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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3181
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    rapier [ REY-pee-er ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a thin two-edged sword used for thrusting
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Fencing is a sport which makes use of the rapier.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The notes on these speeches are at variance on a supposed anachronism committed by Shakespeare in introducing the rapier in the time of Henry the Fourth.
    Google Book Results, Illustrations of Shakespeare, and of Ancient Manners, Merry Wives of Windsor, By Francis Douce
     
    dissuasion [ di-SWEY-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. persuading not to do or believe something, talking someone out of a belief or an intended course of action
    2. the act or instance of dissuading
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The art of dissuasion usually requires intelligence and clarity of thought.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Israel must react when it is fired upon, must re-establish its force of dissuasion and stop the rockets.
    BBC, Israeli leaders 'to topple Hamas', 22 December 2008
     
    engulf [ en-GUHLF ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to swallow up or overwhelm
    2. to immerse or submerge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sail-boat was engulfed and overturned by the waves.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A number of residents in the Riverside area of Stirling had to be rescued from their homes by raft as floodwater threatened to engulf their properties.
    BBC, Raft rescue as floodwaters rise, 14 December 2006 Accessed: 8th July 2009 Accessed: 8th July 2009
     
    behemoth [ bi-HEE-muhth ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. anything which is huge and powerful
    2. a very large animal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Boeing 797 which is purported to be the behemoth of the skies will be able to carry 1000 passengers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Look past these admittedly daunting tasks, and the new BofA boss will preside over a potentially powerful behemoth.
    The Telegraph, Bank of America's hot seat could be the best job in banking, Rob Cox, 19 November 2009.
     
    arrears [ uh'-REERS  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being late or behind
    2. payment which is overdue
    3. an unpaid debt or obligation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The landlord threatened to evict the tenant if he did not pay the arrears of rent before the end of the month.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Workers disgruntled over abrupt layoffs or unpaid arrears have staged scattered protests.
    CNN, Chinese leaders confront economic crisis, Jaime FlorCruz, 3 March 2009.
     

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    masticate [ MAS-ti-keyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to grind or crush food; chew
    2. (tr. v.) to grind, crush or knead into a pulp
    (intr. v.) chew
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Since he was old and possessed no teeth, he could not masticate his food and relied on liquids for his daily sustenance.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In which case, cut out this article and in a few years' time, should I be proved wrong, feel free to visit the FT's riverside offices where I will masticate my own words.
    University of Oxford, Spins in need of a doctor, By Jim Pickard Published: September 17 2005 and Last updated: September 17 2005
     
    amity [ AM-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     friendship, accord, harmony or peaceful relations esp. between nations or countries
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The amity displayed brought about hope for a better tomorrow.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The issue cited by Sheng and other Chinese officials most dangerous to Sino-American amity is the Taiwan question.
    CNN, Is China a threat?, October 27, 2005
     
    eradicate [ i-RAD-i-keyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to uproot
    2. to extirpate, eliminate or destroy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Polio may be eradicated as a result of the initiatives of the government.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The results from the 11-month independent study at Manchester Royal Infirmary (MRI), following similar tests at Glasgow Royal Infirmary, have raised hopes that superbugs could now be eradicated from hospitals.
    Telegraph, British scientists make key breakthrough in superbug fight, By Andrew Pierce, 27 Jun 2009 Accessed: 9th July 2009
     
    anomalous [ uh'-NOM-uh'-luh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. inconsistent with the rules
    2. not fitting into a common classification
    3. irregular or inconsistent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The scientists were unable to fathom the anomalous results since the procedure and conditions remained the same throughout the series of experiments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It seems anomalous that civil securities fraud complaints should be subject to earlier dismissal than their far more threatening criminal counterparts.
    CNN, Misinterpretation of fraud statute led WorldCom case dismissal, Brian Lehman, 5 September 2003.
     
    serpentine [ SUR-puh'n-teen, -tahyn  ]
     noun, adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to or resembling a serpent
    2. (adj.) having a winding course
    3. (adj.) shrewd, cunning or wily
    4. (n.) a cannon used from the 15th to the 17th century
    5. (n.) a school figure made by skating two figure eights that share a single loop
    6. (intr. v.) to follow a winding course
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people who were waiting for the bus had formed a long serpentine queue.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     After a serpentine five-hour drive from the coast along a vertiginous slope, we arrived at Thirunelli.
    The Telegraph, Tuskers in trouble - man and elephant battle for survival, 1 April 2010.
     

  3. #3183
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    rambunctious [ ram-BUHNGK-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     excessively boisterous; difficult to handle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The famous band put on an unforgettable performance in front of thousand of their rambunctious fans.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Its rambunctious atmosphere was captured by Emile Zola in his 1873 novel Le Ventre de Paris (The Belly of Paris).
    CNN, Central Paris treasure awaits discovery, By Mark Tungate, July 17, 2008
     
    empirical [ em-PIR-i-kuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. derived from experience or by observation
    2. verifiable by experiment
    3. based on observation and experience only
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All hypotheses need to be supported by empirical data.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In an empirical study, the team took 32 tiger pugmark tracings from two different substrates of four captive tigers in the Mysore zoo.
    National Geographic, Faulty Counts May Have Hurt India Tigers, Experts Say, Pallava Bagla, 7 August 2003, accesed 9 July 2009
     
    podiatrist [ puh'-DAHY-uh'-trist ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person qualified to diagnose and treat foot disorders
    2. a foot doctor
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was not a podiatrist but was very knowledgeable about treating foot ailments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ms Jones, a practising podiatrist, said seven times as much pressure was put on the ball of a foot by someone wearing high heels.
    The Telegraph, High heels 'should be banned at work', 15 September 2009.
     
