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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #41
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    identikit [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     (Trademark) A kit that contains transparencies or pictures of several variations of different facial features that are used to reconstruct a person's face based on the description of the eyewitness
     USAGE :
     The clue came late on Friday when Nair’s relatives visited the ‘Missing Persons Bureau’ in Delhi and stumbled upon a computer identikit of Nair, as one who had been found lying dead on railway tracks leading to the New Delhi railway station.
    The Times Of India, Missing Malaysian NRI found dead in New Delhi, Mohit Dubey, 15 Jun 2003, TNN
     
    humdrum [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (adj.) Not challenging; dull and tedious; lacking excitement and variety
    (v.) Routine or monotonous talk
     USAGE :
     It may be one of the most humdrum metaphors in the sporting lexicon, but Brent Romany's story begins with him being - actually, physically - thrown in at the deep end.
    The Herald, The Trinidad swimming coach who is making waves in Glasgow, by KENNY HODGART
     
    adroit [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Dextrous; agile
    2) Skilful; resourceful
     USAGE :
     Mr Sullivan become the third “Spitzer boss” to fall, joining two lawyers, Mr Prince and Mr Cherkasky, both of whom were considerably less adroit at running companies than they were at cosying up to Mr Spitzer.
    The Economist, Trigger-happy boards, Jun 17th 2008
     
    ethos [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     Fundamental or distinguishing character, disposition, beliefs or moral nature of a person, group, institution, etc.
     USAGE :
     I can give them absolute reassurance, in terms of what they are concerned about, of maintaining the ethos and the character of their schools, they will not notice any difference.
    BBC, 'No threat to Catholic education', Thursday, 17 November 2005
     
    labyrinth [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A complex and intricate network of interconnecting paths through which it is difficult to find one's way
    2) A complex and tortuous arrangement of anatomical cavities
     USAGE :
     I'm in Beijing on a tour of the hutongs, a labyrinth of narrow laneways between rows of traditional Chinese courtyard houses.
    News.com.au, Back to Beijing's future, Briar Jensen, January 09, 2008
     

  2. #42
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    lackadaisical [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Devoid of spirit or vigour; listless
    2) Lazy or reluctant to work
     USAGE :
     "Such guidelines were essential to ensure that the erring officers were prosecuted and sent to jail for neglecting duty," it said, taking a strict view of the lackadaisical policing in the country.
    The Indian Express, Cops refusing to file FIRs should be taken to task: SC to state govts, July 15,2008
     
    dour [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Gloomy; sullen; bleak
    2) Stubborn; obstinate
    3) Extremely strict and harsh; forbidding
     USAGE :
     Gone are the days when the traditional Chinese greeting "Have you eaten yet?" seemed like a bad joke in the dour capital where, as recently as the 1980s, staples were rationed, state-run canteens dished out the slop of the day in chipped enamel bowls and restaurants were few and far between.
    ABC News,Chinese Cuisine Goes Global for Games,Audra ang ,July 10, 2008
     
    tacit [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Unspoken; expressed without words; indicated or implied through means other than words
    2) Silent; quiet
     USAGE :
     The Chinese Government has made a tacit admission that it faces a serious Aids crisis in central China.
    BBC, China admits Aids crisis, 9 August, 2001
     
    hustings [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     The proceedings of a parliamentary election
     USAGE :
     With little chances of beating either Samajwadi Party (SP) or Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) at the hustings, both BJP and Congress are preparing to take on each other for next year's UP assembly polls.
    The Times of India, BJP can't find young faces for UP polls, Mohua Chatterjee, 8 Sep 2006, TNN
     
    ignoble [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Not belonging to the nobility; of humble rank or lineage
    2) Base; low; of inferior grade
     USAGE :
     A year later he declared himself Emperor Napoleon III, bringing an ignoble end to the Third Republic.
    The Economist, Historical background: Watery beginnings
     
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  3. #43
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    ignoramus [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     An absolutely ignorant person
     USAGE :
     Apart from Shilparamam, which holds little interest for a bachelor and art ignoramus like me, this city is not even half as happening as neighbouring Bangalore
    The Times Of India, New Year looks dull for city, Revathy Menon, 15 Dec 2003, TNN
     
    hypochondria [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A persistent apprehension about one's health, usually when illness is neither present nor likely
     USAGE :
     Hoggard does not possess Old's well-known hypochondria or his seam movement, but he does make the new ball count, something England may have cause to be grateful for in this match if their batsmen can occupy the crease over the next two days in pursuit of an eighth successive Test victory.
    The Telegraph, England grateful for gifts, By Derek Pringle, 18 Dec 2004
     
