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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    quorum [ KWAWR-uh' m, KWOHR- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. majority or the minimum number of members that are needed in order to conduct proceedings
    2. a chosen or select group
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tour arrangers made it clear that the trip would proceed only if the required quorum of registrations was met.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The head of the Republican National Committee said the convention would on Monday meet to establish a quorum, adopt convention rules, elect officers and approve the party platform.
    BBC News, Gustav dominates Republican event, 2 September 2008
     
    recrimination [ ri-KRIM-uh'-neyt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a counter charge or allegation in retaliation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The court case nearly resembled a circus ring with accusations and recriminations being tossed around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Trust and confidence have been conspicuously absent from the exchange of recriminations over the issue of the pension package awarded to Sir Fred Goodwin, former chief executive of the Royal Bank of Scotland.
    Telegraph, Our liberties are at stake in this crisis of confidence, 01 Mar 2009
     
    regale [ ri-GEYL ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a feast
    2. (n.) a choice food or drink
    3. (tr.v.) to delight, amuse or entertain lavishly
    4. (tr.v.) to provide a feast with choice food or drink
    5. (intr.v.) to feast
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The lavishness of the regale was unheard of.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In Saurashtra region where Rajkot falls, women regale playing Holi with colour and water.
    The Times of India, Now, talcum powder 'Gulal' for Holi!, 20 Mar 2008
     
    suture [ SOO-cher ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the act of surgically sewing together two edges of a wound
    2. (n.) the fibre used to sew two parts together
    3. (n.) the line of junction of two bones especially the skull
    4. (tr.v.) to secure, join or unite by means of sutures
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Sutures must prevent fluids from penetrating the body through them from outside.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Lizards with hairy feet are the inspiration for a new medical product that could help surgical patients heal better and might even replace sutures some day.
    CNN, Geckos' feet inspire new high-tech bandage, March 13, 2008
     
    titular [ TICH-uh'-ler, TIT-yuh'- ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) of, pertaining to or having a title
    2. (adj.) nominal or existing only in title
    3. (n.) one bearing or holding a title
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was a titular King, a facade to camouflage the real power behind the throne.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Ahmed, previously only titular head of state, is now the president of the republic, home, defence and foreign ministers, commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
    Economist, Pre-election violence in Bangladesh, Nov 2nd 2006.
     

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    seclusion [ si-KLOO-zhuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state, condition or act of being isolated or at solitude
    2. a place that is isolated
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The seclusion rendered her demented.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A scattering of wooden cottages blends seamlessly with the lush green gardens of the hillside, offering sweet seclusion, understated luxury and a deserted white-sand beach.
    Telegraph, Hermitage Bay, Antigua & Barbuda: overview, Mr & Mrs Smith review, 15 Dec 2008
     
    succour [ SUHK-er ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) relief, comfort, aid or assistance
    2. (n.) one who aids, comforts or relieves
    3. (tr.v.) to help, aid or assist
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Succour offered in monetary terms is not always welcome.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Welfare reform also provides some intellectual succour to the recently beleaguered right.
    Economist, Something for something, Dec 11th 2008
     
    viscid [ VIS-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. viscous, sticky or adhesive
    2. (Botany) covered with a sticky substance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Its viscid nature made it important for pharmaceutical research.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The development of sticky viscid silk is thought to be an important evolutionary innovation as that silk is more effective at snagging passing insects than the non-sticky variety.
    National Geographic, Dinosaur-Era Spiderweb Found in Amber, by John Pickrell in England, August 7, 2003
     
    whimsical [ HWIM-zi-kuh'l, WIM- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. capricious, arbitrary or marked by whims and fanciful ideas
    2. unpredictable or erratic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His whimsical notions were ridiculed by society.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Horton Plaza, a shopping mall with an unusual whimsical architecture, jump-started the Gaslamp Quarter renaissance in the 1980s.
    National Geographic, San Diego: Horton Plaza
     
    wrest [ rest ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to twist, jerk or force violently
    2. (tr.v.) to forcefully usurp or take away
    3. (tr.v.) to twist or distort one's meaning
    4. (n.) a twist or wrench
    5. (n.) (archaic) a small key that is used to wrench pins of a stringed instrument
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The crown and throne were wrested from him by a bloody coup.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is not surprising that Google and 23andMe, a genomics firm, want the power of information that comes from new technologies in health care to be wrested from the medical profession.
    Economist, On MPs' expenses, Iranian dissidents, Chrysler, Nordic countries, genetic information, the Supreme Court, May 21st 2009
     

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    quizzical [ KWIZ-i-kuh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. odd, queer, eccentric or comical
    2. puzzled, perplexed or confused
    3. teasing, questioning or mocking
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The quizzical expression on his face was one in a million.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The teen had a quizzical look on his face when the verdict was read in the hushed courtroom.
    CNN, Teen guilty of second-degree murder in teacher killing, May 16, 2001
     
    reconnaissance [ ri-KON-uh'-suh' ns, -zuh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     an exploration, survey, inspection or examination that is conducted in order to garner information esp. military information about enemy territory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Reconnaissance conducted by the troops suggested that the enemy was about to surrender.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Operation Oqab Tsuka (Eagle's Summit) involved the deployment of massive firepower-some 5,000 troops, plus hundreds of special forces, 30 helicopters, two reconnaissance drones and 20 jets.
    Economist, Dam difficult, Sep 4th 2008
     
