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Thread: Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

  1. #1221
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    fortuitous [ fawr-TOO-i-tuh' s, -TYOO- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
      accidentally lucky or fortunate
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The fortitude displayed by the warriors in holding off the enemy was a sight to behold.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It would be very difficult for us to afford to do it on our own. It this case, it's a fortuitous linkage of the commercial and the not-for-profit.
    abcNEWS, A Scarcity of New Plays Dominate B'way's Fall, By MICHAEL KUCHWARA AP Drama Writer, NEW YORK, September 2, 2008
     
    abstinence [ AB-stuh'-nuh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. voluntary forbearance from any indulgence of appetite, particularly from the use of alcoholic beverages
    2. any self-denial, forbearance or self-restraint
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Abstinence is often required to balance the body equilibrium.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     On each subsequent day, they were instructed to add an additional hour of abstinence and an additional piece of gum.
    abcNews, Chewing Through a Smoking Habit, By JOHN G. SPANGLER, M.D., Jan. 31, 2009
     
    equable [ EK-wuh'-buh' l, EE-kwuh'-  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. uniform or steady
    2. serene or tranquil
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She had trouble living on the hill-station as she was used to an equable climate.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Not since rationing ended in the 1950s has the question been asked: is a wealthy country with an equable climate confident it can feed its people?
    The Herald, Food security requires people to return to the land, Hugh Raven, 14 July 2009
     
    victuals [ VIT-l ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) provisions for human beings or food
    2. (tr. v.) to provide with food
    3. (intr. v.) to get food
    4. (intr. v.) to eat
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The hikers had to carry victuals as there were no shops on their route.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The problem of providing victuals for a vast army and keeping the population fed proved enormous.
    BBC, War and revolution in Russia, 2 November 1998.
     
    oligarchy [ OL-i-gahr-kee  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons belonging to a dominant class or elite segment of society
    2. a state governed by the few
    3. the few who make up a government
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The drawback of an oligarchy is that the individuals are usually provoked by the lust for power and religious fanaticism.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Tymoshenko urged Ukrainians not to "come to the elections with their eyes closed and bring the pure, powerful oligarchy, ready to own the country, back to power again."
    CNN, Ukraine vote could bring revolution's loser to power, Matthew Chance, 17 January 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  2. #1222
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    fulsome [ FOO' L-suh' m, FUHL- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     effusive, excessive, overdone or repulsive
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The host's fulsome praise for the Chief Guest was deeply embarrassing to all those who were present.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In the midst of fulsome praise for US president George Bush and Condoleezza Rice, the foreign office continued to hedge its bets.
    THE TIMES OF INDIA, Nuke deal: So far so good, but., 18 Nov 2006, Indrani Bagchi,TNN
     
    affectation [ af-ek-TEY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     behaviour that is artificial rather than natural; an effort to attract notice by pretence or any assumed peculiarity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Affectations are often employed by people in social gatherings.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It seems a growing awareness of the damage caused by the sun has helped make an old-fashioned affectation hip again.
    abcNews, Sun Block: Parasols As Modern Accessory, By SAMANTHA CRITCHELL AP Fashion Writer, April 7, 2008
     
    equanimity [ ee-kwuh'-NIM-i-tee, ek-wuh'-  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     stability, composure, equilibrium or calmness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His equanimity in the face of severe crisis was applauded even by his critics.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     So far, however, the crunch is being faced with equanimity.
    Telegraph, Glyndebourne: preserving the festival's identity, Rupert Christiansen, 6 May 2009
     
    ingenue [ AN-zhuh'-noo; Fr. an-zhey-NY ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the actress who plays the part of an artless, innocent, unworldly girl or young woman
    2. a naive, innocent girl or young woman
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She had the perfect profile to act as an ingenue in the pantomime.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But with its carefully choreographed gravitas, this trip will go some way to reassuring US voters that he is not the foreign policy ingenue his critics claim he is.
    BBC, Is Obama's trip a hit back home? Jack Izzard, 24 July 2008.
     
    insatiable [ in-SEY-shuh'-buh'l, -shee-uh-  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. incapable of being appeased
    2. cannot be satisfied
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had an insatiable desire to collect rare stamps.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     We do not understand nor approve of Washington's insatiable appetite for spending, because that's not the way we as individuals live.
    CNN, Tea Party leader: What we want, Phillip Dennis, 15 April 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  3. #1223
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    gibe [ jahyb ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to jeer or ridicule
    2. (tr. v.) to sneer, taunt or scoff
    3. (n.) a taunt or sarcastic remark
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There is probably no truth to the gibe that a certain community in our country is Pro-Pakistani when it comes to the issue of Kashmir.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There is this much truth - and no more - in the gibe that pluralism is just another form of monist intolerance: as a second-order, meta-ethical view pluralism does not exemplify the same restrictiveness as a monism claiming that all men should subscribe to a particular, definite morality.
    OXFORD, Taking Pluralism Seriously, By Henry Hardy
     
    alter ego [ AWL-ter EE-goh, eg-oh, AL- ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. another aspect of one's self; a second self
    2. an inseparable friend or a constant companion
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Sydney Sheldon used the concept of alter ego in a few of his novels.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Batman's alter ego Bruce Wayne has apparently been killed off in the latest issue of the superhero comic.
    BBC, Comic Batman reaches end of road, 28 November 2008
     
    fatuous [ FACH-oo-uh' s  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. inane, silly, stupid or foolish
    2. unreal or illusory
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     People did not take him seriously owing to his fatuous nature.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As usual this is a completely fatuous pollitical slant on what should be a non political argument.
    BBC, Coughing up to curb climate change, Peter Lilley, 25 November 2008
     
    exonerate [ ig-ZON-uh'-reyt ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to excuse from fault or blame
    2. to excuse or relieve
    3. to discharge or free from
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was exonerated after the real culprit was apprehended.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mr Salahi told NBC's Today show there was more to their side of the story - an explanation that would exonerate them from allegations of misconduct in the breach of White House security.
    The Telegraph, Salahis deny gatecrashing Obama White House dinner, 1 December 2009.
     
