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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3221
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    viscid [ VIS-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. viscous, sticky or adhesive
    2. (Botany) covered with a sticky substance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Its viscid nature made it important for pharmaceutical research.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The development of sticky viscid silk is thought to be an important evolutionary innovation as that silk is more effective at snagging passing insects than the non-sticky variety.
    National Geographic, Dinosaur-Era Spiderweb Found in Amber, by John Pickrell in England, August 7, 2003
     
    acclaimed [ uh'-KLEYM ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     celebrated, acknowledged, renowned or praised
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was an acclaimed writer who had won many prestigious awards.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A globally acclaimed folk artist from Northumberland is to be given a prestigious music award.
    BBC, Folk artist awarded Queen's Medal, 26 January 2009
     
    supine [ adj. soo-PAHYN; n. SOO-pahyn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) lying on the back or lying face up
    2. (adj.) inactive
    3. (n.) the simple infinitive when a verb is preceded by to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was relaxing by the pool in a supine posture.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In addition, further efforts to educate child care providers about the importance of supine sleep for infants must be ongoing.
    BBC, Childminders 'raise cot death risks', 9 August 2000
     
    transitory [ TRAN-si-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, -zi- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lasting for a short while
    2. fleeting or passing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor told his patient that the transitory, post-operational pain would diminish and disappear after a couple of days.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The suspect made no comment and was remanded in custody at the Transitory Detention Centre.
    The Telegraph, Argentina's Fritzl: Monster of Mendoza accused of fathering seven children by daughter, Aislinn Simpson, 11 May 2009
     
    barefaced [ BAIR-feyst ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. with the face uncovered or without disguise or concealment
    2. shameless
    3. brazen or boldly open
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She claimed that she did not go barefaced in public places as she feared being mobbed by fans.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Prime Minister Tony Blair has defended Labour's record on tax after Tory leader William Hague branded the party's promises on the issue a "total, barefaced election lie".
    BBC, Blair defends tax record, 15 March 2000.
     

  2. #3222
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    palaver [ puh'-LAV-er, LAH-ver ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a long negotiation between enemies or esp. one between primitive tribes and european traders
    2. (n.) long idle talk or chatter
    3. (v.) to parley or negotiate
    4. (v.) to talk idly or profusely
    5. (v.) to coax or flatter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lengthy palaver between the Sioux Chief Sitting Bull and American traders led to the white man's takeover of the entire North American continent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The whole bullying palaver would have been manipulated to get best possible ratings and controversial headlines making whoever was in the frontline to cop the brunt of it.
    News.com.au, Demelza 'took rap for bullying', Tom Ford , July 03, 2008
     
    expiate [ EK-spee-eyt ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to amend one's mistakes; to atone or extinguish the guilt incurred
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All faiths have devised ways to expiate a man's sins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Pope Pius XII celebrated a special mass at St. Peter's basilica today "to expiate the crime of the enemies or God"--the Communists.
    Chicago Tribune, POPE SAYS MASS FOR EXPIATION OF RED CRIMES, Apr 4, 1949
     
    assay [ v. a-SEY; n. AS-ey, a-SEY ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to examine, assess or analyse
    2. (intr.v.) to be shown or displayed after conduction of an analysis
    3. (n.) an assessment or examination or a report of such an analysis
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The evidence was assayed by the police.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Towards the end of his life, Sir Arthur Eddington, who died in 1944, assayed a "theory of everything". Experimental evidence ran counter to his work, which today generates only intermittent interest.
    Telegraph, Maths into English, Simon Ing, 27 Sep 2007
     
    capsize [ KAP-sahyz, kap-SAHYZ ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v. & intr. v.) to overturn or turn bottom up or to cause to overturn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The trawler capsized because of the storm.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The last missing person was rescued a day after a ferry carrying more than 900 people capsized in Philippine waters.
    CNN, All accounted for in Philippine ferry sinking, 8 September 2009.
     
    disarray [ DIS-uh'-rey ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to throw into disorder or confusion
    2. (tr. v.) to upset or lack order
    3. (tr. v.) to undress
    4. (n.) the state of confusion or chaos
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The government's scheme to raise taxes was in disarray following massive agitations promoted by the opposition which resulted in strikes and protest rallies all over the nation.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Tories have denied their education policy is in "disarray" after a second frontbencher defended grammar schools.
    BBC, Tories deny grammars 'disarray', 31 May 2007.
     

  3. #3223
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

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    lurid [ LOO' R-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. marked by sensationalism
    2. glowing or shining in colour
    3. having an unnatural glare
    4. livid or pallid
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lurid details of his personal life mentioned in his autobiography made it a bestseller.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Earlier this month a private investigator hired by the adviser filed an affidavit making further lurid claims about Mr Najib and the Mongolian, only to retract it a day later, claiming he had made it under duress.
    The Economist, The trials of Anwar, Jul 17th 2008, BANGKOK
     
    carp [ kahrp ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to unreasonably criticize or complain
    2. (n.) an irritable, peevish or fretful complaint
    3. (n.) an Asian fresh-water fish that is often bred for food
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She carped about the settlement of her divorce all her life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Public information officers may carp about the burgeoning number of applications that land on their desks every day, but the fact remains that the Right to Information Act is sadly underutilised.
    The Times of India, Keep a watch on govt with Rs 10, Seema Kamdar, 27 December 2004
     
