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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3261
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

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    esoteric [ es-uh'-TER-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. understood by or designed for only a select few
    2. requiring or showcasing special knowledge that is revealed only to a small group
    3. private; confidential
    4. of a rare, special, or unusual interest
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The esoteric seminar on "the relevance of the Upanishads in present day society" attracted a sparse audience.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The agenda featured esoteric items like a discussion of 19th-century social attitudes toward the germ theory and a detailed analysis of the inks that Galileo used in one of his manuscripts.
    The New York Times, Esoteric Wedge of Academia Is Roiled by Hunt for Bomber, WILLIAM J. BROAD, August 5, 1995
     
    culmination [ kuhl-muh'-NEY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. climax, highest degree, peak or acme
    2. completion or end
    3. an act or instance of culminating
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The culmination of his career came in 1978.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is the most amazing culmination to what has been quite a year for me. Hamilton said
    BBC, Hoy knighted in New Year honours, 31 December 2008
     
    alloy [ n. AL-oi, uh'-LOI; v. Uh'-LOI ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a mixture or two or more metals that is homogenous in nature
    2. (n.) the degree or fineness of gold or silver
    3. (tr.v.) to moderate, debase or temper by mixing with something that is inferior
    4. (tr.v.) to mix two or more metallic elements and make an alloy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The alloy was incorrectly perceived to be the strongest metal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The nickel-tungsten alloy can be extremely bright and shiny, and even made to become harder than chrome.
    Economist, Shine on me, Jun 4th 2009
     
    appall [ uh'-PAWL ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to overcome with horror
    2. to fill with dismay or alarm
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people were appalled when they heard that the murderer was to be released from prison.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This is an extremely damaging and retrograde step which will appall businesses of all sizes which are already being hammered by the charge.
    BBC, Dismay at congestion charge hike, 1 April 2005.
     
    eccentricity [ ek-suh'n-TRIS-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a peculiarity or an oddity
    2. idiosyncrasy or the quality of being strangely odd
    3. a deviation from the normal or the expected
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     M. F. Hussain the famous artist is also noted for his eccentricity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Oil City Confidential celebrates English eccentricity and cussedness, as well as great music, and the band's brilliant, boggle-eyed guitarist Wilko Johnson is surely the only pop star in recorded history capable of quoting from Langland's daunting Middle English poem Piers Plowman.
    The Telegraph, Wildlife Photographer of the Year - how to soothe a savage breast, Wildlife Photographer of the Year - how to soothe a savage breast, 9 March 2010.
     

  2. #3262
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    fissure [ fish-er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a crack, groove or cleft
    2. (n.) a division, separation or schism
    3. (tr.v.) to cause the formation of a crack
    (intr.v.) to split or cause cracking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The fissure deepened because of the flowing rain water.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The combination of the lack of an obvious leader and the general political combustibility of the Republican Party will lead to a dangerous fissure that will plague it until the 2012 election cycle.
    CNN, 2009 political predictions: What will be the big story?, January 2, 2009
     
    arduous [ Brit., ahr-dyoo-uh's, ahr-joo-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. onerous, laborious, strenuous or difficult
    2. steep or difficult to climb
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was an arduous journey.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Twelve polling personnel had to undertake an arduous trek of over 45 km through knee-deep snow to reach two polling stations in the Ladakh Parliamentary seat where votes will be cast on Friday.
    The Times of India, 12 poll officials trek treacherous terrain for 37 voters, 13 May 2009
     
    bovine [ BOH-vahyn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to cattle
    2. (adj.) ox like
    3. (n.) cattle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was a veterinarian who specialized in bovine diseases.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This week, the British Veterinary Association approved a new policy position, strongly and explicitly supporting the culling of badgers to assist the control of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB).
    The Telegraph, Vets support the killing of badgers, Peter Wedderburn, 11 July 2009.
     
    wring [ ring ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to squeeze, twist or compress to extract liquid
    2. (tr. v.) to forcibly twist or wrench
    3. (tr. v.) to shake someone's hand
    4. (tr. v.) to obtain by force
    5. (intr. v.) to squirm
    6. (n.) a twist or the act of squeezing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Every day the maid would wring out the water from the washed clothes and then hang them out to dry.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is now beginning a fresh effort to wring concessions from China.
    BBC, Tibetans struggle with Chinese changes, Adam Brookes, 6 December 2002.
     
    debris [ duh'-BREE or especially Brit., DEB-ree ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. wreckage, ruins, rubble or the remains of anything broken down
    2. an accumulation of loose rock fragments
    3. litter or carelessly discarded refuse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The road was blocked with debris from the building that had collapsed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The report pointed out that on or below every square mile of our ocean, there were 46,000 pieces of floating marine debris and that the problem was particularly acute in certain areas.
    CNN, Opinion: Creating a sea of change, David de Rothschild, 7 March 2010.
     