    amok(amuck) [ uh'-MUHK, uh'-MOK  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a psychic disturbance characterized by depression followed by a manic urge to murder (Southeast Asian cultures)
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The executive who ran amok and strangled his boss has been apprehended by the police.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama warned that if Congress rejects his plan, "the insurance industry will continue to run amok."
    CNN, Obama targets insurers in final health care push, 19 March 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  4. #1224
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    fealty [ FEE-uh' l-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. faithfulness, loyalty or fidelity
    2. an oath to remain faithful or loyal
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His long term fealty to the Prime minister secured for him a cabinet berth in the new government.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As he lounges behind an antique desk in the old-world, 18th-century architectural gem of a central London house that he uses as a private office, Noon, 71, insists his apparently newfound fealty to Brown is neither new nor opportunistic.
    THE TIMES OF INDIA, 'Curry King' to spice up Brown's Britain, 28 Sep 2007
     
    condescend [ KON-duh'-send ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to descend, deign or stoop to a level that is considered lower than or inferior to oneself
    2. to behave as though one is superior to another
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Duke was thought to been condescending by having agreed to dance with her.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sources said, "even after both sides condescend to portfolios sharing, the Congress biggest problem will be who to accommodate in the 8-10 member list while the JD(S) is ready with it."
    The Times of India, Now, race on for key portfolios, 3 June 2004
     
    fleet [ fleet  ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a group of warships or nautical vessels under a single command or functioning as one unit
    2. (adj.) nimble, rapid or swift
    3. (tr.v.) to move rapidly or swiftly
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The entire fleet took part in the naval exercise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Japan's whaling fleet has failed to catch its quota, after being disrupted by clashes with anti-hunting activists.
    BBC, Japan fleet misses whaling target, 14 April 2008
     
    colloquial [ kuh'-LOH-kwee-uh'l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. informal or characteristic of normal as opposed to formal conversation or writing
    2. involving conversation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     They spoke a colloquial dialect that was difficult to understand.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These images and moments -- some as fleeting as Messiaen's visions, others as colloquial as Grofe's donkeys -- are contrary, alright.
    CNN, Review: Strenuous beauty, worthy effort, Porter Anderson, 8 February 2006.
     
    dilatory [ DIL-uh'-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. procrastinate or tending to delay
    2. tending to postpone or put off
    3. to defer or put of taking a decision
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The members of the board adopted dilatory tactics so as to avoid making a commitment on the controversial issue.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Her son, Sir Mark, says Lady Thatcher was "dismayed" by a report that suggested his twin sister had been dilatory about visiting.
    The Telegraph, Baroness Thatcher 'dismayed' by gossip columnist's suggestion that Carol doesn't care, 19 June 2009.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  5. #1225
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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    blithe [ blahyth', blahyth ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. happy, merry or light-hearted
    2. carefree, casual or lacking concern
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Everyone loved her for her vivacity and blithe disregard for the various vicissitudes that she had had to endure in her lifetime.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     GOP presidential candidate John McCain is abandoning old positions and adopting new ones with both an impressive tactical nimbleness and a blithe disregard for his long legislative and political record.
    ABCNews, Maverick to Candidate: Evolution of the New John McCain, TERRY MORAN, Sept. 18, 2008
     
    condiment [ KON-duh'-muh' nt ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a relish or seasoning that is used to impart a special flavour to food or enhance its flavour
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Condiments are widely used in Indian cuisine.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Chief amongst the goods the ship was carrying were hundreds of jars of garum - a fish sauce which was a favourite condiment for rich Romans.
    BBC, Roman ship thrills archaeologists, 14 November 2006
     
    grandiloquent [ gran-DIL-uh'-kwuh'nt  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     pompous, histrionic or extravagantly colourful
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The beggar chose for himself the grandiloquent title of 'Emperor of the underground'.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The jacket copy originally describing the author as a successful record producer was amended to the much more grandiloquent 'hugely successful pop music mogul'.
    Telegraph, Literary Life, 25 May 2008
     
    resurrect [ rez-uh'-REKT ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to raise from the dead or bring back to life
    2. (tr. v.) to bring back into use
    3. (intr. v.) to rise from the dead or spring back to life
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The villagers believed that he had psychic powers and could resurrect the dead.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For the moment let us glory in the resurrection of a fine art.
    The Telegraph, World Cup 2010: Fabio Capello has resurrected national service for England, Kevin Garside, 10 September 2009.
     
    autocratic [ aw-tuh'-KRAT-ik  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to or having absolute power
    2. despotic or like a person who has unlimited power
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The party chiefs warned that autocratic behaviour by government officials would not be tolerated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Disquiet with the president has been growing in recent months, with the confederations increasingly frustrated at his autocratic style.
    The Telegraph, Fifa's plan for a European World Cup in 2018 a boost for England's bid, Paul Kelso, 10 February 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  6. #1226
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    desultory [ DES-uh' l-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     haphazard, erratic or irregular
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The desultory conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan has caused a major humanitarian crisis in the region.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Although there were only ever a few hundred active Tuareg fighters, this desultory yet brutal conflict pinned the Malian army down over vast swathes of northern Mali, and saw 160,000 Tuareg fleeing into neighbouring countries.
    Telegraph, Rock and roll's real outlaws, 26/02/2004
     
    altruism [ AL-troo-iz-uh' m ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     unselfish regard or devotion to the welfare of others; selflessness.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Altruism may not always be well received.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Recent research includes work on gestures and language as well as selfishness versus altruism in chimpanzees.
    National Geographic, The Thinking Chimp: How to Help, March 2008
     
    foster [ FAW-ster, FOS-ter  ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to encourage or promote
    2. (tr.v.) to nurture
    3. (adj.) providing or receiving parental care though unrelated through blood or legal ties
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was fortunate to have been adopted by doting foster parents.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     US Vice-President Joe Biden marks 4 July in Baghdad, urging Iraqi leaders to foster political reconciliation.
    BBC, Biden urges Iraq reconciliation, Gabriel Gatehouse, 4 July 2009
     
    celestial [ suh'-LES-chuh'l ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.(adj.) of the sky or relating to the celestial sphere
    2. (adj.) heavenly or divine
    3. (n.) a person from heaven
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In the olden days, mariners used celestial bodies to navigate their ships.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In 1982, some believed the "Jupiter Effect" -- the rough alignment of several celestial bodies -- would cause catastrophe.
    CNN, Waiting for the end of the world, Todd Leopold, 18 November 2009.
     