    facile [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Easily obtained or accomplished
    2) Superficial, shallow
    3) Flowing or moving freely; fluent
    4) Mild or affable; compliant; courteous
     USAGE :
     1) The sylph-like 17-year-old (with his floppy blond hair he looks younger) made his Livingston debut in this facile victory and drew comparisons with a famous namesake, albeit with a different spelling.
    2) Some say there's absolutely no proof that our political views are embedded in our DNA. "These are very facile studies that make outrageous claims," says Evan Charney, a political scientist at Duke University.
    1) The Herald, Livingston 4 - 0 Alloa Athletic, JAMES MORGAN, November 26 2007
    2)CNN, Are your politics rooted in your genes?, By Elizabeth Cohen, CNN, February 11, 2008
     
    fait accompli [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A thing already done or accomplished, presumably irreversible
     USAGE :
     While no formal announcement was made, many saw the deal as a fait accompli.
    The New York Times, Merger of XM and Sirius Appears Close to Approval, By TIM ARANGO, July 24, 2008
     
    rescind [ verb ]
     MEANING :
     To repeal, abrogate, annul, invalidate or make void
     USAGE :
     Separatist leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said the protests would not cease in the state, racked by an insurgency against India's rule, until the land transfer was formally rescinded.
    The Khaleej Times, 30 hurt as row over land to Hindus widens in Indian Kashmir, 30 June 2008
     

  4. #44
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    abrogate [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     To abolish by formal or official means; annul by an authoritative act; repeal
     USAGE :
     Demanding unilateral changes and threatening to abrogate an agreement that has increased trade and prosperity is nothing more than retreating behind protectionist walls.
    CNN, McCain speech on relationship between U.S. and Canada, June 27, 2008
     
    affable [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Approachable; friendly; pleasant and polite
     USAGE :
     The affable host thrives on the adrenaline rush of anything-can-happen live TV — and he can handle anything that comes his way.
    ABC News, Reality Sets in for Seacrest, Bergeron, Others, By ERIN CARLSON, Associated Press Writer, July 18, 2008
     
    fecund [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Able to produce offspring, fruits, vegetation, etc. abundantly; fertile
    2) Intellectually creative or productive; prolific
     USAGE :
     Although Hall is occasionally too eager to acknowledge his influences – Murakami, Auster, Memento, The Matrix, Fight Club, Jaws - and his idea of cute-couple dialogue is borderline nauseating, his extraordinarily fecund imagination and sure-footed plotting make this a dizzyingly exciting novel.
    BBC, Editor Book Review, The Raw Shark Texts by Steven Hall, Chris Power, 08 March 07
     
    habeas corpus [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     An order that may be issued to bring a person into a court or before a judge, especially to release the person from unlawful restraint
     USAGE :
     The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
    The Constitution of the United States (Article 1, Section 9)
     
    imbroglio [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A misunderstanding, disagreement of a complicated or bitter nature, as between persons or nations.
    2) an intricate and perplexing state of affairs; a complicated or difficult situation.
    3) a confused heap.
     USAGE :
     The political imbroglio also appears to endanger the latest International Monetary Fund loan package for Russia, which is considered critical to avoid a default this year on the country's $17 billion in foreign debt.
    Washington Post, David Hoffman, "Citing Economy, Yeltsin Fires Premier", May 13, 1999
     

  5. #45
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    immanent [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Inherent; dwelling or existing within
    2) Taking place inside the mind without having any consequences outside
     USAGE :
     Though Britain has no written constitution or pledge of allegiance, we have values which are immanent in our culture, and which every citizen should be expected to agree with.
    The Telegraph, The fundamentals of law in this country…, 14/07/2005
     
    kernel [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) The central and most important part of some idea or experience
    2) A single grain or seed enclosed in a husk
    3) The inner, usually edible seed of a nut or fruitstone
     USAGE :
     The raven then eats each kernel whole, tossing his head back as he swallows them.
    National Geographic, Birding Column: Going Nuts With Wilderness, RavensMathew Tekulsky, March 16, 2004
     
    facsimile [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) An exact copy
    2) A system or device for transmitting and reproducing exact replicas of documents, photographs, etc. by means of radio signals or through telephone lines
     USAGE :
     1) But there are many facsimile copies of the Lincoln documents that remain to be discovered in trunks, behind framed pictures, within the pages of a book or some other unusual place.
    2) Taking advantage of the boom in the use of facsimile machines, the MCI Communications Corporation said yesterday that it would offer to business customers a special network for transmission of facsimile messages.
    1) Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Facsimile Documents
    2) The New York Times, MCI Plans a Separate Facsimile Network, CALVIN SIMS, November 4, 1988
     