    circumscribe [ SUR-kuh' m-skrahyb, sur-kuh' m-SKRAHYB ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to confine, constrict or limit carefully
    2. to encompass or encircle
    3. to define, mark or set the limits of something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The planting of mango trees was circumscribed to the area surrounding the village.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     You can be circumscribed by your success.
    Telegraph, Juliet Stevenson: 'I would love a completely different life?', 21 Feb 2008
     
    sedulous [ SEJ-uh'-luh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. assiduous, diligent or hardworking
    2. cautiously or persistently maintained
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was regarded as a sedulous, young man who would do well in life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Think of the sedulous fashion in which Mr.Brown has cultivated an image of a man of integrity, wisdom and lack of self-interest.
    Telegraph, Gordon Brown's psychological flaws will come back to haunt him, by Simon Heffer, 03 Jan 2009
     
    trickle [ TRIK-uh'l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to flow very slowly
    2.(intr. v.) to pass very slowly
    3. (tr. v.) to cause to flow slowly
    4. (n.) the condition of flowing slowly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Water trickled out of the faucet.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Men vastly outnumbered women, though a trickle of female voters dressed in bright blue burkas and headscarves lined up throughout the day.
    CNN, Afghan count begins in tents, Ivan Watson, 20 August 2009
     

  4. #3224
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    titular [ TICH-uh'-ler, TIT-yuh'- ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) of, pertaining to or having a title
    2. (adj.) nominal or existing only in title
    3. (n.) one bearing or holding a title
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was a titular King, a facade to camouflage the real power behind the throne.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Ahmed, previously only titular head of state, is now the president of the republic, home, defence and foreign ministers, commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
    Economist, Pre-election violence in Bangladesh, Nov 2nd 2006.
     
    tribunal [ trahy-BYOON-l, tri- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a court of law or justice
    2. one that determines or judges
    3. a position or seat of judgement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A tribunal was set up to find the truth in the matter.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On first day in office Mr. Obama said that he was suspending the military tribunals at Guantánamo Bay.
    Economist, After the dark side, Apr 23rd 2009
     
    submerge [ suh'b-MURJ ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to place below the surface of the water
    2. (tr. v.) to be under water
    3. (tr. v.) to hide from view
    4. (intr. v.) to go below the surface as if underwater
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The buffaloes submerged themselves in the muddy water of the pond.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Police and paramedics arrived to find James lying in a foetal position in the bath with his head submerged in the water.
    The Telegraph, Debt-ridden mother who drowned son detained under Mental Health Act, 2 October 2009
     
    temperance [ TEM-per-uh'ns, TEM-pruh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. self-control or restraint
    2. complete abstinence from alcohol
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Though he was a hot blooded pugilist, he always urged temperance among his friends.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is my hope that Judge Roberts would play a role similar to Justice O'Connor's on the court, and bring with him a voice defined by temperance and open-mindedness, she said.
    CNN, Critics, supporters battle over Roberts, 25 August 2005,
     
    nib [ nib ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the point of a pen
    2. anything that forms a point or tip
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The nib of his pen broke when it fell off his desk.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     From a distance, the British-designed tower resembles the nib of a fountain pen.
    BBC, Saudi opens first skyscraper, 14 May 2000.
     

  5. #3225
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    exacerbate [ ig-ZAS-er-beyt, ek-SAS- ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     aggravate; increase intensity, bitterness or violence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The BJP's move to brand all muslims as potential terrorists is likely to exacerbate the already high social tensions prevalent in our country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The move was likely to exacerbate the political tensions that have been running high since the opposition made unprecedented gains in the March general elections, eroding the ruling coalition's majority.
    The Age, Anwar arrest triggers call for street protest, July 17, 2008
     
    burlesque [ ber-LESK ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a dramatic or literary work that tries to mock or ridicule through grotesque comical exaggeration
    2. (n.) a grotesque theatrical entertainment which features obscene songs, slapstick humour, and sometimes striptease
    3. (v.) to imitate or mock in humorous way
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The gross burlesque act on prime time television failed to generate much viewer interest.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His comedic schooling came from vaudeville, burlesque and nightclubs.
    CNN, Comedian Joey Bishop dies, October 18, 2007
     
    bolster [ BHOL-ster ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a pillow or a cushion
    2. (n.) a pad or something used as a support
    3. (tr.v.) to support, uphold or prop up
    4. (tr.v.) to hearten or cheer up
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She asked for a bolster on the plane as the seats were very uncomfortable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Now that they have the explicit backing of the authorities, it should help to bolster the housing market which has been the source of so many of the US's economic problems.
    BBC, US rescues giant mortgage lenders, By Greg Wood, 8 September 2008
     
    stupor [ STOO-per, STYOO- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a state when sensibility has been suspended or greatly diminished
    2. stupefaction, lethargy, daze or apathy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was brought out of his stupor by a kick to his shins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Not neglecting the feet or head, the therapist was thorough and left me in a sort of stupor. says Delaney
    CNN, Pamper yourself: Mandarin Oriental, by Brigid Delaney, July 20, 2007
     
    ludicrous [ LOO-di-kruh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. laughable because of absurdity
    2. hilarious because of being ridiculous
    3. provoking or deserving derision
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had a ludicrous manner of speaking about a serious topic that made people laugh.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A Bristol woman, who successfully won a court case against a car clamping firm, says the current rules are ""ludicrous"".
    BBC, Bristol car clamping victim says rules are 'ludicrous', 29 January 2010.
     