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    supercilious [ soo-per-SIL-ee-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     haughty, arrogant or disdainfully contemptuous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her supercilious attitude lost her many friends.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I shudder to watch interviewers who think it clever to be snide, supercilious, or downright offensive.
    BBC, Tributes to Sir Robin Day, 8 August, 2000
     
    integument [ in-TEG-yuh'-muh' nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a covering or outer enveloping layer like skin, rind or shell
    2. an enclosure or coating
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It is protected by a leather-like integument which is artificially made.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We already knew that some dinosaurs had this kind of feathered integument, Clark said, "but this [latest fossil] is giving us a much better picture of what it was like."
    National Geographic, "Feathered" Fossil Bolsters Changing Image of Dinosaurs, D.L. Parsell, April 25, 2001
     
    woo [ woo ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to seek love or affection esp. with the intention of marriage
    2. (tr.v.) to solicit, urge or entreat
    3. (tr.v.) to seek or try to get
    4. (intr.v.) to court a woman
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The poor peasant boy wooed the rich merchant's daughter.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Libyan celebrations of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's four decades in power saw the strongman lash out at Western governments he has wooed for six years.
    The Telegraph, Muammar Gaddafi hits out on 40th anniversary of Libyan coup, Damien McElroy, 1 September 2009, accessed 7 September 2009.
     
    induct [ in-DUHKT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to install formally or ceremoniously in office
    2. to bring in as a new member
    3. to draft or force into military service
    4. to initiate or introduce to a new procedure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He held a large chunk of the company's stock so they inducted him on the board as an honorary director.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Albano, who was with the WWE from 1983 to 1996, was inducted into the WWE Hall of Fame in 1996.
    CNN, Wrestler, personality Captain Lou Albano dies at 76, 14 October 2009.
     
    haggle [ HAG-uh'l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to come to terms by petty bargaining
    2. (tr. v.) to hack or cut in crude fashion
    3. (intr. v.) to wrangle
    5.(intr. v.) to bargain in a petty way
    6. (n.) the act or instance of bargaining, wrangling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She would always haggle with the vegetable vendors over the price of the vegetables before buying anything.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     By doing your research using a shopbot such as Kelkoo.co.uk, which shows you the cheapest prices on many items, you can haggle on the high street.
    The Telegraph, How to haggle on the high street, Rosie Murray-West, 14 April 2009.
     

  4. #3264
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    stymie [ STAHY-mee ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to hinder, thwart or stand in one's way as an obstacle
    2. (n.) an obstacle, impediment or obstruction
    3. (n.) (golf) a condition when the ball (tee) of the opponent serves as an obstacle between the current player's ball (tee) and the hole
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her efforts were stymied by her opponents.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The questioning conducted on Aug. 26 and Aug. 28 comes amid a move by the governor's attorney to stymie a legislative investigation of Palin.
    abcNEWS, Palin's Lawyer Has Already Questioned 2 Witnesses, By STEVE QUINN, ANCHORAGE, Alaska September 4, 2008
     
    irresolute [ i-REZ-uh'-loot ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     doubtful, vacillating, indecisive, unstable or inconstant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His irresolute attitude causes a lot of confusion as deadlines are not met.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This approach yields some alarming and even beautiful effects; but such stage magic requires a fully abstracted set rather than the irresolute compromise of Tom Piper's design.
    Telegraph, Royal, gaudy fate, By Irving Wardle, 20 Feb 2009
     
    lucubrate [  LOO-kyoo'-breyt  ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to write in a learned manner
    2. to work or study hard especially late into the night
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The critic lucubrated on all the ideas expressed in the author's book.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Under the Eisenhower program, one could lucubrate over constitutional rights and freedoms and forever abandon captured American soldiers.
    Editorial Reviews, Amazon.com Review
     
    nondescript [ non-di-SKRIPT ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
      1. (adj.) having no distinctive qualities or describable features
    2. (adj.) lacking individual character
    3. (n.) a person or thing that is not of any particular type
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pick-pocket wore nondescript clothes so that he could blend in with the crowd.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the original Swedish television series of Wallander, the police car was a nondescript Hyundai, doubtless indicative of the parlous state of the Swedish car industry.
    The Telegraph, Comparing the effects of the snow on attempts to travel to work, 7 January 2010.
     
    draconian [ drey-KOH-nee-uh'n, druh ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. harsh, rigorous or unusually severe
    2. characteristic of or pertaining to Draco or his code of laws
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The elders say that society has become too easy going and permissive now that the draconian laws have been repealed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As one who helped to make racial profiling a national issue and who has in the last year visited Arizona several times to rally against these draconian immigration policies, I am calling for a coalition of civil rights organizations to work with those in Arizona to resist and overturn this state law.
    CNN, Hundreds protest immigration law in Arizona, 26 April 2010.
     

  5. #3265
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    noncommital [ non-kuh'-mit-l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. neutral, not committing to anything or not revealing what one truly feels
    2. indefinite, vague or not having a distinctive quality or character
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The non-committal response of the management angered the union leaders.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The 10-day-long 35th International Film Festival of India came to a close on Friday with the Centre announcing Goa as the venue for the cultural and cinematic fiesta next year, even as it remained non-commital about the beach paradise Goa being the permanent venue for the festival.
    The Times of India, Golden peacock for Iranian film, 10 Dec 2004
     
    ire [ ahy-uh'-r ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. extreme anger
    2. rage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It took a lot of effort on their part to assuage his ire.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As competition for work increases, they have attracted the ire of other islanders.
    The Telegraph, The dark side of Martha's Vineyard, Tom Leonard, 28 August 2009
     
    putrefy [ PYOO-truh'-fahy ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v. ) to cause to decay and have an offensive odour
    2. (intr. v.) to become decayed and have an offensive odour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They found a putrefied carcass at the bottom of the tank.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He returned home and discovered the putrefied body of his mother.
    International The news, Man chops off wife's legs over minor issue, 21 January 2010.
     
    browbeat [ BROU-beet  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to intimidate by a domineering manner
    2. to bully or scare into complying with
    3. to coerce or badger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lawyer received a warning after the witness was browbeaten by him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "McCarthy was only interested in the people he could browbeat publicly," said Senate historian David Ritchie, who supervised the release of the papers.
    BBC, Secret McCarthy papers released, Steve Schifferes, 5 May, 2003.
     
    indolent [ IN-dl-uh'nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lazy or having a disposition to avoid exertion
    2. causing little or no pain
    3. relatively benign
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The indolent child would not take part in any of the games.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Service has become much slower over the years, with nice but indolent student types replacing the hardened old pros of my youth.
    The Telegraph, Beware the hungry critic, Rupert Christiansen, 23 November 2009.
     

