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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #3321
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    irascible [ i-ras-uh-buh l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. very irritable; short-tempered
    2. marked or produced by anger or hot temper
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The irascible Sales Manager gave a dressing down to his team for not achieving their monthly targets.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He will forever be linked to the irascible newsroom boss he played on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and its dramatic spinoff, "Lou Grant."
    CNN, Ed Asner on the life that won him life achievement award, March 10, 2002
     
    amorous [ AM-er-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. strongly disposed, attracted to or fond of love esp. making love
    2. enamoured or being in love
    3. suggestive of, indicating or expressing love
    4. associated with or pertaining to love
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She ridiculed his amorous intentions towards her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A group that helps hundreds of amorous toads to cross busy roads in the New Forest is appealing for volunteers.
    BBC, Appeal for toad patrol volunteers, 10 February 2008
     
    engrave [ en-GREYV ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to etch or carve into the surface of a material
    2. to print from such an engraved surface
    3. to deeply etch or impress in memory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He engraved his vows on a tablet made of solid gold.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mexico has captured its man with the golden gun - or to be more precise, its man with the customised gold-plated pistol with 'Versace' engraved on the handle.
    Telegraph, Mexico captures its 'man with the golden gun' in vicious drugs war, By Philip Sherwell in New York, 08 Nov 2008
     
    tonsure [ TON-sher ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act of shaving a part of a monk's head
    2. (n.) the part of the head that has been shaved
    3. (tr. v.) to shave the head
    4. (tr. v.) to shave the head as part of a religious ceremony
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     One child told his parents that he wanted a punk style just like a tonsure.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They would perform with tonsured heads and in monks' habits.
    BBC, Uk Station of the year, 10 February 2006.
     
    conglomerate [ n., adj. kuh'n-GLOM-er-it, kuh'ng-; v. kuh'n-GLOM-uh'-reyt, kuh'ng-  ]
     noun, adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a company that consists of a grouping of businesses from unrelated industries
    2. (n.) something composed of heterogeneous materials or elements
    3. (adj.) clustered or comprising of parts gathered into a mass
    4. (adj.) having heterogeneous parts or elements
    5. (tr. v.) to form into a mass
    6. (intr. v.) to cause to form into a mass
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The CEO declared that their company had become a conglomerate with the successful completion of the acquisition and diversification program.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The magazine's publisher, El Tiempo Publishing Group, is owned by Spanish conglomerate Grupo Planeta, which owns a Colombian television station and is seeking a government license to operate a national network.
    CNN, Shutdown of Colombian magazine raises questions, Luis Carlos Velez, 23 February 2010.
     

  2. #3322
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    indigent [ IN-di-juh 'nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) lacking or in need of basic needs; impoverished
    2. (adj.) (archaic) lacking something that is most essential; deficient
    3. (n.) one who is in need; a destitute
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The number of indigent people in our country is shocking and outrageous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Rothgery's lawyers argued Texas should provide a defence lawyer for indigent clients once they've made a first appearance before a magistrate, even if no prosecutor was present.
    ABC News, Legal Help Too Slow in Texas Arrest, High Court Says, By MICHAEL GRACZYK Associated Press Writer, HOUSTON June 23, 2008
     
    megalomania [ meg-uh'-loh-MEY-nee-uh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a mental ailment characterised by delusions of wealth, power or greatness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It would probably be correct to arrive at the conclusion that most great men suffer from a sense of megalomania.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     "Could we have a better definition of derangement and megalomania than the case of a dictator who overrules his own generals and invades Russia in wintertime . ?"
    Chronicles Magazine, Was the Holocaust Inevitable?, by Patrick J. Buchanan
     
    sophist [ SOF-ist ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a philosopher, thinker or scholar
    2. one who is skilled at reasoning or arguing adroitly or speciously
    3. a teacher or philosopher in ancient greece who reasoned out or argued or speculated on theology, metaphysics, and the sciences
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He considered himself to be a sophist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The reduction of the manpower in infantry battalions has been justified by the budgetary sophists in a number of ways.
    Telegraph, Infantry losses hit harder than figures suggest, By Simon Barry, 17 Jul 2007
     
    daub [ dawb ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to cover or coat with soft adhesive matter such as plaster, grease or mud
    2. (tr.v.) to apply colouring material unskilfully
    3. (intr.v.) to apply colours crudely or unskilfully
    4. (n.) a crude, amateurish painting
    5. (n.) inferior material used for daubing walls
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The medicinal paste was daubed over the wound.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Walls around the ground were daubed with slogans.
    Telegraph, Rose Davis, 03 Feb 2009
     
    proletarian [ proh-li-TAIR-ee-uh'n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a person belonging to the working class of society
    2. (n.) the poorest class of people
    3. (adj.) belonging to the working class of society
    2. (adj.) pertaining to the poor or the lowest class of people in society
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The merchants always took advantage of the proletarians.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It was largely a proletarian religious movement in significant alliance with that class's new literacy and sense of a power to make itself heard and, moreover, to remake the world.
    BBC, History of Modern Spiritualism, 28 October 2009.
     

