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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    quorum [ KWAWR-uh' m, KWOHR- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. majority or the minimum number of members that are needed in order to conduct proceedings
    2. a chosen or select group
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tour arrangers made it clear that the trip would proceed only if the required quorum of registrations was met.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The head of the Republican National Committee said the convention would on Monday meet to establish a quorum, adopt convention rules, elect officers and approve the party platform.
    BBC News, Gustav dominates Republican event, 2 September 2008
     
    recrimination [ ri-KRIM-uh'-neyt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a counter charge or allegation in retaliation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The court case nearly resembled a circus ring with accusations and recriminations being tossed around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Trust and confidence have been conspicuously absent from the exchange of recriminations over the issue of the pension package awarded to Sir Fred Goodwin, former chief executive of the Royal Bank of Scotland.
    Telegraph, Our liberties are at stake in this crisis of confidence, 01 Mar 2009
     
    regale [ ri-GEYL ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a feast
    2. (n.) a choice food or drink
    3. (tr.v.) to delight, amuse or entertain lavishly
    4. (tr.v.) to provide a feast with choice food or drink
    5. (intr.v.) to feast
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lavishness of the regale was unheard of.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In Saurashtra region where Rajkot falls, women regale playing Holi with colour and water.
    The Times of India, Now, talcum powder 'Gulal' for Holi!, 20 Mar 2008
     
    suture [ SOO-cher ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act of surgically sewing together two edges of a wound
    2. (n.) the fibre used to sew two parts together
    3. (n.) the line of junction of two bones especially the skull
    4. (tr.v.) to secure, join or unite by means of sutures
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Sutures must prevent fluids from penetrating the body through them from outside.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lizards with hairy feet are the inspiration for a new medical product that could help surgical patients heal better and might even replace sutures some day.
    CNN, Geckos' feet inspire new high-tech bandage, March 13, 2008
     
    titular [ TICH-uh'-ler, TIT-yuh'- ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) of, pertaining to or having a title
    2. (adj.) nominal or existing only in title
    3. (n.) one bearing or holding a title
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was a titular King, a facade to camouflage the real power behind the throne.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Ahmed, previously only titular head of state, is now the president of the republic, home, defence and foreign ministers, commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
    Economist, Pre-election violence in Bangladesh, Nov 2nd 2006.
     

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    seclusion [ si-KLOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state, condition or act of being isolated or at solitude
    2. a place that is isolated
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The seclusion rendered her demented.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A scattering of wooden cottages blends seamlessly with the lush green gardens of the hillside, offering sweet seclusion, understated luxury and a deserted white-sand beach.
    Telegraph, Hermitage Bay, Antigua & Barbuda: overview, Mr & Mrs Smith review, 15 Dec 2008
     
    succour [ SUHK-er ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) relief, comfort, aid or assistance
    2. (n.) one who aids, comforts or relieves
    3. (tr.v.) to help, aid or assist
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Succour offered in monetary terms is not always welcome.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Welfare reform also provides some intellectual succour to the recently beleaguered right.
    Economist, Something for something, Dec 11th 2008
     
    viscid [ VIS-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. viscous, sticky or adhesive
    2. (Botany) covered with a sticky substance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Its viscid nature made it important for pharmaceutical research.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The development of sticky viscid silk is thought to be an important evolutionary innovation as that silk is more effective at snagging passing insects than the non-sticky variety.
    National Geographic, Dinosaur-Era Spiderweb Found in Amber, by John Pickrell in England, August 7, 2003
     
    whimsical [ HWIM-zi-kuh'l, WIM- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. capricious, arbitrary or marked by whims and fanciful ideas
    2. unpredictable or erratic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His whimsical notions were ridiculed by society.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Horton Plaza, a shopping mall with an unusual whimsical architecture, jump-started the Gaslamp Quarter renaissance in the 1980s.
    National Geographic, San Diego: Horton Plaza
     
    wrest [ rest ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to twist, jerk or force violently
    2. (tr.v.) to forcefully usurp or take away
    3. (tr.v.) to twist or distort one's meaning
    4. (n.) a twist or wrench
    5. (n.) (archaic) a small key that is used to wrench pins of a stringed instrument
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The crown and throne were wrested from him by a bloody coup.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is not surprising that Google and 23andMe, a genomics firm, want the power of information that comes from new technologies in health care to be wrested from the medical profession.
    Economist, On MPs' expenses, Iranian dissidents, Chrysler, Nordic countries, genetic information, the Supreme Court, May 21st 2009
     

