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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3281
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    invective [ in-VEK-tiv ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a derogatory remark or insult, criticism or denunciation
    2. (adj.) abusive, insulting or denunciatory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Taliban's invective against India will only succeed in the Hindu hardliners in the Indian political set up being voted to power.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yahoo! was throwing invectives right back, mocking Mr Icahn's ignorance in matters technical.
    Economist, Icahn't, Jul 24th 2008, SAN FRANCISCO
     
    artifice [ AHR-tuh-fis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. wile, stratagem, or a sly trick
    2. trickery, cunningness or craftiness
    3. ingenuity, skill or inventiveness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The high school drama was his directional debut, full of artifice and panache.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The world is already full of visual artifice, and we aren't running the International Photography Contest to add to it.
    National Geographic, A message from the Director of Photography of National Geographic
     
    utilitarian [ yoo-til-i-TAIR-ee-uh'n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) useful rather than beautiful
    2. (n.) one who practices utilitarianism
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was advised to choose utilitarian equipment for the camping trip.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The analyst predicted that there would be two networks in consumer homes, one "utilitarian" network with broadband, for Internet surfing, e-mail and other business applications, and one that connects users' TVs and media devices and provides media storage and sharing along with related applications.
    CNN, Jupiter Media Forum: Digital devices ready to go, 25 March 2002
     
    negate [ ni-GEYT, NEG-eyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to deny the truth or existence of
    2. (tr. v.) to cause to be ineffective
    3. (tr. v.) to rule out
    4. (intr. v.) to bring about negative results or to be negative
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He lost the debate as he was unable to negate the strong points of his opponent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     To his credit, Hughes did not blame injuries for the defeat, but he was clearly out-manoeuvred by Redknapp, whose obvious strategy of directing most of his team's attacks through Aaron Lennon was never really negated.
    The Telegraph, Tottenham Hotspur 3 Manchester City 0: match report, Jeremy Wilson, 17 December 2009.
     
    conscientious [ kon-shee-EN-shuh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. scrupulous or controlled by the conscience
    2. painstaking or thorough
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He received the employee of the year award because he was conscientious and hardworking.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The guidance was designed to set out doctors' rights to conscientious objection - not to give specifics on individual treatments.
    BBC, Doctors oppose care opt-out plans, 28 September 2007.
     

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    incursion [ in-KUR-zhuh' n, -shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an invasion, inroad, intrusion or raid
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The armed incursion into Kargil by Pakistani troops in 1998 was successfully repulsed by the Indian army.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Fearful that Moscow's recent armed incursion into Georgia suggests it is trying to regain control over its "near abroad", Mr Lukashenko is now urgently seeking to mend relations with the West, even hiring Lady Thatcher's former spin doctor, Tim Bell, for advice.
    Telegraph, Belarus dictator courts Europe before 'unfree and unfair' election, By Colin Freeman, 28 Sep 2008
     
    unencumbered [ uhn-en-KUHM-berd ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not having cares or responsibilities
    2. property that is not subject to the claims of creditors or liens
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Having renounced worldly possessions, he entered the seminary unencumbered.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There's a world of difference between walking unencumbered and with your worldly possessions on your back.
    BBC, Round Britain coastal walk, Peter Griffiths, 18 November 2008
     
    decimate [ DES-uh'-meyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to destroy a large proportion of
    2. to kill every tenth person of a group
    3. to cause great damage or destruction to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The population on the island was decimated by a contagious disease.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Worldwide nuclear fallout would decimate forests and sea life, and the "roar of a wave" is probably the sound of the bomb itself.
    BBC, Dylan song adopted by climate summit: Your views, 5 December 2009.
     
    piebald [ PAHY-bawld ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) having two different colours
    2. (adj.) having patches of black and white or any two colours
    3. (n.) an animal having patches of black and white
    4. (n.) an animal having spots or patches of two colours
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Raymond said that he would like to ride the piebald pony.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some parents see our piebald ponies, which are black and white, and think they're cows.
    BBC, What would Old MacDonald say? Mario Cacciottolo. 8 June 2007.
     
    placebo [ pluh-see-boh ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a substance which does not have any pharmacological effect but is administered to satisfy a patient who supposes it to be a real medicine
    2. an item of no intrinsic remedial value that is used to appease or reassure another
    3. the name given to the vespers of the Office for the dead
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The study indicated that sixty-five percent of the patients recovered when given a placebo.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The vaccine maker, Nabi Biopharmaceuticals, reported that among those who responded best to NicVAX in earlier testing, 16 percent were able to stop smoking and not start again, compared with 6 percent in the placebo group.
    CNN, Nicotine vaccine effective in early tests, Val Willingham, 22 April 2010.
     