  6. #3266
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    simian [ SIM-ee-uh'n ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of a monkey or an ape
    2. (n.) a monkey, primate or ape
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His simian facial features made him stand out in a crowd.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The marauding simian that gave residents of Kamakshipalya sleepless nights last week, attacked two more victims on Monday night: Anil Kumar, a youth who was sleeping outside his house in BDA Layout, was bit by the monkey in the thigh.
    The Times of India, Monkey business: Act III, 17 Mar 2004
     
    mottled [ MOT-ld ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     spotted, blotched or streaked with different colours
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His mottled locks were eye-catching.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Normally the combination of red and blue pigments in the shell of a live lobster creates a dark, mottled camouflage pattern that blends in with the ocean floor.
    BBC, Lobsters saved from boiling pot, 10 November 2008
     
    vituperate [ vahy-TOO-puh'-reyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to revile, berate, rebuke or scold
    2. (intr.v.) to scold harshly using abusive language
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was publicly vituperated by his boss for his errors.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     When he publicly vituperated his father, the Prince of Wales was temporarily put under arrest.
    Wikipedia, George II of Great Britain
     
    centigrade [ SEN-ti-greyd ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. a scale divided into 100 degrees
    2. pertaining to a temperature scale in which the freezing point of water is represented by 0 C and the boiling point by 100 C
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     No matter how much the water was heated its temperature never exceeded a hundred degrees centigrade.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In 1948, it was internationally agreed that the Centigrade scale would be named after Celsius.
    BBC, Giving temperatures the third degree, 13 January 2010.
     
    waver [ WEY-ver ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to sway
    2. (intr. v.) to quiver, tremble or shake
    3. (intr. v.) to begin to give way or become unsteady
    4. (intr. v.) a feeling of indecision or doubt
    5.(intr. v.) to vary or to fluctuate
    4. (n.) the act of being indecisive
    5.(n.) the act swaying
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their captain's determination did not waver and they won the match.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     When asked why some blacks might now waver in their support for the senator, Perry said, "They just didn't understand the facts."
    CNN, Lincoln courts black vote as an NAACP leader gives her an 'F', 18 May 2010.
     

  7. #3267
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    saunter [ SAWN-ter, SAHN- ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to walk or stroll in a relaxed manner or with a gentle gait
    2. (n.) a relaxed, gentle gait
    3. (n.) a stroll or unhurried, relaxed walk
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He sauntered around the park to gain her attention.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     So far, their new peace process is sauntering along at a casual pace.
    BBC, A special Mid-East anniversary looms, By Jeremy Bowen, 27 February 2008
     
    incubus [ IN-kyuh'-buh' s, ING- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (medieval times) a fabled demon who was believed to descend upon women and have sexual intercourse with them while they slept
    2. a nightmare
    3. a worry or burden that is oppressive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Incubus and Succubus are just two of the many demons in mythology.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The only justification for the removal of Margaret Thatcher by her colleagues was that, wedded to the incubus of the poll tax, it seemed inevitable that she would lose the forthcoming general election.
    Telegraph, An instinctive softliner, by Douglas Hurd, 08 Oct 2003
     
    vigilant [ VIJ-uh'-luh'nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. watchful or alert very keenly
    2. wary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The vigilant citizen managed to catch a sneaky thief who was trying to enter his neighbour's house.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     People in Oxfordshire have been urged to be vigilant after an increase in rural crime including killing wildlife and destroying crops.
    BBC, Vigilance urged over rural crime, 23 October 2008
     
    introspection [ in-truh'-SPEK-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n) the act of examining one's conscience
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     This is a book that invites introspection from established groups, possibly even navel gazing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There was a strong mood of support for the Prime Minister in the Parliamentary Labour Party and of an overwhelming desire to end the period of introspection.
    The Telegraph, Gordon Brown's new cabinet meets as he agrees to be 'more collegiate', John Bingham, 9 June 2009
     
    scad [ skad ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. any fish of the family Carangidae, which inhabit tropical and subtropical shore waters and belonging to the genus Decapterus
    2. in great quantity or number
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The bank robbers scattered scads of money behind them as they escaped in their getaway car.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Scads of small businesses have come up with clever ways to move ahead and add jobs wherever they can.
    CNN, Dear President Obama #455: Building up Kansas, 19 April 2010.
     

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    sordid [ SAWR-did ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. vile, ignoble or morally degraded
    2. selfish, mercenary or grasping
    3. unclean, filthy or dirty
    4. squalid, sleazy, wretched or seedy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It was a sordid story which appalled everyone who heard it.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It seems that this gives her solace in the sordid and heartless world of Scottish politics.
    The Herald, Divine madness of faith deciding laws of the land, IAIN MacWHIRTER, February 11 2008
     
    incapacitate [ in-kuh'-PAS-i-teyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to disable or deprive of capacity or strength
    2. to disqualify or legally render unfit or ineligible
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was incapacitated because of his injury and could not fight in the war.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The discovery of chloroform, a chemical compound that can be used to incapacitate crime victims, is a piece of evidence prosecutors will use in building the case of missing 3-year-old Caylee Anthony.
    CNN, Lab results: Chloroform in Casey Anthony's trunk, September 4, 2008
     