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    quizzical [ KWIZ-i-kuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. odd, queer, eccentric or comical
    2. puzzled, perplexed or confused
    3. teasing, questioning or mocking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The quizzical expression on his face was one in a million.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The teen had a quizzical look on his face when the verdict was read in the hushed courtroom.
    CNN, Teen guilty of second-degree murder in teacher killing, May 16, 2001
     
    reconnaissance [ ri-KON-uh'-suh' ns, -zuh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an exploration, survey, inspection or examination that is conducted in order to garner information esp. military information about enemy territory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Reconnaissance conducted by the troops suggested that the enemy was about to surrender.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Operation Oqab Tsuka (Eagle's Summit) involved the deployment of massive firepower-some 5,000 troops, plus hundreds of special forces, 30 helicopters, two reconnaissance drones and 20 jets.
    Economist, Dam difficult, Sep 4th 2008
     
    refraction [ ri-FRAK-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a bending or change in the path of a light wave when it traverses obliquely from one optical medium to another having a different density
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Formation of a rainbow is an effect of the phenomenon of refraction.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The needles are so small that it reduces refraction or distortion of the light to almost zero
    Telegraph, Harry Potter invisibility cloak a step closer to reality, by Richard Alleyne, 16 Oct 2008
     
    sultry [ SUHL-tree ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sweltering, hot and emitting heat
    2. arousing or exciting desire or passion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sultry summer months soon lost their appeal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     American singer and actress Julie London - famed in the 1950s and 1960s for her sultry voice on hits like Cry Me A River - has died, aged 74.
    BBC, Singer Julie London dies, 19 October, 2000
     
    tentative [ TEN-tuh'-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. experimental, provisional or implemented as a trial
    2. hesitant, unsure or uncertain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor performed a tentative check-up to check the man's fitness.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There are tentative signs of a new gold rush in the US, according to the Gold Prospectors Association of America (GPAA).
    BBC, Tentative signs of US gold rush, 9 April 2009
     

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    abattoir [ AB-uh'-twahr, ab-uh'-TWAHR ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     slaughterhouse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The abattoir was a fearsome place for the children of York.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Workers at an abattoir on Anglesey were among the first in Wales to feel the impact of the ban.
    BBC, Abattoir lay-offs after outbreak, 6 August 2007
     
    abate [ uh'-BEYT ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to decrease, lessen or diminish
    2. (tr.v.) to end, nullify or terminate
    3. (intr.v.) to decrease or reduce in intensity
    4. (intr.v.) to become void
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tide abated and the people stuck on the cove were rescued.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Traffic was flowing freely after the rush hour traffic had abated.
    CNN, How to combat drowsy driving, by Craig Howie, October 29, 2008
     
    abominate [ uh'-BOM-uh'-neyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to abhor, detest, hate or loathe
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her irrational behaviour showed that she abominated people of a different race.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jeremy Paxman on the extraordinary achievement of Wilfred Owen, who abominated war yet died a great warrior.
    Telegraph, Wilfred Owen: The soldiers' poet, by Jeremy Paxman, 03 Nov 2007
     
    tyranny [ TIR-uh'-nee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. oppressive or abusive use of power
    2. undue harshness, strictness or severity
    3. the rule of an absolute ruler
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people rose against the tyranny of the dictator.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The president of the National Association of Head Teachers, Chris Howard, said there would be no end to its campaign until the "tyranny of testing and league tables" was over.
    BBC, Head teachers back ballot on Sats, by Angela Harrison, 2 May 2009
     
    writhe [ rahyth ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to twist, squirm or contort violently as though in pain
    2. (intr.v.) to mentally shrink as if in acute discomfort
    3. (tr.v.) to contort, twist or distort as though in pain
    4. (n.) a contortion or twisting motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He writhed in agony but the police saw through his sham.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Coils of electrified gas known as coronal loops writhe above sunpots-cooler, dark patches (inset) that appear on the sun's surface in periodic cycles.
    National Geographic, Photo: Don't Blame Sun for Global Warming, Study Says
     

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    shrew [ shroo ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. an ill-tempered woman known for her scolding
    2. a small, mouse-like insectivorous mammal that has a long, pointed snout and soft fur
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The shrew screeched the house down.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A conservation project in Kent is giving people the chance to learn more about water shrews.
    BBC, Project to protect water shrews, 19 August, 2004
     
    slither [ SLITH' -er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to glide, slip or slide like the motion of a reptile
    2. (intr.v.) to move or walk with a sliding motion
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to glide or slide
    4. (n.) sliding or gliding motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being cursed, he lost the power to use his legs and often slithered around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The island seemed like a tiny slither of land, buildings squashed to the very edge of the waterline on all sides.
    BBC, Standing on the roof of the world, 11 September, 2001
     