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    pert [ purt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. saucy, bold or impudent
    2. vivacious, stylish or chic
    3. lively or stimulating
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sales girl gave the customer a pert look which intrigued him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A husky voice began singing, a slight but pert figure ascended the stage and the guests went berserk.
    The Times of India, The big, fab Mittal wedding, Rashmee Z Ahmed & Ruchika Mehta,TNN, 22 Jun 2004
     
    baroque [ buh'-ROHK; Fr. ba-R*AWK ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) characteristic of a style in architecture or art prevalent during the 17th century that had bold ornamentation and complex forms
    2. (adj.) characteristic of a 17th century style of european music that was marked by elaborate ornamentation
    3. (adj.) having an irregular shape
    4. (adj.) flamboyant, florid, grotesque or extravagantly ornamental
    5. (n.) one esp. a pearl that has an irregular shape
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Remnants of the architecture of the baroque era are flamboyant in nature.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is a revival of music of the baroque era in Europe, explains Thierry.
    The Times of India, The enchanting sound of music, by Lekha Menon, 4 Sep 2004
     
    usher [ UHSH-er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person who escorts people to seats in a theatre, church etc
    2. (tr.v.) to act as an usher to
    3. (intr.v.) to serve as an usher
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The best part about being an usher at a cinema hall was that he got to see a lot of movies.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The October Revolution entered the history of humanity as the greatest event in the 20th century and ushered in a new era, the epoch of transition to socialism on the global scale.
    Chronicles Magazine, Remember the Red October? Srdja Trifkovic, 7 November 2007
     
    abide [ uh'-BAHYD ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to stay with or continue
    2. (tr. v.) to reside or live in
    3. (intr. v.) to tolerate or put up with
    4. (intr. v.) to accept without question
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She asked her friend to abide with her as she was in a weak condition after the illness.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She takes immune-suppressing drugs to prevent organ rejection and abides by doctor's orders.
    CNN, Pediatric heart transplant survivor: 'I thank God every day', Madison Park, 22 December 2009.
     
    subaltern [ suhb-AWL-tern or SUHB-uh'l-turn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) subordinate or lower in rank
    2. (adj.) denoting the relation of one proposition to another only when the first proposition is implied by the second and not vice versa
    3. (n.) a rank below Captain in the British army
    4.(n.) a subordinate position or the person who has such a position
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Although he was suitably qualified, the company offered him a subaltern designation and promised him an early promotion.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In January 1942, Alexander, a subaltern serving with 135th Field Regiment disembarked at Singapore.
    The Telegraph, Stephen Alexander, 28 July 2009.
     

  4. #3284
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    pertinacious [ pur-tn-EY-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. stubborn, obstinate or unyielding
    2. resolute or tenacious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her pertinacious, pro-communist views irked the audience.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In travelling, there is nothing like dissecting people's statements, which are usually coloured by their estimate of the powers or likings of the person spoken to, making all reasonable inquiries, and then pertinaciously but quietly carrying out one's own plans.
    Telegraph, Great adventurers - and greater storytellers, Michael Kerr, 12 Mar 2007
     
    bard [ bahrd ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a celtic poet who played the lyre or harp while reciting poems
    2. (n.) a poet
    3. (n.) a piece of armour that is placed on the back of a horse
    4. (tr.v.) to place bards on a horse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A bard was called forth to entertain the assembled guests.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Bards are at once entertainers, philosophers, and historians.
    National Geographic, Central Asian Bardic Music
     
    unearth [ uhn-URTH  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to dig up out of the earth
    2. to uncover or bring to public notice
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Fossils of some prehistoric creature were unearthed at the excavation site.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Has the Clinton opposition research team dug into Obama's past and unearthed these scandalous matters the nation does not know?
    Chronicles Magazine, Hardball or Dirt Ball? Patrick J. Buchanan, 17 December 2007, 30 July 2009
     
    dominant [ DOM-uh'-nuh'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) controlling or having authority
    2. (adj.) occupying or having an elevated or commanding position
    3. (adj.) major or chief
    4. (n.) fifth tone of a diatonic scale
    5. (n.) a governing trait
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He wielded a lot of influence as he enjoyed a dominant position in the municipal corporation.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     News Corporation's James Murdoch has said that a ""dominant"" BBC threatens independent journalism in the UK.
    BBC, Murdoch attack on 'dominant' BBC, 29 August 2009.
     
    testator [ TES-tey-ter ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one who makes a will
    2. anyone who has died leaving a valid will
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The testator took every precaution to make a valid will so that it could not be contested after his death.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The High Court in London upheld the Will, which was being challenged, on the basis that a mild form of dementia did not necessarily mean that the testator did not understand the implications of making the Will.
    BBC, How you can challenge a Will, Sharon Kenchington, 30 July 2008.
     

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    inculcate [ in-KUHL-keyt, IN-kuhl-keyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to instil, teach or impress by repeating frequently
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Prime Minister exhorted the teaching community to inculcate virtue in the young.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Perhaps with reference to the Taiwan Strait crisis, Hu urged media and propaganda workers to inculcate among the public ideas and artistic work that "will be beneficial to the unity of the Chinese race, the unification of the motherland, and the cohesiveness of the people."
    CNN, Maoist revival challenges reform efforts, By Senior China Analyst Willy Wo-Lap Lam, December 23, 2003
     
    bandy [ BAN-dee ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to trade, exchange, give and take or pass back and forth
    2. (tr.v.) to hit, throw or pass back and forth
    3. (adj.) bowed, bent or outwardly curved
    4. (n.) a old game that resembled field hockey
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The debate was of an intense nature with repartees being bandied across the dais.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yahoo's search operations to Microsoft - an alternative deal that has been bandied about for the past eight months.
    Telegraph, Yahoo! fourth-quarter loss beats forecasts, 28 Jan 2009
     
    canine [ KEY-nahyn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of a dog
    2. (n.) a dog
    3. (n.) a cuspid or canine tooth
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The canine unit is invaluable in the drug enforcement agency.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Malaysia sought to form the world's first permanent canine anti-piracy unit after borrowing two dogs - Lucky and Flo - from the U.S. Motion Picture Association.
    abcNEWS, DVD-Sniffing Anti-Piracy Dog Dies in Malaysia, by JULIA ZAPPEI, June 9, 2008
     