    writ [ rit ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an order issued in writing in the name of the sovereign or of a court or judicial officer ordering the one to whom it is directed to refrain from performing or to perform an act that is specified therein
    2. a document or writing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A libel writ was issued against the magazine for publishing unauthorised content.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     During the past year, the court services bureau says it has been tasked every day with serving nearly 800 ``writs'' -- orders from judges for everything from subpoenas to summons to evictions.
    The Herald, Miami-Dade detectives forced to fill staffing gaps, serve court orders, 30 August 2009
     
    destitute [ DES-ti-toot ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) having no means of subsistence or lacking food, shelter and clothing
    2. (adj.) deprived of
    3. (adj.) impoverished or penniless
    4. (tr.v.) to leave destitute
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The government has set up shelters where volunteers take care of destitute people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Two centuries after independence, however, Haiti is the battered pauper of the Americas and unimaginably destitute after the earthquake.
    Telegraph, Haiti: enslaved by its dark history , By Ian Thomson, 14 Jan 2010
     
    libretto [ li-BRET-oh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the words of an opera or similar extended musical work
    2. a book or booklet containing the text of an opera or musical composition
    3. the text of an opera or a dramatic musical composition
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ballet was enjoyable, but the recital of its libretto was indistinct and barely discernable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     New York's Metropolitan Opera has turned down an opera by singer-songwriter Rufus Wainwright because he wrote it in French and refused to translate the libretto into English.
    The Telegraph, Metropolitan Opera shuns Rufus Wainwright's French libretto, Henry Samuel, 2 September 2008.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    sobriety [ suh'-BRAHY-i-tee, soh- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. in a sober condition
    2. abstinence in the consumption of or moderation when consuming alcohol
    3. solemnity, sedateness or seriousness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was asked to leave class because of his lack of sobriety.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My husband completed 11 years of sobriety yesterday, she announces, her smile growing radiant with the heavy applause that follows.
    The Times of India, Fighting the spirits with spirituality, Sharmila Ganesan, TNN, 1 Jun 2008
     
    fruition [ froo-ISH-uh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. achievement, realization or attainment
    2. a state or condition of bearing fruit or actualization
    3. enjoyment or contentment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The very thought, that his plans were to reach fruition, made him euphoric.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Last week we outlined the potential benefits deflation could hold for those over 75, and this week's findings show these benefits in fruition.
    Telegraph, Inflation: Better news for pensioners at last, By Emma Wall, 11 Feb 2009
     
    warrant [ WAWR-uh'nt ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a sanction or an authorisation esp. one given by a superior
    2. (n.) grounds or justification for beliefs
    3. (tr.v.) to sanction or authorise
    4. (tr.v.) to vouch for or guarantee the reliability or accuracy of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A warrant was issued in his name by the police when he was accused of plundering his employer's house.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     More than 1,000 arrest warrants have been issued this year against officials suspected of corruption, including 52 in senior posts.
    The Maimi Herald, Iraqi deputy minister arrested in corruption sting, Sameer N. Yacoub, 3 September 2009
     
    discernible [ di-SUR-nuh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. capable of being perceived
    2. distinguishable
    3. which can be seen or understood
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As the fog descended upon the town the people walking on the streets were barely discernible from the balcony.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On the other hand there was also a discernible inclination amongst some SOE officers to be associated with a spectacular, war-winning coup de main operation.
    BBC, The Foxley Report: Secret Operations in World War Two, Mark Seaman, 5 November 2005.
     
    impeach [ im-PEECH ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to accuse an official before an appropriate tribunal of misconduct in office
    2. to challenge the credibility of
    3. to charge with improper conduct as an official
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The commissioner was impeached for his involvement in the allotment of residential premises as commercial premises to certain parties.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He predicted that the Republicans would lose their majority in the House in the next election if they voted to impeach the president.
    BBC, Press looks for impeachment alternative, 10 December 1998.
     

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    ribald [ RIB-uh' ld; spelling pron. RAHY-buh' ld ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) lewd, indecent or vulgar
    2. (n.) a person who is vulgar, lewd or ribald
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He purchased a book comprising mainly of ribald jokes.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There ensued ribald laughter from Conservatives on the backbenches around him.
    Telegraph, Yesterday in Parliament, By Michael Kallenbach, 15 May 2003
     
    gory [ GAWR-ee, GOHR-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. bloody or bloodstained
    2. sensational, unpleasant or bloodcurdling
    3. involving or marked by bloodshed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The gory scenes in the movie were revolting.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is some sort of gory fascination with yoga competitions.
    BBC, Yoga wars, By Andy Dangerfield, 23 January 2009
     
    grapple [ GRAP-uh' l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to hold or seize firmly
    2. (intr.v.) to struggle or try to overcome
    3. (tr.v.) to seize, grip or hold tightly and firmly
    4. (n.) a grapnel, hook or other similar instrument used to fasten an object to another
    5. (n.) a hand-to-hand fight or struggle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He grappled, lost his footing and was hanging onto the ledge only with his finger tips.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Zimbabwe's new leaders are grappling with a massive humanitarian and economic crisis.
    CNN, Zimbabwe court orders jailed politician freed, February 18, 2009
     
    intransigent [ in-TRAN-si-juh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) unbending
    2. (adj.) steadfast in one's opinion
    3. (n.) a person who is adamant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His intransigent ways made him very difficult to work with.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Relations continued to deteriorate and the American resistance became more intransigent.
    BBC, Was the American Revolution Inevitable? Francis D Cogliano, 5 September 2009
     
    girth [ gurth ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the circumference or the measure around a body
    2. (n.) the band that passes around the midriff of a horse to hold the saddle in place or anything that encircles
    3. (n.) bulk or size
    4. (tr. v.) to fasten with a strap or to girdle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The girth of the wrestler's chest was so huge that the largest jacket in the department store was too small to fit him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Renowned for its luxury leather goods, Gucci has long been inspired by the sporting glamour of the equestrian world, with design symbols like the horse-bit and web striped girth strap.
    The Telegraph, Charlotte Casiraghi debuts in her new Gucci equestrian look, Phong Luu, 17 May 2010.
     