    spectral [ SPEK-truh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. spectral or ghostly
    2. pertaining to, resembling or of a spectre
    3. related to or of a spectrum
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective set up machines to record spectral activity in the vicinity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For years, scientists presumed this rainbow was made by some sort of chemical or spectral process.
    CNN, Searching for aliens in all the wrong places, By Miles O'Brien, August 6, 2004
     
    tarn [ tahrn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a small lake or pool esp. one that is in a cirque
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tarn was considered dangerous as many people had drowned in it.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Lake District is outdoor swimming heaven, with hoards of hidden tarns.
    Telegraph, Top 50 places to swim outdoors, Adrian Tierney-Jones, 08 Aug 2008
     
    travail [ truh'-VEYL, TRAV-eyl ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) toil or laborious work
    2. (n.) anguish, torment, hardship or agony
    3. (n.) labour or pain of childbirth
    4. (intr.v.) to be in labour
    5. (intr.v.) to toil or work laboriously
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The story made a mockery of the travails faced by the people of the past century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President Obama poked fun at the travails of the Republican Party last weekend.
    CNN, Family feud roils Republican Party, May 13, 2009
     

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    quarry [ KWAWR-ee, KWOR-ee ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) prey or game
    2. (n.) an open excavation pit to obtain stone by blasting or digging
    3. (n.) an object being pursued
    4. (tr.v.) to excavate stone from a quarry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His indecisiveness caused his quarry to escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The (Special Area of Conservation) SAR is about 10% of the 100 acres (40.5 hectares) that Stone firms Ltd wants to quarry at the site.
    BBC News, Bid to stop quarrying of cliffs, 10 February 2009
     
    purgatory [ PUR-guh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) (roman catholic church) a place or condition in which the people who have died in god's grace suffer and expatiate their sins
    2. (n.) any state or place in which punishment, expatiation and suffering are temporary
    3. (n.) limbo, hell or netherworld
    4. (adj.) tending or serving to expatiate or cleanse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He feared ending up in purgatory as a result of his misdeeds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is as if after years in purgatory the light has come back into Mrs Sharma's life.
    The Times of India, Free of oil and grime, September 4, 2004
     
    putative [ PYOO-tuh-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     reputed, supposed or generally deemed as such
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The putative crime-lord did not tolerate a decline in the weekly profits.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Henry pointed out that Pace was questioning the Iranian government's putative role in the weapons, not the fact that the weapons may have been made in Iran.
    CNN, Top general casts doubt on Tehran's link to Iraq militias, February 14, 2007
     
    sunder [ SUHN-der ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to severe, split or divide
    2. (intr.v.) to sever, divide, split or part
    3. (n.) division, split or separation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     At the end of the ceremony, the priest said, "May no man sunder what God has put together".
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Snowdon marriage was finally sundered early in 1976 when the News of the World published an apparently "intimate" picture of the princess and Llewellyn in Mustique.
    CNN, Like Diana, a twinkle in her eye, February 10, 2002
     
    touchstone [ TUHCH-stohn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.(n.) a criterion, test or standard to measure quality or genuineness
    2. (n.) a black, siliceous stone that was priorly used to test the purity of gold
    3. (adj.) basis or a quintessential or an important feature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The checks failed as none of the important touchstones were achieved.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Pay has been the touchstone issue of the financial crisis.
    Economist, The revolution within,May 14th 2009.
     

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    quail [ kweyl ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a small gallinaceous bird like the bobwhite
    2. (intr.v.) to cower, shrink back, wince or lose heart
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Quails are short birds that nest on the ground.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sleuths of the CID Forest cell on Sunday barged into a supermarket on MG Road and recovered quail eggs.
    The Times of India, Quail eggs seized from supermarket, February 4, 2008
     
    rabid [ RAB-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. furious, violent or raging
    2. fanatical, over-zealous or extreme in practice
    3. affected with or having rabies
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rabid dog was perceived to be a threat by the villagers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We cannot allow our police officers to shoot and kill our citizens without justification like rabid dogs, District Attorney Eddie Jordan said.
    CNN, New Orleans police indicted in bridge shootings, January 2, 2007
     
    vituperative [ vahy-TOO-per-uh'-tiv, -puh-rey-tiv, -TYOO-, vi- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     abusive or containing abusive censure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vituperative address to the media was renounced by the government.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     China changed its mind after vituperative outbursts online by nationalists.
    Economist, Why Grandpa Wen has to care, Jun 12th 2008
     
    wince [ wins ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to cringe, flinch or draw back
    2. (n.) a start, flinch or recoil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He winced but accepted his punishment without a protest.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mo Williams' left eye was swollen, bandaged with four stitches around it and bruises that caused him to wince with every blow.
    abcNEWS, Cavs' Mo Williams Disappearing Against the Magic, by ANTONIO GONZALEZ, May 25, 2009
     
    sedulous [ SEJ-uh'-luh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. assiduous, diligent or hardworking
    2. cautiously or persistently maintained
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was regarded as a sedulous, young man who would do well in life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Think of the sedulous fashion in which Mr.Brown has cultivated an image of a man of integrity, wisdom and lack of self-interest.
    Telegraph, Gordon Brown's psychological flaws will come back to haunt him, by Simon Heffer, 03 Jan 2009
     