    urbane [ ur-BEYN  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     polite, refined and sophisticated in manner.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     At the start of the new term the teacher addressed the children in an urbane tone so as to befriend rather than intimidate the class.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the welcoming lounge, contemporary art mingles with books and antiques, while guest rooms are done up in an urbane, neutral palette, with chunky reclaimed-wood headboards and slate bathroom floors.
    CNN, Country inns of Wales, Alison Tyler, 30 August 2007
     
    incongruity [ in-kuh'n-GROO-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being out of keeping or place
    2. the quality of being incompatible or inharmonious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was asked to resign because of the incongruity in his performance at work.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some Chinese dishes are remarkable for the sheer incongruity of their ingredients.
    The Telegraph, Jellied sipunculids, Jeremy Alban Dorman, 16 December 2009.
     

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    pernicious [ per-NISH-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. injurious, harmful or destructive
    2. (archaic) evil, malicious or wicked
    3. deadly or fatal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pernicious Tuberculosis virus is making a comeback and precautions have to be taken by the people against contracting this deadly disease.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Apparently, Frum is unaware that TR declared, "Thank God I am not a free trader. Pernicious indulgence in the doctrine of free trade seems inevitably to produce fatty degeneration of the moral fibre."
    Chronicles magzine, David Frum Blames America First, by Tom Piatak
     
    aria [ Ahr-ee-uh', Air-ee-uh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a melody, air, tune, oratorio or a cantata
    2. a striking melody that is sung solo with accompaniment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He is an expert at singing arias often haunting in nature.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A great, distant ship's horn, like a one-note aria.
    National Geographic, Online Extra, by Kevin Krajick, September 2003
     
    spruce [ sproos ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) any evergreen, coniferous tree or the like or the wood of such a tree
    2. (tr. v.) to make neat or smart in appearance
    3. (adj.) neat and smart in appearance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The teacher told the shabbily dressed child to spruce up a bit.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     All three suffered a period of decline in the 20th century, but have since gone to great lengths to spruce up their main streets, lined with 18th- and 19th-century buildings running perpendicular to the Hudson River.
    CNN, 3 Northeastern weekend escapes, Peter Jon Lindberg, Heather Smith MacIsaac and Meeghan Truelove, 3 November 2009.
     
    madrigal [ MAD-ri-guh'l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a secular part song for four to six voices and making abundant use of contrapuntal imitation usually without musical instruments
    2. any part song
    3. a short love poem that can be set to music
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A few choir boys got together and sang a madrigal for the pretty girls at the village school.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The madrigals Monteverdi wrote in his early twenties show his style to be precociously accomplished, though less richly expressive than it later became.
    The Telegraph, Magical exploration of a musical treasure-trove, Rupert Christiansen, 16 August 2007.
     
    leaven [ LEV-uhn ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) substances like yeast or baking powder that causes fermentation and expansion of dough
    2. (n.) any substance or agent that works subtly to lighten or modify a whole
    3. (n.) fermented dough
    4. (tr. v.) to add yeast to dough
    5.(tr. v.) to permeate with an altering or transforming agent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The baker added leaven to the dough and left it to ferment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The results were so capricious, the swings so random, that you knew early on that it was going to be a long night, leavened only by Lembit pik's entry for the Michael Portillo Award for most humiliating exit.
    The Telegraph, General Election 2010: the joy of being cruel to our MPs, 8 May 2010.
     

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    inadvertent [ in-uh' d-VUR-tnt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     heedless, careless or not intentional
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His inadvertent remarks during the meeting earned him a censure from his boss.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Most of its customers are Western retailers worried about the bad publicity an inadvertent purchase of illegal logs might bring.
    The Economist, Forestry: Protected by bars, Mar 6th 2008
     
    bagatelle [  bag-uh'-TEL ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a trifle or something unimportant or trivial
    2. a played game that involves rolling balls into holes
    3. a short composition of music that is especially played on the piano
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The entire ceremony was reduced to a bagatelle due to this atrocious behaviour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If you drastically lower your expectations, you can enjoy this bagatelle as the witty and fluffy fare it's intended to be.
    CNN, EW review: Amy Tan disappoints, by Jennifer Reese, October 21, 2005.
     
    cache [ kash ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a place to conceal food, supplies and ammunition
    2. (n.) one that is hidden or stored in a cache
    3. (n.) computer memory used for quick access to frequently accessed data and instructions
    4. (tr.v.) to hide or conceal ammunition and supplies in a cache
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The terrorists carried with them a cache of arms and grenades which they hoped to used to inflict maximum damage.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Security forces have recovered a cache of arms and explosives in Poonch district, officials said here on Tuesday.
    The Times of India, Arms cache recovered in J&K, 5 Dec 2006
     
    underbid [ uhn-der-BID ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to bid less than that of a competitor
    2. (intr.v.) to make an unnecessarily low bid for the value of something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He underbid the offers of the competitors by cutting his profit margin and won the prestigious contract.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But buyers are quickly turned off by a stinky house, and that means I can really underbid on my offer.
    CNN, Clark Howard: Housing crisis isn't all bad news, 9 April 2009, 30 July 2009
     
    unwitting [ uhn-WIT-ing ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unintentional
    2. unaware
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The thief managed to escape with a little unwitting help from the guard.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The police watchdog said the officers had been guilty of "unwitting racism".
    BBC, Police condemned over man's death, 27 March 2006
     

