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  1. #1
    Virtuoso Rajasekaran's Avatar
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    Default CAT2011 Verbal Ability Thread

    Hello All

    I am starting a new Verbal Ability (VA) thread for CAT2011. The aim behind it is to discuss everything under VA except the RCs.Let us post every doubt related to VA that we have ever had, everything that we were afraid or should I say reluctant to ask.

    Rules of this thread

    1. Give a number to each question posted.

    2. While answering, give the question no. As far as possible, refrain from quoting the whole question.

    3. The official solution to a question should be posted, before proceeding to the next one.

    4. Dont post only for thanking someone. Instead, use the 'Thanks' button.


    I hope everyone will adhere to the rules, and will keep the thread clean & legible, so that everyone benefits from it.

    Come on guys, lets make it a success

    P.S: Copy Paste from tusharsem 2010 VA forum

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  3. #2
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    Default Question#1

    1) Potato cyst nematodes are a pest of potato crops. The nematodes can lie dormant for several years in their cysts, which are protective capsules, and do not emerge except in the presence of chemicals emitted by potato roots. A company that has identified the relevant chemicals is planning to market them to potato farmers to spread on their fields when no potatoes are planted; any nematodes that emerge will soon starve to death.
    Which of the following, if true, best supports the claim that the company’s plan will be successful?
    (A) Nematodes that have emerged from their cysts can be killed by ordinary pesticides.
    (B) The only part of a potato plant that a nematode eats is the roots.
    (C) Some bacteria commonly present in the roots of potatoes digest the chemicals that cause the nematodes to emerge from their cysts.
    (D) Trials have shown that spreading even minute quantities of the chemicals on potato fields caused nine-tenths of the nematodes present to emerge from their cysts.
    (E) The chemicals that cause the nematodes to emerge from their cysts are not emitted all the time the potato plant is growing.

    P.S: From older thread

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    Default Question#2

    2) It is better for the environment if as much of all packaging as possible is made from materials that are biodegradable in landfills. Therefore, it is always a change for the worse to replace packaging made from paper or cardboard with packaging made from plastics that are not biodegradable in landfills.
    Which of the following, if true, constitutes the strongest objection to the argument above?
    (A) The paper and cardboard used in packaging are usually not biodegradable in landfills.
    (B) Some plastic used in packaging is biodegradable in landfills.
    (C) In many landfills, a significant proportion of space is taken up by materials other than discarded packaging materials.
    (D) It is impossible to avoid entirely the use of packaging materials that are not biodegradable in landfills.
    (E) Sometimes, in packaging an item, plastics that are not biodegradable in landfills are combined with cardboard.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    1) Potato cyst nematodes are a pest of potato crops. The nematodes can lie dormant for several years in their cysts, which are protective capsules, and do not emerge except in the presence of chemicals emitted by potato roots. A company that has identified the relevant chemicals is planning to market them to potato farmers to spread on their fields when no potatoes are planted; any nematodes that emerge will soon starve to death.
    Which of the following, if true, best supports the claim that the company’s plan will be successful?
    (A) Nematodes that have emerged from their cysts can be killed by ordinary pesticides.
    (B) The only part of a potato plant that a nematode eats is the roots.
    (C) Some bacteria commonly present in the roots of potatoes digest the chemicals that cause the nematodes to emerge from their cysts.
    (D) Trials have shown that spreading even minute quantities of the chemicals on potato fields caused nine-tenths of the nematodes present to emerge from their cysts.
    (E) The chemicals that cause the nematodes to emerge from their cysts are not emitted all the time the potato plant is growing.

    P.S: From older thread



    i think Answer should be (D) ..!!

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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by harshil.agrawal View Post
    i think Answer should be (D) ..!!
    Explanation please.

    By the Way, your answer is correct.

    P.S: Please post answers along with explanations. It makes thing simpler

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    Great to see a Verbal Thread in place...
    CAT2011 : 99.97%ile
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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Question no.2)
    I think the answer is option (b)..

    The main point stressed or the theme covered in the paragraph is that plastics should not be used as packaging materials as they are not bio-degradable.
    The only valid option which seems to give a counter to the above argument is option (b) as it talks about some plastics being bio-degradable.

    Hope i am correct..