    refraction [ ri-FRAK-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a bending or change in the path of a light wave when it traverses obliquely from one optical medium to another having a different density
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Formation of a rainbow is an effect of the phenomenon of refraction.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The needles are so small that it reduces refraction or distortion of the light to almost zero
    Telegraph, Harry Potter invisibility cloak a step closer to reality, by Richard Alleyne, 16 Oct 2008
     
    sultry [ SUHL-tree ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sweltering, hot and emitting heat
    2. arousing or exciting desire or passion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The sultry summer months soon lost their appeal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     American singer and actress Julie London - famed in the 1950s and 1960s for her sultry voice on hits like Cry Me A River - has died, aged 74.
    BBC, Singer Julie London dies, 19 October, 2000
     
    tentative [ TEN-tuh'-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. experimental, provisional or implemented as a trial
    2. hesitant, unsure or uncertain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor performed a tentative check-up to check the man's fitness.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There are tentative signs of a new gold rush in the US, according to the Gold Prospectors Association of America (GPAA).
    BBC, Tentative signs of US gold rush, 9 April 2009
     

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    abattoir [ AB-uh'-twahr, ab-uh'-TWAHR ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     slaughterhouse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The abattoir was a fearsome place for the children of York.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Workers at an abattoir on Anglesey were among the first in Wales to feel the impact of the ban.
    BBC, Abattoir lay-offs after outbreak, 6 August 2007
     
    abate [ uh'-BEYT ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to decrease, lessen or diminish
    2. (tr.v.) to end, nullify or terminate
    3. (intr.v.) to decrease or reduce in intensity
    4. (intr.v.) to become void
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tide abated and the people stuck on the cove were rescued.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Traffic was flowing freely after the rush hour traffic had abated.
    CNN, How to combat drowsy driving, by Craig Howie, October 29, 2008
     
    abominate [ uh'-BOM-uh'-neyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     to abhor, detest, hate or loathe
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her irrational behaviour showed that she abominated people of a different race.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jeremy Paxman on the extraordinary achievement of Wilfred Owen, who abominated war yet died a great warrior.
    Telegraph, Wilfred Owen: The soldiers' poet, by Jeremy Paxman, 03 Nov 2007
     
    tyranny [ TIR-uh'-nee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. oppressive or abusive use of power
    2. undue harshness, strictness or severity
    3. the rule of an absolute ruler
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The people rose against the tyranny of the dictator.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The president of the National Association of Head Teachers, Chris Howard, said there would be no end to its campaign until the "tyranny of testing and league tables" was over.
    BBC, Head teachers back ballot on Sats, by Angela Harrison, 2 May 2009
     
    writhe [ rahyth ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to twist, squirm or contort violently as though in pain
    2. (intr.v.) to mentally shrink as if in acute discomfort
    3. (tr.v.) to contort, twist or distort as though in pain
    4. (n.) a contortion or twisting motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He writhed in agony but the police saw through his sham.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Coils of electrified gas known as coronal loops writhe above sunpots-cooler, dark patches (inset) that appear on the sun's surface in periodic cycles.
    National Geographic, Photo: Don't Blame Sun for Global Warming, Study Says
     

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    shrew [ shroo ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. an ill-tempered woman known for her scolding
    2. a small, mouse-like insectivorous mammal that has a long, pointed snout and soft fur
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The shrew screeched the house down.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A conservation project in Kent is giving people the chance to learn more about water shrews.
    BBC, Project to protect water shrews, 19 August, 2004
     
    slither [ SLITH' -er ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to glide, slip or slide like the motion of a reptile
    2. (intr.v.) to move or walk with a sliding motion
    3. (tr.v.) to cause to glide or slide
    4. (n.) sliding or gliding motion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Being cursed, he lost the power to use his legs and often slithered around.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The island seemed like a tiny slither of land, buildings squashed to the very edge of the waterline on all sides.
    BBC, Standing on the roof of the world, 11 September, 2001
     
    spectral [ SPEK-truh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. spectral or ghostly
    2. pertaining to, resembling or of a spectre
    3. related to or of a spectrum
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The detective set up machines to record spectral activity in the vicinity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For years, scientists presumed this rainbow was made by some sort of chemical or spectral process.
    CNN, Searching for aliens in all the wrong places, By Miles O'Brien, August 6, 2004
     
    tarn [ tahrn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a small lake or pool esp. one that is in a cirque
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The tarn was considered dangerous as many people had drowned in it.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Lake District is outdoor swimming heaven, with hoards of hidden tarns.
    Telegraph, Top 50 places to swim outdoors, Adrian Tierney-Jones, 08 Aug 2008
     
    travail [ truh'-VEYL, TRAV-eyl ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) toil or laborious work
    2. (n.) anguish, torment, hardship or agony
    3. (n.) labour or pain of childbirth
    4. (intr.v.) to be in labour
    5. (intr.v.) to toil or work laboriously
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The story made a mockery of the travails faced by the people of the past century.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     President Obama poked fun at the travails of the Republican Party last weekend.
    CNN, Family feud roils Republican Party, May 13, 2009
     