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    restive [ RES-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unruly, uneasy or impatient
    2. balky or refusing to budge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The restive class gave the teacher a headache.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     However, journalists will still not be allowed to travel to the restive region of Tibet and other restricted areas without getting special permission from local authorities, Liu said.
    abcNews, China Eases Restrictions for Foreign Journalists, By TINI TRAN, October 17, 2008
     
    vindictive [ vin-DIK-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. vengeful or inclined to exact revenge
    2. spiteful or intended to hurt
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The vindictive woman avenged her defeat in the contest by murdering the victor.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In both cases, Serbia was treated, with vindictive disdain, as an untrustworthy, disruptive and fundamentally illegitimate entity.
    The Chronicles Magazine, The E.U.'s Double Game in the Balkans, Srdja Trifkovic, 25 April 2008
     
    misogamy [ mi-SOG-uh'-mee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. hatred of marriage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His misogamy resulted from the unpleasantness of the broken marriage of his parents.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The heightened level of misogamy has also been expressed by the journalists newspaper, pointing out that "the viewpoint of coarse and crude male domination -constantly minimizing the conscience of the feminine sex- that oozes from (reggaeton) lyrics, is simply degrading"
    Wikipedia, Juventud Rebelde, 15 January 2007.
     
    quicksilver [ KWIK-sil-ver ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) mercury (a poisonous metallic element)
    2. (tr. v.) to amalgamate a metal with mercury
    3. (adj.) unpredictable
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The wicked witch tried to poison the prince by enticing him with exotic sweets in which she had mixed a measure of quicksilver.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She was told, that her beloved husband to be, so anxious to be worthy of her love, drank a potion of quicksilver and sulphur, the elixir of life and eternal youth, and expired.
    BBC, Marco Polo, 11 May 2010.
     
    commandeer [ kom-uh'n-DEER ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to force into active military service
    2. to seize private property for military use
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They were unhappy at having been commandeered and said that they believed in non-violence like Mahatma Gandhi.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Iraq admits that its officials commandeered 10 Bombardier jets in 1990 but claims that four of the aircraft were destroyed at Mosul Airport in Western bombing raids, while the remaining six were returned to Kuwait via Iran.
    The Telegraph, First flight from Baghdad to London in 20 years ends in farce with plane impounded, Damien McElroy, 1 May 2010.
     

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    blazon [ BLEY-zuh' n ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to depict a coat of arms with proper form and colour
    2. (tr.v.) to adorn or embellish showily
    3. (n.) a coat of arms
    4. (n.) ostentatious display
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Blazoned on his door was his coat of arms which read, 'S' Rioghal mo dhream'.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Blazoned day-by-day in the local media, it is the world's highest battlefield, with troops stationed higher than most North American, European or African mountains.
    CNN, Siachen: The world's highest cold war, By Nick Easen, September 17, 2003
     
    galvanize [ GAL-vuh'-nahyz ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to stimulate or spur by applying electric current
    2. (tr.v.) to excite, stimulate or startle
    3. (intr.v.) to react in a manner as though stimulated by means of electrics shocks
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people were galvanized into action on hearing the speech
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Meyer also held up a length of heavy, galvanized metal chain she said circus handlers employ to restrain the elephants.
    CNN, Judge hears case alleging circus elephant abuse, By Paul Courson, February 4, 2009
     
    dissemble [ di-SEM-buh' l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to disguise or conceal or hide behind a false appearance
    2. (tr.v.) to feign or simulate
    3. (intr.v.) to feign or hide behind a false appearance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The boisterous behaviour of the youth was dissembled by his innocent face.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It should be apparent that a regime which would declare the election to be free and fair is precisely the sort to string us along in fruitless negotiations and dissemble about its current behavior and future aspirations.
    The Washington Post, Tongue-Tied on Tehran, Howard Kurtz, 16 June 2009
     
    heresy [ her-uh'-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     opinion or doctrine at variance with the orthodox or accepted doctrine of a religious system.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was arrested for propagating heresy which was a crime in the Victorian Era.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It astonished his imagination but repelled and frightened him with its tempting heresy of Manichaean dualism - the idea that a creator might be evil.
    The Telegraph, When the naked green lady sings, Christopher Howse, 27 June 2009
     
    protuberance [ proh-TOO-ber-uh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a projection
    2. the condition or state of extending
    3. the part that sticks out
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They nicknamed him hunchback because of the protuberance at the back of his left shoulder.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Most dangerously, a massive German counter-attack through the Ardennes forest in December 1944 led to 'the battle of the Bulge', so called because of the protuberance it caused in the Allied line, which threatened to drive a wedge between the British and American armies, and possibly even allow the Wehrmacht to recapture Antwerp.
    The Telegraph, Britain at War: Victory - VE Day and VJ Day, 3 December 2008.
     