    capitulate [ kuh'-PICH-uh'-leyt  ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to come to terms or accede
    2. yield, give in or give up resistance
    3. to surrender
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The leader of the labour union capitulated and called off the strike after management promised to revise the minimum wage payable to the workers.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has said he will not capitulate as Israeli tanks and troops closed in to just a few metres from his besieged office in Ramallah.
    BBC, Arafat defiant amid the ruins, 21 September 2002.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    chide [ chahyd ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to scold, reproach or reprimand
    2. (intr. v.) to voice one's disapproval
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The teacher thought it fit to chide the children for their boisterous behaviour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The agent behind the wheel has recently moved down from Oklahoma, and she chides him for not knowing the history of this little stretch of the border.
    The Economist, The Border: Fighting the fence, EL CALABOZ, Jun 12th 2008
     
    affiliate [ v. uh'-FIL-ee-eyt; n. uh'-FIL-ee-it, -eyt  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a branch organization or a subsidiary
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The college in our town is affiliated to the biggest university in the country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Wal-Mart's Japanese affiliate, Seiyu, has reported growing losses and revealed that it may use Wal-Mart branding for new store openings.
    BBC, Wal-Mart affiliate Seiyu suffers, 18 August 2005
     
    frantic [ FRAN-tik  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. frenzied, desperate or wild with excitement
    2. marked by rapid and disordered activity
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     As the sun began to set, the search for the missing girl became increasingly frantic.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Liverpool end of the pitch resembled a casualty station with frantic efforts being made to treat the injured and save lives while others wandered aimlessly around the pitch in a daze.
    CNN, Hillsborough: 'The crowd cheered as the lad showed signs of life', Peter Went, 20 April 2009
     
    expound [ ik-SPOUND ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to provide with a detailed account of
    2. (tr. v.) to explain in detail
    3. (intr. v.) to make a detailed statement on
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The professor expounded on the subject of natural selection.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yet the danger is that those who expound the virtues of currency weakness may find that their message is actually believed.
    The Telegraph, Currency devaluation is no magic bullet, Jeremy Warner 13 November 2009.
     
    emaciated [ ih-MEY-shee-ey-tid  ]
     verb, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) being abnormally lean and thin
    2. (adj.) marked by being gaunt or haggard
    3. (v.) to make or become very thin as by starvation
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The emaciated bodies of the people who had died of famine were piled up and cremated.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A dog which was so badly emaciated it had to be put down has sparked a police investigation in Edinburgh.
    BBC, Probe as emaciated dog put down, 23 June 2009.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  8. #1228
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    cathartic [ kuh'-THAHR-tik ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) something that pertains to or induces catharsis
    2. (n.) a purgative or laxative
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The laxative proved to be very cathartic.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Music can unlock emotional problems. It is particularly helpful with grief where people can find music very cathartic.
    BBC, 'My music helps healing', 29 December, 2002
     
    abstract [ AB-strakt, ab-STRAKT ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) considered apart from concrete realities, specific objects or actual instances
    2. (adj.) depending solely on intrinsic form rather than on narrative content or pictorial representation
    3. (n.) a statement summarizing the important points of a text, scientific article, document, speech etc
    4. (tr.v.) to take away or remove without permission
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Abstract art is often misunderstood as it falls beyond the norms of traditional art.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These include famous portraits of Byron, Mary Queen of Scots and Winston Churchill alongside unfamiliar landscapes, abstract works and specially commissioned pieces.
    Telegraph, BBC to put all 200,000 publicly owned paintings online, By Urmee Khan, Digital and Media Correspondent, 28 Jan 2009
     
    grave [ greyv  ]
     noun, adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a hole dug in the ground to bury the dead
    2. (n.) a tomb
    3. (adj.) serious
    4. (adj.) dangerous
    5. (tr.v.) to engrave or carve
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His last request was to be buried in an unmarked grave.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     At the time, the Boston, Massachusetts-based group Physicians for Human Rights said it found a mass grave in nearby Dasht-e Leili, where witnesses said the bodies of Taliban prisoners were buried.
    CNN, Obama orders review of alleged slayings of Taliban in Bush era, 13 July 2009, 18 July 2009
     
    adjutant [ AJ-uh'-tuh'nt  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the staff officer who aids the commanding officer in the issuing of orders
    2. an aide or assistant
    3. a stork also called adjutant bird or adjutant stork
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He claimed to be the adjutant of the base and boasted that no orders were issued unless they passed through him.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     British defense ministry issued a statement through British Brigadier Martin Rutledge, chief of staff of the adjutant general, in which he described the images as "extremely disturbing."
    CNN, Arrest after UK Iraq abuse claims, 13 February 2006.
     