    concomitant [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Occurring or accompanying with something else esp. in a subordinate way; following an event or thing as a consequence
     USAGE :
     The dollar has fallen so far that, even with the concomitant rise in fuel costs, American manufactured goods look cheap to customers in Europe.
    Chronicles Magazine, What’s Good for Rockford Acromatics, by Scott P. Richert
     
    abet [ verb ]
     MEANING :
     To assist, encourage or support an activity or plan esp. some wrongdoing
     USAGE :
     We believe it is crucial to have an open discussion about whether it is legitimate to aid and abet criminal activities – and the theft of data certainly qualifies as a criminal activity – by using substantial public resources to purchase stolen goods from a thief.
    The Financial Times,Tax claims against this state are out of place, Otmar Hasler, February 19 2008
     

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    abnegate [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1) To renounce or deny oneself
    2) To give up or surrender
     USAGE :
     The ATP and the WTA are too gutless to do anything about it, and the umpires almost totally abnegate any responsibility for enforcement.
    Guardian, Sharapova wins in variety show but slips on banana, Steve Bierley,September 11, 2006
     
    puerile [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Juvenile; of or relating to a child or childhood
    2) Childish; immature; trivial
     USAGE :
     One year after the country took a dark turn into state control and an unpleasant, puerile attitude to other people's business. Or is it one year into a brave new world where the country became fitter, healthier and more civilised?
    Politics, The smoking ban one year on, 01 Jul 2008
     
    perfunctory [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Superficial; performed just for the sake of duty or routine
    2) Lacking interest or enthusiasm
     USAGE :
     While Dutroux's house was searched five months after the tip-off, it appears to have been a perfunctory visit. Nothing was found.
    The Telegraph, Judge tells of murder plots to block Dutroux investigation, By Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, 05 Mar 2004
     
    kindle [ intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     (tr. v.) 1)To build or fuel a fire; to ignite
    2) To light up
    3) To arouse an emotion
    (intr. v.) 1) To burst into flames
    2) To become inflamed
    3) To be stirred up
     USAGE :
     Hundreds of concrete slabs — each about 12-by-6-feet and designed to shield against car bombs and other threats — were gradually turned into an open air art gallery meant to boost spirits and kindle optimism.
    ABC News, Baghdad Muralists Resist Push for Sectarian Themes, By BRIAN MURPHY, July 25, 2008 (AP)
     
    immure [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1) To surround or enclose within walls; imprison
    2) To build into or entomb in wall
     USAGE :
     True, there was a Mughal emperor in Delhi until 1857, but he was emperor in name only, the shadow of a memory, described by Lord Macaulay as 'a mock sovereign immured in a gorgeous state prison'.
    Anthony Read, The Proudest Day
     

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    impecunious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Not having money; poor
     USAGE :
     Yet the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 created opportunities for impecunious Royalists, and Marlborough availed himself of them.
    The Economist,The Duke of Marlborough: Aristocracy at work, Jun 19th 2008
     
    kiosk [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A small open gazebo or pavilion, supported by pillars
    2) A lightly constructed small structure, often used as a newsstand or booth
     USAGE :
     The survey showed that among other extras guests have requested from the hotels are in-room entertainment systems and airline check-in kiosks.
    Chicago Tribune, Hotels get hip to the needs of 21st Century travelers, By Alfred Borcover , July 20, 2008
     
    fastidious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Difficult to please; excessively critical; having high and often whimsical standards
    2) Requiring or displaying excessive care and delicacy
     USAGE :
     There is one thing that matters to set a chime of words tinkling in the minds of a few fastidious people.
    Logan Pearsall Smith (1865-1946).
     
    proclivity [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     Habitual or natural tendency toward something; predisposition
     USAGE :
     Due to its reproductive proclivity, the rabbit is also regarded as a symbol of fertility.
    BBC, The Easter Bunny
     
    abstemious [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Moderate or sparing esp. in eating and drinking
    2) Characterised by abstinence
     USAGE :
     Until recently you would associate gout with boozing and rich food, but there are plenty of other patients who are quite abstemious. This might be a genetic marker for gout risk.
    BBC News, Gene 'linked to higher gout risk'
     