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    quarry [ KWAWR-ee, KWOR-ee ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) prey or game
    2. (n.) an open excavation pit to obtain stone by blasting or digging
    3. (n.) an object being pursued
    4. (tr.v.) to excavate stone from a quarry
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His indecisiveness caused his quarry to escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The (Special Area of Conservation) SAR is about 10% of the 100 acres (40.5 hectares) that Stone firms Ltd wants to quarry at the site.
    BBC News, Bid to stop quarrying of cliffs, 10 February 2009
     
    purgatory [ PUR-guh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) (roman catholic church) a place or condition in which the people who have died in god's grace suffer and expatiate their sins
    2. (n.) any state or place in which punishment, expatiation and suffering are temporary
    3. (n.) limbo, hell or netherworld
    4. (adj.) tending or serving to expatiate or cleanse
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He feared ending up in purgatory as a result of his misdeeds.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It is as if after years in purgatory the light has come back into Mrs Sharma's life.
    The Times of India, Free of oil and grime, September 4, 2004
     
    putative [ PYOO-tuh-tiv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     reputed, supposed or generally deemed as such
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The putative crime-lord did not tolerate a decline in the weekly profits.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Henry pointed out that Pace was questioning the Iranian government's putative role in the weapons, not the fact that the weapons may have been made in Iran.
    CNN, Top general casts doubt on Tehran's link to Iraq militias, February 14, 2007
     
    sunder [ SUHN-der ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to severe, split or divide
    2. (intr.v.) to sever, divide, split or part
    3. (n.) division, split or separation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     At the end of the ceremony, the priest said, "May no man sunder what God has put together".
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Snowdon marriage was finally sundered early in 1976 when the News of the World published an apparently "intimate" picture of the princess and Llewellyn in Mustique.
    CNN, Like Diana, a twinkle in her eye, February 10, 2002
     
    touchstone [ TUHCH-stohn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.(n.) a criterion, test or standard to measure quality or genuineness
    2. (n.) a black, siliceous stone that was priorly used to test the purity of gold
    3. (adj.) basis or a quintessential or an important feature
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The checks failed as none of the important touchstones were achieved.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Pay has been the touchstone issue of the financial crisis.
    Economist, The revolution within,May 14th 2009.
     

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    quail [ kweyl ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a small gallinaceous bird like the bobwhite
    2. (intr.v.) to cower, shrink back, wince or lose heart
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Quails are short birds that nest on the ground.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sleuths of the CID Forest cell on Sunday barged into a supermarket on MG Road and recovered quail eggs.
    The Times of India, Quail eggs seized from supermarket, February 4, 2008
     
    rabid [ RAB-id ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. furious, violent or raging
    2. fanatical, over-zealous or extreme in practice
    3. affected with or having rabies
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rabid dog was perceived to be a threat by the villagers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We cannot allow our police officers to shoot and kill our citizens without justification like rabid dogs, District Attorney Eddie Jordan said.
    CNN, New Orleans police indicted in bridge shootings, January 2, 2007
     
    vituperative [ vahy-TOO-per-uh'-tiv, -puh-rey-tiv, -TYOO-, vi- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     abusive or containing abusive censure
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His vituperative address to the media was renounced by the government.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     China changed its mind after vituperative outbursts online by nationalists.
    Economist, Why Grandpa Wen has to care, Jun 12th 2008
     
    wince [ wins ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to cringe, flinch or draw back
    2. (n.) a start, flinch or recoil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He winced but accepted his punishment without a protest.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mo Williams' left eye was swollen, bandaged with four stitches around it and bruises that caused him to wince with every blow.
    abcNEWS, Cavs' Mo Williams Disappearing Against the Magic, by ANTONIO GONZALEZ, May 25, 2009
     
    sedulous [ SEJ-uh'-luh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. assiduous, diligent or hardworking
    2. cautiously or persistently maintained
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was regarded as a sedulous, young man who would do well in life.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Think of the sedulous fashion in which Mr.Brown has cultivated an image of a man of integrity, wisdom and lack of self-interest.
    Telegraph, Gordon Brown's psychological flaws will come back to haunt him, by Simon Heffer, 03 Jan 2009
     

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    recumbent [ ri-KUHM-buh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) reclining, leaning or resting
    2. (adj.) inactive, resting or idle
    3. (n.) one who is idle or inactive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The thief was fooled by the recumbent police officer into thinking that he could escape.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The men were either recumbent or sitting on one of three different types of bicycle seat.
    BBC News, Cycling linked to impotence, 7 June, 1999
     
    remiss [ ri-MIS ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. negligent, lax or careless
    2. marked or characterized by negligence, slackness or carelessness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The problem occurred because the employee was remiss in his duties.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Journalists and newspapers (BBC included) have been nothing but remiss in misrepresenting "news".
    BBC News, Driving primates to the edge, by Russell Mittermeier, 5 August 2008
     
    temperate [ TEM-per-it, TEM-prit ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. moderate or self-restrained
    2. not excessive or moderate in quality and degree
    3. moderate in temperature or climate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His temperate mannerisms made him an ideal candidate for the post.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Four members live in the exquisitely temperate countryside outside San Francisco.
    Telegraph, Metallica find life again in death, by Andrew Perry, 18 Feb 2009
     
    wont [ wawnt, wohnt, wuhnt ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) used or accustomed
    2. (adj.) apt, likely or inclined
    3. (n.) habit or custom
    4. (tr.v.) to habituate or accustom
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His wont behaviour of 'early to bed and early to rise' was regarded as the norm.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A hereditary Hindu priest, Veer Bhadra Mishra is wont, shortly after sunrise, to totter down the stone steps of his temple to the Ganges river, and there perform a three-part ritual.
    Economist, Up to their necks in it, Jul 17th 2008
     
    yore [ yawr, yohr ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     time past or long ago
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Facts of yore become fables of present.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The initial claim that the new prime minister would be "unspun", with none of the leaking and distortion of yore, soon turned out to be nonsense.
    Economist, Tailspin, Apr 16th 2009
     