  3. #3323
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    profusion [ pruh'-FYOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. abundance or lavish supply
    2. extravagance, lavishness or unrestrained expenses
    3. prodigality, wastefulness or great liberality
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The profusion of new money ensured that the estate was well cared for.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The profusion of no-balls and wides meant Indians never had to worry about raising enough runs during an over, it was coming all the time!
    The Times of India, A terrorist state, M Najeeb Mubarki, 8 Aug 2006
     
    reprieve [ ri-PREEV ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to postpone or cancel the punishment esp. execution of a criminal
    2. (tr.v.) to temporarily relieve or deliver from trouble or pain
    3. (n.)the postponement or temporary relief given from a penalty or an execution or a warrant issued for such a postponement
    4. (n.) temporary relief from pain or trouble
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being reprieved from a death sentence is only possible by a Presidential order.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Under-threat Merthyr Tydfil football club has been granted a temporary reprieve after raising 10,000 towards the money it owes.
    abcNews, Recall Issued for Tainted Japanese Noodles, By JAY ALABASTER Associated Press Writer, October 24, 2008
     
    ruse [ rooz ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     trick, subterfuge, wile or stratagem
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ruse worked, as the enemy was misdirected.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Zhang Tao insists that his company's unusual "buy a place and work for us" offer was a clever marketing ruse - not a reflection of how bad the market is right now.
    BBC, The right way to argue, 20 December 2006
     
    dearth [ durth ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. scarcity, inadequacy or shortage
    2. famine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There was a dearth of intellectuals in the organization.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mido was left out of the squad named on Thursday despite a dearth of attacking options.
    BBC, Mido dropped by Egypt, 22 May 2009
     
    scrimmage [ SKRIM-ij  ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a vigorous struggle
    2. (n.) a practice game
    3. (n.) a skirmish
    4. (intr. v.) to engage in a rough struggle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Some spectators said that the scrimmage was more like an arena full of battling gladiators.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There were a few scrimmages in there but it didn't look as though they would score from anything but a set play.
    BBC, Crewe 0-0 Watford, 24 September 2005.
     

  4. #3324
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    parapet [ PAR-uh'-pit, -pet ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a bulwark or embankment made of stone to protect soldiers from enemy fire
    2. a protective, low railing or wall at a balcony's or roof's edge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The parapet was made of the hardest stone to stop enemy fire.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A fire department spokesman said a parapet, or a low protective wall that sits along the edge of a balcony, collapsed and fell.
    CNN, Wall falls 15 stories from New York hotel, March 12, 2004
     
    sanctimonious [ sangk-tuh'-MOH-nee-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     feigning piety or pretending to be holy or righteous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sanctimonious attitude was overbearing to many people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Salman Rushdie denounced Germaine Greer as a "philistine, sanctimonious, and disgraceful, but it is not unexpected" over her support for the Brick Lane activists.
    BBC, Housing slump hits Shanghai owners, By Chris Hogg BBC News, Shanghai, 4 March 2009
     
    sang-froid [ Fr. Sahn*-fr*wa* ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     calmness, composure or equanimity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sang-froid displayed by the athlete in the face of imminent defeat was commendable.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They were all repelled, but Delanoe's sang-froid was tested to the limit as he just managed to resist countless invitations to hit back at London.
    Telegraph, The Very Rev Michael Mayne, 24 Oct 2006
     
    sanguinary [ SANG-gwuh'-ner-ee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. bloody or involving bloodshed
    2. blood thirsty, cruel or murderous
    3. composed or consisting of blood
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sanguinary witnessed in Rwanda horrified the world.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     With the Civil War now in its fourth sanguinary year, Christman's body was among all too many bodies overwhelming the nation's capital.
    Telegraph, Other great feuds between leading authors, By Urmee Khan, 01 Jun 2008
     
    sarcophagus [ sahr-KOF-uh'-guh' s ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a coffin made of stone that usually bears sculptures or inscriptions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sarcophagus was found surrounded by artefacts made of gold and silver.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In an operation lasting around eight hours, pathologists removed the body of Wladyslaw Sikorski from its two-ton marble sarcophagus in the crypt of Krakow's Wawel Cathedral, the resting place of many of Poland's national heroes.
    BBC, The state of play in Singapore, By Andrew Fraser BBC Sport in Singapore, 4 July, 2005
     

  5. #3325
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    alimony [ AL-uh'-moh-nee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. money paid to a spouse as support or maintenance by the other after divorce or while action is pending as suggested by a court of law
    2. maintenance or means of livelihood
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The alimony amounted to a few million dollars.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Terms of the divorce, including alimony, were not made public, according to Spears' attorney, Laura Wasser.
    CNN, Police investigated possible threat against Federline, September 18, 2007
     
    unscathed [ uhn-SKEYTH'd ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     unharmed, uninjured or unhurt
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His unscathed escape from the ruins of the car was hailed as miraculous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jari-Matti Latvala has said he is fit to compete in Rally Ireland this week after escaping unscathed from a car accident in Monaghan at the weekend.
    BBC, Latvala fit for rally after crash, 28 January 2009
     
    valour [ VAL-er ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     bravery, boldness or courage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Indian Armed Forces are renowned for their valour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Similar is the tale of valour of Rani Avanti bai of Ramgarh, who killed herself with her own sword when she was surrounded by British soldiers near fort Deogarh in 1858.
    The Times of India, Stamps of patriotism and valour, by Meghna Prasad, 3 Sep 2001
     
    visage [ VIZ-ij ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. facial expression or countenance
    2. aspect or appearance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her visage was impassive, almost lifeless.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     My cherubic visage somehow managed to convey neither mystery nor menace, villainy nor virtue.
    BBC, Perfecting the Hollywood headshot, by David Willis, 8 June 2006
     
    wither [ WITH'-er ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to shrivel or dry up
    2. (intr.v.) to lose vitality or freshness
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to dry up, shrivel or fade
    4. (tr.v.) to stun or render speechless
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The grapes that have withered are added to the crushed grapes to achieve the rich colour of wine.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If the crop is not cut within a 10-day period, it will wither and die.
    BBC, Journey to Pakistan's 'war zone', 20 May 2009
     