  8. #48
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    imprecation [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) The act of calling upon evil on someone; the act of cursing
    2) A curse; malediction
     USAGE :
     She spits the words out like an imprecation, no need to explain why this is such a disaster.
    The Times Of India, 'Buddhadeb is worse than Modi', Carol Andrade, 29 Jun 2008
     
    fervid [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Highly passionate or vehement; showing great fervour
    2) Extremely hot
     USAGE :
     Nationalist sentiment is often both fervid and genuine; but it is also sometimes channeled and manipulated by an adept Chinese government for political ends.
    International Herald Tribune, Nationalist fervor in China is backed by anger, By Ted Plafker, June 27, 2008
     
    kitsch [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     (n.) Art in pretentious bad taste
    (adj.) A display that is tawdry or vulgar
     USAGE :
     Kitsch never came closer to a nation's patriotic heart.
    The Times of India, Patriot games, by C P SURENDRAN, 8 Feb 2007
     
    avant-garde [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (n.) A radical or advanced group esp. belonging to the art forms that come up with the most innovative and experimental ideas
    (adj.) Pertaining or belonging to the avant-garde
     USAGE :
     The Royal Bank Plaza is the most eye-catching of the many avant-garde commercial buildings in the city - coated with real gold it provides wonderful reflections and is stunning at sunset.
    SKY News, Tribute To Toronto's Winning Sport, October 15, 2003
     
    profane [ verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (v.) 1) To debase, defile by an unworthy or wrong use.
    2) To treat with contempt or irreverence
    (adj.) 1) Devoted to unholy, heathen purposes
    2) Characterised by contempt or disrespect for God or all sacred principles
     USAGE :
     The world of rodeo is violent but sweet, harsh but full of affection, profane but religious, obscure to most of the American public but central to our roots.
    National Geographic, Rodeos—Behind the Chutes, By Michael Parfit
     

  9. #49
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    propitious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Favourable conditions
    2) Favourable signs or omens; auspicious
    3) Favourably disposed or inclined
     USAGE :
     Poverty, unemployment, civil disorder, political repression and gender and racial discrimination make for an all too propitious environment for traffickers' exploitation of vulnerable people.
    CNN, Human trafficking on the rise, July 5, 2001
     
    lissome [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Supple, agile, lithe, flexible, nimble
     USAGE :
     The fair, light-eyed face and the lissome, five-feet-seven-inch frame has graced many an advertisement campaign.
    Indian express, Temperature rising, Shaan Chavan, October 20, 1998
     
    kowtow [ noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     (n.) 1) The act of kneeling and touching the forehead to the floor to show deep respect, great deference etc.
    2) An act exhibiting servile compliance
    (intr. v.) 1) To kneel and touch the forehead to the ground to show deep respect, great deference etc. as formerly done in China
    2) To show servile deference
     USAGE :
     The great property spiral may finally have to kowtow to the laws of nature.
    The Times of India, Bubble trouble, by Prabhakar Sinha, 4 Feb 2007, TNN
     
    fetid [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Having an offensive, unpleasant smell
     USAGE :
     Many New Orleans streets are still filled with stagnant, fetid waters streaked with iridescent oil and smelling of garbage, human waste and death.
    CNN, Pumps sucking water from flooded city, September 6, 2005
     
    imprimatur [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A licence issued by an authority, esp. the Roman Catholic Church, to publish and print under rules of censorship
    2) Sanction; approved officially
     USAGE :
     Saudi Arabia, which had drafted the first version of the 2002 Arab League initiative calling for “normalisation” with Israel in the event of a full peace accord, would attend, giving Annapolis its imprimatur and encouraging the Arab League to make its demands a little more flexible for Israel.
    The Economist, The Annapolis summit, Cinderella at Annapolis, Nov 22nd 2007, JERUSALEM, RAMALLAH AND WASHINGTON, DC
     

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    impugn [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1) To assail someone with arguments or words
    2) To attack or oppose as being false
     USAGE :
     Hansen did not impugn the integrity of those Australians claiming they heard the offensive word used by Harbhajan.
    The Times Of India, LEADER ARTICLE: Of Monkeys And Kangaroos, Ramesh Thakur, 1 Feb 2008
     
    fusillade [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A discharge of firearms simultaneously or continuously
    2) A rapid outburst or discharge of anything; barrage
     USAGE :
     Two of the five police officers under investigation by a Queens grand jury appeared Monday to testify about a 50-shot fusillade that killed an unarmed man on his wedding day.
    Los Angeles Times, Cops go before Bell jury, March 5, 2007
     
    labyrinthine [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Of or relating to a maze or as puzzling and intricate as a maze
     USAGE :
     This labyrinthine warren of shops is called Kapali Carsi (kah-pah-luh chahr-shuh), literally "Covered Market." It was the first shopping mall ever built.
    CNN ,Old Istanbul on the fringes of the Grand Bazaar ,Rick Steves , January 4, 2008
     
    pallid [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Lacking in colour; pale
    2) Lacking in interest or liveliness
     USAGE :
     Sure, if you've got 70- odd quid to spare, you can get an excellent meal in a gourmet restaurant or gastro-pub. If you haven't it's fish 'n' chips, soggy sandwiches, pallid pizza, hot dogs with onions, and chips with everything.
    The Mirror, JACQUES ATTACK, 9/07/2005
     
    portend [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) To foreshadow or indicate in advance; to give an omen of
    2) To indicate or signify
     USAGE :
     The Eurovision vote is good for a pan-European laugh—but the election portends gloom or worse.
    The Economist, The European Union is doing its utmost to influence Serbia's voters, May 8th 2008
     