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    quay [ kee, key, kwey ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a wharf, landing place or reinforced bank for ships to load and unload
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A new quay had to be built to accommodate the increased maritime activity.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Although dockers have been working normally the goods they are unloading are starting to fill up the storage space on quays and in sheds.
    Economist, The blockade of Britain, January 13th 1979
     
    raiment [ REY-muh' nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     apparel, garment, clothing or attire
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The home minister was criticized for being more concerned about his raiment than the state of affairs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Blair clothes himself in the white raiment of pietyBlair clothes himself in the white raiment of piety and Alastair Campbell does just as he likes.
    Telegraph, We now have a Prime Minister of unbridled power, unbridled narcissism, unbridled spin, 02 Mar 2002
     
    taper [ TEY-per ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to get thinner or smaller towards the end
    2. (intr.v.) to gradually reduce towards the end
    3. (n.) the act of diminishing or tapering towards the end
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The edge of the sword had been tapered off so as to increase functionality
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Treasuries would "taper off" when the economy no longer needed help, allowing the Fed to cease its emergency support.
    abcNews, Bernanke Says Fed Has Exit Strategy From Credit Policy, By Alister Bull, March 20, 2009
     
    vassal [ VAS-uh'l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who held land granted by a feudal lord in return for homage
    2. (n.) a subject or slave
    3. (adj.) pertaining to or characteristic of a slave or vassal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Lord Ipensky was a faithful vassal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The sheer number of senior statesmen slated to attend has prompted some Chinese to liken it to imperial times when vassal states were expected to offer tokens of respect to Chinese emperors.
    abcNEWS, World Leaders Quash Qualms, Go to Olympic Opening, by ANGELA CHARLTON, August 6, 2008
     
    wean [ ween ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to accustom a young mammal to take its nourishment from means other than its mother's milk
    2. to cause to get detached from a habit or source of one's attachment
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Babies are weaned at nine months.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A limitless renewable energy source that can wean humans off fossil fuels has existed for billions of years, according to the latest report from a "green" scientist.
    National Geographic, Splitting Water Molecules the Next "Green" Power Source?, by Brian Handwerk, March 5, 2007
     

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    redoubtable [ ri-DOU-tuh'-buh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. alarming, formidable or arousing awe
    2. eminent, illustrious or commanding respect
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The redoubtable Duke of Devonshire was a shrewd, strategic thinker.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Jacques Rogge, redoubtable president of the IOC, has admitted that there could be as many as 30-40 positive dope tests this year.
    The Times of India, Scrap the Games, by Yamini Lohia, 21 Aug 2008
     
    remnant [ REM-nuh' nt ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) remainder, residue or something that is left over
    2. (n.) a vestige, fragment or trace
    3. (n.) a small group of people who are still surviving
    4. (n.) a piece of cloth or fabric that's unused
    5. (adj.) left over or remaining
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The remnants of the battle of Trafalgar were horrifying.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nigel Tisdall sails in Captain Cook's wake on a cruise through the dreamy South Pacific and finds remnants of the Empire.
    Telegraph, South Pacific cruise: Voyage through the Commonwealth, by Nigel Tisdall, 09 Mar 2009
     
    tarry [ TAR-ee ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to loiter, linger or wait
    2. (intr.v.) to stay, sojourn or
    3. (tr.v.) (archaic) to await
    4. (n.) a stay or sojourn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As long as they could, they tarried, but in the end they were asked to move along.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     British scientists announced they had evidence that organic compounds could survive atmospheric entry encased in small, tarry meteorites.
    CNN, Test boosts notion that comets brought life, by Richard Stenger, April 6, 2001
     
    tribunal [ trahy-BYOON-l, tri- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a court of law or justice
    2. one that determines or judges
    3. a position or seat of judgement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A tribunal was set up to find the truth in the matter.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On first day in office Mr. Obama said that he was suspending the military tribunals at Guantánamo Bay.
    Economist, After the dark side, Apr 23rd 2009
     
    waylay [ WEY-ley, wey-LEY ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to lie in wait for and attack from ambush
    2. to intercept or accost unexpectedly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The terrorists waylaid the researcher as they tried to abduct him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Leaving the lecture hall, Marco is waylaid by another man from that unit.
    CNN, Review: Perfect time for 'Manchurian', by Paul Clinton, July 30, 2004
     