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    perdition [ per-DISH-uh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. destruction, damnation or ruin
    2. hell
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Not learning from history will seal our perdition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In it, he saw a train carrying innumerable people to perdition, and its meaning was unveiled to him as representing the Nazis," it says.
    abc News, Catholic Church Beatifies WWII Objector, Catholic Church Beatifies WWII Objector, October 26, 2007
     
    badger [ BAJ-er ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a burrowing mammal like a bandicoot or its fur
    2. (tr.v.) to pester, urge or nag someone
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His face resembled that of a badger.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The American badger is one of the prairie dog's toughest enemies.
    National Geographic, American badgers.
     
    unwonted [ uhn-WAWN-tid,-WOHN-,-WUHN- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not customary or habitual
    2. not accustomed; unused
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The strictest teacher started treating the students with unwonted kindness because an official visit from the faculty inspector was due.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     And there is a consensus in Beijing that the momentum is on their side -- and a display of unwonted leniency may only encourage the 'splittists' to make more mischief against central authorities.
    CNN, Hu's vision for China, Willy Wo-Lap Lam, 30 April 2002
     
    prong [ prawng ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a pointed tine of a fork
    2. (n.) a pointed or projecting part of
    3. (n.) a branch of a stream
    4. (tr. v.) to pierce with the projecting part of an object
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There used to be a small two prong plug that was mounted on the frame to hold the blades.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some of the tables are made from discarded wooden salad bowls while detailing on the fireplace was created using the brass prongs from plugs.
    The Telegraph, Man turns his Hampshire council flat into 'a replica Palace of Versailles', Andrew Hough, 19 October 2009.
     
    compensatory [ kuh'm-PEN-suh'-tawr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. offsetting, reimbursing or making up for a loss
    2. acting as a counterbalance
    3. serving as a form of reparation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Every farmer who lost crops during the deluge was given one lakh rupees by the government as a compensatory measure.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Prof Waldfogel said the research in the US suggested there were some useful "compensatory education" programmes which could help bring children from poorer backgrounds forward.
    BBC, Bad parents 'widen ability gap', 23 December 2008.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    obloquy [ OB-luh'-kwee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. condemnatory, derogatory or abusive language
    2. disgrace or denunciation suffered due to abuse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The amount of censure heaped upon Indian cricket coach Greg Chappell following his team's debacle in the 2007 World cup was enough obloquy for one lifetime.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Imagine the obloquy which would have been heaped on the Metropolitan police if it had not involved the CPS at an early stage.
    BBC, UK: The toughest case, April 26, 2002
     
    amuck [ uh'-muh'k ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adv.) in a murderously violent or frenzied manner
    2. (adj.) crazed, mad or possessed with a violent or murderous frenzy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The stable hand ran amuck through the pastures disturbing the grazing cows.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In an instance of a family feud that went out of control at New Perungalathur (near Tambaram) on Saturday night, one person ran amuck, injuring three of his relatives with a knife.
    The Times of India, Man runs amuck, injures his relatives, by Sibi Arasu, 24 Nov 2008
     
    justiciable [ juh-STISH-ee-uh'-buh' l, -STISH-uh'-buh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     capable of being solved or settled by a court of law
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The plaintiff's plea for statutory reliefs was granted by the Court as the litigation was a justiciable matter.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Meanwhile, with respect to the other, justiciable provisions, which the judges believe they should to be reviewing, they couldn't reach a unanimous result.
    CNN, Court ruling on campaign finance underscores policy, legal problems, Marci A. Hamilton, 8 May 2003
     
    nihilist [ NAHY-uh'-list ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. one who rebels against established laws and institutions
    2. an anarchist
    3. one who advocates that the destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The unruly mob led by the nihilists started destroying the council hall.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In one of the funniest scenes in the film "The Big Lebowski," the hot-headed Vietnam veteran Walter Sobchak, played by John Goodman, explains to the Dude, played by Jeff Bridges, how much he hates nihilists because they don't believe in anything, they have no "ethos."
    CNN, Commentary: Ted Kennedy was a true believer, Julian E. Zelizer, 27 August 2009.
     
    sedentary [ SED-n-ter-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. characterized by remaining in one place or not moving about
    2. accustomed to rest a great deal or to take little exercise
    3. having or requiring a sitting posture
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The physiotherapist told him that his backache was due to his sedentary job.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leading a sedentary lifestyle may make us genetically old before our time, a study suggests.
    BBC, Sedentary life 'speeds up ageing', 29 January 2008.
     

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    impolitic [ im-POL-i-tik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     unwise, imprudent or not expedient
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The impolitic poll tax which was attempted to be levied on the citizens of the UK by Margaret Thatcher led to the most violent protests Britain had witnessed in a century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Mori was infamous for such impolitic remarks during his 2000-2001 leadership.
    BBC, Japan's gaffe-prone politicians, 4 June, 2004
     
    maudlin [ MAWD-lin ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tearfully or weakly emotional
    2.mawkish or sentimental especially under the influence of alcohol
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The singer's maudlin love ballads made him hugely popular with women.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One of the best impassioned outcries comes from a maudlin columnist in the Salt Lake City Tribune.
    Chronicles magazine, Suleymen the Murderer, by Thomas Fleming
     