  6. #3226
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    carnal [ KAHR-nl ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sensual, bodily or of the flesh
    2. worldly or corporeal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The carnal nature of the movie is the reason for it to get an 18+ rating.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There can be no room for carnal impulses.
    The Times of India, Such endeavours require sublimation of desire, 10 May 2004
     
    dross [ draws, dros ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. rubbish, waste matter or impurity
    2. a trivial, inferior or insignificant matter
    3. (metallurgy) the scum that forms on the surface of molten metal during the process of oxidation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There should be a proper infrastructure, to deal with the dross, in a city of this size.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is the bridge supreme which leads to immortality, and the spirit of fire which burns the dross of lower life.
    The Times of India, Crime & Punishment, 27 October 2006
     
    tarry [ TAR-ee ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to loiter, linger or wait
    2. (intr.v.) to stay, sojourn or
    3. (tr.v.) (archaic) to await
    4. (n.) a stay or sojourn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As long as they could, they tarried, but in the end they were asked to move along.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     British scientists announced they had evidence that organic compounds could survive atmospheric entry encased in small, tarry meteorites.
    CNN, Test boosts notion that comets brought life, by Richard Stenger, April 6, 2001
     
    winnow [ WIN-oh ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to separate the grain from the chaff by means of a current of air
    2. (tr.v.) to rid or free grain of unwanted or inferior elements
    3. (tr.v.) to fan or blow on
    4. (intr.v.) to sift grain from chaff by fanning
    5. (n.) the machine or device used to sift grain from chaff
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The crop is winnowed in this season.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Editor-in-chief Donald Kennedy and news editor Colin Norman tasked their staff to list the most challenging questions in science today and then winnow the number to 25.
    National Geographic, Journal Ranks Top 25 Unanswered Science Questions, BY John Roach, June 30, 2005
     
    tenacity [ tuh'-NAS-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the quality of being persistent
    2. perseverance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His tenacity finally paid off when he passed the exam of the law board on the fifth attempt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The fact that this is not just a flash in the pan is shown by the unanimity of purpose, tenacity and the discipline of the participants.
    The Telegraph, World War 2: Czechs rise against Nazis, 21 september 2009
     

  7. #3227
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    effluvium [ i-FLOO-vee-uh' m ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. emanation or exhalation of invisible vapour having a noxious odour
    2. a waste by-product
    3. an aura or outflow of particles that are impalpable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She fainted because she inhaled a high concentration of effluvium from the chemical plant.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In recent months, many of Dr.Frank Harbinger's patients have entered surgery complaining of effluvium.
    Telegraph, End column, 04 May 2005
     
    superimpose [ soo-per-im-POHZ ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to place something over something else
    2. to print one image over another
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When he superimposed one signature over the other it became evident that they were not the same.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In addition, he was the first to use "supers" -- captions and other written information superimposed on the lower third of the television screen, Klein said.
    CNN, '60 Minutes' creator Don Hewitt dies, 19 August 2009
     
    swerve [ swurv ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (v.) to veer off a straight course
    2. (v.) to change direction suddenly
    3. (n.) the act of changing course
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The driver swerved to avoid hitting a careless pedestrian.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Police are eager to hear from a driver who swerved round a pedestrian lying fatally injured after a road crash.
    BBC, Appeal for 'swerve' driver, 7 February 2004,
     
    pendulous [ PEN-juh'-luh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sagging or loosely hanging down
    2. swinging freely
    3. wavering or undecided
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pendulous clusters of grapes weighed heavily on the vine.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My personal favorite of the weepers is Picea breweriana, the 'Brewers Spruce', this upright plant reaches 15m, carries level branches with completely pendulous branchlets and oblong purplish cones.
    BBC, A Conifer is not just for Christmas, Brendan Little, 20 February 2010.
     
    thrifty [ THRIF-tee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. practicing economical management or wisely frugal
    2. prosperous, thriving or successful
    3. growing vigorously
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A thrifty person will always have enough set aside for a rainy day.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jean Brown in Keighley has been thrifty and has a few lessons for people on how to live well on a modest budget!
    BBC, Jean in Keighley: Make do and mend! Jane Chesworth, 24 February 2010.
     

  8. #3228
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    condign [ kuh n-DAHYN ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     appropriate; well-deserved
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The death penalty would be the most condign punishment for somebody who commits a cold-blooded murder.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is condign punishment that Mr Brown will be at No 10 to reap the harvest he has sown.
    The Telegraph, As Mr Brown will find next door, his is not quite the miracle that is proclaimed, Ambrose Evans-Pritchard
     
    lexicon [ LEK-si-kon, -kuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a dictionary
    2. a list of words used in a particular subject
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The term, 'swine flu' is probably the latest addition to the medical lexicon.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     While it is not likely that the listener will understand the lyrics that flow from the speakers, the language of polyrhythm and syncopation transcend the impositions of any systematized lexicon.
    National Geographic, New African Composers
     
    wraith [ reyth ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a spectre or ghost
    2. a ghostly apparition of a person that is supposedly seen as an omen just before his death
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The wraith was seen once every year.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It was the mangroves he noticed first, reduced to cobwebbed wraiths as far as the eye could see.
    Economist, Arthur Galston, Jun 26th 2008
     