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    reprehensible [ rep-ri-HEN-suh'-buh' l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     blameworthy or deserving rebuke
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The reprehensible act must not go unpunished.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Animal Rights Africa said killing elephants was "undeniably cruel and morally reprehensible" as well as counterproductive.
    National Geographic, South Africa to Allow Elephant Killing, Celean Jacobson, February 25, 2008
     
    insurmountable [ in-ser-MOUN-tuh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. insuperable or that which cannot be surpassed or overcome
    2. impossible to pass over or conquer
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He overcame seemingly insurmountable obstacles by determination and hard work.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Brown told the BBC the barriers were "huge" but "not insurmountable".
    BBC, Copenhagen climate deal 'faces problems' - Gordon Brown, 16 December 2009.
     
    tanner [ TAN-er ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person employed to tan hides
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As a tanner, he did not earn much but at least he was employed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     After the hair fibers were loosened, the tanners scraped them off with a knife.
    Wikipedia, Tanning, 17 December 2009.
     
    poignancy [ POIN-yuh'n-see, POIN-uh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being very touching or profoundly moving
    2. an emotional moment or event
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Many viewers were moved to tears by the poignancy of the soap opera.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The rest of the book lacks the sweetness and poignancy of these first pages.
    CNN, Review: Laura Bush's 'Spoken from the Heart', Tina Jordan, 4 May 2010.
     
    augment [ v. awg-MENT; n. AWG-ment ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to enlarge or make greater in size, strength or number
    2. (tr. v.) to increase
    3. (tr. v.) to add an augment to in linguistics
    4. (intr. v.) to become larger
    5.(n.) the prefixation or lengthening of the initial vowel which accompanies a past tense, especially of Greek and Sanskrit verbs
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The body builder augmented the size of his muscles by taking steroids.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Energy supplies will be augmented by solar thermal panels as well as photovoltaics, while all the interior spaces will be air-conditioned using a low-energy, sea-cooled refrigeration system, the designers said.
    CNN, Norman Foster designs Monaco's new yacht club, 20 May 2010.
     

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    ingrate [ IN-greyt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a thankless, ungrateful person
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His behaviour was likened to that of an ingrate.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     And should some commoner dare to disrespect him-fail to obey an order or bump into his sword-the samurai has the right (rarely invoked) to kill the ingrate on the spot.
    National Geographic, Japan's way of the worrior, By Tom O'Neill
     
    pandemic [ pan-DEM-ik ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) widespread; occurring over or affecting a very large area
    2. (n.) a widespread disease or epidemic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pandemic nature of the flu is causing people to panic.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But if the virus mutates and a pandemic occurs, one-third of the U.S. population could become infected and two million people may die, the plan estimates.
    National Geographic, Bird Flu -- What You Can Do to Be Prepared, Brian Handwerk, May 10, 2006
     
    embryonic [ em-bree-ON-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to, or like an embryo
    2. undeveloped, incipient or rudimentary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Embryonic stem cell research is banned in many countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Tests on the reprogrammed cell lines showed that they behaved exactly like embryonic stem cells.
    Telegraph, Breakthrough makes lab-produced stem cells 'safer for humans', By Richard Alleyne, Science Correspondent, 01 Mar 2009
     
    expletive [ ek-spli-tiv ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a profane or exclamatory oath
    2. (n.) a word or phrase that is used to fill out or balance a sentence without adding any meaning to it
    3. (adj.) used or added to fill or balance out a sentence
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Expletives are frowned upon in a politically correct world.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Reformed Hollywood badboy Mickey Rourke provided the only mild controversy of the night with a few expletives in his acceptance speech for the Best Actor award.
    CNN, 'Slumdog' scoops seven awards at wet BAFTAs, By Mairi Mackay,February 9, 2009
     
    unilateral [ yoo-nuh'-LAT-er-uh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     relating to or involving only one side
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The threat to impose unilateral economic sanctions are pressure tactics used to coerce cooperation from unfriendly countries.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Speaking at the G8, the prime minister made clear the government's position on maintaining Trident had not changed and he ruled out any unilateral cuts in either submarines or Britain's 160 warheads.
    BBC, PM suggests possible Trident cuts, 10 July 2009
     

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    lithe [ lahyth' ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. flexed, supple or slender
    2. effortlessly graceful or flexible
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The athlete's lithe muscles are a result of regimented training.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Joseph's lithe alto coos and growls above two tenors and seven basses that make soothing, rhythmic textures punctuated by breathy bursts.
    National Geographic, Iscathamiya, Banning Eyre
     
    plebeian [ pli-BEE-uh' n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to or of common people (especially in Rome)
    2. (adj.) vulgar or coarse
    3. (n.) one belonging to the lower class or common people especially in ancient Rome
    4. (n.) one who is coarse or vulgar
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His plebeian manners elicited scorn.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
      In the two final tables, the provision was added to forbid intermarriage between patricians and plebeians.
    Chronicles magzine, Uncle Sam's Harem II, by Thomas Fleming
     
    yokel [ YOH-kuh'l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a rustic; a country bumpkin
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He dressed like a city slick but behaved like a yokel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But the 500,000 investment in Pubserve.com shows that the cider industry is determined to shake off its traditional yokel image.
    BBC, Cider maker woos China, Ian Jolly, 24 May 2000
     
    insubstantial [ in-suh'b-STAN-shuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. insufficient or lacking in size and quantity
    2. weak or flimsy or delicate
    3. unreal or lacking form
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They had to organize another charity performance because of the insubstantial amount collected during the first fundraiser.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The American financiers Endgame Entertainment liked the script and the cast and the director; this, together with the not insubstantial contribution of the BBC, was enough to enable the film to happen.
    The Telegraph, Nick Hornby on An Education, 23 October 2009.
     
    insidious [ in-SID-ee-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. intended to beguile or entrap
    2. stealthily deceitful or treacherous
    3. seeming to operate in an inconspicuous or harmless way but actually with grave effect
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His step brother devised an insidious plan to covet the ancestral property.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Britain has a more insidious "cross to bear" than Germany does over its Nazi history, according to Nick Clegg.
    The Telegraph, Nick Clegg: Britain bears cross 'bigger than Germany's Nazi past', Jon Swaine, 22 April 2010.
     