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    oligopoly [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A market situation wherein there exist only a few sellers, thus inadvertently being able to affect the market price and other market factors
     USAGE :
     Groups such as the Consumer Federation of American blame oil company mergers during the past several decades for reducing the number of refiners to the point that a there is now a "domestic oil oligopoly."
    ABC News, Pain in the Gas: Refinery Troubles Push Gas Prices Higher, By CHARLES HERMAN, May 15, 2007
     
    quietus [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Final settlement; finishing stroke that settles or ends
    2) Discharge from activity; release from life
     USAGE :
     For each German soldier killed by Briton and their allies, 10 got their quietus from the Soviet Red Army.
    BBC New, WW2 the Thornton's War - Part Three, By John Phillip Thornton
     
    lachrymose [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Crying or inclined to cry
    2) Causing or tending to cause tears
     USAGE :
     Torricelli's lachrymose pronouncement Monday certainly transformed Republican joy to gloom.
    CNN, The Torch's legacy, By Robert D. Novak , October 3, 2002
     
    dissertation [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) An extended, formal exposition in speech or writing
    2) A thesis or treatise esp. written by a candidate for his or her doctorate
     USAGE :
     Stanford first met Jackson when she was completing her doctoral dissertation on his foreign policy record.
    ABC News, Jesse Jackson's Ex-Mistress Has No Regrets, Aug. 17
     
    incendiary [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (adj.) 1) Related to the illegal act of setting fire to property
    2) Capable of fiery combustion
    3) Causing dissension, hatred or anger; inflammatory
    4) Tending to arouse the senses
    (n.) 1) A person who deliberately sets fire to property
    2) A bomb or grenade that explodes giving out intense heat
     USAGE :
     This first edition appeared during a brief window of loosening of censorship—after the Fire of London and during a political upheaval--its undistinguished quarto format disguising the potentially incendiary ideas within.
    University of Oxford, 'To Justify the Ways of God to Men': Paradise Lost, Bodleian Library, Oxford, Dec 2007 - Apr 2008
     

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    inchoate [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Not yet formed or developed completely
    2) Just begun; in a beginning stage
    3) In organised; disorderly
     USAGE :
     But even law schools were not totally immune from the trends that were pushing the nation's politics to the right, and a small group of students like Calabresi decided to turn these inchoate tendencies into something more enduring.
    CNN, Excerpt:How conservatives won the court back, Jeffrey Toobin, October 3 ,2007
     
    distrait [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Distracted, inattentive esp. due to some anxiety or worry
     USAGE :
     It is Wenger’s fault, in any case, that Ashley has become so terribly distrait and disillusioned with life.
    Times Online, Rod Liddle: A match made in heaven, August 6, 2006
     
    lackey [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A liveried male servant; a footman
    2) A person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage ; a toady
     USAGE :
     For example, he could channel more federal money into decentralised trusts and so bypass the state governors and their lackeys altogether.
    Economist, Nigeria:Mission impossible, nearly, Aug 2nd 2007
     
    quisling [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A person who collaborates with the invading enemy and thus betrays his or her own country
     USAGE :
     The "coalition" forces are the foreigners, in fact, and the US-financed quisling local government fools no one, regardless of the planned "handover" of power.
    The Nation, The more we try the worse Iraq gets, Robert Scheer, April 6, 2004
     
    obsequious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Marked by or displaying servility; fawning
     USAGE :
     Serena is never happier than when projecting her role as a perceived style icon, so the obsequious comments from American journalists about her dress sense were only too gratefully received.
    The Telegraph, Wimbledon: Serena fails to win over crowd, By Oliver Brown, 24 Jun 2008
     