    ephemeral [ ih-FEM-er-uh'l  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) short-lived or transitory
    2. (adj.) lasting but one day
    3. (adj.) lasting only for a very short time
    4. (n.) anything short-lived
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was a cynic who said that everything about life was ephemeral except death.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His protagonist, a boy, tries to embrace Buddhism as a hedge against a world he sees as ephemeral.
    The Telegraph, JD Salinger, 28 January 2010.
     
    totter [ TOT-er  ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to stagger or walk unsteadily or sway as if about to fall
    2. (intr. v.) to seem about to collapse
    3. (n.) the act of staggering or walking with an unsteady gait
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     One of the workers tottered and collapsed under the weight of the bricks he was carrying.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Their backs are bent, and they stagger and totter along with the weight of their packs.
    BBC, Schools Curriculum Bites, 12 April 2010.
     

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    malevolent [ muh'-LEV-uh'-luh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. having or displaying ill-will, hatred; disposed to causing harm or evil to others; malicious
    2. having an evil, malicious influence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His malevolent attitude towards those who were more successful revealed a very mediocre character.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With his scraggly matted hair, chalky-white scarred face, smudged raccoon eyes and drunkenly-applied blood-red lipstick -- all the more disturbing when worn with a neat shirt, tie and vest -- Ledger seemed to have tapped into his darkest, deepest demons, only to channel them back into a malevolent anti-hero.
    ABC News, Ledger Frightening in Final Role in "Dark Knight", By Iain Blair June 30, 2008
     
    quaver [ KWEY-ver ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to shake or quiver; tremble

    2. (intr. v./tr. v.) to speak or sing in a trembling voice

    3. (intr. v.) to produce trills, on a musical instrument or while singing

    4. (n.) a trill

    5. (n.) a shaky or quavering utterance or sound

    6. (n.) (music) an eighth note
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The young, inexperienced pastor took a quick glance at the large congregation before standing up with a quaver.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Every conversation we have carries a subtext that would be invisible to someone reading its script: the uptilt to a question, the long sneer of sarcasm, or the quaver of uncertainty.
    ABC News, How Voice Tone Can Often Trump Words - Evolving Science of Vocal Tones Catches Up to What Baby Knows, By Mary Wiltenburg, Feb. 13
     
    abysmal [ uh'-BIZ-muh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.very bad,
    2.severe or wretched unfathomable, profound or bottomless
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The abysmal performance of the team was criticised.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A leading Aslef official claimed trains travelling through the main line tunnel into Wales had to slow down, signals were worse and tracks were "abysmal".
    BBC, MPs told Severn Tunnel is 'hole', 25 November 2008
     
    alliteration [ uh'-lit-uh'-REY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a repetition of the same sounds or syllables in neighbouring words
    2. an instance of two or more neighbouring words in a sentence beginning with the same letter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The verse was full of garbled alliterations.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     That album title is beginning to seem less like a clever piece of alliteration and more like a mission statement.
    BBC, Pussycats, where have you been?, By Mark Savage, 29 July 2008
     
    entice [ en-TAHYS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to allure, tempt or attract by exciting hope
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The offer of a special discount enticed her to join the club.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Members of a Native American group based in a remote part of Arizona are hoping to entice more tourists by inviting visitors to step off the edge of the Grand Canyon.
    National Geographic, Grand Canyon's Glass Walkway to Open Next March, Anne Minard in Grand Canyon West, Arizona for National Geographic News, December 15, 2006
     

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    malediction [ mal-i-DIK-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of cursing or calling down some evil upon someone
    2. a curse; imprecation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Superstitious rural folk still believe in the power of a tantrik's malediction.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In another recent piece on Pound (not available online), Frank Kermode devoted some time to Pound's famous malediction against usury, citing it as evidence of anti-Semitism.
    Los Angeles Times, Pound Foolish
     
    accede [ ak-SEED ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to concede, assent or approve
    2. to assume attain or take up a position or an office
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He acceded to the throne after the death of his father.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Even Romania and Bulgaria can be considered relatively successful since they are due to accede to the EU next year.
    CNN, Children of the revolution, By Paul Sussman for CNN, October 23, 2006
     
    dissent [ di-SENT ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to disagree
    2. (tr.v.) to withhold approval
    3. (n.) disagreement
    4. (n.) non-conformity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The members dissented to ensure that no clear decision could be agreed upon.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Iran's regime has been unable to banish dissent within the highest levels of the Shia Muslim hierarchy over the outcome of the June 12 presidential election.
    Telegraph, Iran backing down over arrests as reporter freed, By Damien McElroy, 05 Jul 2009
     
    institutionalize [ in-sti-TOO-shuh'-nl-ahyz ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to make into or treat as an organization
    2. to keep in a place reserved for the mentally sick
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had to be put in a straight jacket and institutionalized after he became irrationally violent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Of course, toddlers who've been institutionalized since birth will be quicker to settle in.
    The Telegraph, Do children really behave worse when looked after by grandparents? Sue Palmer, 10 February 2009.
     
    raspy [ RAS-pee, RAH-spee  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. rough, grating or hash
    2. irritable or easily annoyed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The children were scared of the old man because of his raspy voice.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He said the biggest challenge was in having to relearn how to sing to a different rhythm, his raspy voice needing to match up with slick studio beats rather than sliding loosely around the live, loud accompaniment he's so used to.
    CNN, Chris Cornell throws down, Shanon Cook, 22 April 2009.
     