  6. #3326
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    yen [ yen ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) yearning, desire or craving
    2. (n.) the currency of Japan
    3. (tr.v.) to yearn for or desire something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her yen for better things in life became an obsession.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A yen for uplift isn't just a sentimental reflex.
    CNN, What really makes people happy, by Jessica Winter, May 1, 2009
     
    adulteration [ uh'-duhl-tuh'-REY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the process of making something impure by adding something inferior or extraneous or spurious to it
    2. one that is impure or adulterated
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Adulteration of food products is a punishable offence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The U.S. attorney's office announced Robert Ray Courtney, 48, of Kansas City, and the pharmacy he owns, Research Medical Tower Pharmacy, were each charged with eight counts of tampering with consumer products, six counts of adulteration of a drug and six counts of misbranding of a drug.
    CNN, Pharmacist faces 20 counts of drug tampering, By Terry Frieden CNN Washington Bureau, August 24, 2001
     
    ambrosial [ am-BROH-zhuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. divine or fit for worthy of the Gods
    2. extremely pleasant, delicious or fragrant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The critics praised the ambrosial food.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Go and plunge yourself into the calm sea of spiritual solitude, and wash your soul in the nectar of ambrosial meditation.
    The Times of India, SACRED SPACE: Spiritual Solace, 24 Mar 2005
     
    apostate [ uh'-POS-teyt, -tit ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who has forsaken or abandoned one's religion, faith, party or cause
    2. (adj.) pertaining to or characterised by apostasy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was termed an apostate, for having forsaken his religion and his family in order to remarry.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The attacks began Saturday after a prominent Egyptian media commentator denounced a Baha'i activist in a television appearance as an "apostate" and called for her to be killed.
    abcNews, Groups: Villagers Attack Homes of Baha'is in Egypt, By MAGGIE MICHAEL Associated Press Writer, April 2, 2009
     
    apt [ apt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. prone, likely or inclined
    2. appropriate, suitable or fitting
    3. intelligent or quick to understand, apprehend or learn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     It is an apt conclusion to the crisis.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Wat Pa Laung Ta Bua Yannasampanno Forest Monastary, also known by the apt nickname Tiger Temple, in Kanchanburi, Thailand, is home to 34 tigers.
    abcNEWS, Tiger Temple of Thailand, December 17, 2008
     

  7. #3327
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    sate [ seyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to satiate completely
    2. to glut or satiate in excess
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She kept eating till her appetite was sated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Hollywood should offer legal alternatives to sate the appetite for movie and TV downloads.
    BBC, Testing times for video downloads, By Alfred Hermida, Technology editor, BBC News website, 2 August 2005
     
    saturnine [ SAT-er-nahyn ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. gloomy, taciturn, sardonic or sullen
    2. having a temperament suggestive of one being born under the astrological influence of planet saturn
    3. enduring lead poisoning or some disorder due the absorption of lead
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His saturnine disposition does not bode well.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Gidon Saks played the three villains with saturnine charisma and Graham Clark made perfectly focused cameos of the four comic servants.
    Telegraph, Les Contes d'Hoffmann at the Royal Opera, Covent Garden, 26 Nov 2008
     
    satyr [ SEY-ter, SAT-er ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. (greek mythology) one belonging to a class of woodland deities that attended on bacchus, who was represented as part human, part horse or sometimes part human, part goat and noted for his lasciviousness
    2. a male who is licentious, lecherous or lascivious esp. one who has satyriasis
    3. any butterfly belonging to the family satyridae that is characterised by having brown or gray wings that are marked with eyespots
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The inclusion of satyrs in Greek mythology was to induce mayhem into the mythological stories.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The sculpture's title refers to Marsyas, the satyr in Greek mythology, who was flayed alive by the god Apollo.
    BBC, Artist attacks government policies, 14 October, 2002
     
    seethe [ seeth' ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to boil or foam as though boiling
    2. (intr.v.) to be in an angry or agitated state
    3. (tr.v.) to stew, boil or cook by boiling
    4. (tr.v.) to steep or soak
    5. (n.) an act or instance of seething
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She seethed and vowed revenge.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Many still seethe over suggestions by Nicolas Sarkozy, France's president, that state aid for French carmakers should depend on a pledge to keep jobs in France.
    Economist, Europe's family squabbles, Feb 26th 2009
     
    alloy [ n. AL-oi, uh'-LOI; v. Uh'-LOI ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a mixture or two or more metals that is homogenous in nature
    2. (n.) the degree or fineness of gold or silver
    3. (tr.v.) to moderate, debase or temper by mixing with something that is inferior
    4. (tr.v.) to mix two or more metallic elements and make an alloy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The alloy was incorrectly perceived to be the strongest metal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The nickel-tungsten alloy can be extremely bright and shiny, and even made to become harder than chrome.
    Economist, Shine on me, Jun 4th 2009
     