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    queasy [ KWEE-zee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. nauseous or nauseated
    2. nauseating or tending to cause nausea
    3. squeamish, uncomfortable or uneasy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The queasy feeling experienced by everyone was caused by the smell of rancid milk.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     One kid got a little queasy when he saw the blood.
    CNN, 50-plus-vehicle pileup clogs New Hampshire interstate, by Nick Valencia, January 11, 2009
     
    rankle [ RANG-kuh' l ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to cause rancour or resentment or fester bitter feelings in the mind
    2. (intr.v.) to cause festering or ill feelings or resentment in the mind
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His arrogance rankled the members of the jury.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The subsequent "sacking" of customers often rankles quota-driven salespeople.
    Economist, CFO in focus, January 2009, by Josh Hyatt, Jan 20th 2009
     
    taut [ tawt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. tight, high-strung, tense or tightly stretched
    2. mentally strained or stretched
    3. neat and tidy
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His taut facial muscles expressed his displeasure.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Camara, a short man with a taut face, took the microphone, electrifying the crowd with one pronouncement after another.
    abcNews, Guinea Coup Leader Vows to Fight Corruption, By RUKMINI CALLIMACHI Associated Press Writer, December 27, 2008
     
    ale [ eyl ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a beverage like beer that is made by fermenting malt and hops with yeast
    2. an English country festival where ale is served as the primary beverage
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He preferred ale to beer.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     According to TNS, a market-research firm, the volume of real-ale sales has grown by 3% over the past year, whereas total beer sales were flat.
    Economist, Live liquid, Aug 14th 2008
     
    ambiguous [ am-BIG-yoo-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. open to various interpretations
    2. vague, inexplicable or uncertain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The psychologist showed ambiguous pictures and asked some questions.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mozart's lighter instrumental pieces are an ambiguous and varied group of works.
    The Herald, Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Great Hall, Stirling Castle, ROWENA SMITH, June 10 2008
     

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    redundant [ ri-DUHN-duh' nt ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. superfluous, excess or overabundant
    2. prolix or unnecessarily repetitive
    3. profuse or lavish
    4. comprising extra or unusual features
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The redundant nature of the research work made it a waste of money.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Charlotte Gardner, a 25-year-old Californian, was made redundant by a financial-services firm in November.
    Economist, Generation Y goes to work, Dec 30th 2008
     
    wrath [ rawth or, especially Amr., rath, rahth  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. anger, fury or resentful indignation
    2. retributory punishment or vengeance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The farmers incurred his wrath by refusing to pay the rent.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The immediate opportunity for voters to vent their wrath is at the local.
    Economist, Where there's muck..., May 12th 2009
     
    scarify [ SKAR-uh'-fahy ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to make superficial or shallow incisions or cuts
    2. to lacerate or criticise severely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     While getting a tattoo, the skin has to be scarified making it a painful process.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the Gulf of Mexico, trawlers ply back and forth year in year out, hauling vast nets that scarify the seabed and allow no time for plant and animal life to recover.
    Economist, Troubled waters, Dec 30th 2008
     
    acclaimed [ uh'-KLEYM ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     celebrated, acknowledged, renowned or praised
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was an acclaimed writer who had won many prestigious awards.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A globally acclaimed folk artist from Northumberland is to be given a prestigious music award.
    BBC, Folk artist awarded Queen's Medal, 26 January 2009
     
    arabesque [ ar-uh'-BESK ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a posture in ballet where the dancer bends forward with one arm and leg extended forward and the other arm and leg extended backwards
    2. (n.) an ornate, complex design with intricate geometric, floral and foliate figures
    3. (n.) a whimsical, fanciful musical piece esp. one for the piano
    4. (adj.) elaborate or like or characterised by an arabesque
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ballerina was asked to finish the ballet with an arabesque.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
      The second album with then new guitar virtuoso Mick Taylor, Sticky Fingers absolutely soars with bricklayer-beat drums, arabesque leads and a tight rhythm and bass that holds it all together.
    The Times of India, For those about to rock..., 30 Jul 2007
     

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    anguish [ ANG-gwish ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) intense suffering or pain
    2. (tr.v.) to inflict with or cause distress or extreme pain
    3. (intr.v.) to suffer from or endure intense sorrow or pain
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The mental anguish suffered by the POWs continued even after their release.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     New Delhi has warned the Australian government of the "deep anguish" over the attacks, and stated that the lucrative Indian education market could suffer.
    Telegraph, Bollywood star turns down honorary degree after attacks, By Barney Henderson in Mumbai, 31 May 2009
     
    apotheosis [ uh'-poth-ee-Oh-sis, ap-uh'-Thee-uh'-sis ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. deification or elevation or exaltation to a divine stature
    2. quintessence, epitome or glorified example
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Their love story became the apotheosis for generations to come.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The policy reached its apotheosis in the scandal that became known as the Iran-Contra affair.
    BBC, Critics question Reagan legacy, By Richard Allen Greene BBC News Online, 9 June, 2004
     
    espouse [ i-SPOUZ, i-SPOUS  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to marry
    2. to advocate or lend support to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They were espoused in a civil ceremony that was attended by a handful of people.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Many of them have close-shaven heads, wear Nazi-style insignia and openly espouse violently racist beliefs.
    BBC, Russia gang 'faces murder charge,' Steven Eke, 30 June 2008
     
    ferocity [ fuh'-ROS-i-tee  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     fierceness, vehemence or savageness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her ferocity was compared to a lioness defending her cubs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Like Belfast in the 1970s, the ferocity of the violence that was unleashed last week was appalling.
    Telegraph, As China reels from 184 deaths in Urumqi riots, a beaten woman fears for her husband, David Eimer, 11 July 2009
     
    grievous [ GREE-vuh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. causing sorrow
    2. atrocious or outrageous
    3. onerous, burdensome or oppressive
    4. grave or serious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Because of the grievous negligence of the supervisor, a worker lost his hand in an accident.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The German people, unarmed and unsuspecting, were taken at a grievous disadvantage and the Belgian expeditionary force sustained by the whole might of Israel might easily have captured Berlin if Corporal Adolf Hitler had not stood in its path at the critical moment.
    Telegraph, Germany's use of tactics of encirclement - June 22, 1939, Right Hon Winston Churchill, 22 June 2009
     