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    nemesis [ NEM-uh'-sis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a source of harm or ruin
    2. an opponent who is fearsome and cannot be beaten or overcome
    3. one that inflicts retribution or vengeance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The West Indian pace attack of the 1980's proved to be a nemesis for many a batsman.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A gruelling second day awaits - including the dreaded javelin, Sotherton's nemesis on a number of occasions and no great favourite of the diminutive Ennis.
    The Telegraph, British duo impress as Kluft wobbles and Barber gets cut, By Brendan Gallagher, 09 Aug 2006
     
    comely [ KUHM-lee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pleasing in appearance; attractive
    2. suitable or proper; seemly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her comely appearance made her famous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We are in the Alps proper, mountains towering above comely valleys dotted variously with chalets and cows.
    Telegraph, Train travel: Exploring the French Alps, Anthony Peregrine, 31 Oct 2008
     
    droll [ drohl ]
     noun, adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) whimsically or amusingly comical or odd
    2. (n.) a buffoon
    3. (intr.v.) to jest
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His droll rendition of the play was a hit.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Austin Horse talks about his collision with a taxi cab with the sort of droll indifference you might expect from a 24-year-old.
    CNN, 'Young invincibles' OK with risk of no insurance, By Stephanie Smith CNN Medical Producer, March 20, 2009
     
    pugilist [ PYOO-juh'-list ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a boxer
    2. a person who fights with the fists
    3. a professional fist-fighter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He earned fame and fortune by as a pugilist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is thought to be - pound for pound, inch-for-inch and punch for punch - the best pugilist in the world, a fighter without a flaw.
    The Telegraph, Alexis Arguello, 1 July 2009.
     
    philatelist [ fi-LAT-l-ist  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one who is a collector and student of postage stamps
    2. one who accumulates and studies stamps
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He said that he was not really a philatelist and that the collection of rare stamps had been gifted to him by his grandfather.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Beginning next year, philatelists may have to dig a little deeper to keep current with their collections: The U.S. Postal Service has called for a slight price increase in its stamps.
    CNN, Quick Guide & Transcript: Rosa Parks' funeral, Pakistan quake toll, 3 November 2005.
     

  7. #3187
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    omnipresent [ om-nuh'-PREZ-uh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     present everywhere at the same time
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     CP(I)M leader Sitaram Yechury seems to be omnipresent on all political talk shows.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     That other Hawkins - real-life Kevin Hawkins, director-general of the British Retail Consortium - is the omnipresent voice of sweet commercial reason on the nation's high streets.
    The Herald, Hawkins tips ratesetters The Black Spot, Alf Young, October 9 2007
     
    abstruse [ ab-STROOS ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. recondite, ambiguous, esoteric or very difficult to understand or comprehend
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His abstruse speech confused everyone.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The assembly is often engaged in discussing fairly abstruse issues, then suddenly comes alive when a riveting personal testimony is made.
    The Herald, Riveting personal testimony lends life to assembly, RON FERGUSON, May 23 2007
     
    disparate [ DIS-per-it, di-SPAR- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     dissimilar, different, unequal or distinct
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The test is unreliable because the test results were disparate when retested.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some 6,000 species live in disparate habitats all over the world, from shallow reefs to two miles beneath the sea surface.
    National Geographic, Nudibranchs, By Emily Krieger, Jun 3, 2008
     
    precedent [ n. PRES-i-duh'nt; adj. pri-SEED-nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a legal decision serving as an authoritative pattern for similar cases in the future
    2. (n.) a standard example
    3. (adj.) anterior or frontal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lawyer won the case by quoting a precedent from the supreme court.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In its bid for a do-over, the FAI pointed to precedent set in 2005 when a World Cup qualifier between Uzbekistan and Bahrain was replayed after the referee was found to have committed a technical error.
    CNN, Zidane: Don't 'dwell' on Henry's handball, 22 November 2009.
     
    appurtenances [ uh'-PUR-tn-uh'n-ces  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. instruments or apparatus
    2. accessories
    3. equipment or gear
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The team carried all the appurtenances they needed for the mountain climbing expedition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But they lit up with Seth, realising the social mileage that could accrue from adopting such seemingly opulent habits in a city where expensive appurtenances carry weight.
    BBC, World: South Asia Cuban cigars are big puff in India, Rahul Bedi, 17 August 1999.
     

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    maladroit [ mal-uh'-DROIT ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     inept; bungling; lacking adroitness; clumsy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Russia handled the confrontation with Chechnya in a most maladroit way.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Corsican politicians rose up with one voice, howling in protest at the maladroit joke.
    National Geographic, Corsica, By Peter Ross Range
     
    abut [ uh'-BUHT  ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to touch, be adjacent to, end at or border on
    2. (tr.v.) to support
    3. (intr.v.) to terminate, border or be adjacent to
    4. (intr.v.) to lean on so as to get supported
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His property abuts the only lake in the area.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It will abut eight Albert Street to the annoyance of the occupants.
    Telegraph, Narrowest house in Britain will be just 9ft wide, By Sarah Knapton, 23 Dec 2008
     
    arrant [ AR-uh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     without moderation, unmitigated, extreme
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His arrant lifestyle caused his downfall.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nicola Sturgeon, the deputy first minister, rejected the Treasury's claims as "arrant nonsense"
    Telegraph, Experts warn Alex Salmond over tax, by Simon Johnson, 14 Apr 2008
     
    distraught [ di-STRAWT ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. agitated or troubled
    2. insane or crazed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The distraught mother feared for the lives of her children after the riots.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A Nepali ski racer, apparently distraught after the loss of team funding, has been found wandering in Paris after a Facebook campaign.
    BBC, 'Distraught' Nepali skier found, 12 May 2009
     
    parquet [ pahr-KEY ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a floor composed of short strips of wood forming a pattern
    2. (n.) the entire main floor of a theatre
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He wanted the marble floor in the bedroom to be replaced by parquet.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nicole Farhi sought to recapture her home's past, exposing the beautiful molding and parquet floors
    CNN, London designer's relaxed style extends to her home, 15 December 2000.
     