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    sidereal [ sahy-DEER-ee-uh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. astral or related or pertaining to the stars
    2. measured with or determined by reference to the stars
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     This mission will concentrate on the sidereal aspects of the faraway planets in our solar system.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Venus Express is expected to begin its primary science mission -- a 15-Earth month period that translates into two of Venus' long sidereal days -- in June after a series of maneuvers to reach its final operational orbit.
    CNN, Bound for Venus, By Tariq Malik, April 10, 2006
     
    adumbrate [ a-DUHM-breyt, AD-uh'm-breyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to sketch, partially disclose or outline
    2. to foreshadow or intimate
    3. to overshadow or obscure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective adumbrated the life of the serial killer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Paul says "I hope that technology has cut the TV correspondent's working day a bit by 2207 - in fact if you bear in mind that the way we work adumbrates the way most people will work in future, with work seeping into life and life into work, the whole concept of work hours will break down."
    BBC, My One Day In History - 0600-2359, by Paul Mason, 17 Oct 06
     
    venturesome [ VEN-cher-suh'm ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. adventurous, daring or inclined to undertake or incur risks
    2. risky or hazardous
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The magazine is rumoured to be searching for venturesome men and women.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Kennedy wrote, "The sight of so many ships gathered from the distant corners of the world should remind us that strong, disciplined and venturesome men still can find their way safely across uncertain and stormy seas.'
    CNN, Tall ships setting sail for harbor parade, by J.M. Lawrence, July 11, 2000
     
    wastrel [ WEY-struh'l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a profligate, spendthrift or wasteful person
    2. waif or vagabond
    3. a loafer or degenerate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Lord Fernstable was considered a wastrel and was not entertained in polite society.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     ISI operatives have been entrusted with the task of identifying families of poor - usually, the family has one boy who is a wastrel and has no purpose in life.
    The Times of India, Pakistan has created its own Frankenstien monster: Defense analyst Maroof Raza, by Vasundhara Sanger, 5 Dec 2008
     
    aplomb [ uh'-PLOM, uh'-PLUHM ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     poise, confidence or self-assurance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She made the presentation with aplomb.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Flash is popular because it works on any operating system and on many mobile devices, and because it handles media and graphics with aplomb.
    abcNews, How Adobe Air Apps Work, By Adam Pash, PC World, April 17, 2009
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    undulate [ v. UHN-juh-leyt, uhn-dyuh'-, -duh'-;adj. UHN-juh-lit, -leyt, UHN-dyuh-, -duh- ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to move in a wavy or rising-and-falling way of motion
    2. (intr.v.) to have a wavy shape or form
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to move in a wavy manner
    4. (tr.v.) to give a wavelike shape or form to
    5. (adj.) having a rippled or wavy form
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rising breeze caused the people to cheer as the flag undulated and increased the morale of the troops.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Menchov clocked an average speed of 38.4km/h on the steep, undulating course.
    CNN, Menchov wins time-trial to take Giro lead, May 21, 2009
     
    vainglorious [ veyn-GLAWR-ee-uh's, -GLOHR- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. boastful or marked by excessive vanity
    2. proceeding from or filled with vainglory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vainglorious remarks caused people to distrust him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Harrison is fast becoming a figure of fun in British sport, full of vainglorious bluster but still with nothing to show for his almost four years as a professional.
    BBC, Harrison requiring reality check, by Ben Dirs, 7 August, 2004
     
    adorn [ uh'-DAWRN ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to beautify, ornament, embellish or add beauty to
    2. to decorate or enhance with ornaments
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her room was adorned with fresh flowers in various colours and settings.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wealthy ancient Romans were the first to adorn their homes and public buildings with coloured marbles.
    BBC, Roman 'marbles' go on display, By David Willey Rome correspondent, 3 October, 2002
     
    alleviate [ uh'-LEE-vee-eyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to relieve, assuage or mitigate esp. pain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Headaches are alleviated by painkillers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A therapy that boosts the creation of neurons may alleviate some memory problems.
    CNN, How memories form, fade, and persist over time, By Elizabeth Landau CNN, January 28, 2009
     
    approbation [ ap-ruh'-BEY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     approval, commendation or praise
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His approbation was necessary for the wedding to take place.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Meeting with top members of President Barack Obama's Cabinet, Biden warned that he plans to use "the moral approbation of this office" to make sure the huge fund of stimulus money is put to use creating jobs and rebuilding the nation's infrastructure.
    abcNews, Biden: Use Stimulus Money Wisely or Lose It, By STEVEN R. HURST Associated Press Writer, February 25, 2009
     

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    savoir-faire [ SAV-wahr-FAIR; Fr. sa*-vwa*r*-fer* ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     tact, poise, polish or courtesy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The savoir-faire displayed by the diplomat saved the day.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr de La Bourdonnaye wants Liberty to have the popular appeal of Disneyland but the status and savoir faire of a luxury brand.
    Telegraph, Frenchman aims to revolutionise the very fabric of the Liberty brand, By James Hall, 15 Sep 2008
     
    semblance [ SEM-bluh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. form or outward appearance
    2. a copy, likeness or representation
    3. modicum or trace
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A semblance of order has to exist for things to run smoothly.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     An Iraqi member of staff at the BBC Baghdad bureau reflects on the return of traffic police and some semblance of order to Baghdad's streets.
    BBC, Viewpoint: Law and order Iraqi style, 3 March 2009
     
    smattering [ SMAT-er-ing ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) superficial, piecemeal or slight knowledge
    2. (n.) a small amount or number
    3. (adj.) superficial or slight
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The smattering of freckles across the bridge of her nose was quite distinctive on her fair skin.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Cass program takes business executives, as well as a smattering of foreign diplomats, through much of English and British culture, everything from the way the country is governed to how its people tend to view themselves.
    CNN, Negotiating the cultural maze, By Peter Walker for CNN, January 9, 2007
     
    spry [ sprahy ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     nimble, vigorous, lively or active
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The spry lad jumped over the fence and disappeared behind the thicket.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Born at Gillingham, Kent, on November 11 1911, Hugh Gordon was a spry, witty, urbane man, who even in childhood had been obsessed with making and flying model aeroplanes.
    Telegraph, Hugh Gordon, 20 Mar 2009
     
    victual [ VIT-ual, VIT-l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) food
    2. (tr.v.) to provide food
    3. (intr.v.) to obtain or procure food
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Life in the drought-ridden land was harsh as victuals were scarce and rations hard to obtain.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She lived upon nothing but victuals and drink.
    CNN, "Unravelling", by Elizabeth Graver
     