    adept [ adj. uh'-DEPT; n. AD-ept, uh'-DEPT ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     highly skilled; very proficient in something requiring skill; expert
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     An adept artisan has been hired to restore a priceless Ming dynasty vase.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For a man who picked up a tidy international reputation with the instrument, John Wallace is not always adept at blowing his own trumpet.
    The Herald, Let's blow the trumpet for our artistic jewel, RUTH WISHART, February 20 2008
     
    precipitate [ v. pri-SIP-i-teyt; adj., n. pri-SIP-i-tit, -teyt ]
     noun, verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a solid separated from a solution
    2. (n.) a resultant product from any process
    3.(adj.) rushing headlong or carelessly speeding
    4. (adj.) acting with haste
    5. (adj.) happening suddenly and unexpectedly
    6. (v.) to cause to happen or to be thrown headlong
    7. (v.) to be separated from a solution as a solid
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The crisis was precipitated by the people who defaulted on their mortgage payments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     First things first. I don't doubt the business leaders' sincerity when they warn that the National Insurance increase will precipitate job cuts.
    BBC, Newtonian law of power's pull on business, Robert Peston, 1 April 2010.
     
    resuscitate [ ri-SUHS-i-teyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to revive from unconsciousness or from apparent death
    2. (tr. v.) to restore to consciousness
    3. (intr. v.) to regain consciousness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Paramedics resuscitated her as soon as the lifeguard brought her ashore.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He was resuscitated after birth and tests revealed he had been starved of oxygen.
    The Telegraph, Parents win compensation after son born with cerebral palsy after hospital error, 3 May 2010.
     

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    agoraphobia [ ag-er-uh'-FOH-bee-uh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an abnormal fear of crowds, public places or open areas
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     People who suffer from agoraphobia require clinical intervention to live a full life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It has the potential to be useful for people whose first language is not English and it's good for particular things such as agoraphobia.
    BBC, Can online therapy ease depression?, By Emma Wilkinson, 5 April 2007
     
    jab [ jab ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to poke or pierce esp. with a stick
    2. (tr.v.) to punch with short, straight blows
    3. (n.) a swift blow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The old man jabbed the barking dog with his walking stick.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A universal flu vaccine which could mean an end to the annual jab is being tested on UK volunteers.
    BBC, Universal flu vaccine tests start, Emma Wilkinson, 5 September 2008.
     
    unrelenting [ uhn-ri-LEN-ting ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not yielding or wavering in determination
    2. not diminishing in severity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective assured the Dean that he was making unrelenting efforts to clear the campus of drug dealers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Too many Americans keep forgetting that the threat we face is real, and unrelenting.
    CNN, Commentary: Torture memos aren't criminal, Ruben Navarrette Jr. 24 April 2009
     
    ruddy [ RUHD-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. a fresh and healthy red colour
    2. rosy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     All the children at the hill station had a ruddy complexion.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     You'll see teenagers -- already working on ruddy beer-glow cheeks -- roll kegs up the streets and into the pubs in preparation for another night of music and craic (fun conversation and atmosphere).
    CNN, The Dingle Peninsula: Escape to pure Ireland, Rick Steves, 25 March 2009.
     
    mercenary [ MUR-suh'-ner-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) serving only for money or other reward
    2. (adj.) hired to serve or serving in a foreign army or guerrilla organization
    3.(n.) a hireling or professional soldier engaged to serve in a foreign army
    4. (n.) a soldier of fortune
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Because his outlook on life was so mercenary, his friends urged him to do some charity work for a change.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     This month, the government announced a presidential pardon for British mercenary Simon Mann, who had been serving a 34-year prison sentence in Equatorial Guinea.
    CNN, President wins controversial Equatorial Guinea vote, 13 November 2009.
     

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    pedant [ PED-nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning.
    2. a person who overemphasizes rules or minor details.
    3. a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The conference for Chemical engineers held recently in New Delhi was attended by world renowned pedants.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His decision sparked an ongoing squabble -- often cast as a battle between number-crunching pedants and free-spirited pragmatists -- over when centuries and millennia begin and end.
    CNN, Is this the real millennium?, By Douglas Herbert, CNN.com Europe writer, January 1, 2001
     
    forage [ FAWR-ij, FOR-  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act or instance of searching for fodder or food
    2. (n.) provender or fodder for cattle
    3. (intr.v.) to wander in search of provisions or food
    4. (tr.v.) to collect supplies or provisions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their forage for food was a failure as they returned empty-handed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The chicks will then enter a 12-week school where they will learn how to forage for food, to avoid predators and to interact with other cranes.
    BBC, Crane chicks prepared for school, 18 June 2009
     
    gull [ guhl ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a long-winged, web-toed, aquatic bird
    2. (n.) a person who is easily deceived
    3. (tr. v.) to deceive or dupe
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The birdwatcher went out onto the rocks to get a better view of the gulls diving for fish.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Their love of gulls is shown in the delightful books for children, written and illustrated by Helena.
    The Telegraph, Scilly potter who also turns his hand to birdwatching, Robin Page, 12 November 2009.
     
    peruse [ puh-ROOZ ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to read with care
    2. to examine minutely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lawyer asked the witness whether he had perused the auditor's report before he invested his money with the company.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Peruse this page and marvel at my classic films , which can be purchased on DVD from certain specialist websites.
    BBC, Characters, Charles, Irons. 27 May 2008.
     
    repose [ ree-POHZ ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act of sleep or the state of being at rest
    2. (n.) tranquillity or composure
    3.(tr. v.) to rest or lay to rest
    4. (tr. v.) to place in a person or thing as trust or confidence
    5. (intr. v.) to lie at rest; to lie dead
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The manager told the peon that the office was a place of work and not a place of repose.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Cardinal Keith O'Brien, leader of Scotland's Roman Catholics, said: "I pray for the repose of the soul of Roddy Wright and extend my sympathy to all those who mourn his loss."
    BBC, Bishop loses battle with cancer, 24 May 2005.
     