    incarcerate [ v. in-KAHR-suh-reyt; adj. in-KAHR-ser-it, -suh-reyt  ]
     adjective, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to jail or imprison
    2. (tr. v.) to enclose or confine
    3. (adj.) imprisoned
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The accused was incarcerated as the Judge had denied him bail.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Ten thousand prisoners are to be released, posing questions about why they were incarcerated.
    The Telegraph, Tajik president announces amnesty for half his prison population, Rachel Cooper, 6 November 2009.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  9. #1229
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    discursive [ di-SKUR-siv ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. randomly digress from topic to topic
    2. related to discourse
    3. concluding by analysis and reasoning and not by intuition
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The speaker's discursive speech on the state of affairs of the country induced a sense of stupor among the audience.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Instead, thinking, especially discursive thinking, is to be acknowledged but then put to one side so that the mind is not carried away by worries, anxieties, and endless hopes and fears.
    BBC, Zen Meditation
     
    descant [ n., adj. DES-kant; v. des-KANT, dis- ]
     noun, adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) the highest part that is sung in part music
    2. (n.) a song or melody
    3. (n.) a discussion or discourse on a subject
    4. (adj.) highest member in a family of musical instruments
    5. (intr.v.) to comment at great length
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Amateurs find it hard to master the descant.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     As this exhibition unfolds, Donatello's art sings out like a descant.
    Telegraph, Donatello's depth of vision, Serena Davies, 10 Nov 2004
     
    flinch [ flinch  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to wince or to recoil from something unpleasant
    2. (intr.v.) to wince or shrink
    3. (n.) an act or instance of flinching
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He flinched before the doctor could administer the eye drops.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sitting less than a metre away from a poisonous cobra, the children show no signs of fear and do not flinch when faced with one of the deadly snakes.
    Telegraph, Children in India train to become snake charmers, 10 June 2009
     
    blowhard [ BLOH-hahrd  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a boastful person
    2. a braggart
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When the blowhard had finished his speech, the crowd demanded for verification of his tall claims.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     His sole Labour defender was Sir Stuart Bell, who was misguided enough to claim that he spoke for a "majority of the House" when he actually spoke only for the clique of Mr Martin's die-hard and blowhard supporters.
    The Telegraph, MPs' expenses: Speaker must go for the sake of Commons, 19 May 2009.
     
    provincial [ pruh'-VIN-shuh'l  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (adj.) pertaining to the provinces or a particular province
    2. (adj.) having the characteristics of the unsophisticated people of a province
    3. (n.) a person who comes from or lives in the provinces
    4. (n.) someone who lacks urban sophistication or broad-mindedness
    3. (n.) the head of a religious order who presides over a province
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     According to provincial customs, one had to remove one's footwear before entering anybody's home.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Mount Batur, which has erupted 26 times since 1840, is about 40 miles (60km) northeast of the provincial capital, Denpasar.
    The Telegraph, Bali: tourist falls to death in crater of active volcano, 31 March 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  10. #1230
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    consanguinity [ kon-sang-GWIN-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. blood relationship or kinship
    2. a close relationship, affinity or connection
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Though the Iranians may claim a sense of consanguinity with the Germanic races, there is little similarity between them culturally.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Sometimes the Israelis and Palestinians are best left alone to try to sort out their tragic consanguinity.
    The Economist, Israel and the Palestinians, Jul 26th 2001
     
    devolve [ di-VOLV ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to pass on and transfer to another
    2. (intr.v.) to be passed on or transferred to another
    3. (intr.v.) to degenerate or deteriorate slowly or gradually
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Elections ensure that governance is devolved as per the wishes of the voting class.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In recent years the UK has taken steps to devolve powers to Scotland and Wales.
    BBC, Country profile: United Kingdom , 22 January 2009
     
    feckless [ FEK-lis  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. incompetent, feeble, futile or ineffective
    2. irresponsible, worthless or careless
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He could not be a good warrior because of his feckless fighting style.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The extent of the carnage left many with the uneasy sense that the long-simmering hostility between the country's two main sects has at last boiled over -- and that the fragile, feckless institutions of authority in Iraq have no means of holding the anger back.
    CNN, Age-old hostilities boil over, 26, february 2006
     
    suavity [ SWAH-vi-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. the act of being smoothly agreeable and courteous
    2. the quality of being smooth and well mannered
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The guests marvelled at the suavity of the Master of Ceremonies who was able to liven up a dull party.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Morrissey has promised "a thundering bill of tight nerves and suavity."
    BBC, Morrissey to grace Wireless event, 25 March 2008.
     
    pulmonary [ PUHL-muh'-ner-ee  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to the lungs or like the lungs
    2. affecting the lungs
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had a pulmonary condition that could not be cured but had to be monitored and kept under control with appropriate treatment.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The researchers studied healthy male volunteers who had breathed a low oxygen atmosphere for 30 minutes to induce pulmonary hypertension.
    BBC, Viagra treats heart and lung disease, 23 July 2001.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    feign [ feyn ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to pretend or to give a fake impression of
    2. (tr. v.) to invent, fabricate or represent falsely
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He feigned illness in order to avoid having to go to school.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The sympathy was not feigned: most European leaders know they would struggle to win a referendum on Lisbon.
    Economist, The unanimity problem, Jun 26th 2008
     
    abyss [ uh'-BIS ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an immeasurably deep chasm, space or cavity
    2. the region of evil spirits; hell
    3. anything infinite, unfathomable or profound
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Severely depressed people often have a feeling of being trapped in a deep abyss.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Rather than presenting an obstacle, House Republicans intend to use the full force of our ideas to help Democrats produce a better package to help pull the country back from the economic abyss.
    CNN, Commentary: Big risk in Obama's economic stimulus plan, By Rep. Eric Cantor, January 18, 2009
     
    equilibrium [ ee-kwuh'-LIB-ree-uh' m, ek-wuh'-  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. poise or a state or condition of balance
    2. mental balance or equanimity
    3. equality between opposing forces
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was committed to the asylum because he had lost his mental equilibrium.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     To the extent to which the homes are purchased by people intending to live in them, or improve them and rent them out, it can be a very important part of bringing the market back into equilibrium.
    The washington Post, Benefiting From the Bust, Alejandro Lazo, 21 February 2009
     
    intervene [ in-ter-VEEN ]
     intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to interfere in other peoples affairs
    2. to mediate
    3. to come between or lie between
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The pastor was called to intervene between the two dissenting families.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Linda Carty, a British citizen on Death Row in Texas, has called on Gordon Brown to intervene in her case and help save her from lethal injection.
    The Telegraph, Briton on Death Row in US appeals to Gordon Brown to intervene, Tom Leonard, 10 September 2009.
     