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    necropolis [ nuh'-KROP-uh'-lis, ne- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a cemetery, especially which is large and belongs to an ancient city
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Some historians are of the view that Stonehenge is the site of a vast necropolis.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     While the tombs of seven Quli Qutub Shah kings, arguably among the world's largest necropolis (place where the royal family of a dynasty are buried), is to be restored by the Iranians with a budget of Rs 5 crore provided by the government of Andhra Pradesh.
    The Times of India, Iranians to heal Qutub Shahi tombs, Ganesh S Lakshman,TNN, 30 Jun 2006
     
    obviate [ OB-vee-eyt ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to anticipate and remove a difficulty
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The risk of serious injury suffered by motorists can be obviated by wearing a helmet.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The system will allow cricketers to challenge the umpire's decision to obviate controversies and bring in greater transparency in the game.
    The Times of India, ICC chief to inspect third umpire referral system, 20 Jul, 2008
     
    buxom [ BUHK-suh' m ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (of a woman) healthily plump and ample of figure
    2. (of a woman) full bosomed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The opera singer, a buxom lady, was a celebrity in Europe.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jayaram Jayalalitha, India: To her fans, she's the "Mother Goddess of the World," a buxom former starlet turned politician who has the ability to bring down the national government.
    abcNews, Actor-Politicians Across the World, By Leela Jacinto, Feb. 23
     
    coadjutor [ koh-AJ-uh'-ter, koh-uh'-JOO-ter ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one who works together with another, an assistant
    2. an assistant to a bishop, with the right of succession
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He wanted to hire a coadjutor to work in him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He announced that he had asked the Pope to appoint a coadjutor bishop to work alongside him and eventually succeed him.
    Telegraph, The Most Reverend John Ward, 30 Mar 2007
     
    complacency [ kuh'm-PLEY-suh'n-see  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a feeling of contentment often while unaware of some potential danger
    2. a feeling of self-satisfaction coupled with an unawareness of probable trouble
    3. an instance of self-satisfaction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They lost the cricket match because of the complacency of the captain.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     David Haye defends the World Boxing Association heavyweight title in Manchester next Saturday knowing that he can ill afford any complacency against the wily veteran American John Ruiz, whom he considers "more dangerous" than the Russian giant Nikolai Valuev.
    The Telegraph, David Haye plans to use John Ruiz as a stepping stone to the Klitschkos, Gareth A Davies, 27 March 2010.
     

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    Machiavellian [ mak-ee-uh'-VEL-ee-uh' n ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. of or pertaining to Machiavelli
    2. suggestive or marked by the principles analysed by Machiavelli especially those concerned with deceit, cunning or expediency
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Politicians often resort to Machiavellian methods in order to get votes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     So despite my VCR blues, I'm hanging in there, while overlooking occasional plot lapses (instead of launching a Machiavellian scheme to undermine Jack's efforts, why don't the homicidal bad guys merely kill him when they have the chance?) that baffle me probably because I'm not up on every nuance.
    Newsday, From the Los Angeles Times - Miss an hour, and you've cut into '24', By Howard Rosenberg
     
    coalescing [ koh-uh'-LES ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     fusing, blending, combined or united
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The coalescing liquids produced a magenta colour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On 9 August 1956 thousands of women assembled in Pretoria despite a ban on unauthorised gatherings, eventually coalescing in a 20,000-strong protest outside the Union Buildings.
    BBC, Women re-enact South Africa march, 9 August 2006
     
    dote [ doht ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to love or be extremely fond of
    2. to be foolish or exhibit mental decline due to old age
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They were doted on by the entire family.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     US Weekly notes that Mrs Obama will not be hiring a nanny as her mother, Marian Robinson, 71, has moved into the White House to help look after the two grandchildren on whom she is said to dote.
    Telegraph, Michelle Obama bans daughters Malia and Sasha from mixing with celebrities, By Philip Sherwell in New York, 31 Jan 2009
     
    grueling [ GROO-uh'-ling ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) physically and mentally tiring or exhausting
    2. (n.) an exhausting experience
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The children reached the top of the hill after a grueling climb.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She was rushed into surgery and after a grueling 10-hour operation, Kang is now recovering well and will be able to live a normal life.
    The Telegraph, Chinese toddler has dead twin removed from her stomach, 30 October 2009.
     
    incoherent [ in-koh-HEER-uh'nt  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. without being logical, meaningful or sensible
    2. disjointed, rambling, confusing or unable to express one's thoughts in a clear, orderly manner
    3. uncoordinated, different or incompatible by nature
    4. lacking harmony or unity of parts
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     No one could figure out what had happened as the lone survivor of the car crash provided incoherent responses to the queries put to her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The chairman of insurance group Standard Life, Gerry Grimstone, who's an adviser to the Treasury on efficiency, has called the Tory calculations "incoherent".
    BBC, Efficiency savings: Do the figures stack up? Hugh Pym , 8 April 2010.
     