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    obeisance [ oh-BEY-suh' ns, oh-BEE- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a gesture of body movement that expresses homage, like a bow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Thousands pay obeisance to the image of Lord Jagannath as it passes through the streets of Puri.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Like Mont St Michel in Normandy, the resulting shrine gave rise to a dramatic church, pilgrims came to make obeisance and a village grew up at its base.
    The Telegraph, Europe: Remote control, Sophie Campbell, 17 Feb 2003
     
    rapine [ RAP-in, -ahyn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the act of forcefully taking away someone else's property; pillage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rapine of Hindustan by Nadir Shah has been well documented.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But Japan's relations with its nearest neighbours are still bedevilled by problems of acknowledging its rapine wartime past.
    Economist, A wish to lead, Dominic Ziegler, TOKYO, From The World in 2008
     
    defamation [ def-uh'-MEY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     slander, calumny, vilification or an injury to another's reputation or character
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The defamation forced him to resign from his job.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A sessions judge on Tuesday struck off the name of Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray from a list of accused in a criminal complaint filed for defamation in a Borivli metropolitan court.
    The Times of India, Thackeray name off defamation list, 22 March 2006
     
    desuetude [ DES-wi-tood, -tyood ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the state or condition of being inactive, unused or no longer practised
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Post retirement, he existed in a state of desuetude.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Inside Daniel Barenboim's dressing-room, a crumpled air of desuetude prevails.
    Telegraph, The maestro and his demons, by Jan Moir, 06 Apr 2006
     
    inverse [ adj., n. in-VURS, IN-vurs; v. in-VURS  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) reversed in direction or tendency
    2. (adj.) inverted in position or up side down
    3. (n.) the state of being opposite
    2. (n.) the state of being up side down
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their pleading had an inverse affect which resulted in the villagers going on a rampage instead of being pacified.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Looking at worldwide figures for patents today, an inverse trend can be seen.
    CNN, From Velcro to zero: a history of patents, Paul Willis, 7 April 2008.
     

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    covetous [ KUHV-i-tuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. having a craving to acquire or possess
    2. marked by excessive desire for wealth or possession or for another possessions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His covetous gaze made it clear that he wanted to own a Ferrari.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Of all the wine-producing countries, New Zealand enjoys the highest average bottle price in the UK - currently 5.97 - and the Aussies have set their covetous eyes on this top spot.
    Telegraph, Victims of their own success, By Jonathan Ray, Wine Correspondent, 03 May 2007
     
    expedient [ ik-SPEE-dee-uh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) appropriate or suitable to a purpose
    2. (adj.) self-interested, politic, advantageous or convenient
    3. (n.) one that can serve as a means to a desirable end
    4. (n.) makeshift or resource
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The President announced that expedient action would be taken.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Politically many European integrationists also thought the move expedient, as it would defuse an emotive issue in the traditionally Eurosceptic UK.
    CNN, Britain can keep pints and miles, September 11, 2007
     
    extort [ ik-STAWRT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to wring or obtain money from another by means of intimidation, threat, torture or coercion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He extorted money from the rich and gave to the poor.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Naxalism, which started off as a people's movement, has now become a nearly Rs 1500 crore organised extortion business in the form of 'levy', police and central security officials said.
    The Times of India, Naxalism: A Rs 1500 crore red corridor empire, 7 Jun 2009 Accessed: 9th July 2009
     
    supplicant [ SUHP-li-kuh'nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a petitioner or suppliant
    2. one who prayers on behalf of another
    3. one who intercedes for someone
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He approached the landlord as a supplicant of the peasants.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It was Britain in the person of David Miliband who came across as the supplicant - unwilling to paper over differences but keen to set relations on a better footing.
    BBC, 'Respectful disagreement' in Moscow, Bridget Kendall, 3 November 2009.
     
    irreconcilable [ i-rek-uhn-sahy-luh-buhl ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) incapable of being made to compromise
    2. (adj.) inability to adjust or be in harmony with
    3. (n.) someone who is opposed to any form of compromise
    4. (n.) conflicting ideas that cannot be brought into harmony
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     For generations these two families have been irreconcilable enemies.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In any group there will be a spread of commitment, a mix of reconcilable and irreconcilable members.
    The Telegraph, Afghanistan: Taliban could be bought off as part on new strategy, Duncan Gardham, 16 November 2009.
     