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    recumbent [ ri-KUHM-buh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) reclining, leaning or resting
    2. (adj.) inactive, resting or idle
    3. (n.) one who is idle or inactive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The thief was fooled by the recumbent police officer into thinking that he could escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The men were either recumbent or sitting on one of three different types of bicycle seat.
    BBC News, Cycling linked to impotence, 7 June, 1999
     
    remiss [ ri-MIS ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. negligent, lax or careless
    2. marked or characterized by negligence, slackness or carelessness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The problem occurred because the employee was remiss in his duties.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Journalists and newspapers (BBC included) have been nothing but remiss in misrepresenting "news".
    BBC News, Driving primates to the edge, by Russell Mittermeier, 5 August 2008
     
    temperate [ TEM-per-it, TEM-prit ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. moderate or self-restrained
    2. not excessive or moderate in quality and degree
    3. moderate in temperature or climate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His temperate mannerisms made him an ideal candidate for the post.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Four members live in the exquisitely temperate countryside outside San Francisco.
    Telegraph, Metallica find life again in death, by Andrew Perry, 18 Feb 2009
     
    wont [ wawnt, wohnt, wuhnt ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) used or accustomed
    2. (adj.) apt, likely or inclined
    3. (n.) habit or custom
    4. (tr.v.) to habituate or accustom
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His wont behaviour of 'early to bed and early to rise' was regarded as the norm.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A hereditary Hindu priest, Veer Bhadra Mishra is wont, shortly after sunrise, to totter down the stone steps of his temple to the Ganges river, and there perform a three-part ritual.
    Economist, Up to their necks in it, Jul 17th 2008
     
    yore [ yawr, yohr ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     time past or long ago
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Facts of yore become fables of present.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The initial claim that the new prime minister would be "unspun", with none of the leaking and distortion of yore, soon turned out to be nonsense.
    Economist, Tailspin, Apr 16th 2009
     

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    quay [ kee, key, kwey ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a wharf, landing place or reinforced bank for ships to load and unload
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A new quay had to be built to accommodate the increased maritime activity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Although dockers have been working normally the goods they are unloading are starting to fill up the storage space on quays and in sheds.
    Economist, The blockade of Britain, January 13th 1979
     
    raiment [ REY-muh' nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     apparel, garment, clothing or attire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The home minister was criticized for being more concerned about his raiment than the state of affairs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Blair clothes himself in the white raiment of pietyBlair clothes himself in the white raiment of piety and Alastair Campbell does just as he likes.
    Telegraph, We now have a Prime Minister of unbridled power, unbridled narcissism, unbridled spin, 02 Mar 2002
     
    taper [ TEY-per ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to get thinner or smaller towards the end
    2. (intr.v.) to gradually reduce towards the end
    3. (n.) the act of diminishing or tapering towards the end
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The edge of the sword had been tapered off so as to increase functionality
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Treasuries would "taper off" when the economy no longer needed help, allowing the Fed to cease its emergency support.
    abcNews, Bernanke Says Fed Has Exit Strategy From Credit Policy, By Alister Bull, March 20, 2009
     
    vassal [ VAS-uh'l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who held land granted by a feudal lord in return for homage
    2. (n.) a subject or slave
    3. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of a slave or vassal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Lord Ipensky was a faithful vassal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The sheer number of senior statesmen slated to attend has prompted some Chinese to liken it to imperial times when vassal states were expected to offer tokens of respect to Chinese emperors.
    abcNEWS, World Leaders Quash Qualms, Go to Olympic Opening, by ANGELA CHARLTON, August 6, 2008
     
    wean [ ween ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to accustom a young mammal to take its nourishment from means other than its mother's milk
    2. to cause to get detached from a habit or source of one's attachment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Babies are weaned at nine months.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A limitless renewable energy source that can wean humans off fossil fuels has existed for billions of years, according to the latest report from a "green" scientist.
    National Geographic, Splitting Water Molecules the Next "Green" Power Source?, by Brian Handwerk, March 5, 2007
     

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