    sunder [ SUHN-der ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to severe, split or divide
    2. (intr.v.) to sever, divide, split or part
    3. (n.) division, split or separation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     At the end of the ceremony, the priest said, "May no man sunder what God has put together".
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Snowdon marriage was finally sundered early in 1976 when the News of the World published an apparently "intimate" picture of the princess and Llewellyn in Mustique.
    CNN, Like Diana, a twinkle in her eye, February 10, 2002
     
    sumptuous [ SUHMP-choo-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lavish or luxuriously grand
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The poor man asked for a morsel of food but was given a sumptuous meal instead.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Don't worry if they collapse when cooked - the look you are aiming for is a sumptuous mess.
    The Telegraph, Seasonal recipes: Creamy grilled tomatoes with basil on flaky pastry, Rose Prince, 27 August 2009
     

  9. #3229
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    canny [ KAN-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. prudent, shrewd or cautious
    2. thrifty, careful or steady
    3. snug, quiet or cosy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His canny mind found a way out of the trap.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I suspect that Indian businessmen are canny enough to make the transition with minimal damage.
    The Times of India, Getting around job quotas, by SWAMINOMICS/SWAMINATHAN S ANKLESARIA AIYAR, 24 Oct 2004
     
    wince [ wins ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to cringe, flinch or draw back
    2. (n.) a start, flinch or recoil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He winced but accepted his punishment without a protest.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mo Williams' left eye was swollen, bandaged with four stitches around it and bruises that caused him to wince with every blow.
    abcNEWS, Cavs' Mo Williams Disappearing Against the Magic, by ANTONIO GONZALEZ, May 25, 2009
     
    synopsis [ si-NOP-sis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a condensed statement on a topic
    2. a summary or a brief version
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All the students were told to write a synopsis of the lecture and submit it the following day.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An eight-page synopsis of the allegations against the 17 men and boys was given to defense lawyers Tuesday.
    CNN, Lawyer: Government says terror plans included beheading, 7 June 2006,
     
    rousing [ ROU-zing ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. exciting, inspiring or stimulating
    2. active or lively
    3. extraordinary or astonishing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The minstrel always succeeded in producing rousing feelings of ardour whenever he sang his ballads.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Reality Hunger is a manifesto aimed at rousing writers of today to gain inspiration from the real world.
    The Telegraph, Reality Hunger: A Manifesto by David Shields: review, Philip Womack, 23 February 2010.
     
    dally [ DAL-ee ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to delay, dawdle or waste time
    2. (intr. v.) to trifle, toy with or act in a flirtatious way
    3. (tr. v.) to while away or waste
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The parents told their son that he would miss the school bus if he dallied.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We didn't dally as we had an appointment with the farrier and the donkey's hooves couldn't wait.
    BBC, Happily Ever After, Jane, 25 November 2009.
     

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    libertine [ LIB-er-teen, -tin ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person who lives without moral restraint
    2. a person who is a freethinker
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Feudal, conservative societies offer no place to a libertine.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The two brothers, the zealot and the libertine, dominate Coll's epic account of the wealthy Saudi Arabian family whose construction industry fortune was amassed by their father, Mohamed.
    ABC News, Blood Brothers: Could Osama Have Been Tamed?, By MARCUS BARAM, April 3, 2008
     
    voluminous [ vuh'-LOO-muh'-nuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. bulky or having a large size or volume
    2. ample, sufficient or full
    3. winding or having a large number of coils
    4. lengthy or filling a large volume or a large number of volumes
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The voluminous fold of her skirt dragged behind her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Giggling, he helps me fold and pin my voluminous headscarf under it.
    BBC, Southern Iraq diary: Basra, 17 March, 2004
     
    touchstone [ TUHCH-stohn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.(n.) a criterion, test or standard to measure quality or genuineness
    2. (n.) a black, siliceous stone that was priorly used to test the purity of gold
    3. (adj.) basis or a quintessential or an important feature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The checks failed as none of the important touchstones were achieved.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Pay has been the touchstone issue of the financial crisis.
    Economist, The revolution within,May 14th 2009.
     
    subdue [ suh'b-DOO, -DYOO  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to overpower
    2. to overcome by force or persuasiveness
    3. to exercise restrain or moderation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When Charles was overcome by an epileptic fit, we subdued him by holding him down.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The arresting agent told Sutton that Daniel Boyd attempted "to acquire his side arm," and that Dylan Boyd "failed to comply with their instruction and had to be subdued."
    CNN, No bail for 'jihad' suspects despite judge's skepticism, Mike Ahlers, 5 august 2009
     
    tactile [ TAK-til, -tahyl ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to or characterized by the sense of touch
    2. perceptible to the touch
    3. tangible
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The author's tactile description of the setting was so vivid and lifelike that the reader would invariably get involved in the story.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My background was in making buildings accessible to people with various disabilities, and part of that involved creating tactile diagrams of floor plans and emergency routes for visually-impaired people.
    BBC, Beatrix Potter characters remodelled for blind children, Neil Prior, 1 February 2010.
     