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    infernal [ in-FUR-nl ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to hell
    2. diabolical, fiendish or annoying
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was arrested when his infernal plot came to light.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As Boston declared its first heat emergency, many utilities in New England expected to set power consumption records this week, especially as forecasters are not anticipating any break in the infernal conditions until the weekend.
    abcNews, Midwest, East Coast Baking, Aug. 8
     
    effusion [ i-FYOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an act or instance of pouring forth
    2. one that is effused or poured forth
    3. an unrestrained outburst of expressions and feelings
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The effusion of mass hysteria made the crowd dangerous and out of control.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     You might think that this does no harm, and I dare say that plenty of people sigh a pleasant little sentimental sigh when they read these effusions.
    Telegraph, Poet Laureate: does poetry need one?, By Rupert Christiansen, 02 Mar 2009
     
    ungainly [ uhn-GEYN-lee ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) not graceful; clumsy
    2. (adv.) in a clumsy manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ungainly waiter caused a ruckus while serving lunch by dropping food on a patron.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The new shoes look as if they have a Frankenstein life and motion of their own; young women walk in them (ungainly and swaying, waving their arms for balance) the way an inexperienced rider sits an energetic horse that is barely under control.
    CNN, It stinks how we've gone mad for crazy shoes, Lance Morrow, 19 June 2000
     
    abscission [ ab-SIZH-uh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a sudden termination or the act of cutting off
    2. the natural separation of a fruit, flowers and leaves from a plant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The botanist was working on an experiment to delay the abscission in the petals of the rose so that it would remain fresh for a long time.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Understanding the process of abscission - which applies to petals and fruit as well as leaves - will be of particular interest to the commercial fruit tree and cut flower industries, which aim to ensure fruit remains on branches until it is ripe.
    The Telegraph, Why leaves fall off trees is discovered, Roger Highfield, 22 September 2008.
     
    dictum [ DIK-tuh'm ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an authoritative pronouncement
    2. a judicial assertion
    3. an authoritative say-so or formal pronouncement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people followed his dictum and assembled at the park even though the police commissioner declared that the rally was illegal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lenin's hoary dictum on the critical importance of cinema was never better realised than by two 1927 films, Sergei Eisenstein's October (10 Days That Shook the World) and Vsevolod Pudovkin's The End of St Petersburg.
    The Telegraph, Andrzej Wajda's Katyn: a film which offers healing truth for both Poland and Russia, 29 April 2010.
     

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    panache [ puh'-NASH, -NAHSH ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. flair, style or flamboyance
    2. a tuft or plume of tassels or feathers esp. on a cap or helmet
    a pendentive's surface (in architecture)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The count had panache which attracted people from different walks of life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A disc containing CIA material, Malkovich's character is using to write his memoirs, falls into the hands of Pitt and McDormand who set out to blackmail him with all the panache of the Keystone Kops.
    abc News, Pitt, Clooney Dumb Down for Coens' `Burn', By DAVID GERMAIN AP Movie Writer, September 9, 2008
     
    exegesis [ ek-si-JEE-sis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     explanation, interpretation or exposition esp. of the Holy Bible
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Mr. Bridges took it upon himself to distribute copies of exegesis of the commandments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He does give one purely technical reading of a poem, John Donne's "A Nocturnall upon St Lucies Day", and gives no exegesis or paraphrase of any kind.
    Telegraph, How poetry works, Nick Laird, 31 Jan 2008
     
    condone [ kuh' n-DOHN ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. excuse, pardon or forgive
    2. to over, disregard or approve in a tacit manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Society was not about to forget or condone their misdemeanour merely on the basis of adolescents being foolishly impressionable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is also insulting to say that the Bishop would condone the persecution of homosexuals.
    Telegraph, There's no pride in bashing gays, Bishop, George Pitcher, 6 July 2009
     
    harping [ HAHR-ping ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a horizontal member at the ends of a boat or ship for holding cant frames in position until the shell planking is fixed
    2. (intr. v.) to play on a harp.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His hobby and favourite pastime was harping.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His tedious harping upon the past sufferings of the Sudeten Germans is completely irrelevant to the present issue between peace and war.
    The Telegraph, Mr Chamberlain on his peace mission - Sept 28, 1938, 28 September 2008.
     
    compile [ kuh'm-PAHYL ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to put together in a single book
    2. to compose a book using material from various sources
    3. to convert a program into machine language
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He compiled a book on the natural resources of the earth.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A very detailed administrative record is compiled, which includes open-source and classified information.
    CNN, Senators question why group tied to NYC bomb plot not on terror list, Charley Keyes, 12 May 2010.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    moribund [ MAWR-uh'-buhnd, MOR- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. in a near death condition
    2. stagnant or inactive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The moribund civic administration was unable to cope with the humanitarian crisis arising from the unseasonal deluge.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     India's government is trying to kick some life back into its moribund privatisation programme, listing 13 state-owned firms that it hopes to sell off early next year.
    BBC, India hopes for speedier sell-offs, 28 September, 2001
     
    disport [ di-SPAWRT, -SPOHRT ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to display
    2. (intr.v.) to divert oneself with some amusement
    3. (n.) frolicsome diversion or amusement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The children disported a variety of antics to the amusement of the onlookers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As the prime minister disports himself on the tennis courts of Tuscany, he can draw comfort from the knowledge that rarely has a governing party been in such a strong position in the run-up to an election.
    Economist, Poll fever, Aug 17th 2000
     