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    odyssey [ OD-uh'-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a long adventurous trip
    2. an intellectual or spiritual quest
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     David Livingstone's odyssey into the heart of Africa is a story that every school boy knows.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This is where I've landed, three weeks into a five-week odyssey into Australia's adventurous heart.
    National Geographic, The Four Corners of Oz: Fun Down Under Australia, Tom Clynes
     
    caprice [ kuh'-PREES ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an impulsive change of mind
    2. an inclination to change one's mind impulsively
    3. a sudden, unpredictable action, change or series of actions or changes
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sudden caprice caused his team to lose the match.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is quite a selfish thing to do really, I suppose, to engage in this sort of activity out of caprice
    abcNews, British Matador Coming out of Retirement in Spain, By DANIEL WOOLLS Associated Press Writer, August 15, 2008
     
    drawl [ drawl ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to speak slowly by prolonging vowels
    2. (tr.v.) to utter slowly with drawn-out vowels
    3. (n.) a way of speaking slowly by prolonging vowels
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The actors who were in a Western play drawled their vowels to increase of the play.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A southern-American-style drawl still marks out Liberians from other English-speaking Africans.
    BBC, Liberia: About to bounce back?, By Joseph Winter, BBC News website, 7 November 2005
     
    purveyor [ per-VEY-er ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person who provides or supplies
    2. (n.) a person who supplies provisions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was the purveyor of rations to the poor villages.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He had delivered countless grams in the last few weeks; he hated being the purveyor of the bad news they contained.
    The dreaded telegram, William, 03 2009
     
    numismatist [ noo-MIZ-muh'-tist  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person who specialized in coins
    2. the study and collection of coins
    3. a coin collector
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He told his parents that he wanted to become a numismatist and work in the Department of Coins and Medals at a museum.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     No value has yet been put on the discovery, which has been deemed "of international importance", but numismatists said just one silver coin from the same period can fetch up to 50.
    BBC, Coin hoard declared treasure, 8 April 2003.
     

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    officious [ uh'-FISH-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     characterized by excessive intrusiveness, offering unwanted services or advice to others; meddlesome
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Officious interference in almost all matters by the bureaucracy has been the bane of our country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My friend Reilly has the perfect put-down for that officious secretary with the superior, mock-British accent who fends off all phone calls to her boss with some icy variation of, "Can I tell him the subject of your call?"
    CNN, Nobody asked me, but....,Mark Shields, August 15, 2005
     
    adventitious [ ad-vuh' n-TISH-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. accidental, extrinsic or not inherent
    2. appearing or developing in unusual places
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her adventitious inclusion into the group turned to be blessing in disguise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These varieties prefer limey soil, and they have tiny, clinging (or adventitious) roots.
    Telegraph, Ivy league, Val Bourne, 03 Dec 2004
     
    divulge [ di-VUHLJ, dahy- ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to reveal or make known
    2. (archaic) to proclaim
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Information divulged without the presence of a defence lawyer cannot be used as evidence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Two U.S. defense officials with direct knowledge of the highly classified message confirmed the details to CNN but said the issue is so sensitive that they could not divulge whose signature was on the message.
    CNN, U.S. Persian Gulf forces cautioned on Iran, By Barbara Starr CNN Pentagon Correspondent, June 14, 2009
     
    decollete [ dey-kol-TEY ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. a low neckline (of a dress)
    2. wearing a strapless dress or one with a low neckline
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The decollete dress that she wore for the parade must have cost the sponsors a tidy sum.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The cowl neck that is the designer's trademark tantalizingly exposed the actress's decollete.
    BBC, Sex and the City: Fashion focus, Penny Martin, 12 May 2008.
     
    dolorous [ DOL-er-uh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. mournful or full of sorrow
    2. characterized by or showing grief or sorrow
    3. causing pain or sorrow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She suffered a nervous breakdown when she heard the dolorous news of her husband's death.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She receives strong support from a remarkable score by Alexandre Desplat, sweeping, romantic and dolorous, but built on a tinkling eight-note refrain that sounds like a child's nursery rhyme.
    The Telegraph, Kidman at her mesmerising best, David Gritten, 5 November 2004.
     

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    allusion [ uh'-LOO-zhuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. of passing or casual reference, an instance of implied or indirect reference
    2. the act of alluding or hinting at something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her allusion to the fact that she knew him was in doubt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Love songs predominate, with themes of unrequited love and frequent allusion to the Leyla and Majnoon story being very important.
    National Geographic, Afghanistan
     
    contentious [ kuh' n-TEN-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. quarrelsome, belligerent or pugnacious
    2. provoking or controversial
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She often got into fights with her contentious neighbour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     North Korean officials agreed to a rare meeting with South Korea to discuss their jointly run industrial complex along their border, a contentious issue for both sides.
    CNN, North and South Korea to meet over Kaesong industrial complex, June 5, 2009
     
    atone [ uh'-TOHN ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to make amends or appease
    2. (tr. v.) to expiate or to suffer or do penance for doing wrong
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He begged to be given an opportunity so that he could atone for his sins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An Indian man has "married" a female dog, hoping the move will help atone for stoning two other dogs to death.
    BBC, Man 'marries' dog to beat curse, 13 November 2007.
     
    demeanor [ di-MEE-ner ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) conduct or behaviour of a person
    2. (n.) manner or style
    3. (n.) facial expression or appearance
    4. (n.) attitude
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Most of her friends avoided her because of her bossy demeanor.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Knox was criticized in newspapers and tabloids around the world for her demeanor after the killing, which included photos of her and Sollecito comforting each other as crime scene investigators looked for clues in her house.
    CNN, Amanda Knox's parents hope acquittal is near in murder case, 16 October 2009.
     
    gerontocracy [ jer-uh'n-TOK-ruh'-see  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a governing group of elders or a government by a council of elders
    2. a society ruled by its elders
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The survivors of the plane crash formed a gerontocracy to make decisions as there were no signs of civilization in the jungle where they were stranded.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Britain is in danger of replacing the monarchy with gerontocracy.
    BBC, Monarchy given old age warning, 28 May 2002.
     