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    sinewy [ SIN-yoo-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tough, strong or stingy
    2. forceful, powerful or vigorous esp. in case of language
    3. muscular
    4. like or marked by the strength of sinews
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His sinewy muscles were earned doing hard labour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Britain's industrial wastelands, the sinewy places which once produced the coal and steel, now lie empty and silent.
    BBC, Why farmers think they deserve help, 20 September, 1999
     
    smirk [ smurk ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to simper, smile or express smugly
    2. (tr.v.) to smile or simper in a smug manner
    3. (n.) a smug smile or the expression on the face of one who smirks
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He smirked simply to annoy her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Stevenson is a man of great dignity and patience but Mr Zorin's face began to crack, somewhere between a smirk and a sigh.
    BBC, The last step of brinkmanship, 29 October, 2002
     
    stanza [ STAN-zuh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     one among the many divisions of a poem that usually has a constant pattern of rhyme scheme, number of lines and meter
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The first stanza was better acclaimed than what followed.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The fourth stanza of the moving poem is recited every year on Remembrance Sunday.
    BBC, Plaque remembers war poem, 16 September, 2003
     
    accrue [ uh'-KROO ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to increase or accumulate as a result or outcome of growth
    2. (intr.v.) to become legally enforceable as a claim
    3. (intr.v.) to result due to increment
    4. (tr.v.) to accumulate or collect over time
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His wealth had accrued as a result of careful investments.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Employees on long-term sick leave are entitled to take all holiday they have accrued when they return to work, the European Court of Justice has ruled.
    BBC, Sick leave staff win holiday case, 20 January 2009
     
    uncouth [ uhn-KOOTH ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. clumsy, outlandish or unmannerly
    2. crude, boorish or undefined
    3. strange, unusual or ungraceful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His uncouth behaviour was embarrassing.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The working-class people were "rough" and "tough" and sometimes "uncouth".
    BBC, Beware the working class, 6 February 2009
     

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    vagary [ vuh'-GAIR-ee, VEY-guh-ree ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an erratic, unpredictable or unexpected action, course or instance
    2. a whimsical or wild notion or action
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The entire sports faculty was stunned because of this act of vagary.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Perhaps the worst hit in this natural vagary is the film market 2001 that has been organised at the gaganendra pradarshanalay to showcase various facets of the national and international entertainment industry.
    The Times of India, Classic videos go abegging, 13 Nov 2001
     
    snivel [ SNIV-uh' l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to sniffle while weeping
    2. (intr.v.) to whine or complain in a tearful manner
    3. (tr.v.) to utter or speak while sniffling
    4. (n.) nasal mucus
    5. (n.) an act or instance of snivelling
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His manners were revolting and my irritation increased when he snivelled.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The only thing worse than an employee calling in sick is having them sniveling and sneezing all over you.
    CNN, Presenteeism more than a health risk, December 30, 2004
     
    testy [ TES-tee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     touchy, irritable or peevish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His testy behaviour got on everyone's nerves.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He barely survived a confirmation vote after a testy confrontation on the torture issue.
    CNN, Attorney general dances around waterboarding issue, January 30, 2008
     
    vehement [ VEE-uh'-muh'nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. intense, powerful, deeply passionate or emotional or fervid
    2. strong, strenuous or full of vigour
    3. violent or marked by anger
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vehement protests fell on deaf ears.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Dima Pikunov is a burly, impetuous man of vehement moods and quiet charms.
    National Geographic, Excerpts, October 2003
     
    wheedle [ HWEED-l, WEED-l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to cajole or entice or persuade by means of flattery
    2. (tr.v.) to obtain or procure by means of flattery
    3. (intr.v.) to meet one's needs by using flattery
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He wheedled and heaped lavish praise on the President.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jackson's lawyers have tried to paint his accuser's family as grifters with a habit of wheedling money out of the rich and famous.
    CNN, Jackson visits hospital again, June 6, 2005
     