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    extirpate [ EK-ster-peyt, ik-STUR-peyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to destroy or remove completely; exterminate
    2. to pull up by; uproot
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Pakistani army chief's decision to send troops to the Swat valley to extirpate the Taliban was well received both within and outside the country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President George W. Bush still favored the Israeli offensive to extirpate Hezbollah from Lebanon.
    CNN, Tyrell: The commander in chief's blood pressure, Friday, August 4, 2006
     
    deranged [ di-REYNJD ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. insane, mad or mentally disturbed
    2. disordered, disarranged or unbalanced
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The deranged lady was admitted to the mental asylum so that she would not harm herself or others.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He hides when he sees the deranged Maxtible heading in the opposite direction.
    BBC, Doctor Who | Photonovels: The Evil of the Daleks - Episode Seven
     
    travail [ truh'-VEYL, TRAV-eyl ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) toil or laborious work
    2. (n.) anguish, torment, hardship or agony
    3. (n.) labour or pain of childbirth
    4. (intr.v.) to be in labour
    5. (intr.v.) to toil or work laboriously
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The story made a mockery of the travails faced by the people of the past century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President Obama poked fun at the travails of the Republican Party last weekend.
    CNN, Family feud roils Republican Party, May 13, 2009
     
    testiness [ TES-tee-nis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a feeling of annoyance
    2. irritability
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A simple difference of opinion among friends escalated into an argument with testiness all around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As the conflict entered its fourth week, testiness broke out all round.
    BBC, Cutting through the fog of war, Paul Adams, 30 October 2001
     
    inextricable [ in-EK-stri-kuh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. from which one cannot escape or free one's self
    2. incapable of being solved or undone
    3. hopelessly perplexing or intricate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The locals warned the explorers not to enter the inextricable labyrinth as it is rumoured that those who entered it have never returned.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Much of their tobacco packaging used the castle trademark, providing an inextricable link between the brand and Nottingham no matter where you were in the world.
    BBC, Player's Cigarette Packet,
     

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    portmanteau word [ pawrt-MAN-toh wurd, pohrt-; pawrt-man-TOH, pohrt- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a word formed by combining the meanings and sounds of two different words
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Brangelina is a portmanteau word formed by combining the name Angelina Jolie with that of her husband, Brad Pitt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Smirting is a portmanteau word, formed by packing parts of two words together to create another, combining the sense of each.
    Times Online, Ben Macintyre celebrates the portmanteau, From The Times, May 2, 2008
     
    loquacious [ loh-KWEY-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     extremely talkative
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The loquacious guest at the dinner table enlivened the proceedings.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Among us were Shidlovskiy's good friend, the Reverend John Wood, a loquacious, big-game-hunting Baptist preacher from Waco, Texas, and Wood's prominent physician neighbor, "Doctor Joe" Cunningham.
    National Geographic , Fossil Wars , Lewis M. Simons, May 2005
     
    tamper [ TAM-per ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to interfere with
    2. (intr. v.) to falsify by making changes
    3. (intr. v.) to influence by illegal dealings
    4. (tr. v.) to change improperly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The accused had tampered with the evidence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Before we visited, someone tampered with a key circuit board and that's preventing the clinic from using electricity still being stored in the batteries.
    CNN, Light in the darkness: Iraq's solar powered clinic, Mohammed Jamjoom, 28 September 2009,
     
    brunt [ bruhnt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the main force of a blow
    2. most of the impact of
    3. the burden of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The back section of the fort bore the brunt of the attack indicating that the invaders had used divertive tactics.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     British households should brace themselves for greater pain in 2011 than 2010, as the brunt of the Government's tax rises and spending cuts come into force.
    The Telegraph, Brunt of Britain's pain to be felt in 2011, economists say, Angela Monaghan, 3 December 2009.
     
    unassailable [ uhn-uh'-SEY-luh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not open to attack
    2. undeniable or not subject to dispute
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The emperor was confident that his unassailable bastions would hold the invaders at bay.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Her stage sets are as lavish as any Hollywood musical and as her talent shines through the screen Madonna's position as the ultimate pop star seems unassailable.
    BBC, IN BED WITH MADONNA, Alek Keshishian, 3 March 2010.
     

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    logomachy [ loh-GOM-uh'-kee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an argument about or concerning words
    2. a meaningless battle of words
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The logomachy between the two political heavyweights thinned the already sparse crowd.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Throughout the various pamphlets of the celebrated logomachy, he seems never to lose for a moment his feeling of complete and easy mastery over his opponent, writing always with good-humoured assurance of victory, and with the unsparing derision of one who fears no retort.
    Theatre Database, Characteristics of English Poets from Chaucer to Shirley, By William Minto
     
    vie [ vahy ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to compete or struggle for supremacy
    2. (intr.v.) to strive for victory or compete
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She vied for the position for six years.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Several Germans will vie to set a record for the Most Juice Extracted from Grapes by Treading.
    CNN, Thousands pursue wacky world records, November 13, 2008
     
    discordant [ dis-KAWR-dnt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. disagreeing, contradicting or quarrelsome
    2. harsh, dashing or cacophonous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The discordant attitude caused set backs in the peace process.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The exchange was one of the few discordant notes in a carefully controlled encounter.
    abcNews, China's President: Politics and Olympics Don't Mix, By CHARLES HUTZLER Associated Press Writer, August 1, 2008
     
    vituperative [ vahy-TOO-per-uh'-tiv, -puh-rey-tiv, -TYOO-, vi- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     abusive or containing abusive censure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vituperative address to the media was renounced by the government.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     China changed its mind after vituperative outbursts online by nationalists.
    Economist, Why Grandpa Wen has to care, Jun 12th 2008
     
    sublime [ suh'-BLAHYM ]
     noun, verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) absolute or sheer
    2. (adj.) high or grand in thought
    3. (adj.) stir the mind with a sense of grandeur
    4. (n.) the quality of the greatest
    5. to convert a solid into vapour by heating
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The young executive impressed everyone at the meeting with his sublime acumen and knowledge of the intricacies of the management process.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lovely chap and fine reading as well humorous with a sublime scepticism along the route.
    BBC, Darwin comes to town, Charles Darwin, 23 February 2009
     