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    betrothal [ bi-TROH-th uh' l, -TRAW-thuh' l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act or state of being betrothed; engagement
    2. a mutual promise to marry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their betrothal was announced in all the leading newspapers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Raven Queen tells the story of Lady Jane Grey, from her parents' plans for her betrothal to Edward VI, to her execution in 1554.
    Telegraph, Reader notes: Raven Queen, 02 Mar 2007
     
    cipher [ SAHY-fer ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) zero
    2. (n.) a coded or coded message
    3. (n.) a nonentity or one having no importance or value
    4. (n.) a number or figure in Arabic
    5. (intr.v.) to encode
    6. (intr.v.) to calculate arithmetically
    7. (tr.v.) to encipher or encode
    8. (tr.v.) to compute or calculate arithmetically
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Analysts stayed up the entire night trying to unravel the cipher.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Three German ciphers unsolved since World War II are finally being cracked, helped by thousands of home computers.
    BBC, Online amateurs crack Nazi codes, By Adam Blenford , 2 March 2006
     
    garrulity [ guh'-ROO-li-tee  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     talkativeness, communicativeness or loquacity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Even a sensible person tends to bore everyone with garrulity after he gets drunk.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Garrulity and aggression from others are often the price of celebrity.
    Telegraph, Life will be no easier for Trooper Finney now, Kevin Myers, 02 November 2003
     
    bugaboo [ buh'g-uh'-BOO ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an object of fear, worry or anxiety
    2. a persistent problem
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The little girl kept awake long past her bedtime because for her darkness was a bugaboo.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Put bedtime bugaboos -- and your kids -- to rest with these expert solutions.
    CNN, What to do if your child can't sleep, 30 March 2009.
     
    generic [ juh'-NER-ik  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) general or pertaining to all the numbers of a genus
    2. (adj.) referring or applicable to both male and female
    3. (adj.) not having trademark registration
    4. (n.) a term that is general in nature
    5. (n.) a wine made from two or more varieties of grapes and does not carry the name of any specific grape
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Basmati has become a generic name for long grained aromatic rice after the declaration of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Department of Health is keen to use more generic medicines as they are less costly than the branded equivalent.
    BBC, Increased use of generic medicines planned to save cash, 5 January 2010.
     

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    1. (adj.) appropriate or suitable to a purpose

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    jowl [  joul, johl ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. loose flesh, as that of a fat person, hanging from the lower cheek or the jaw
    2. the cheek meat of a hog
    3. the lower jaw
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In this city, one can see plush office buildings cheek-by-jowl with large fetid slums.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An institution since 1941 serving imaginative French cuisine cheek-by-jowl with a one-of-a-kind oceanfront perch.
    National Geographic, Best of San Diego: Restaurants
     
    patrimony [ PA-truh'-moh-nee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an inheritance from one's father or male ancestor
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The wealthy industrialist set aside a patrimony fund for his children which they would receive when they reached the age of 21.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But while the politicians are considering a "patrimony" fund, to set money aside for future generations, many islanders are clamouring for new facilities to be built straight away.
    The Telegraph, Drilling for oil to start in Falkland Islands, By Jasper Copping, 09 Mar 2008
     
    delusion [ di-LOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a false belief or opinion
    2. the state of being deluded
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her delusions made her a danger to those around her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He had the delusion he was in focus of concave mirrors which direct rays of light upon him from Peru
    BBC, Changing face of mental health , By Giancarlo Rinaldi , 10 October 2007
     
    culvert [ KUHL-vert ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a sewer, drain or channel
    2. a bridge or embankment over such a drain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Uncovered culverts are dangerous in the monsoon season.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An estimated 80 per cent of houses have been badly damaged or destroyed and cars remain mired in slime or have half-disappeared into collapsed culverts.
    Telegraph, Devastated Haiti reels after unprecedented fourfold storm battering, by Philip Sherwell, 23 Sep 2008
     
    pharisaical [ far-uh'-SEY-ik-al  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. hypocritical or self-righteous
    2. hypocritically and self-righteously judgmental
    3. pertaining to or characteristic of the Pharisees
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Since nobody is perfect one should not adopt a pharisaical attitude when dealing with the faults and failings of one's neighbours.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yet here was Mr Martin blaming the unfortunate woman in tights whom he himself had promoted, and assuring the House in a pharisaical tone: "I did not personally authorise the search."
    The Telegraph, Sketch: Speaker Michael Martin proves his own worst enemy again, Andrew Gimson, 3 December 2008.
     

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    paucity [ PAW-si-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     smallness or scarcity of quantity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The paucity of evidence against the accused meant that the court could not succeed in convicting him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Archaeologists emphasize cultural development, while anthropologists are more hip to genes and favor genetic interpretation. Wade naturally favors genes, though he admits the paucity of evidence.
    Chronicles Magazine, Descent of Man, Ascent of Apes?, By Thomas Fleming
     
    extinct [ ik-STINGKT ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) one that is no longer in existence or has died out
    2. (adj.) superseded or defunct
    3. (adj.) no longer burning or active
    4. (tr.v.) (archaic) to extinguish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His documentary focused on the extinct animals from the 19th century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The bones of a huge extinct camel have been discovered in Syria, a joint Swiss-Syrian team announced last week.
    National Geographic, Extinct "Elephant Size" Camel Found in Syria, James Owen for National Geographic News, October 11, 2006
     
    sensitization [ sen-si-tuh-ZEY-shuhn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state or process of being susceptible
    2. the process of becoming susceptible to a particular stimulus that previously had no effect
    3. the condition in which a previously encountered foreign substance initiates an immune reaction
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sensitization of the patient was accomplished by the use of combination drug therapy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We believe that this will also work since breast feeding induces protection against sensitization to allergens which is the first step before developing clinical symptoms such as dermatitis, rhinitis or asthma.
    The Telegraph, Allergens in breast milk help tolerance, Roger Highfield, 27 January 2008.
     