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    savour [ SEY-ver ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the flavour, taste or smell of something
    2. (intr.v.) to have a particular flavour, smell or taste
    3. (intr.v.) to relish or enjoy something
    4. (tr.v.) to season or add flavour to something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The savour was so tantalizing that all the guests required seconds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     If you eat proper chocolate and really savour the flavour then a small amount goes a long way and does satisfy you.
    BBC, 'Savour the real chocolate flavour', 12 March 2009
     
    senescence [ si-NES-uh 'nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. old age, antiquity or elderliness
    2. the phase in the growth of a plant between maturity and death
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Senescence has rendered him bedridden.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One theory of ageing suggests senescence is a result of damage caused to body cells by reactive molecules called free radicals.
    Economist, Eat less. Live longer, Apr 12th 2007
     
    skittish [ SKIT-ish ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. lively, capricious or restless
    2. coy, shy or bashful
    3. jumpy, restive, frightful or excitable
    4. variable, uncertain, undependable or fickle
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The kitten was skittish and a little jittery.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     SUVs are not as equipped as sporty cars to travel safely at higher speeds -- and sporty cars tend to get skittish much more readily when it snows.
    CNN, Safe driving rules everyone should follow, By Eric Peters, November 28, 2008
     
    solvent [ SOL-vuh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) capable of meeting or repaying legal debts
    2. (adj.) capable of dissolving
    3. (n.) a substance dissolving another when forming a solution
    4. (n.) one providing a solution
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Solvent funds are the need of the hour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Illegal sales of aerosols containing solvents took place in 95% of shops checked by a survey in Derbyshire.
    BBC, Shop sting reveals solvent sales, 24 March, 2005
     
    wreak [ reek ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to avenge or inflict or execute punishment
    2. to cause or bring about
    3. to vent, express or gratify one's emotions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The marauding forces wreaked havoc upon everything in their path.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Breathing in polluted air may wreak havoc on our DNA, reprogramming genes in as few as three days and causing increased rates of cancer and other diseases.
    National Geographic, Pollution Can Change Your DNA in 3 Days, Study Suggests, by Ker Than, May 17, 2009
     

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    stoke [ stohk ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to stir up, feed or fuel a fire
    2. (tr.v.) to tend or fuel a furnace
    3. (tr.v.) to intensify or activate
    4. (intr.v.) to tend or fuel a fire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He stoked the flames by adding fuel to the fire.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A wildfire stoked by heavy winds, high temperatures and low humidity burned high-end homes Wednesday in the foothills of Santa Barbara County, California.
    CNN, Wildfires scorch parts of California, Arizona, May 7, 2009
     
    untenable [ uhn-TEN-uh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. one that is incapable of being maintained or defended
    2. incapable of habitation or occupation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The untenable stance of the government put the speaker in an awkward position.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Cable told "There has been a whole succession of disasters this week and it may well be that (Mr Darling's) position is untenable eventually."
    BBC, Darling's role 'nearly untenable', 25 November 2007
     
    venial [ VEE-nee-uh'l, VEEN-yuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. forgivable or pardonable
    2. excusable, minor or slight
    3. (roman catholic church) deserving temporal punishment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The act was deemed venial by a unanimous jury.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Graham Cowdrey points out most of the corruption by players which has so far been proved has been relatively venial.
    BBC, How to be corrupt in cricket, 25 July, 2000
     
    vulpine [ VUHL-pahyn, -pin ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. like or resembling a fox
    2. cunning, clever, foxy or crafty
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was disliked on account of his vulpine features consisting of a pointed chin and small, beady eyes set in a triangular face.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Blair has visibly aged, becoming more vulpine in appearance.
    The Times of India, Last X'mas in 10, Downing Street?, by Rashmee Z Ahmed, 21 Dec 2003
     
    stupor [ STOO-per, STYOO- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a state when sensibility has been suspended or greatly diminished
    2. stupefaction, lethargy, daze or apathy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was brought out of his stupor by a kick to his shins.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Not neglecting the feet or head, the therapist was thorough and left me in a sort of stupor. says Delaney
    CNN, Pamper yourself: Mandarin Oriental, by Brigid Delaney, July 20, 2007
     

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    scurry [ SKUR-ee, SKUHR-ee ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to hurry or scamper hastily
    2. (tr.v.) to send along in a hurried manner
    3. (n.) a scamper or rush
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Mice scurried around the dingy hallway.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The NPA (news preparation area) is where, every hour, the bulletin-reader of the day will scurry along into, anxiously rehearsing to themselves the main headlines as they go.
    BBC, NPA or The Bulletin Studio
     
    serried [ SER-eed ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. compacted, crowded or packed closely together
    2. saw-toothed or marked by ridges
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     People get used to travelling in serried local trains in Mumbai.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The headstones stand now shining in the winter sun as serried ranks, meaning not, as some imagine, regular or even rows, but packed close together, leaving no space in between.
    BBC, Yugoslavia: Death of a country, By Allan Little BBC world affairs correspondent, 16 February, 2003
     
    skulduggery [ skuhl-DUHG-uh'-ree ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     crafty trickery or unscrupulous behaviour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In 19th century Britain, gypsies were accused of skulduggery.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     US finance giant Citigroup is dumping the boss of its investment banking arm, Salomon Smith Barney, amid allegations of biased research and skulduggery in its corporate finance operations.
    BBC, Scandal-hit Salomon ditches chief, 9 September, 2002
     
    terrapin [ TER-uh'-pin ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a turtle from north america
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Terrapins are often found in fresh water.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     China's appetite for turtle soup has already reduced populations of Maryland's state reptile, the diamondback terrapin.
    National Geographic, China's Turtle Farms Threaten Rare Species, Experts Say, Scott Norrist for Naional Geographic News, March 23, 2007
     
    thespian [ THES-pee-uh'n ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) dramatic or related to drama
    2. (adj.) characteristic of or pertaining to thespis
    3. (n.) an actress or actor
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Thespian performances were rare, which is why the crowd swarmed around the ticket window to ensure a seat.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Born in Ilford, east London, in 1941, Campbell attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, the training ground of Britain's thespian elite.
    abcNews, Obituaries in the News, By The Associated Press, September 3, 2008
     