    faux pas [ foh PAH ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     blunder, misconduct, social mistake, false step or error in etiquette
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Debutantes were warned about the various faux pas and how to avoid them.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In this tradition-bound society, the contractor had just committed a major cultural faux pas.
    National Geographic, Bin Laden Hunt Hurt by U.S. Disrespect of Afghans, Experts Say, Stefan Lovgren, March 30, 2004
     
    complaisance [ kuh' m-PLEY-suh' ns, -zuh 'ns, KOM-pluh'-zans ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     affability, agreeableness or amiability
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The complaisance of the head boy earned him popularity among his peers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The awful thought occurs to you that there was dignity in the struggle for workers' rights, but that complaisance may be a living death.
    Telegraph, Liverpool Biennial: 'Made Up', 22 September 2008
     
    voracious [ vaw-RAY-shuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. ravenous or craving food in large quantities
    2. eating large quantities of food
    3. exceedingly eager to perform an activity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     We hoped the food would be enough to satisfy the voracious appetites of the hungry children.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     And if kids keep it up for long periods like your voracious reader, who sneaks in extra chapters with a flashlight under the covers, it can lead to intermittent blurred vision and headaches.
    CNN, Mama wasn't always right: 9 updated health rules, Anna Roufos, 11 September 2009.
     

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    indomitable [ in-DOM-i-tuh'-buh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     invincible, unconquerable or unyielding
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Although the Soviet Union was virtually totally destroyed during World War II, the indomitable spirit of its people resurrected it to superpower status within a few decades.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Firhill side's ability to make life difficult for themselves remains unsurpassed, but the indomitable spirit which so often proves their saviour was evident in abundance again last night.
    The Herald, Partick Thistle 1 - 1 Livingston, MARTIN GREIG, February 13 2008
     
    begrudge [ bi-GRUHJ ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to feel envy, resentment or displeasure at another's possessions or good fortune
    2. to concede allow or grant reluctantly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He begrudged the Patels their wealth.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wallace, a generous-spirited man, comfortable with his own strengths and limits, didn't begrudge that.
    National Geographic, Alfred Russel Wallace, by David Quammen, December 2008
     
    unfeigned [ uhn-FEYND ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     sincere, genuine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Many friends attended his funeral and expressed unfeigned grief.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The context had changed, and in a time of famine and drought, Christians had to respond - not out of guilt, but out of unfeigned love.
    University of Oxford, Sermon, the Revd Dr Sabina Alkire, 10 May 2009
     
    cumulative [ KYOO-myuh'-luh'-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. increasing by successive additions
    2. growing by the addition of successive parts or elements
    3. pertaining to dividends or interest that, if not paid when due, become a prior claim for payment at a later date
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The cumulative effect of disbursements such as bonuses, increments and increases in the cost of raw materials pushed the company to the brink of bankruptcy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     By the end of that period the cumulative impact of Whitehall spending cuts will be 46 billion a year.
    The Telegraph, Budget 2010: Big cuts are inevitable - it's no time for timidity, 25 March 2010.
     
    vintner [ VINT-ner ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a winemaker or person who makes wine
    2. a wine merchant or a person who sells wine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He started off by selling home made wine now he is a vintner with a huge vineyard and a factory.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The country's first black female winemaker when she started out six years ago, Biyela has established herself as an award-winning vintner.
    CNN, South Africa's first black female winemaker on her vintage year, Lebo Diseko, 17 March 2010.
     

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    pertinent [ PUR-tn-uh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     relevant, applicable or directly connected to the current topic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A great thinker is pertinent to all ages.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ritchie told CNN, "People seem to make films similar to my kind of films in New York, but they don't seem to in London. My expression of London is illustrated in what I find to be pertinent within the culture at that time, so I try to put that in my films, and no one else seems to be doing that."
    CNN, Rock 'n' roll Ritchie, By Mark Tutton, September 5, 2008
     
    beatitude [ bee-AT-i-tood, -tyood ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. utmost bliss, happiness or blessedness
    2. any of the declarations of bliss or blessedness that were pronounced by jesus christ in the sermon on the mount
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their marriage was one of beatitude.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In some way, Sonny was a living beatitude, said Gingrich.
    CNN, Farewell to Bono awash in laughter, tears, January 9, 1998
     
    longevity [ lon-JEV-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a long life
    2. the duration of life or the length of a lifetime
    3. the duration of service
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His death surprised the community as his family was famous for its longevity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The tiny European principality of Andorra seems to have discovered the secret of longevity.
    BBC, Andorra longevity, 15 October 2008.
     
    capricious [ kuh'-PRISH-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. whimsical or subject to whim
    2. erratic or impulsive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There was never a dull moment during the absentminded and capricious science professor's class.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The African National Congress in South Africa says a leaked report that accused the organisation of gross human rights abuses was capricious and arbitrary.
    BBC, World: Africa ANC rebutts allegations of gross abuses, 28 October 1998.
     
    cameo [ KAM-ee-oh  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the technique of engraving upon a gem or other stone so that an underlying colour is exposed as the background for a low-relief design of another colour or a carved precious stone with two layers of colours
    2. a gem or shell carved in relief, where the raised design and the background consist of layers of contrasting colours
    3. a brief appearance of or a minor part played by a prominent actor in a single scene of a motion picture or a television play (called a cameo role)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The cameos that she sold to the tourists were sculpted by her father.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Classically the designs carved onto cameo stones were either scenes of Greek or Roman mythology or portraits of rulers or important dignitaries.
    WIKIPEDIA, the free encyclopedia, Cameo (carving).
     

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