    secession [ si-SESH-uh'n  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. to formally withdraw from a political union or alliance
    2. break away from or cease to be associated with
    3. the act or instance of quitting
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Territorial Council claimed that secession was legally constitutional and would take the demand for a separate Bodo state in Assam into consideration.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The national and presidential elections are a crucial step in the 2005 north-south peace deal that ended a 21-year civil war and paves the way for a referendum when southerners would decide whether they will opt for secession from the Muslim-dominated north.
    The Telegraph, Sudan's opposition parties withdraw from elections, 1 April 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  12. #1232
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    glower [ GLOU-er ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to scowl or stare with anger
    2. (n.) an annoyed or resentful look
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The comedian's spoof on the Father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi made the people in the audience glower.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     When I go for my morning walk, I glower at any vehicle in my stride; an hour later on the same stretch, the equation is totally reversed.
    THE TIMES OF INDIA, Run over by life? Get streetsmart, 16 Dec 2007, Bachi Karkaria
     
    affinity [ uh'-FIN-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a natural attraction to a person, thing, idea etc
    2. an inherent likeness or agreement between persons and things
    3. relationship by marriage or by other ties
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He had an affinity towards people who shared his love for antique hunting.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Obama demonstrates an easy affinity with pop culture that suggests music is actually important to him.
    Telegraph, Barack Obama had all the best tunes, 06 Nov 2008
     
    equipoise [ EE-kwuh'-poiz, EK-wuh'-  ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) an equilibrium or even balance
    2. (n.) a counterpoise
    3. (tr.v.) to balance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Once the will was read, it became clear that the property was not divided with equipoise.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The US system of competitive equipoise, as they call it, is far from perfect.
    Telegraph, Sport is about big spirits, not big spenders, Ed Smith, 7 February 2009
     
    alimentary [ al-uh'-MEN-tuh'-ree ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. nutritive
    2. pertaining to food or nutrition
    3. providing nourishment, sustenance or maintenance
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The natives were radiantly healthy due to the alimentary food that was available on the island.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It even mimics the stomach contractions which are used to break up food, and send it on its way along the alimentary canal.
    BBC, Scientists create artificial gut, 10 November 2006.
     
    unprecedented [ uhn-PRES-i-den-tid  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. unparalleled or without having been previously experienced
    2. unique or not having any previous example
    3. exceptional
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The unprecedented rise in the share price of certain companies, just before the announcement of a rights issue to raise capital, is being investigated by SEBI.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Brown is hoping to lead Labour to an unprecedented fourth consecutive term in office.
    CNN, UK parliament dissolves ahead of vote, 12 April 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    goad [ gohd ]
     noun, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to provoke, prod or urge into action
    2. (n.) a stimulus or a painful object used to urge
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Shepherds in Scotland use a goad to drive cattle.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Polo gave to the age of exploration that followed the marvels of the East, the strange customs, the fabulous riches, the tribes with gold teeth. It was a Book of Dreams, an incentive, a goad.
    NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC, Extreme Classics: The 100 Greatest Adventure Books of All Time, Travels, by Marco Polo (1298)
     
    ambience [ AM-bee-uh' ns; Fr. ahn*-BYAHN*S ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     atmosphere, feeling or mood associated with a place, person or thing
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ambience of the restaurant is designed to make it more welcoming and cosy.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A bigger audience, a warmer ambience - Napier University's Sonic Fusion Festival, whatever its earlier shortcomings, ended with a flourish.
    The Herald, Research Ensemble, Canongate Kirk, Edinburgh, CONRAD WILSON, October 01 2008
     
    feint [ feynt  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a trick, wile or sham
    2. (n.) a feigned blow to take one's opponent off his/her guard
    3. (intr.v.) to make a feint
    4. (tr.v.) to deceive, distract or lure with a feint
    5. (tr.v.) to simulate or pretend
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     A feint to the left, a jab from the right requires good coordination.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     But it was a feint, to distract attention from a helicopter borne landing by a battalion of the US 82nd Airborne Division from Task Force Fury to the north of the town
    Telegraph, NATO confirms control of Musa Qala, Sarah Radford, 11 December 2007
     
    retrograde [ RE-truh'-greyd ]
     adjective, intransitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1.(adj.) reverting to an earlier condition
    2. (adj.) opposite or in reverse to the usual order
    3. (intr. v.) to degenerate or decline or move to an inferior state
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctor advised him to give up his retrograde outlook on life and become more future oriented.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     She added that it would be a "retrograde step" if moves towards greater autonomy for Cornwall now gathered pace.
    The Telegraph, Cornish street signs to be translated, Richard Savill, 12 November 2009.
     
    tempestuous [ tem-PES-choo-uh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. pertaining to, resembling or characterized by a violent windstorm
    2. tumultuous or turbulent
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Fishermen were warned not to venture out to sea as tempestuous weather was expected during the next twenty-four hour period.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Yet Machin, in the course of a tempestuous relationship, is gradually revealed as more sensitive and gentler in his awkward wooing than we might have suspected.
    BBC, Top 10 film performances: Rachel Roberts, 5 March 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    fickle [ FIK-uh' l ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     inconstant, changeable or lacking steadfastness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The fickle weather in Darjeeling means that residents carry an umbrella with them at all times, even on apparently bright, sunny days.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     That much of Eurostat's predicted boom comes from immigration makes it even wobblier, since migration flows depend heavily on economic circumstances, as well as on fickle changes in politics and migration law.
    Economist, Multiplying and arriving, Aug 28th 2008
     