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    precept [ PREE-sept ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a commandment or order issued with the intention of prescribing conduct
    2. a warrant or directive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The precept was to be obeyed at all costs.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He said he aimed to freeze the precept - the sum paid yearly to the GLA by London households - in 2009 because of the "serious financial squeeze".
    BBC, Job cuts to save City Hall funds, 10 September 2008
     
    escapade [ ES-kuh'-peyd, es-kuh'-PEYD ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a wild prank or rash adventure
    2. an escape from captivity, confinement, control or restraint
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His escapades were well known across the length and breadth of the country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I just love a run to keep my life balanced and everything always seems better after a satisfying escapade.
    BBC, Runners ready to talk up 10k, 21 April 2008
     
    fluke [ flook  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a stroke of good fortune
    2. a triangular blade that is at the end of an anchor's arm and is designed to catch in the ground
    3. a flatfish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She had not studied and therefore everyone believed she passed only by fluke.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The UK Independence Party claimed a political breakthrough as it pushed Labour in to third place in the European elections insisting it was "no fluke".
    Telegraph, European elections 2009: Ukip claims political breakthrough, Tom Whitehead, 8 June 2009
     
    impending [ im-pen-ding ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. something bad is about to take place
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His prophecy of impending doom was a hoax.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     They will be able to claim the money if they are told of the impending delay before the train departs
    The Telegraph, Passengers to get more compensation for train delays, David Millward, 17 August 2009
     
    dais [ dey-is ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a raised platform
    2. a podium or pulpit
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The winner of the competition was called up to the dais where the chief guest handed him a medal.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wenger, who appreciated Fabregas's potential early, has built a dais for the leader of his orchestra, stationing Alex Song and Denison close by, allowing the Spanish tempo-setter to venture forward.
    The Telegraph, Henry Winter: Fernando Torres and Cesc Fabregas can give a Spanish lesson, Henry Winter, 12 December 2009.
     

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    prodigal [ PROD-i-guh' l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) extravagance, a wasteful luxuriant or spendthrift
    2. (adj.) extravagant, wasteful or lavish
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The prodigal heir to the Duchy of Brentword was famous for his debts.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Now the folks from whom we borrowed to buy all that oil and all those cars, electronics and clothes are coming to buy the country we inherited. We are prodigal sons, and the day of reckoning approaches.
    Chronicles magzine, Subprime Nation, by Patrick J. Buchanan
     
    disavowal [ dis-uh-VOU-uh' l ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     to deny knowledge of, association with, or responsibility for
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His claims of disavowal regarding the money laundering were not believed by the court.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Democrats accused the administration of secretly reversing its public 2004 disavowal of the use of torture, but the White House said the documents were consistent with that pledge.
    CNN, Top GOP senator: Attorney general nomination 'at risk', October 31, 2007
     
    dishabille [ dis-uh-BEEL, -BEE ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being dressed partially or in a careless, disorderly manner
    2. a deliberately careless manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A lot of people were in a state of dishabille as they ran out of the burning building.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     First there was Betty Boop, whose innocent wide eyes were somewhat at odds with her perpetual states of delightful dishabille.
    Telegraph, Thursday's TV and radio highlights, By Tessa Gibbs, Simon Horsford and Gillian Reynolds, 10 Dec 2008
     
    suffocate [ SUHF-uh'-keyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to kill by stopping the breath or the intake of air
    2. (tr. v.) to strangle or to impede the respiration of
    3. (tr. v.) to suffer from a lack of fresh air
    4. (intr. v.) to smother or stifle
    5.(intr. v.) to be uncomfortable because of a lack of fresh air
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The murderer admitted that he had suffocated his victim.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Parents who share their bed with a baby increase 40-fold the chances that the child will suffocate.
    BBC, Bed babies face suffocation risk, 6 October 2003.
     
    diffuse [ v. dih-FYOOZ; adj. dih-FYOOS ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to spread by pouring out
    2. (tr. v.) to disseminate or scatter widely
    3. (intr. v.) to spread
    4. (adj.) being very wordy or characterized by discursiveness in speech or writing
    5.(adj.) widely spread or scattered
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The farmer diffused the seeds over the field.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It consists of layer upon layer of complicated material - ceramics, metals, fabrics - which diffuse impact.
    BBC, Euro bailout. Now banking risk morphs into geo-political risk, Paul Mason, 10 May 2010.
     