    prefatory [ pref-uh-TWAR-ee  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. introductory or pertaining to a preface
    2. characteristic of a preface
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After a short prefatory announcement the CFO went on to an in depth analysis of the financial statement of the company.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ben Jonson writes a prefatory poem to the posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's works.
    BBC, Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford: The real Shakespeare? Dave Gilyeat, 27 november 2009.
     
    incompatible [ in-kuh'm-PAT-uh'-buh'l  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unable to coexist in harmony or different attributes that cannot simultaneously belong to the same object
    2. discordant or opposed in character
    3. things that are mutually exclusive or which cannot be simultaneously true
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The husband and wife had filed for divorce on the grounds that they were incompatible as a couple.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mirza was officially betrothed to a family friend, Sohrab Mirza, last July in a lavish ceremony but broke off the engagement in January, saying that they had ""found ourselves incompatible"".
    BBC, Indian tennis's Mirza to wed Pakistani cricketer Malik, 30 March 2010.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    parody [ PAR-uh'-dee ]
     noun, verb ]
     MEANING :
     (n.)1. a comical imitation of some serious literary work or of the style of a writer, artist, or genre
    (v.) to produce a parody of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His hilarious parody of George Orwell's Animal Farm, brought the house down.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The news story was written as a parody of legislative and school board attacks on the teaching of evolution in New Mexico.
    National Geographic, April Fools' Special: History's Hoaxes, By John Roach, April 1, 2003
     
    pellucid [ puh'-LOO-sid ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. allowing light to pass; transparent or translucent
    2. easily understood
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pellucid waters of the Caribbean sea off the Jamaican coast make it an attractive destination for boating, diving and other water sports.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Like its sister islands, Little Cayman's deservedly famous top attraction is the fringe of unspoiled reefs along the Cayman Trench, the deepest point in the Caribbean Sea-which, combined with truly pellucid waters, add up to some of the most spectacular diving in the world.
    National Geographic, Island Caribbean Classic, By Jayne Wise
     
    debonair [ deb-uh-NAIR ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. suave, sophisticated, elegant or urbane
    2. genial, sprightly or jaunty
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was well known because of his debonair personality.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Dashing Spaniard Javier Bardem, sporting a debonair beard, picked up best supporting actor for his portrayal of sinister hitman Anton Chigurh in No Country for Old Men.
    BBC, Night of stars and absent friends, by Liam Allen, 11 February 2008
     
    exuberance [  ig-ZOO-ber-uh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. enthusiasm or joyfulness
    2. a state of luxuriance or great abundance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His exuberance was contagious.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Indian National Congress is the only party that combines experience and youth, wisdom and exuberance, achievement and ambition.
    The Times of India, Congress manifesto, 24 Mar 2009
     
    claustrophobia [ klaw-struh-FOH-bee-uh'  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an abnormal fear of being in enclosed or narrow places
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He suffers from claustrophobia because of the traumatic experience he endured as a child of being locked in a cupboard by his aunt.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Children with a parent who experienced claustrophobia may become claustrophobic themselves through associating confined spaces with the adult's anxiety, and with feeling helpless to comfort the person they loved.
    The Telegraph, Trapped... Then I discovered that I was claustrophobic, Andrea Perry, 3 March 2008.
     

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    exploit [ EK-sploit, ik-SPLOIT ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a feat or heroic deed
    2. (tr.v.) to utilize profitably and productively
    3. (tr.v.) to unethically or unfairly utilize to one's advantage
    4. (tr.v.) to advertise or promote
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His exploits were passed on from generation to generation in the form of stories.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The progressive new government encouraged Japanese citizens to move to Hokkaido to exploit its natural resources.
    National Geographic, The Ainu, By Marisa Larson, Jul 7, 2008
     
    promiscuous [ pruh'-MIS-kyoo-uh's ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. characterized by indiscriminate mingling or involving intimate associations
    2. indiscriminate or lacking selectivity
    3. licentious or wanton
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was warned to be wary of promiscuous women at the party.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Amanda Knox "hated" her British room mate Meredith Kercher and murdered her in "an unstoppable crescendo of violence" for suggesting that she was promiscuous and slovenly, an Italian court has been told.
    The Telegraph, Amanda Knox killed Meredith Kercher in 'unstoppable crescendo of violence', Nick Squires, 20 November 2009.
     
    exempt [ ig-ZEMPT ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to release or free from an obligation to which others are subject
    2. to excuse from a duty or obligation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was exempted from taking part in the sporting event because of his feeble condition.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Just about all of this information is exempt from audit or oversight.
    CNN, Ron Paul: Let the dollar prove itself, Ron Paul, 30 October 2009.
     
    centrifugal [ sen-TRIF-yuh'-guh'l, -uh'-guh'l  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) moving outward from the centre
    2. (adj.) pertaining to or operated by force that moves outward from the centre
    3. (n.) a perforated rotating drum for holding the materials to be separated in a centrifuge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The machine uses centrifugal force to extract juice from the grated fruit.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Centrifugal force moves the heavier particles to the outside wall of the channel while clean water hugs the inside.
    BBC, Xerox plans the future of today, Maggie Shiels, 1 May 2008.
     
    bout [ bout  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a match or contest of strength
    2. a period or an interval of time
    3. a turn or chance to do something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Once when he had a bout of hiccups he was advised to hold his breath until cured.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Escalante - who was immortalized in the 1988 film "Stand and Deliver" - died this week at his son's home in Roseville, California, after a bout with cancer.
    CNN, Jaime Escalante's lesson for teachers, Ruben Navarrette Jr. 2 April 2010.
     

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