    condolence [ kuh' n-DOH-luh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. expression of sympathy with someone who has been through a lot of pain, grief or misfortune
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Condolences were offered by the Maj. General to the widows of army men.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A spokesman for Great Ormond Street Hospital said: "The trust offers its sincere condolences to the family on this tragic death."
    Telegraph, Premature baby who suffered suspected glucose overdose has died, 03 Feb 2009
     
    flop [ flop  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr.v.) to lie down or fall noisily
    2. (intr.v.) to fail completely
    3. (tr.v.) to fall or drop noisily
    4. (n.) an instance or act of flopping
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She flopped down on the bench.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Alamo has all the ingredients of a flop, that is "a film that fails at the box office, and with critics and audiences."
    BBC, What makes a film flop? Tom Bishop, 13, April 2004
     
    discrepancy [ di-SKREP-uh'n-see ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. difference
    2. an instance of inconsistency or disagreement
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There was a huge discrepancy in the profit statement presented by the CFO at the shareholders meeting and the auditors report.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Underlying this variety of experience was the discrepancy between the limited economic opportunities available on the land and the attractions of the towns or colonies.
    BBC, The Rural Exodus, Mike Winstanley, 5 November 2009.
     
    heterodox [ HET-er-uh'-doks  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. not in accordance with established beliefs or opinions
    2. not in agreement with accepted theological doctrines
    3. holding or having unorthodox opinions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was unperturbed even though the community frowned on his heterodox behaviour.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Chicago, Friedman noted, was "a new, raw city bursting with energy, far less sophisticated than New York, but for that very reason far more tolerant of diversity, of heterodox ideas."
    CNN, Excerpt: 'Bellow: A Biography', James Atlas, 27 November 2000,
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  15. #1235
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    coterie [ KOH-tuh'-ree ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a faction or group of people with a similar interest or purpose; a clique
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The coterie of astronomers, physicists and engineers feel that the day of mass space tourism is not far away.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     For, in the imaginations of a coterie of physicists, biologists and engineers, an alternative world is taking shape.
    The Economist, The future of energy, Jun 19th 2008
     
    coniferous [ koh'-NIF-er-uh' s, kuh'- ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. of or pertaining to trees that have needle or scale-like leaves. cone bearing trees
    2. bearing cones
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Coniferous forests are mainly found in Canada.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     A spokeswoman for Bangor University said the coniferous trees would be replaced by native species.
    BBC, Landmark tree cross to be felled, 11 June 2008
     
    gregarious [ gri-GAIR-ee-uh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. sociable or tending to enjoy the company of others
    2. living in or pertaining to herds or flocks
    3. (of plants) growing in colonies or clusters
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The gregarious mariner enjoyed telling people of his exploits at sea.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Normally gregarious Iranians are afraid to speak in public places for fear that their words might be misinterpreted and relayed back to the authorities.
    BBC, Iran learns from past to crush dissent, 9 July 2009
     
    doctrinaire [ DOK-truh'-NAIR ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1.(n.) an impractical theorist
    2. (n.) a person who tries to apply some doctrine or theory without sufficient attention to its practicality
    3. (adj.) fanatical or dogmatic
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The doctrinaire project manager was driving the engineers crazy with his impractical plan of action.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Doctrinaire Marxists, of whom there were many in the Labour Party, regarded the nuclear family as a doomed bourgeois institution.
    The Telegraph, At last, a common-sense approach to family values from David Cameron's Conservatives, 9 October 2009.
     
    conversant [ kuh'n-VUR-suh'nt  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. familiar because of use or study
    2. proficient or skilled
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     After working in the pharmacy for over a year he had become conversant with the names of medicines.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Any medical practitioner is extremely aware of the complexity of abortion and the issue of the termination of a pregnancy and would only consider any practice in this area if they were fully conversant with the laws and if they were acting in a proper clinical manner,' said Dr Hansel.
    The Telegraph, Cheating consultant branded pregnant lover 'mad', 7 October 2009.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  16. #1236
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    disdain [ dis-DEYN, di-STEYN ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a feeling of hate or contempt
    2. (tr. v.)to treat contemptuously or scornfully
    3. (tr.v.) to regard as inferior or unworthy of taking notice of
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     His overtures to her were met with disdain.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In a more controlled environment like debates he can get exasperated and has no problem showing his disdain for certain rivals -- most notably Mitt Romney during the Republican primary debates.
    ABCNews, McCain Vs. Obama Offers Contrast in Style, John Whitesides, September 24, 2008
     
    ambivalence [ am-BIV-uh'-luh' ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     simultaneously desire or feel two conflicting emotions at the same time
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The ambivalence often experienced by people leads to indecision.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Investors' ambivalence about earnings reports gave Wall Street a mixed performance Friday.
    abcNews, Dow struggles with weak profits, but Google lifts tech, By Stephen Bernard And Tim Paradis, AP Business Writer
     
    frenetic [ fruh'-NET-ik  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     frantic, desperate or frenzied
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     With just a few minutes to go, the frenetic crowd cheered the home team to score.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     These laid back islands are a world away form the frenetic glamour of Miami Beach.
    CNN, Insider tips to make the most of Miami, 4 December 2008
     
    intoxicate [ v. in-TOK-si-keyt; adj. in-TOK-suh'-kit ]
     adjective, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to temporarily affect with diminished capacity by means of alcohol or drugs
    2. (tr. v.) to exhilarate or enthuse
    3. (intr. v.) to cause or produce diminished capacity
    4 (adj.) stupefied
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The rich old man was completely intoxicated and had to be carried home.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Tom Hanks and Julia Roberts are among those who create such a genial air in the interrogation room, they intoxicate the reporter.
    BBC, What really goes on in star interviews, Robert Nisbet, 4 April 2003.
     