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    resplendent [ ri-SPLEN-duh' nt ]
     adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. shining luminously or radiantly
    2. dazzling, garish or splendid
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The resplendent fireworks dazzled the crowd.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It's a resplendent sun-drenched morning in the east of Scotland.
    The Herald, Barnes's storming finish, KENNY HODGART
     
    apropos [ ap-ruh'-POH ]
     adjective, adverb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) apt, appropriate, opportune or relevant
    2. (adv.) opportunely, seasonably or at the appropriate or right time
    3. (adv.) incidentally or by the way
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The coup must be timed at the apropos juncture.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     I saw one where the D had been painted over and the message seemed more apropos.
    abcNews, Heat, Flat Tires and Bullets in Iraq, By MIKE TUGGLE, June 28, 2006
     
    homiletics [ hom-uh'-let-iks ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     the skill of sermonizing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was taught homiletics as a part of his degree course.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     What is true in the field of education, linguistics, ethnomusicology, marching bands, psychology and culture is also true in the field of homiletics, hermeneutics, biblical studies, black sacred music and black worship.
    CNN, Transcript of Jeremiah Wright's speech to NAACP, 28 April 2008
     
    decomposition [ dee-kom-puh'-ZISH-uh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the decay of organic material
    2. disintegration or breaking down into constituents
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The stench was caused by the decomposition of dead cattle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It was found that during decomposition, the golf balls dissolved to release a high quantity of heavy metals.
    CNN, Golf balls: 'Humanity's signature litter', Christina Macfarlane, 10 November 2009.
     
    pomposity [ pom-POS-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the state of being lofty or pretentious
    2. ceremonious and stately display of dignity
    3. loftiness of language or behaviour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     None of the villagers were impressed by the pomposity of the minister as he had not kept his election promises.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Locating himself in the older-brother character (played by "Roger Dodger's" excellent Jesse Eisenberg) who, in his teenage unhappiness, mimics his father's pomposity and blames his unfaithful mother, Baumbach lets no one off the hook, least of all himself.
    CNN, EW review: 'In Her Shoes' flat-footed, isa Schwarzbaum, 7 October 2005.
     

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    reprove [ ree-PROOV ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to admonish or criticize
    2. (intr. v.) to rebuke or find flaws in
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was reproved for her shoddy work.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He tried to work together with them but did not hesitate to reprove them and pick them up when they failed," added Mr Langdale.
    BBC, Boss 'did not gamble on safety', 4 February, 2005
     
    harrow [ har-oh ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a tool used in farming to loosen and level soil
    2. (tr.v.) to turn over the soil using a harrow
    3. (tr.v.)to cause torment to
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A harrow is an important tool during the harvesting season.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The harrow, the comb of my field, must be fitted with large teeth to harrow the holy field.
    University of Oxford, The song of the ploughing oxen: translation, 30 November 2006
     
    betroth [ bi-TROHTH, -TRAWTH  ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to promise to give in marriage
    2. (tr. v.) to promise to marry
    3. (tr. v.) to arrange for the marriage of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was happy to be betrothed to the only daughter of a rich industrialist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Cultured, charming Italian Captain, more dove than hawk, who carries a torch for the already-betrothed Pelagia, resident of an occupied Greek island.
    The Telegraph, Romantic heroes: here's to you, Mr Rochester, Penny Vincenzi, 15 October 2009.
     
    sheathe [ sheeth ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to put into or provide with a casing
    2. to enclose in a casing or protective covering
    3. to cover or provide with a protective covering
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After the battle the surviving soldiers would sheathe their swords and return to their respective camps.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Two screeches of metal as two swords were sheathed.
    BBC, Daisho, Joseph Mallon, 16 July, 2007
     
    interpolate [ in-TUR-puh'-leyt ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to interpose or introduce an additional or extraneous item between other things or parts
    2. (tr. v.) interject
    3. (tr. v.) to find an intermediate term in a sequence
    4. (intr. v.) to make such an insertion or addition
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The seedy lawyer interpolated words and phrases in the transcript of the witnesses' statement to mislead the prosecutor.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Here he updates this great musical set among the Wild West shows of late 19th century America to the Fifties, though he sometimes slips back to the Forties so he can show an interpolated black and white film clip of the sharp-shooter Annie Oakley receiving a medal from Hitler during a world tour.
    The Telegraph, Annie Get Your Gun at the Young Vic, review, Charles Spencer, 19 October 2009.
     

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    potentate [ POHT-n-teyt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a powerful personality who rules others, an emperor or sovereign
    2. a dominant person, leader of a group or venture
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Obama, a charismatic potentate, is renowned for his calm mannerisms
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The coastline of South Africa, stretching 1,740 miles (2,800 kilometers) from Mozambique to Namibia, is presided over by two great oceanic systems: a powerful current on one side of the continent and a strong upwelling on the other. Like potentates, they control what happens in their respective realms.
    National Geographic, Oceans of Plenty , By Kennedy Warne
     
    engross [ en-GROHS ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to absorb or completely occupy
    2. to copy, transcribe or write in a clear, large hand
    3. to monopolize, acquire, amass or collect the whole of something
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The author was engrossed in writing a synopsis of his new novel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As we come towards the final stages of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, we are engrossed in the hype surrounding new world records and gold medals galore.
    BBC, Students reflect on the Olympics, By Lewis and Alex from Comberton Village College, South Cambridgeshire, 20 August 2008
     
    gullible [ guhl-uh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     credulous, easily cheated, tricked or duped
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He promised his parents that he would protect his gullible sister from harm.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Some consumer watchdog groups say it's too simplistic to say that people are gullible.
    CNN, How I got taken by a work-at-home scam, John Blake, 7 January 2009
     
    metaphysical [ met-uh'-FIZ-i-kuh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to philosophy and its more abstruse branches
    2. being concerned with ultimate grounds and first principles
    3. being based on theory or speculative reasoning
    4. supernatural
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His ideas emanated from a metaphysical thought process which was beyond the comprehension of the common man.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The metaphysical change... is a horrifying experience - an experience in which he relives some of the most unendurable moments of his long life, including the galactic war.
    BBC, Doctor Who regeneration was 'modelled on LSD trips', 12 April 2010.
     