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    inveigle [ in-VEY-guh' l, -VEE- ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to entice or win over by flattery or sweet talk
    2. to obtain or acquire by slyness or beguiling talk
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He managed to inveigle his friend into joining him for a walking tour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I hope the Oxford event might inveigle other contemporaries who came to the early concerts or who were studying music at the time and with whom I spent many hours in lectures and the library to renew their acquaintance with the group and me again.
    University of Oxford, Doing It Properly: On Oxford, Singing and the Music Profession, by Robert Hollingworth
     
    adduce [ uh'-DOOS, uh'-DYOOS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to offer or cite as a reason, example or proof
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He adduced a convincing argument to explain his absence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The trial court had discredited the procedure of fingerprinting not on the basis of evidence adduced by the defence but on the basis of some literature the judge concerned had apparently come across during his research.
    The Times of India, Mattoo case got focus again, Bhadra Sinha, 18 October 2006
     
    conduce [ kuh' n-DOOS, -DYOOS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to lead, tend or contribute to a particular outcome or result
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Bigman Company conduced the music industry with the induction of newer technologies into music-making.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Microsoft's anticompetitive actions trammeled the competitive process through which the computer software industry generally stimulates innovation and conduces to the optimum benefit of consumers.
    CNN, What does Microsoft's legal loss mean for Linux?, by Joe Barr, April 6, 2000
     
    sonorous [ suh'-NAWR-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) giving off a deep sound
    2. (adj.) resonant or rich in sound
    3. (adj.) an impressive style or manner of speech
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sonorous sound made by the horn marked the beginning of the games.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His chilling, sonorous tones were later brought to Hollywood, most notably as treacherous and overreaching power-seeker Saruman in "Lord of the Rings.
    CNN, The Screening Room's Top 10 British Villains, 26 October, 2007.
     
    cherubic [ chuh'-ROO-bik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to an angel represented as a beautiful rosy-cheeked child with wings
    2. (adj.) like a sweet child with a chubby innocent face
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Everyone fell in love with the cherubic little child.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Susan Boyle is not the only singer who has captured the judge's attention - a host of cherubic youngsters have also made it through to the semi-finals.
    The Telegraph, Susan Boyle makes Britain's Got Talent semi-final, 23 May 2009.
     

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    quaint [ kweynt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. oddly pleasant or charming, esp. in an old-fashioned way
    2. strange or peculiar, usu. in a pleasing, interesting way
    3. skilfully or artfully made
    4. (obsolete) skilled; expert; wise
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Visitors to Darjeeling can avail of the services of a quaint little toy train which starts from Siliguri.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Like the train after which it is named, Anderson's comedy-drama is quaint and ramshackle, but it does the job of taking the audience in unexpected and pleasing directions.
    The Herald, Welcome on board the quirky train, ALISON ROWAT
     
    canker [ KANG-ker ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) ulceration, especially in the mouth and lips
    2.(n.) any of various disorders in animals marked by chronic inflammatory changes
    3. (n.) a source of corruption or decay
    4. (tr.v.) to corrupt; destroy slowly
    5. (intr.v.) to become infected with or as if with canker
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The canker had to be removed by surgery.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One of the region's MEPs has called for EU-funded research into the canker.
    BBC, Blight-hit horse chestnuts dying, 21 September 2006
     
    congeal [ kuh' n-JEEL ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to solidify
    2. (intr.v.) to jell or coagulate
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to coagulate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The gel slowly congealed and formed a solid impenetrable layer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The planets were thought to congeal into cores over a million years or so, then gradually accumulate gas outer envelopes over another 1 million to 10 million years.
    CNN, Study: Big planets form in cosmic flash, By Richard Stenger CNN, November 28, 2002
     
    faction [ FAK-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a group of persons forming a contentious minority within a larger group
    2. (n.) internal conflict
    3. (n.) literature with a mix of fact and fiction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They belonged to the faction that promoted disruptive activities.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Red Army Faction, also known as the Baader-Meinhof gang, killed more than 30 people before breaking up 10 years ago.
    BBC, Red Army Faction member arrested, 28 August 2009.
     
    apex [ EY-peks  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the tip or the summit
    2. the vertex or peak
    3. climax
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The climbers planted their club's flag at the apex of the mountain as a tribute to their achievement.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At the apex of the English game, the Premier League is run by the canniest of operators in Richard Scudamore, whose disarming manner merely cloaks a laser-like focus on the interests of his organisation.
    The Telegraph, Brian Moore: Ian Watmore's resignation highlights need to end the FA soap opera, Brian Moore, 25 March 2010.
     