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    liturgy [ LIT-er-jee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the prescribed set forms of rituals for public religious worship
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The elaborate liturgy in Hindu festivals can be intimidating if one is not accustomed to them.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My attitude toward liturgy is "Just give me my lines and my blocking."
    Chronicles Magazine, Some Thoughts on Motu Proprio Mania, by Mark Shea
     
    derivative [ di-RIV-uh'-tiv ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one that has been derived from something else
    2. (adj.) not original, copied or secondary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The derivative did not possess any properties of the original substance.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Milan is losing money on the derivatives contract it took out with the banks, which allowed it to swap a fixed rate of interest on the bonds for a variable rate.
    Telegraph, Italian bond scandal could ensnare banks, By Katherine Griffiths, Financial Services Editor, 05 Jan 2009
     
    tarn [ tahrn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a small lake or pool esp. one that is in a cirque
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tarn was considered dangerous as many people had drowned in it.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Lake District is outdoor swimming heaven, with hoards of hidden tarns.
    Telegraph, Top 50 places to swim outdoors, Adrian Tierney-Jones, 08 Aug 2008
     
    tadpole [ tad-pohl ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a limbless aquatic larva of a frog
    2. a stage in the development of a frog before the limbs start growing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     We went to the pond to catch some fish but only succeeded in catching tadpoles in our net.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But it just goes to show that studying animals like tadpoles, which may seem unusual, could lead to potential cancer drugs in the future.
    The Telegraph, Tadpoles 'could prevent skin cancer', 29 January 2009,
     
    jurisdiction [ joo'r-is-DIK-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the territorial range or the extent of authority or control
    2. the right and power to interpret and apply the law
    3. the right, power, or authority to administer justice or enforce the law
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lawyer argued that this court had no jurisdiction as the crime was not committed in this state.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In a separate development, Fortuno announced Tuesday that U.S. Attorney Rosa Emilia Rodriguez Velez had reached an agreement with the commonwealth's Justice Department and Puerto Rico Police Department for federal prosecutors to have jurisdiction over a series of major crimes.
    CNN, Puerto Rico hopes military can put dent in crime, Arthur Brice,
     

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    exhort [ ig-ZAWRT ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     to warn or advise earnestly; to warn strongly and urgently
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     On several occasions, the invigilator had to exhort the test takers not to cheat.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On several occasions, Sampson flew to Athens to exhort the Greek military dictatorship to "take action" in Cyprus.
    The Telegraph, Nicos Sampson, 22 Nov 2001
     
    wean [ ween ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to accustom a young mammal to take its nourishment from means other than its mother's milk
    2. to cause to get detached from a habit or source of one's attachment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Babies are weaned at nine months.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A limitless renewable energy source that can wean humans off fossil fuels has existed for billions of years, according to the latest report from a "green" scientist.
    National Geographic, Splitting Water Molecules the Next "Green" Power Source?, by Brian Handwerk, March 5, 2007
     
    truculence [ TRUHK-yuh'-luh'n-see, TROO-kyuh'- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an inclination to fight ferociously
    2. fiercely cruel actions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They were from a village of savaged warriors and knew of nothing other than truculence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Bush and his aides tried to draw a distinction between Iraq and North Korea by pointing to their record of defiance: though Saddam refused for four years to allow the world to check whether he was trying to obtain nuclear weapons, North Korea, until this recent bout of truculence, had at least frozen its plutonium process.
    CNN, How dangerous Is North Korea? Romesh Ratnesar, 6 January 2003
     
    fructify [ FRUHK-tuh'-fahy ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to make productive or make fruitful
    2. (intr. v.) to bear fruit
    4. (intr. v.) to become fruitful or productive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Overhauling the old machinery fructified with a 30% enhanced production.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Only in the second and third terms did his personal ideas fructify into his "choice and diversity" agenda, extending Margaret Thatcher's liberal reforms into the welfare state.
    BBC, How will history judge Blair? 10 May 2007.
     
    chaperon [ SHAP-uh'-rohn ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to accompany for the sake of propriety
    2. (intr. v.) to act as an escort or guardian in public
    3.(n.) an older woman, who, accompanies a young unmarried woman in public or to a party of young unmarried men and women for the sake of propriety
    4. (n.) an adult present in order to maintain propriety at an activity of young people
    5. (n.) a 15th. century round headdress of cloth with streamers hanging down
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She attended the May Queen ball chaperoned by her aunt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One of the students' chaperones was Richard Bruno, a beloved Lynn professor who had traveled the world as a doctor for the U.S. State Department's Foreign Service.
    CNN, The hotel on a hill: In rubble, still a symbol of hope, Wayne Drash,
     