    anthropomorphic [ an-thruh'-puh'-MAWR-fik  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. ascribing human form or attributes to a deity or god
    2. resembling or made to look like the human form
    3. providing human form or characteristics to a non human
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The artist had created a colourful assortment of anthropomorphic animals to be used in an animated film for children.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Thus, Gawaine's ultimate subjugation of the feminine is glorified by a Celtic token- an uneasy alliance of misogyny and the pre-Christian worship of anthropomorphic deities.
    BBC, King Arthur, 16 April 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  17. #1237
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    charlatan [ SHAHR-luh'-tn ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a person who pretends to possess more knowledge or skill than he or she possesses
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The field of astrology is filled with charlatans.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He is an authentic legend in a game that now breeds herds of the charlatan variety.
    The Herald, Rush: Scots have what it takes to reach finals, HUGH MacDONALD, September 06 2008
     
    affluence [ AF-loo-uh'ns or, often, uh'-FLOO-uh'ns ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. an abundance of money or property
    2. a flowing to or towards a point
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The general affluence of the elite ensures that their homes are well taken care of.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The island's relative affluence represents a dramatic turnaround from where things were heading in the early 1990s.
    National Geographic, Thai Village Trades Illegal Fishers for Ecotourists, Stefan Lovgren in Koh Yao Noi, Thailand, December 19, 2005
     
    fringe [ frinj  ]
     noun, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a decorative edge or border that has hanging cords and strips
    2. (n.) a periphery or edge
    3. (tr.v.) to furnish or decorate with a fringe
    4. (tr.v.) to form a fringe or border for
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     She styled her hair with a cute little fringe covering her forehead.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     People also reported other fringe benefits such as better general health and reduced weight and smoking.
    BBC, Football therapy - for the mentally ill, Jane Elliott, 29 September 2008
     
    anathema [ uh'-NATH-uh'-muh' ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a person or object loathed
    2. a curse of divine punishment
    3. a person who is damned
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The topic of religion was anathema to the atheist.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The very thought that parents may know best is anathema to this Government, which insists that one system suits all.
    The Telegraph, The man in Whitehall doesn't know best about education, 29 November 2009.
     
    hail [ heyl  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to greet, salute or acclaim enthusiastically
    2. (tr. v.) to call out so as to attract attention
    3. (tr. v.) to pour down or shower with
    4. (intr. v.) to call out a greeting
    5. (n.) a greeting or salutation
    6. (n.) a shout or call to draw attention
    7. (n.) a showery precipitation in the form of irregular pellets of ice or a shower of anything that falls like pellets of ice
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     He was hailed as a mighty warrior throughout the land.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He will hail the ''experience, judgment and boldness'' of his successor in Number 10, Gordon Brown, and the ''decisive action'' the Prime Minister took to deal with the economic crisis.
    The Telegraph, General Election 2010: Tony Blair to hail Gordon Brown's leadership, 30 March 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  18. #1238
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    abomination [ uh'-bom-uh'-NEY-shuh'n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. abhorrence, detestation or disgust
    2. the cause of abhorrence or wickedness
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The corruption among the police forces who are supposedly the guardians and protectors of citizens of our country is an abomination.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     There was the abomination of rights-abusing countries such as Zimbabwe, Saudi Arabia and Cuba gaining leadership positions on the Human Rights Commission.
    CNN, Bush should use recess appointment power carefully, Noah S. Leavitt, July 4, 2005
     
    accessory [ ak-SES-uh'-ree ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) a subordinate or supplementary item, object or the like used mainly for convenience, attractiveness, safety etc
    2. (n.) something that is not essential but desirable that contributes to completeness, convenience, attractiveness
    3. (adj.) one who aids or abets a lawbreaker in the commission of a crime but is not present at the time of the crime
    4. (adj.) something that is supplementary, secondary or subordinate in function
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The mask is kept as an accessory rather than as a principal prop.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Trainers made from recycled bus seat covers and tyres have proved an unusual fashion accessory.
    BBC, Trainers made from old bus parts, 7 January 2009
     
    grievous [ GREE-vuh's  ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. causing sorrow
    2. atrocious or outrageous
    3. onerous, burdensome or oppressive
    4. grave or serious
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Because of the grievous negligence of the supervisor, a worker lost his hand in an accident.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The German people, unarmed and unsuspecting, were taken at a grievous disadvantage and the Belgian expeditionary force sustained by the whole might of Israel might easily have captured Berlin if Corporal Adolf Hitler had not stood in its path at the critical moment.
    Telegraph, Germany's use of tactics of encirclement - June 22, 1939, Right Hon Winston Churchill, 22 June 2009
     
    cupidity [ kyoo-PID-i-tee ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. excessive desire for riches
    2. avarice or greed for riches
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When the banks foreclosed on his loan, he realised that it was his cupidity that landed him in trouble.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The navy's management of the ferry, they say, was loose, the vessel was overloaded with people and freight, and there was negligence and cupidity.
    BBC, Senegal navy head sacked, 15 October 2002.
     
    droop [ droop  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (intr. v.) to sag, bend or hang downward
    2. (tr. v.) to let sag
    3. (n.) the act of sagging or bending downward
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     When plants do not get sufficient water, they droop and wither away.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     In College Park, Maryland, snow-laden power lines drooped onto branches, causing power failures.
    CNN, 'Snowmageddon' slams mid-Atlantic; utilities race to restore power, 7 February 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

  19. #1239
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    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    dotage [ DOH-tij ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     a mental decline associated with old age or senility
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     In their dotage, people are apt to behave like children.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     It's a tribute to the school teacher's hold on us that many people can still remember the name of their class VI math teacher in their dotage, long after they have forgotten their algebra.
    The Times Of India, The power of the school teacher, 26 Dec 2005
     
    diadem [  DAHY-uh'-dem ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. a crown
    2. royal dignity or power
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The Ravenclaw diadem was suspected to be one of the horcruxes in the Harry Potter series.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Royal blue sapphires in ruffled petals studded in a dazzling diadem.
    The Times of India, 'I live in the moment', by Chitra Sanam, 29 Dec 2006
     
    flout [ flout  ]
     noun, intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr.v.) to mock or treat with contempt
    2. (intr.v.) to mock or be scornful
    3. (n.) an insult or contemptuous remark
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Traffic signals are regularly flouted in the absence the traffic police.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Thousands of drivers are continuing to flout mobile phone laws, despite higher fines and penalty points on licences, according to police.
    BBC, Drivers flout mobile phone laws, 9 September 2007
     
    embitter [ em-BIT-er ]
     transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. to make unpleasantly sharp, acrid or pungent
    2. to make more unpleasant
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The consultant warned the management that imposing further restrictions on the workers would only embitter the already disgruntled labour force.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     He said the development of the Gilo settlement would only embitter the Palestinians, endangering the wilting Middle East peace process and ultimately Israel's security itself.
    The Telegraph, Barack Obama: new Israel homes 'very dangerous' for peace. Adrian Blomfield, 18 November 2009.
     
