  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the forming of a crust covering or coating on the surface of an object
    2. a scab or a coating of hardened exudate on the surface of a body
    3. the addition of enriching materials onto the surface of an object
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     While discussing recipes with the neighbours she learnt how to make the perfect incrustation for an apple pie.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On the Isle of Wight spray from the tumultuous seas covered fields with a snow like incrustation of salt rendering whole pastures inedible to sheep and cattle.
    BBC, The Great Storm of 1703, 7 April 2010.
     

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