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    expedite [ Ek-spi-dahyt ]
     verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to speed up or hasten the progress of
    2. to accomplish or execute promptly
    3. to issue or dispatch, say, an official letter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The minister's decision to expedite the project proved beneficial to the people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The messages request personal information that supposedly would expedite the turnaround time of either a tax refund or a stimulus rebate check.
    ABC News, IRS Warns of New Online Tax Scams: Protect Yourself, March 28, 2008
     
    burnish [ BUR-nish ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to burnish or make shiny by rubbing
    2. (n.) polish, gloss or shine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They burnished the artefacts to be displayed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The last vestiges of sunlight gild and burnish the pink walls.
    National Geographic, On Lake Powell, Kayaking a Reemerging Canyon, Gretchen Reynolds, August 12, 2003
     
    writhe [ rahyth ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to twist, squirm or contort violently as though in pain
    2. (intr.v.) to mentally shrink as if in acute discomfort
    3. (tr.v.) to contort, twist or distort as though in pain
    4. (n.) a contortion or twisting motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He writhed in agony but the police saw through his sham.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Coils of electrified gas known as coronal loops writhe above sunpots-cooler, dark patches (inset) that appear on the sun's surface in periodic cycles.
    National Geographic, Photo: Don't Blame Sun for Global Warming, Study Says
     
    superfluous [ soo'-PUR-floo-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. being excessive and not required
    2. redundant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The hair dresser cut off the superfluous hair in order to give the hair a 'v' shape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It seems superfluous to mention the storm, everybody went through it, mine is only one tale of it amongst many.
    BBC, More Storm Tales, 11 November 2007
     
    levy [ LEV-ee ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act or process of imposing a tax
    2. (tr. v.) to collect or impose
    3. (intr. v.) to confiscate or seize
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The finance minister explained that the new levy would help reduce the deficit substantially without the common man feeling the pinch.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The levy would be deducted from the estates of elderly people when they die, according to the Guardian.
    BBC, Inheritance levy to pay for social care denied, 9 February 2010.
     

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    hackle [ HAK-uh' l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a long and slender feather on the neck of a bird like a pigeon or a rooster
    2. (pl.) the hair on the back of the neck of an animal like a dog or a cat, that rise in fear or anger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The hackle of a rooster is often used to make artificial flies for anglers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We think especially of another of Prince Charles's regiments, the Black Watch, with its famous "red hackle".
    The Telegraph, A question of pride, 30/11/2005
     
    descry [ di-SKRAHY ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to discover, find out or detect
    2. (tr.v.) to discern or see
    3. (n.) a discovery or finding
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He descried the treasure in the cave.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Department of Transport vehicle examiner Christopher Ennea descried the lorry as "unroadworthy".
    BBC, Runaway lorry crushed teenager, 15 April, 2004
     
    vassal [ VAS-uh'l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who held land granted by a feudal lord in return for homage
    2. (n.) a subject or slave
    3. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of a slave or vassal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Lord Ipensky was a faithful vassal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The sheer number of senior statesmen slated to attend has prompted some Chinese to liken it to imperial times when vassal states were expected to offer tokens of respect to Chinese emperors.
    abcNEWS, World Leaders Quash Qualms, Go to Olympic Opening, by ANGELA CHARLTON, August 6, 2008
     
    topple [ TOP-uh'l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to overthrow
    2. (tr. v.) to shove and cause to fall over
    3 (intr. v.) to stagger and fall
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The opposition claimed they would topple the weak government and take over.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He was also member of the democratic opposition to the communist regime in Poland before it was toppled in 1989.
    The Telegraph, Warsaw Ghetto uprising leader Marek Edelman dies at 90, 3 October 2009
     
    wisp [ wisp ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a tuft or handful
    2. (n.) a streak or trace of
    3. (n.) slender or delicate
    4. (tr. v.) to twist into tufts
    5. (intr. v.) to drift in thin streaks
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     During the concert Michael Jackson had a wisp of hair hanging down in front of his face.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A museum in the Borders cuts through the opposition to buy a wisp of hair believed to be from the head of Mary Queen of Scots
    BBC, Scotland - Historical locks snipped at auction, 31 Mar 2001.
     

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    euphonious [ yoo-FOH-nee-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     having a pleasing sound; pleasant to the ear
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     An euphonious voice can be a great asset when working in a call centre or in telephonic sales.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This was often referred to as "neo-liberalism", though a more correct if less euphonious title would have been "neo-economic-liberalism".
    BBC, Liberalism in the United Kingdom, Rodney Barker, Professor at Government Department of the London School of Economics writes for BBC Parliament
     
    distaff [ DIS-taf, -tahf ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a staff with a cleft that is used to hold flax, wool or tow in spinning
    2. (n.) the female esp. maternal side or branch of the family
    3. (adj.) female or pertaining to the female or maternal side or branch of the family
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She wrapped the wool thread around the distaff.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The ability to sort everything by date, site, or most visited appears to have joined the distaff and spindle on the ash heap.
    abcNews, Google's Chrome: 7 Reasons for It and 7 Reasons Against It, J. R. Raphael, PC World, September 2, 2008
     