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    clangor [ KLANG-er, KLANG-ger ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a loud resonant sound, a din
    2. (intr.v.) to make a clangor, clang
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The clangor woke everyone up.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Long after the attacks of Sept. 11, the clangor of terror echoes worldwide.
    CNN, Al-Qaeda now, By Michael Elliott, May 27, 2002
     
    countenance [ KOUN-tn-uh' ns ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) appearance, visage esp. one's facial expression
    2. (n.) composure
    3. (n.) sanction or approval
    4. (tr.v.) to approve, allow or permit
    5. (tr.v.) to encourage or support
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His countenance did not betray his feelings.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Argentinian goalkeeper, best known for his penalty heroics against England in the 1998 World Cup, refused to countenance a new contract at Real Mallorca as the year 2000 approached because he believed the world was going to end and he needed to prepare.
    BBC, Why the fascination with the end of the world?, By Finlo Rohrer, BBC News Magazine, 8 September 2008
     
    throes [ throh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a painful spasm or a pang
    2. (n.) the agony of or violent convulsion
    3. (n.) a sharp attack of emotion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The wounded policeman was in the throes of death by the time he was rushed to the hospital.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She was speaking at the end of a visit to the country which is once again in the throes of civil war.
    BBC, UN concern over Sri Lanka rights, Roland Buerk, 13 October 2007.
     
    aberration [ ab-uh'-REY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of turning away from the proper, normal, or expected course
    2. the act of deviating from the truth
    3. a lapse or temporary mental disorder
    4. a defect in focusing causing a blurred image
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He would have won the cross country race had it not been for the unfortunate aberration.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His failure in this case is an aberration of his normal high standards.
    BBC, Dogs death police officer 'distracted by paperwork', 22 February 2010.
     
    askew [ uh'-SKYOO  ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adv.) to one side, in a crooked position or out of line
    2. (adv.) with scorn, contempt or disapproval
    3. (adj.) crooked or awry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When we told her that her hat was askew, her reply was that we knew nothing about the latest fashion.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This has been a summer that has often felt like anything but. And now that we find ourselves in the middle of Labor Day weekend, it may be time to try to figure out what went askew.
    CNN, Commentary: The summer that never was, Bob Greene, 4 September 2009.
     

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    legerdemain [ lej-er-duh'-MEYN ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. sleight of hand
    2. deception; trickery; a show of skill or deceitful cleverness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being legerdemain in cards enabled him to win most games with ease.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The budget legerdemain allowed Democrats to put their imprint on the bill, saving programs such as the $140 million Commodity Supplemental Food Program, targeted for elimination by Bush but given a 30 percent budget hike by Democrats.
    ABC News, Budget Bill Reverses Bush Cuts, By ANDREW TAYLOR, December 17, 2007
     
    blasphemous [ BLAS-fuh'-muh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. impiously irreverent; profane
    2. speaking, containing or exhibiting blasphemy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His blasphemous rantings almost got him hanged.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leading Thai politicians have called for The Beach to be banned, claiming the film is blasphemous and portrays their country as a drugs paradise.
    BBC, Thai MPs call for Beach ban, 9 March, 2000
     
    concur [ kuh' n-KUR ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to agree, approve or assent
    2. to coincide or occur simultaneously
    3. to cooperate, combine or act together
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The two teams concurred on the regulations within minutes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Robert Rector of Heritage Foundation concurs with the figures on the number of jobs Congress just voted to give to non-Americans.
    Chronicles magazine, A sellout of Our Unemployed, by Patrick J. Buchanan, March 16th, 2009
     
    trifle [ TRAHY-fuh'l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an article of little or no value
    2. (n.) a type of dessert
    3. (tr. v.) to waste
    4. (intr. v.) to act as if something were of little value or significance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The benefactor modestly exclaimed that the gift was just a trifle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Democracy can be frustrating at times but constant whinging and threatening to sink the vessel they are sailing in seems more than a trifle unwise.
    BBC, PM holds justice devolution talks, 7 November 2009.
     
    pall [ pawl ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a coffin or the cloth used to cover a coffin or tomb
    2. (n.) something that overspreads with gloom or shrouds with melancholy
    3. (n.) a covering that darkens or obscures
    4. (tr. v.) to cover with
    5. (tr. v.) to satiate
    6. (tr. v.) to make vapid or wearisome
    7. (intr. v.) to have an effect that is boring or wearisome
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When their grandfather passed away they buried him in an expensive mahogany pall with cushioned satin lining.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Markland's wife Corallee and sons Keelen, 10, and Logan, seven, waited outside the church as pall bearers lifted his coffin inside to the sounds of Amazing Grace.
    BBC, Lancashire Army bomb disposal expert laid to rest.2 March 2010.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    larceny [ LAHR-suh'-nee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the unlawful taking of someone else's personal property
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Most people would agree with Mahatma Gandhi's view that European colonialism of Asian and African people was larceny perpetrated on a grand scale.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lorello, an archives and records management specialist in the New York Department of Education, pleaded not guilty Monday to charges of grand larceny, criminal possession of stolen property, and scheming to defraud and was released on his recognizance
    National Geographic, Archivist Charged With Stealing Papers, Selling on eBay , Clare Trapasso, January 29, 2008
     
    largesse [ lahr-JES, LAHR-jis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. generosity in bestowing gifts
    2. generosity of spirit or attitude
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The poor in India often depend on government largesse for their survival.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Against that backdrop of government largesse, the Federal Reserve's decision to extend a $300 billion line of credit to Fannie and Freddie on "discount" terms and the earlier $29 billion loan to facilitate the sale of Bear Stearns to J.P. Morgan Chase, should hardly come as a surprise.
    Chicago Tribune, Subsidizing failures has had success, By Gerald D. Skoning, July 15, 2008
     
    conciliatory [ kuh' n-SIL-ee-uh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     compromising, flexible or having the intention of putting an end to a disagreement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The conciliatory gesture made by the government was rejected by the opposition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama is considered to have a more conciliatory approach to the Arab and Muslim world than Netanyahu.
    CNN, Iran tests new surface-to-surface missile, May 20, 2009
     
    antecede [ an-tuh'-SEED ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to precede
    2. (tr. v.) to occur before in order or rank or time
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The teacher explained that it was adolescence which anteceded adulthood and not the other way around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The a priori methods of respectable philosophy are wholly distinct from the experimental and hypothetico-deductive methods of the natural sciences, and the results of philosophy logically antecede the empirical discoveries of science.
    The Oxford University Press, PASSING BY THE NATURALISTIC TURN: ON QUINE'S CUL-DE-SAC, P.M.S. Hacker, 25 November 2008.
     