    ignite [ ig-NAHYT  ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to light, kindle, set fire to or cause to burn
    2. (tr. v.) to excite or arouse the passion of
    3. (intr. v.) to begin to burn
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Smoking is forbidden at petrol pumps because petrol fumes might get ignited and cause an explosion.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The device had been carefully prepared, it had been transported to the scene, it had been taken into the building and the fuse had been ignited.
    BBC, Court hears Michael Stone appeal, 24 March 2010.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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    Post Daily Word List from TestFunda - 5 new words a day

    Vocabulary Flashcards | Vocabulary Test
    deleterious [ del-i-TEER-ee-uh' s ]
     adjective ]
     MEANING :
     harmful or detrimental to health
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Tobacco has had a deleterious effect on the youth of this country.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Patients with cystic fibrosis have a high risk for GER and gastric aspiration, he added, "and this seems to be associated with more cough and poorer lung function, which suggests a deleterious role of reflux on cystic fibrosis lung disease."
    abcNEWS, Reflex May Trigger Cough in Cystic Fibrosis Patients, By David Douglas, August 13, 2008
     
    disapprobation [ dis-ap-ruh'-BEY-shuh' n ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. condemnation
    2. moral disapproval
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Disapprobation is the favourite weapon of the morally righteous.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     The Union government's disapprobation comes at a time when another child athlete Akash Mandal fainted after running 68 km in Mumbai on Sunday.
    The Times of India, Centre against under-16 running long distances, by Sandeep Mishra, 27 Sep 2006
     
    felon [ FEL-uh'n  ]
     noun, adjective ]
     MEANING :
     1. (n.) one who has committed a grave crime or felony
    2. (n.) (archaic) a villain
    3. (adj.) evil, wicked or cruel
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     There was a man-hunt organised to arrest the felon who had escaped from prison.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Nationwide, four million former felons cannot take part in the election.
    BBC, The sound and the fury, 31 October 2000
     
    converge [ kuh'n-VURJ ]
     intransitive verb, transitive verb ]
     MEANING :
     1. (tr. v.) to cause to come together or meet
    2. (intr. v.) to go toward or approach an intersecting point
    3. (intr. v.) to meet at a point or come together from different directions
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     The three main streets of the little town converged at the market place.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Seven Dials is a small but well-known road junction in the West End of London near Covent Garden where seven streets converge.
    Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Seven Dials, 25 November 2009.
     
    largess [ lahr-JES, LAHR-jis  ]
     noun ]
     MEANING :
     1. generosity of spirit
    2. a liberal of generous bestowal of gifts
     USAGE EXAMPLE 1 :
     Her largess in instituting a scholarship for needy students was applauded by the faculty.
     USAGE EXAMPLE 2 :
     Many people feel curiously uncomfortable if they're not slightly in the red, as if they haven't fully availed themselves of the bank's largess.
    The Telegraph, The latest Northern Rock investment hotspot, Rowan Pelling, 6 February 2008.
     
    Spelled Pronunciation Key
    Stress marks: [ CAPS ] indicates the primary stressed syllable,
    as in newspaper [NOOZ-pey-per ] and information [ in-fer-MEY-shuh' n ]
    CONSONANTS
    [b] boy, baby, rob
    [d] do, ladder, bed
    [f] food, offer, safe
    [g] get, bigger, dog
    [h] happy, ahead
    [j] jump, budget, age
    [k] can, speaker, stick
    [l] let, follow, still
    [m] make, summer, time
    [n] no, dinner, thin
    [ng] singer, think, long
    [p] put, apple, cup
    [r] run, marry, far, store
    [s] sit, city, passing, face
    [sh] she, station, push
    [t] top, better, cat
    [ch] church, watching, nature, witch
    [th] thirsty, nothing, math
    [th'] this, mother, breathe
    [v] very, seven, love
    [w] wear, away
    [hw] where, somewhat
    [y] yes, onion
    [z] zoo, easy, buzz
    [zh] measure, television, beige
     
    VOWELS
    [a] apple, can, hat
    [ey] aid, hate, day
    [ah] arm, father, aha
    [air] air, careful, wear
    [aw] all, or, talk, lost, saw
    [e] ever, head, get
    [ee] eat, see, need
    [eer] ear, hero, beer
    [er] teacher, afterward, murderer
    [i] it, big, finishes
    [ahy] I, ice, hide, deny
    [o] odd, hot, woffle
    [oh] owe, road, below
    [oo] ooze, food, soup, sue
    [oo'] good, book, put
    [oi] oil, choice, toy
    [ou] out, loud, how
    [uh] up, mother, mud
    [uh'] about, animal, problem, circus
    [ur] early, bird, stirring
     
    FOREIGN SOUNDS
    [a*] Fr. ami
    [kh*] Scot. loch, Ger. ach or ich
    [o] Fr. feu, Ger. schn
    [r*] Fr. au revoir, Yiddish rebbe
    [uh*] Fr. oeuvre
    [y*] Fr. tu, Ger. ber
     
    SAMPLE NASALIZED VOWELS
    [an*] Fr. bien
    [ahn*] Fr. croissant
    [awn*] Fr. bon
    [on*] Fr. parfum
    [in*] Port. Principe

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