    enunciate [ i-NUHN-see-eyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to announce, state or proclaim
    2. (tr.v.) to articulate or pronounce
    3. (intr.v.) to articulately pronounce words
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He enunciated each word clearly so that everyone understood what he was saying.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The genesis for the clip, he said, came from his daughter's ability to enunciate well at an early age.
    abcNews, Where A-List Comics and R-Rated Comedy Meet on the Internet, By CHRIS CONNELLY, Aug. 31, 2007
     
    temperate [ TEM-per-it, TEM-prit ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. moderate or self-restrained
    2. not excessive or moderate in quality and degree
    3. moderate in temperature or climate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His temperate mannerisms made him an ideal candidate for the post.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Four members live in the exquisitely temperate countryside outside San Francisco.
    Telegraph, Metallica find life again in death, by Andrew Perry, 18 Feb 2009
     
    effectuate [ ih-FEK-choo-eyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to effect or bring about
    2. to cause to happen
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The slashing of headcount in many companies was effectuated by the economic recession.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "Given that this court finds that there can never be service effectuated on the named defendant this action will be dismissed with prejudice," Judge Polk wrote in his ruling.
    BBC, Legal case against God dismissed, 16 October 2008.
     

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    expatriate [ Brit., eks-PA-tree-eyt; v. eks-PEY-tree-eyt adj., n. eks-PEY-tree-it ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) exiled or banished
    2. (n.) one who has been exiled or banished
    3 (tr.v.) to banish one from one's native country
    4. (tr.v.) to withdraw oneself from one's native land
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The expatriate prince lived in London.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He bought most of the land with money he earned in Saudi Arabia as an expatriate worker, like many others in his village.
    CNN, Floods devastate rice Bangladesh rice fields, November 28, 1998
     
    animosity [ an-uh'-MOS-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     enmity, hostility or bitter hatred
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The animosity between the two warring clans has cost the lives of many people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Traditional animosity towards ethnic Vietnamese has reached fever pitch during Cambodia's election campaign.
    BBC, Playing the Vietnamese card, 25 July, 1998
     
    turmoil [ TUR-moil ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of confusion
    2. a great disturbance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The little town was in turmoil when the gangs took to fighting with each other over territory rights.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The UN mission to Afghanistan has been in turmoil since Mr Eide, the senior diplomat, and his deputy, Peter Galbraith, rowed over how to deal with an election apparently riddled with pro-Karzai fraud.
    The Telegraph, Afghanistan opposition leader Abdullah Abdullah questions UN neutrality, Ben Farmer, 3 October 2009
     
    blotch [ bloch ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an irregular patch or blot
    2. (n.) a blemish or discoloured patch on the skin
    3. (v.) to mark with a blot or to be marked with spots
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She asked the surgeon if he could remove the unsightly blotch on the side of her neck.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sen. Ted Stevens, R-Alaska, said four of his employees suffered from "some strange maladies" in December, including "red blotches on their skin" and watery eyes for a few hours after opening the irradiated mail.
    CNN, Congress takes new steps to minimize mail risk, 6 February 2002.
     
    orientation [ awr-ee-uh'n-TEY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act or process of adjusting
    2. an introduction
    3. an awareness of the objective world in relation to one's self
    4. the ascertainment of one's position in relation to the surroundings
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The new recruits had to undergo an orientation process during the first week of their employment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Earthquake shaking is a complex process and the chain of causation from earthquake source magnitude through infrastructural damage to human harm involves factors like the type of earthquake fault, its orientation, the hardness of bedrock or presence of wet soil, and so on.
    CNN, Why Haiti's quake toll higher than Chile's, Colin Stark, 28 February 2010.
     

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    necromancy [ NEK-ruh'-man-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the practice of predicting the future by communicating with the spirits of the dead
    2. black magic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The practice of necromancy is almost non-existent in modern day society.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The villagers believed that Lilith practised the black art of necromancy.
    BBC, The Gypsy Girl by Pauline Smith
     
    dirge [ durj ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a poem, hymn or song played at a funeral to express grief or sorrow
    a sad or mournful piece of literary work that is musical in nature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The dirge brought tears to everyone's eyes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The funeral procession parades slowly through the streets, followed by a band playing a mournful dirge as it moves to the cemetery.
    CNN, Bush: 'We will do what it takes', September 15, 2005
     
    allegiance [ uh'-LEE-juh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the obligation of loyalty or fidelity to a vassal, feudal lord, sovereign or country
    2. loyalty or devotion to a person or cause
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He promised allegiance to the Nawab.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     School-leavers should be encouraged to swear an oath of allegiance to Queen and country, says a report commissioned by Gordon Brown on British citizenship.
    BBC, Pupils 'to take allegiance oath', 11 March 2008
     
    careen [ kuh'-Reen ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to swerve while moving
    2. (intr. v.) to rush headlong and carelessly
    3. (intr. v.) to tilt or lean
    4. (tr. v.) to cause to lean or tilt
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The speeding car careened off the road and fell into the gully.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Colourfully painted donkey carts and buses piled impossibly high with luggage careened down the road in both directions.
    BBC, The fabled city of Timbuktu, Hamilton Wende, 4 July 2008.
     
    scrupulous [ SKROO-pyuh'-luh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. principled or having a strict regard for what one considers right
    2. painstaking or minutely careful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The young executive was rewarded by the company for his scrupulous performance during the year.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Charles Wheeler was a scrupulous reporter who tirelessly pursued the truth.
    BBC, The facts and a good story, 12 July 2008.
     

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