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    hoi polloi [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     The general populace; common people; the masses
     USAGE :
      The remark by the leader of the City of Edinburgh Council only serves to remind the Electorate that the Lib-Dems have always considered themselves above the hoi polloi (mass) of voters.
    The Herald, Council chief gets a dressing down over ‘hoi polloi’ remark, By BRIAN DONNELLY, August 30 2007
     
    quinquennial [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Occurring every five years
     USAGE :
     A joint electronic submission system was a key recommendation in the 2001 quinquennial review of the research councils that urged the setting up of a forum for collaboration between the funding organisations.
    The Guardian, E-submissions, Linda Nordling, November 9, 2004
     
    laconic [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Marked by using few words; concise and brief
     USAGE :
     The only written monuments of the Vikings themselves are runic inscriptions. In Sweden there are some 3,500 inscriptions, mostly written on stone. They are often brief and laconic, and not very informative.
    National Geographic, Vikings' Barbaric Bad Rap Beginning to Fade, Stefan Lovgren, February 17, 2004
     
    innuendo [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) An allusion about a person or a thing esp. in a derogatory fashion
    2) A parenthetical explanation or specification present in a legal document
     USAGE :
     This case must be decided on evidence — not fear and innuendo.
    Chicago Tribune, Federal government opposes more release privileges for would-be presidential assassin Hinckley, By BRETT ZONGKER, Associated Press Writer, July 21, 2008
     
    incumbent [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (adj.) 1) Holding a specified office or position
    2) Obligatory; imposed upon as duty
    3) (Archaic) Resting, lying or leaning on something
    (n.) One who holds a position or ecclesiastical benefice
     USAGE :
     The incumbent will be responsible for flight planning and the monitoring of flight movements.
    Jet 8 Airline, Vacancy for flight control officer, 16 May, 2008
     

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    indelible [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Not possible to wash away or remove; permanent
    2) Making a mark which is very difficult to remove
    3) Unforgettable; memorable
     USAGE :
     What happened at Aberfan on 21 October 1966 left an indelible mark on the valleys of south Wales.
    University of Oxford, Remembering Aberfan, By Iain McLean and Martin Johnes
     
    indemnity [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Security or protection against loss or damage
    2) Something paid as compensation for any loss or damage
    3) Legal exemption from penalties or liabilities
     USAGE :
     In her speech and in answering questions from the audience, Bhutto did not specify the measures she wanted Musharraf to take. But afterward, she said in an interview that she was demanding he lift restrictions on political party leaders such as herself, and that he grant “indemnity for all parliamentarians and for all holders of public office.”
    The Indian Express, Benazir says time’s running out, LA Times-Washington Post, August 17, 2007
     
    lagniappe [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A small gift presented by a merchant to the customer
     USAGE :
     Intelligence is an experiment in evolutionary terms, an ecologically surplus ability -- a lagniappe, extra goods.
    National Geographic, Tales of Animal Intrigue, Interview with Eugene Linden, by Mindy Pennybacker
     
    quotidian [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Occurring daily
    2) Commonplace or ordinary; nothing unusual
     USAGE :
     But, if anything, his art was a beautifully sane challenge to the systematic assault on the subjective and quotidian that was already grinding away when he entered the madhouse.
    The Independent, Book of a Lifetime: Selected Stories by Robert Walser, John Burnside, 30 May 2008
     
    histrionic [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Of or related to actors or acting
    2) Deliberately affected; overtly dramatic or emotional
     USAGE :
     It is of course theoretically possible that Georgia is engaged in an elaborate bluff involving secret planes, faked debris, forged radar logs and diplomatic histrionics.
    The Economist, Under the umbrella, Aug 9th 2007
     

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    habiliment [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     (usu. plural) Of or pertaining to clothes; trappings
     USAGE :
     As Vivaldi expressed his incredulity, however, he returned to examine the garment once more, when, as he raised it, he observed, what had before escaped his notice, black drapery mingled with the heap beneath; and, on lifting this also on the point of his sword, he perceived part of the habiliment of a monk!
    The Italian: A Romance, By Ann Ward Radcliffe, Robert Miles
     
    pithy [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Terse; concise, forceful and full of meaning
     USAGE :
     The answers to that string of questions can be summed up with one pithy little word: no.
    ABC News, Steroid Report: Was it Worth it?, Jayson Stark, Dec 14, 2007
     
    laity [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     All people who are not members of a specified profession or other specialized field
     USAGE :
     Traditionally clerics were seen as having a higher calling than the laity but, since the landmark Second Vatican Council, both laity and clergy have been regarded as jointly 'the people of God'.
    BBC, Roman Catholic Church, Distinguishing Features And Doctrine.
     
    inculpate [ verb ]
     MEANING :
     To accuse; charge with fault; blame; incriminate
     USAGE :
     It is intriguing to speculate who hates Patrick so much that they have amassed evidence which appears to inculpate him as a paedophile.
    The Telegraph, Big head, small heart, 24/10/2004
     
    indigent [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (adj.) 1) Lacking or in need of basic needs; impoverished
    2) (Archaic) Lacking something that is most essential; deficient
    (n.) One who is in need; a destitute
     USAGE :
     Rothgery's lawyers argued Texas should provide a defence lawyer for indigent clients once they've made a first appearance before a magistrate, even if no prosecutor was present.
    ABC News, Legal Help Too Slow in Texas Arrest, High Court Says, By MICHAEL GRACZYK Associated Press Writer, HOUSTON June 23, 2008
     