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    somatic [ soh-MAT-ik, suh'- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. bodily or physical
    2. parietal or pertaining to the wall of the body
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His condition was not somatic in nature rather it was psychological.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Scientists remove the nucleus from an egg cell, which contains the cell's genetic material, and replace it with genetic material from another somatic, or body tissue, cell.
    National Geographic, U.S. Team Produces First Mule Clone, Stefan Lovgren, May 29, 2003
     
    throng [ thrawng, throng ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) crowd or multitude of people
    2. (tr.v.) to jostle, crowd or throng
    3. (intr.v.) to assemble, throng or crowd
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A throng of protestors gathered in front of the Parliament House.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At least 20,000 people throng the streets of Bunol, in Spain, to participate in a giant tomato fight.
    BBC, In pictures: Tomatina festival, 25 August, 2004
     
    tithe [ tahyth' ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one tenth of one's salary offered to god or paid to the clergy for the upkeep of the church
    2. (intr.v.) to offer or pay a tithe
    3. (tr.v.) to pay or give a tithe
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Tithe was collected every month to ensure the upkeep of the parish.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A festival spokesman pointed out that money from the festival went back into the village, such as the restoration of an ancient tithe barn and the village hall.
    BBC, Life in the festival village, By Ian Youngs BBC News Online in Pilton, Somerset, 27 June, 2003
     
    aboriginal [ ab-uh'-RIJ-uh'-nl ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) indigenous or inhabiting or native from the beginning
    2. (adj.) relating or pertaining to the aborigines
    3. (n.) aborigine
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The aboriginal residents of the island were feared by the new settlers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Aboriginal tribes believe their remains must be returned to their people.
    BBC, Museum returns Aboriginal skulls, 21 May 2009
     
    unassuming [ uhn-uh'-SOO-ming ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     modest, unpretentious or not assuming
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His unassuming words were grossly misinterpreted.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The securityman might have been sceptical, given Atul's unassuming manner and casual get-up.
    The Times of India, Bidding Mumbai good-buy, by Gauri Sinh, 15 Nov 2003
     

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    scuttle [ SKUHT-l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a scamper, short run or scurry
    2. (n.) an open, broad and shallow basket that usually is used to carry vegetables or grain
    3. (intr.v.) to run or scamper away
    4. (tr.v.) to sink by, on purpose, making holes or opening in the bottom of a ship or other nautical vessel
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He scuttled ahead and managed to catch the bus.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Once caught, suspected smugglers often "scuttle," or sink, the subs, sending both vessel and cocaine to the bottom of the sea.
    CNN, Smugglers sink 'drug subs,' but not feds' case, By Azadeh Ansari CNN, January 14, 2009
     
    shibboleth [ SHIB-uh'-lith, leth ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a word or phrase that sets apart a group or class of persons
    2. a catchphrase, slogan, catchword or password
    3. a peculiarity of style of dressing, behaviour or pronunciation that sets a group apart from the rest
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The shibboleth of, "Weasley is king" became representative of any good goal keeper.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The economic crisis is destroying the traditional shibboleths of American - and not only American - politics.
    Telegraph, No place for yes men in special relationship, By Sir Christopher Meyer, 24 Jan 2009
     
    slander [ SLAN-der ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) defamation, a false statement that harms the reputation of another or calumny
    2. (tr.v.) to defame, malign or vilify
    3. (intr.v.) to spread or circulate slander
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He filed a lawsuit citing slander of his good name.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Professor Allyson Pollock (April 18) is right to accuse Health Minister Andy Kerr of slander when he refers to "biased academics who seek to mislead the public with outdated and discredited arguments".
    The Herald, Why the Labour Party's claims about the SNP do not add up
     
    substantiate [ suh' b-STAN-shee-eyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to confirm or prove using evidence
    2. to embody or give form or material to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Any accusation has to be substantiated with hard evidence.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In a formal statement requested by the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Legend made the first move to substantiate news reports and industry talk of a Legend-AOL China alliance.
    CNN, Legend confirms AOL's move into China, By CNN's Kristie Lu Stout, June 5, 2001
     
    unseemly [ uhn-SEEM-lee ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) inappropriate, improper or unseasonable
    2. (adv.) not seemly or not in a proper manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Unseemly behaviour is frowned upon in all cultures.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There's no shortage of unseemly tactics, with questions like "Don't you think your children deserve better?"
    CNN, Confessions of a time-share salesperson, May 9, 2007
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    veneer [ vuh'-NEER ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a thin layer of wood that is glued to the surface of inferior wood
    2. (n.) facade or superficial or deceptive pleasing appearance or experience
    3. (tr.v.) to overlay inferior wood with a thin sheet of wood for decoration
    4. (tr.v.) to conceal or hide under superficial attractiveness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The contractor decided to cover up the floor with veneer in order to reduce refurbishing costs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Avoid polished furniture in areas that receive direct sunlight because sometimes the veneer looses it natural colour.
    The Times of India, User Friendly, 20 Feb 2005
     
    vitreous [ VI-tree-uh's ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) glassy or having characteristics of glass like glossiness and hardness
    2. (adj.) made or derived from glass
    3. (adj.) pertaining to or comprising the vitreous humour
    4. (n.) the vitreous humour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Its vitreous nature made it fragile.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Granite worktops and stainless steel sinks in the kitchen are replaced by Kota stone slabs and vitreous China sinks.
    The Times of India, Honey, they've shrunk the room!, 19 Apr 2009
     