    beguile [ bih-GAHYL ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to deceive by trickery or influence by flattery
    2. to take away from by deceiving or cheating
    3. to charm, divert or distract
    4. to amuse or delight
    5. to pass time in a pleasant manner
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The old couple were beguiled of their savings by the sweet talking fund manager.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Steve Punt turns private investigator, examining little mysteries that perplex, amuse and beguile.
    BBC, Punt PI, 2 Oct 2008.
     

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    privation [ prahy-VEY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. deprivation or lack of certain necessities
    a deed, consequence or state of lack or deprivation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His life was filled with hardship and privation.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Not the old fear of privation but a sense that the future is limited only by Icelanders' belief in themselves and their willingness to reawaken that primeval Viking spirit idling restlessly behind their seeming impassivity.
    National Geographic, Power Struggle, By Marguerite Del Giudice
     
    querulous [ KWER-uh'-luh' s, KWER-yuh'- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. discontented or grumbling
    2. peevish or complaining
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She was admonished for her querulous nature.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But she had become, according to sources, very "querulous" by this time, asking for "all kinds of things".
    The Times of India, Taslima puts Pranab in a bind, Indrani Bagchi, TNN, 18 Feb 2008
     
    dipsomaniac [ dip-suh'-MEY-nee-ak, -soh- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a person with an insatiable craving for alcoholic beverages
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Peter was a true dipsomaniac, his love for daiquiris was unmatched.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sean Palmer, Joshua Dallas and Ryan Molloy make a winning (if implausibly camp) trio of sailors, June Whitfield is quietly hilarious as a dipsomaniac singing teacher, and Rodney Clarke makes his mark in multiple small roles.
    Telegraph, Sheer escapist fun overcomes the niggles, Rupert Christiansen, 26 Apr 2007
     
    unimpeachable [ uhn-im-PEE-chuh'-buh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     beyond reproach; above suspicion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The unimpeachable character of the municipal commissioner contradicted his appearance.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     However, the CEO must set the standard for unimpeachable professional and personal behavior.
    CNN, Boeing fires CEO over relationship, 7 March 2007
     
    feline [ FEE-lahyn ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to or belonging to the cat family
    2. (adj.) catlike
    3. (n.) an animal of the cat family or Felidae
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She got the chance to play cat woman because of her feline gait.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Andrew Lloyd Webber's star West End musical Cats has strutted its way on to the stage at Norwich Theatre Royal, striking as much admiration and affection in reviewer Lyn McKinney's heart as her own feline companions.
    BBC, Review: Cats at Norwich Theatre Royal, 29 December 2009.
     

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    desideratum [ di-sid-uh'-REY-tuh' m, -RAH-, -zid- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     something that is highly desired or considered essential
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The commonplace desideratum of any work of fiction is to keep the reader glued to the novel.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The real desiderata are device specifications, the device-specific machine language that allows communication between driver software and device.
    CNN, Where are the Linux drivers?, by Eileen Cohen, March 9, 2000
     
    enamoured [ i-NAM-erd ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     charmed, captivated or marked or characterized by unreasoning, silly or foolish fondness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was a fool, enamoured with the idea of country living.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Renault's two-time world champion Fernando Alonso is another of those enamored of the greatest track left in F1.
    CNN, Raikkonen looks to rule majestic Spa again, Neale Graham, September 1, 2008
     
    juggernaut [ JUHG-er-nawt, -not ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a relentless, massive object or force that destroys all in its path
    2. one that requires or exacts blind faith or cruel sacrifice
    3. (also known as jagannath) an idol of lord krishna, at puri in orissa, india, that is drawn annually on a huge cart under the wheels of which devotees are believed to have thrown themselves in order to be crushed
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The aircraft carrier USS George Washington was a Juggernaut of the American navy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     After 18 weeks of dominating the Saturday night television schedules, entertainment juggernaut The X Factor comes to its glitzy conclusion tonight.
    The Herald, What's the story with ... The X Factor? Marisa Duffy, 13 December 2008
     
    deviance [ DEE-vee-uh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     aberration or deviant behaviour or state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Guidance counsellors look out for deviance in the behaviour patterns of school children.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Of course we need to punish for deviance but what do we do with these women when they come back - if they are not well integrated then we find ourselves looking at repeat offenders.
    BBC, Hard return for Jamaica drugs mule, Lucy Ash, 19 January 2006
     
    caulk [ kawk ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to make airtight or watertight by filling seams or sealing
    2. (intr. v.) to apply a waterproof material to crevices
    3. (n.) the material used to seal crevices
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The seam between the window frame and the wall had to be caulked to prevent the rain water from seeping into the room.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Surround the joint where wood meets concrete with silicone caulk to seal out moisture that could cause the post to rot.
    CNN, Features to transform your backyard, Kathryn Keller, 1 May 2008.
     

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