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    ineffable [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Unable to describe in words; indescribable
    2) Not to be spoken of or uttered; taboo
     USAGE :
     Compact, scar-faced, blinded in one eye, he promenades around the refugee lean-tos of Biem with a lackey in tow, carrying his chair. Yet there is also an ineffable sadness about him.
    National Geographic , Shattered Sudan, Paul Salopek
     
    intrepid [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Resolutely fearless; brave; courageous
     USAGE :
     THE cast of “Bankwatch” may be less easy on the eye than that of “Baywatch”, but the interest among its City viewers is intense. Can the Bank of England's intrepid lifeguards rescue the economy from the financial storm that broke six months ago?
    The Economist, Bankwatch, Feb 7th 2008
     
    lambast [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     To beat or denounce severely
     USAGE :
     The prime minister, who lambasts his main rival as a “shallow salesman”, has been unable to sell himself.
    The Economist, Bagehot:Captain Malaprop, Jun 26th 2008
     
    pogrom [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     An organized massacre of helpless people esp. those of Jews
     USAGE :
     The first pogrom is often considered to be the 1821 anti-Jewish riots in Odessa (modern Ukraine) after the death of the Greek Orthodox patriarch in Istanbul, in which 14 Jews were killed.
    Wikipedia, Pogrom
     
    hedonism [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) The doctrine that pleasure or happiness is the sole good in life
    2) A way of life based on hedonism
     USAGE :
     It's a fact that students in Pune are used to a life, where discipline is a bookish term, while hedonism seems to be the buzz word.
    The Times of India, Shaping destinies,By MANISH MISHRA, 20 Mar 2006,
     

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    harlequin [ noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     (n.) 1) A comic character usu. wearing a mask, tights and holding a wooden sword or magic wand
    2) A buffoon; clown
    (adj.) Variegated with marks; varied in colour or decoration
     USAGE :
     Harlequin is the most popular of the zanni or comic servant characters from the Italian Commedia dell'Arte.
    Wikipedia, Harlequin
     
    paraplegic [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Someone who is suffering from paraplegia
    2) One who is afflicted by the paralysis of the lower half of the body due to some injury to the spinal cord
     USAGE :
     Mikheyev threw himself out his cell window to escape his tormentors, landed on a police motorcycle and broke his back, rendering him a paraplegic.
    Newsweek, Russia: A Phone Call to Putin, Anna Nemtsova, Mar 13, 2006
     
    lambent [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Flickering lightly over or on a surface
    2) Giving off a gentle glow
    3) Effortlessly brilliant
     USAGE :
     1)Where Boards of Canada are blurred, lambent, half obscured by blinding sunlight, Piano Magic are rough-hewn, grained, immediate but still mysterious.
    2)His lambent instrumentals seem to tap deep into some genetic memory - disquietly nostalgic pieces which draw from hundreds of years of folk, blues, the Old West, Asia and everywhere.
    1)BBC , Piano Magic : Popular Mechanics , Colin Buttimer, 17 July 2003
    2)BBC, Jack Rose @ Raffles Art Café, 11.02.06, Thomas Duxbury.
     
    insouciance [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     Indifference; nonchalance; lack of care and concern
     USAGE :
     Sergeant Wilson was a far more laid back figure whose urbane insouciance aggravated his superior in the extreme.
    BBC, Comedy - Dad's Army
     
    ineluctable [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Cannot be avoided or evaded; inevitable
     USAGE :
     Will’s style is simply to announce, as ineluctable facts, things principled conservatives don’t like, with the unspoken counsel, “So, get over it, children.”
    Chronicles Magazine, Was George Will Wrong?, by Joe Sobran
     

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    in extenso [ adverb ]
     MEANING :
     At full length
     USAGE :
     This book represents the cream of the letters that were not published in extenso in any of the many volumes of earlier collections that the Victorians produced.
    The Telegraph, One eye, one arm, one pen, 22/05/2005
     
    invidious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Objectionable; Tending to cause ill will or resentment
    2) Unfair; offensively discriminating
     USAGE :
     The emerging political, economic and security divides are no less invidious.
    The Times of India, LEADER ARTICLE: Bridge Global Divides, Brahma Chellaney, 28 Jan 2008
     
    larceny [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     The unlawful taking of someone else's personal property
     USAGE :
     Lorello, an archives and records management specialist in the New York Department of Education, pleaded not guilty Monday to charges of grand larceny, criminal possession of stolen property, and scheming to defraud and was released on his recognizance
    National Geographic, Archivist Charged With Stealing Papers, Selling on eBay , Clare Trapasso, January 29, 2008
     