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    Red face

    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    2) It is better for the environment if as much of all packaging as possible is made from materials that are biodegradable in landfills. Therefore, it is always a change for the worse to replace packaging made from paper or cardboard with packaging made from plastics that are not biodegradable in landfills.
    Which of the following, if true, constitutes the strongest objection to the argument above?
    (A) The paper and cardboard used in packaging are usually not biodegradable in landfills.
    (B) Some plastic used in packaging is biodegradable in landfills.
    (C) In many landfills, a significant proportion of space is taken up by materials other than discarded packaging materials.
    (D) It is impossible to avoid entirely the use of packaging materials that are not biodegradable in landfills.
    (E) Sometimes, in packaging an item, plastics that are not biodegradable in landfills are combined with cardboard.
    i think the ans to ds ques is -D....

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    Thanks Raj for starting a Verbal thread, thats what I was waiting for....
    Please create one for RC too.

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    Quote Originally Posted by anjalig View Post
    Thanks Raj for starting a Verbal thread, thats what I was waiting for....
    Please create one for RC too.
    anjalig,

    Please post some nice questions in here.

    Will start for RC soon.

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    Quote Originally Posted by chaitanya_katta View Post
    I think the answer is option (b)..

    The main point stressed or the theme covered in the paragraph is that plastics should not be used as packaging materials as they are not bio-degradable.
    The only valid option which seems to give a counter to the above argument is option (b) as it talks about some plastics being bio-degradable.

    Hope i am correct..
    I remember reading that in order to Weaken/Strengthen an argument we must make the premise wrong not the conclusion.

    Here the word 'Therefore' seems to be intimating that a conclusion is derived from premise. I was confused between A and B initially. 'Some' in option B is too generic maybe that 1% is non degradable or even a very minute percentage.

    Based on that i will go with option A. Hope i am correct.


    Found the below explanation in a forum,

    I choose A too.

    (A) The paper and cardboard used in packaging are usually not biodegradable in landfills. -- usually not biodegradable is better contender

    (B) Some plastic used in packaging is biodegradable in landfills.
    -- Some, if we change the wording from some to most, then it wud also become strong contender.

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    Default Question#3

    Q#3:Mannis Corporation's archival records are stored in an obsolete format that is accessible only by its current computer system; thus they are inaccessible when that system is not functioning properly. In order to avoid the possibility of losing access to their archival records in the case of computer malfunction, Mannis plans to replace its current computer system with a new system that stores records in a format that is accessible to several different systems.

    The answer to which of the following questions would be most helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of the plan as a means of retaining access to the archival records?

    (A) Will the new computer system require fewer operators than the current system requires?

    (B) Has Mannis Corporation always stored its archival records in a computerized format?

    (C) Will the new computer system that Mannis plans ensure greater security for the records stored than does Mannis' current system?

    (D) Will Mannis' current collection of archival records be readily transferable to the new computer system?

    (E) Will the new computer system be able to perform many more tasks than the current system is able to perform?

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    Default Question#4

    Q#4:Last year the worldwide paper industry used over twice as much fresh pulp (pulp made directly from raw plant fibers) as recycled pulp (pulp made from wastepaper). A paper-industry analyst has projected that by 2010 the industry will use at least as much recycled pulp annually as it does fresh pulp, while using a greater quantity of fresh pulp than it did last year.

    If the information above is correct and the analyst's projections prove to be accurate, which of the following projections must also be accurate?

    (A) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much recycled pulp as it did last years.

    (B) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much total pulp as it did last year.

    (C) In 2010 the paper industry will produce more paper from a given amount of pulp than it did last year.

    (D) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make more paper that contains only recycled pulp.

    (E) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make less paper that contains only fresh pulp.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Q#3:Mannis Corporation's archival records are stored in an obsolete format that is accessible only by its current computer system; thus they are inaccessible when that system is not functioning properly. In order to avoid the possibility of losing access to their archival records in the case of computer malfunction, Mannis plans to replace its current computer system with a new system that stores records in a format that is accessible to several different systems.

    The answer to which of the following questions would be most helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of the plan as a means of retaining access to the archival records?

    (A) Will the new computer system require fewer operators than the current system requires?

    (B) Has Mannis Corporation always stored its archival records in a computerized format?

    (C) Will the new computer system that Mannis plans ensure greater security for the records stored than does Mannis' current system?

    (D) Will Mannis' current collection of archival records be readily transferable to the new computer system?