    admonitory [ ad-MON-i-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     expressing a warning
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His admonitory words fell on deaf ears.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Football Association are to have a quiet, admonitory word with Chelsea about the pursuit of Steven Gerrard while the Liverpool midfielder was away on England duty at Euro 2004.
    Telegraph, Chelsea warned for overtures, By Henry Winter and Mihir Bose, 01 Jul 2004
     
    apartheid [ uh'-PAHRT-heyt, -hahyt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a policy that was earlier practised in the republic of south africa to separate the non-white community from the white community
    2. segregation or separation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The practice of apartheid should be abolished.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Millions of South Africans braved autumnal weather to go to the polls in the most competitive election since the end of apartheid.
    BBC, As it happened: South Africa election, By Lucy Fleming, 22 April 2009
     
    apprise [ uh'-PRAHYZ ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to inform, tell, notify or advise
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was apprised about the developing political crisis.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     ICE spokeswoman Nicole Navas said in an e-mail to the Associated Press, "We have contacted interested members of Congress to apprise them of the reinstituted removals".
    abcNEWS, Deportations to Storm-Crippled Haiti Resume, by KELLI KENNEDY, December 8, 2008
     

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    spasmodic [ spaz-MOD-ik ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to or resembling spasms
    2. intermittent, sporadic or fitful
    3. excitable or extremely emotional
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Spasmodic jerks seemed to rack his body.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The violence in Iraq will persist, the candidate believes, but it will be "spasmodic and much reduced."
    CNN, McCain predicts Iraq war over by 2013, May 15, 2008
     
    allegiance [ uh'-LEE-juh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the obligation of loyalty or fidelity to a vassal, feudal lord, sovereign or country
    2. loyalty or devotion to a person or cause
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He promised allegiance to the Nawab.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     School-leavers should be encouraged to swear an oath of allegiance to Queen and country, says a report commissioned by Gordon Brown on British citizenship.
    BBC, Pupils 'to take allegiance oath', 11 March 2008
     
    ambivalent [ am-BIV-uh'-luh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     exhibiting simultaneous, contradictory emotions, attitudes or feelings
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her ambivalent reactions confused everyone.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Russian president Dmitry Medvedev had given ambivalent indications about his country's intentions at the G8 summit in Japan earlier this week.
    Telegraph, Zimbabwe: China justifies sanctions veto, By Sebastian Berger in Johannesburg, 12 Jul 2008
     
    anguish [ ANG-gwish ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) intense suffering or pain
    2. (tr.v.) to inflict with or cause distress or extreme pain
    3. (intr.v.) to suffer from or endure intense sorrow or pain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The mental anguish suffered by the POWs continued even after their release.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     New Delhi has warned the Australian government of the "deep anguish" over the attacks, and stated that the lucrative Indian education market could suffer.
    Telegraph, Bollywood star turns down honorary degree after attacks, By Barney Henderson in Mumbai, 31 May 2009
     
    apotheosis [ uh'-poth-ee-Oh-sis, ap-uh'-Thee-uh'-sis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. deification or elevation or exaltation to a divine stature
    2. quintessence, epitome or glorified example
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their love story became the apotheosis for generations to come.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The policy reached its apotheosis in the scandal that became known as the Iran-Contra affair.
    BBC, Critics question Reagan legacy, By Richard Allen Greene BBC News Online, 9 June, 2004
     

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    sebaceous [ si-BEY-shuh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     greasy, fatty or pertaining to sebum or tallow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Sebaceous glands are overactive in humid climate.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The fungus, which is genetically related to yeast, feeds on sebum, the oily product produced by the sebaceous glands found in the skin.
    BBC, Genetic code of dandruff cracked, 6 November 2007
     
    shoal [ shohl ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the place where the river or sea is shallow
    2. (adj.) shallow
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to become shallow
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lifeguard mentioned that the shoal was a safe place to swim.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The guided missile cruiser got stuck on a rock and sand shoal late Thursday and wasn't pulled free until Monday.
    abcNews, Grounded Warship Discharged Raw Sewage off Oahu, By AUDREY McAVOY Associated Press Writerm, February 10, 2009
     
    substantive [ SUHB-stuh' n-tiv ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a noun, a pronoun or a word or group of words that perform the function of a noun
    2. (adj.) substantial or considerable
    3. (adj.) real, in existence or actual
    4. (adj.) independent or not subordinate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Substantive reforms are the need of the hour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr McLaren, Scottish Labour's former chief economic adviser, blamed successive administrations for shying away from making substantive reforms, preferring instead populist policies.
    Telegraph, Devolution is failing Scotland thanks to populist policy agenda, says study, By Simon Johnson, Scottish Political Editor, 19 Apr 2009
     
    sundry [ SUHN-dree ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     diverse, miscellaneous, various or different
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Personal details should not be aired before all and sundry.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The [housing market crash of the] early 1990s showed it wasn't a good idea to lend to all and sundry, and there are still some organisations which are going for quantity rather than quality.
    BBC, Dirty money exploits housing boom, By Jeremy Scott-Joynt, 30 April 2007
     
    tenure [ TEN-yer ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an instance or act of possessing or holding something
    2. (n.) the term or period of holding something
    3. (n.) status granted to an employee after his probationary period
    4. (tr.v.) to give tenure to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tenure of each member of the Rajya Sabha is generally six years.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The prehistoric horse would have been a good survival candidate, based on its long tenure in the fossil record.
    National Geographic, Mammoth Extinction Caused by Trees, Study Suggests, Anne Minard for Naional Geographic News, May 10, 2006
     

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