    parlous [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Risky, dangerous or perilous
     USAGE :
     Many more are simply not Britain's fault; we are not to blame for the parlous economic state of many Islamic countries.
    CNN, British press fears wave of terrorism, July 1, 2007
     
    guttural [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Articulated in the throat
    2) Harsh, throaty or unpleasant utterance
     USAGE :
     Marvin Gaye's voice was a remarkably versatile instrument, sometimes gossamer, sometimes guttural, always expressive and emotional.
    CNN, The triumph and tragedy of Marvin Gaye, By Todd Leopold, Tuesday, June 8, 2004
     

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    garrulous [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Excessively talkative; pointless rambling
    2) Wordy, rambling or diffuse
     USAGE :
     Joseph Kabila's slender frame and his understated public image contrast sharply with his chubby and garrulous father.
    The Telegraph, Son follows in his father's footsteps to be new ruler, By Alec Russell
     
    quagmire [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) A difficult or precarious situation from which it is difficult to escape
    2) A soft boggy or marshy area that sinks or yields when treaded upon
     USAGE :
     The rights-holding broadcasters generally lauded the organizers' preparations, but worried about being stuck in a quagmire of security requirements.
    USA Today, AP: TV execs clashing with Chinese over Olympics coverage
     
    largesse [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Generosity in bestowing gifts
    2) Generosity of spirit or attitude
     USAGE :
     Against that backdrop of government largesse, the Federal Reserve's decision to extend a $300 billion line of credit to Fannie and Freddie on "discount" terms and the earlier $29 billion loan to facilitate the sale of Bear Stearns to J.P. Morgan Chase, should hardly come as a surprise.
    Chicago Tribune, Subsidizing failures has had success, By Gerald D. Skoning, July 15, 2008
     
    legerdemain [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) Sleight of hand
    2) Deception; trickery; a show of skill or deceitful cleverness
     USAGE :
     The budget legerdemain allowed Democrats to put their imprint on the bill, saving programs such as the $140 million Commodity Supplemental Food Program, targeted for elimination by Bush but given a 30 percent budget hike by Democrats.
    ABC News, Budget Bill Reverses Bush Cuts, By ANDREW TAYLOR, December 17, 2007
     
    ingenious [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1) Characterized by cleverness or originality of invention or construction
    2) Cleverly inventive or resourceful
     USAGE :
     While there appears to be a greater awareness that timeshare scams exist, fraudsters are devising increasingly ingenious schemes to combat this growing awareness.
    BBC ,Time share tricksters still rampant ,8 January, 2002
     

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    inveigle [ transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1) To entice or win over by flattery or sweet talk
    2) To obtain or acquire by slyness or beguiling talk
     USAGE :
     I hope the Oxford event might inveigle other contemporaries who came to the early concerts or who were studying music at the time and with whom I spent many hours in lectures and the library to renew their acquaintance with the group and me again.
    University of Oxford, Doing It Properly: On Oxford, Singing and the Music Profession, by Robert Hollingworth
     
    lyceum [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     1) An organisation or association that conducts lectures, discussions, concerts, etc.
    2) A building or hall where public lectures or discussions are held
     USAGE :
     The Shawshank Redemption and Bull Durham, will take the play to the Royal Lyceum in Edinburgh in the middle of August.
    The Telegraph, Sarandon will star at fringe, By Auslan Cramb, 05/03/2003
     
    lassitude [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A feeling of fatigue or weariness, low on energy
     USAGE :
     Not home till between 9/10 pm, so little time for anything else but food and do the “black-outs”, write this diary and sundries, Poor Kay dead tired: very yellow and suffering from lassitude.
    BBC Home, Wartime diary of a customs officer: Ch 25 - Mar and Apr 1943, Bryan Boniface, 26 November 2005
     
    cravat [ noun ]
     MEANING :
     A scarf or a band of cloth worn esp. by men around the neck; a necktie
     USAGE :
     To an observer standing out in the center of the road looking back toward the tables in the shade of the oak tree, he would have looked stern and uncomfortable in his black coat, the white dressing twisted about his neck like a tight cravat.
    CNN - Books, "Cold Mountain"By Charles Frazier, Atlantic Monthly, 1997
     
    gauche [ adjective ]
     MEANING :
     Lacking social grace or civility; tactless; crude
     USAGE :
     Other critics find the association's fundraising efforts gauche, while some graduate students are concerned the campaign against using adjunct faculty will leave them with no jobs at all.
    USA Today, 'Tenured radical' tries to revive professors group, By Justin Pope
     

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