    (E) Will the new computer system be able to perform many more tasks than the current system is able to perform?

    Op D

    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Q#4:Last year the worldwide paper industry used over twice as much fresh pulp (pulp made directly from raw plant fibers) as recycled pulp (pulp made from wastepaper). A paper-industry analyst has projected that by 2010 the industry will use at least as much recycled pulp annually as it does fresh pulp, while using a greater quantity of fresh pulp than it did last year.

    If the information above is correct and the analyst's projections prove to be accurate, which of the following projections must also be accurate?

    (A) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much recycled pulp as it did last years.

    (B) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much total pulp as it did last year.

    (C) In 2010 the paper industry will produce more paper from a given amount of pulp than it did last year.

    (D) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make more paper that contains only recycled pulp.

    (E) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make less paper that contains only fresh pulp.
    OP A

    Gut Feeling,both cases,which is generally not right
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    Quote Originally Posted by shaunak_87 View Post

    Op D

    OP A
    Gut Feeling,both cases,which is generally not right
    Bingo dude. You got both correct. Explanation Please.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Q#3:Mannis Corporation's archival records are stored in an obsolete format that is accessible only by its current computer system; thus they are inaccessible when that system is not functioning properly. In order to avoid the possibility of losing access to their archival records in the case of computer malfunction, Mannis plans to replace its current computer system with a new system that stores records in a format that is accessible to several different systems.

    The answer to which of the following questions would be most helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of the plan as a means of retaining access to the archival records?

    (A) Will the new computer system require fewer operators than the current system requires?

    (B) Has Mannis Corporation always stored its archival records in a computerized format?

    (C) Will the new computer system that Mannis plans ensure greater security for the records stored than does Mannis' current system?

    (D) Will Mannis' current collection of archival records be readily transferable to the new computer system?

    (E) Will the new computer system be able to perform many more tasks than the current system is able to perform?


    confusion Btwn optn C & D.. why option C is not an ans.. any explanation..

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    Quote Originally Posted by harshil.agrawal View Post
    confusion Btwn optn C & D.. why option C is not an ans.. any explanation..
    Option C speaks about security which is not in the context of the paragraph.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Q#3:Mannis Corporation's archival records are stored in an obsolete format that is accessible only by its current computer system; thus they are inaccessible when that system is not functioning properly. In order to avoid the possibility of losing access to their archival records in the case of computer malfunction, Mannis plans to replace its current computer system with a new system that stores records in a format that is accessible to several different systems.

    The answer to which of the following questions would be most helpful in evaluating the effectiveness of the plan as a means of retaining access to Mannis' current collection of archival records ?

    (A) Will the new computer system require fewer operators than the current system requires?

    (B) Has Mannis Corporation always stored its archival records in a computerized format?

    (C) Will the new computer system that Mannis plans ensure greater security for the records stored than does Mannis' current system?

    (D) Will Mannis' current collection of archival records be readily transferable to the new computer system?

    (E) Will the new computer system be able to perform many more tasks than the current system is able to perform?
    correct answer is option D

    because first of all, we will check whether Mannis' current collection of archival records can be transferred to the new computer system or not.Then only it can be accessed by several different systems.
    Our main motive here is to evaluate the effectiveness of a plan so that we can retain access to the archival records.

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    Quote Originally Posted by harshil.agrawal View Post
    confusion Btwn optn C & D.. why option C is not an ans.. any explanation..
    Option C can't be the answer since we are not bothered about the security of the records in the context of the paragraph.We just want a plan so that we can retain access to the archival records

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    Q#4:Last year the worldwide paper industry used over twice as much fresh pulp (pulp made directly from raw plant fibers) as recycled pulp (pulp made from wastepaper). A paper-industry analyst has projected that by 2010 the industry will use at least as much recycled pulp annually as it does fresh pulp, while using a greater quantity of fresh pulp than it did last year.

    If the information above is correct and the analyst's projections prove to be accurate, which of the following projections must also be accurate?

    (A) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much recycled pulp as it did last years.

    (B) In 2010 the paper industry will use at least twice as much total pulp as it did last year.

    (C) In 2010 the paper industry will produce more paper from a given amount of pulp than it did last year.

    (D) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make more paper that contains only recycled pulp.

    (E) As compared with last year, in 2010 the paper industry will make less paper that contains only fresh pulp.

    option A is the correct answer

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