    gestate [ JES-teyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to carry within the womb from conception to delivery
    2. (tr. v.) to conceive and develop in the mind
    3. (intr. v.) the process of carrying to term
    4. (intr. v.) to develop gradually
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The witch doctor knew that males gestate several days longer than females and since the chief's wife was overdue he predicted a son.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Governments can use their buying power to incubate a market which might not gestate without a large reliable customer - that's very effective.
    BBC, Finding solutions to business problems, 12 September 2004.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    abjure [ ab-joo'r, -JUR  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to renounce, give up, repudiate or forswear
    2. to shun, avoid or abstain from
    3. to reject, recant or retract esp. under oath
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He abjured all of his worldly possessions and embraced a monastic life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jacob stops shaving, tapes the 10 Commandments to his wrists, abjures shellfish and tries to think of some way he can stone an adulterer without being arrested.
    Telegraph, Living by the Bible's rules, by Marcus Berkmann, 29 Feb 2008
     
    dereliction [ der-uh'-LIK-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. delinquency or neglection
    2. a state or act of abandoning
    3. recession of water resulting in dry land
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was punished for dereliction of duty.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Britain's historic farm buildings are under threat from disuse, dereliction and "horror" conversions, English Heritage is warning.
    BBC, 'Horror' barn conversion warning, 16 November 2005
     
    discourse [ n. DIS-kawrs, -kohrs, dis-KAWRS, -KOHRS; v. dis-KAWRS, -KOHRS ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) conversation or verbal communication
    2. (n.) dissertation, discussion or treatise in writing or speech
    3. (intr.v.) to converse
    4. (tr.v.) to tell or utter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She found the discourse to be boring and fell asleep.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In Pakistan's north-western district of Kohistan, public discourse is dominated by security issues, not the recently enacted Sharia (Islamic) law.
    BBC, In the shadow of Pakistan's Taliban war, By M Ilyas Khan BBC News, Dassu, Kohistan, 28 May 2009
     
    homespun [ HOHM-spuhn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) made at home
    2. (adj.) simple or unsophisticated
    3. (n.) a plain woven cloth
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She earned a living by selling homespun shawls in the market.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Given that the fashionable elite will spend thousands of rupees on his homespun saris, and that new collections leave the shop shelves in minutes flat, it's a trickle-down effect that he thinks may actually work.
    BBC, Indian designer champions homespun, Catriona Luke, 15 September 2009.
     
    gourmet [ goo'r-MEY ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a connoisseur of fine food and drink
    2. (adj.) elaborately equipped for the preparation of exotic meals
    3. (adj.) pertaining to skilful preparation of fancy foods
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A gourmet was engaged to approve of the food for the banquet.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Naschmarkt Old World market has two parallel lanes -- one lined with fun eateries, the other featuring high-end produce and gourmet goodies.
    CNN, Wining and dining in Vienna, Rick Steves, 9 June 2009.
     

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    harlequin [ HAHR-luh'-kwin, -kin ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a comic character usu. wearing a mask, tights and holding a wooden sword or magic wand
    2. (n.) a buffoon; clown
    3. (adj.) variegated with marks; varied in colour or decoration
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Most children love going to the circus in order to be able to enjoy the antics of harlequins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Harlequin is the most popular of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dell'Arte.
    Wikipedia, Harlequin
     
    ravenous [ RAV-uh'-nuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. voracious, hungry, greedy or famished
    2. predatory, avaricious or rapacious
    3. eager or greedy for food, gratification or satisfaction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His ravenous need to be wealthy destroyed him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nigella Lawson could go straight to the kitchen from scrubbing the toilet with her bare hands and I'd still fall on her food like a ravenous dog.
    BBC, India v England: 2nd Test day two as it happened, 20 December 2008
     
    discern [ di-SURN, -ZURN ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to mentally detect, apprehend or discriminate
    2. (tr.v.) to perceive, recognize or distinguish
    3. (intr.v.) to distinguish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was incapable of discerning between the causes of poverty from a sociological and an economic point of view.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The search engine will be hard to fool and should be able to discern, much more readily, the intent behind search terms.
    BBC, Helping the web to understand, By Mark Ward Technology correspondent, BBC News, 16 December 2008
     
    slacken [ SLAK-uh'n ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to make or become looser or less taut
    2. (tr. v.) to make or become less active
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     During the recession demand for items like cement and steel slackened.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Rogge emphasised that the Greeks must not slacken their pace.
    BBC, Greeks told to keep on running, 2 May 2001.
     
    concoct [ kon-KOKT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to prepare by mixing ingredients
    2. devise or make up using skill and intelligence
    3. contrive or fabricate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He concocted a sumptuous meal from all the leftovers in the refrigerator.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The make-up used by the ancient Egyptians to darken and enhance the eyes sometimes took up to a month to concoct.
    BBC, Cleopatra's eye make-up 'had health benefits', 9 January 2010.
     

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