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  1. #1
    Virtuoso chin2parikh's Avatar
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    Thumbs up CAT 2011 New Official Verbal ability thread



    friends I could not find any active thread for Verbal ability so starting this thread. let's start The VA Preparation For CAT 2011 and use this thread regularly.

    RULES For Thread

    1) Give continuous number to each question.
    2) DO Not Spam.
    3) Do Not Post RC questions as there is separate thread for it.
    4) Please explain your answer. Don't just give keys.
    5) Put all your queries,Basic Fundamentals and Knowledge here so that we all can benefit.

    ALL THE BEST
    Last edited by chin2parikh; 25-Jun-11 at 11:19 PM.

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    Some Para Jumbles to Start with

    1.
    A. Senior Management are usually overwhelmed by the complexity of budget setting
    B. They are rather bored by the budget process
    C. It is a misconception that the budget is set by the senior management
    D. Senior managers jump at a chance to accept a budget analysis recommendation for budget changes
    A) CDAB B)CABD C)ABDC D) ABCD

    2.
    A. Risk stemming from fluctuation in exchange rate loans hover constantly on the horizon of foreign investment
    B. In view of higher risk, a firm contemplating foreign investment would naturallly expect a higher rate of return
    C. A multinational company may be accused of profiteering, even when it may simply be following the sound financial practice of asking a high rate of return commensurate with risks charactering the project
    D. In addition, foreign investment is subject to discriminatory treatment and selection control in various forms
    A) ADBC B) CDBA C)ACBD D) BACD

    3)
    A. Passivity is not, of course, universal.
    B. In areas where there are no lords or laws, or in frontier zones where all men go armed, the attitude of the peasantry may well be different.
    C. So indeed it may be on the fringe of the un-submissive.
    D. However, for most of the soil-bound peasants the problem is not whether to be normally passive or active, but when to pass from one state to another.
    E. This depends on an assessment of the political situation.
    1. BEDAC 2. CDABE 3. EDBAC 4. ABCDE

    4)A. Michael Hofman, a poet and translator, accepts this sorry fact without approval or complaint.
    B. But thanklessness and impossibility do not daunt him.
    C. He acknowledges too – in fact he returns to the point often – that best translators of poetry always fail at some level.
    D. Hofman feels passionately about his work, and this is clear from his writings.
    E. In terms of the gap between worth and rewards, translators come somewhere near nurses and street-cleaners.

    1. EACDB 2. ADEBC 3. EACBD 4. DCEAB

    5)
    A. The situations in which violence occurs and the nature of that violence tends to be clearly defined at least in theory, as in the proverbial Irishman’s question: ‘Is this a private fight or can anyone join in?’
    B. So the actual risk to outsiders, though no doubt higher than our societies, is calculable.
    C. Probably the only uncontrolled applications of force are those of social superiors to social inferiors and even here there are probably some rules.
    D. However binding the obligation to kill, members of feuding families engaged in mutual massacre will be genuinely appalled if by some mischance a bystander or outsider is killed.
    1. DABC 2. ACDB 3. CBAD 4. DBAC

    Post your Answers

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    people waiting for your answers. where are all????

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    Default my answers are:

    1cabd 2adbc 3bedac 4eacbd 5acdb

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    Default Please provide the answers

    Please provide the answers
    thanks,
    Namrta

  9. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Namrta View Post
    Please provide the answers
    thanks,
    Namrta
    Official Answers.

    1- B CABD
    2-C ACBD
    3-4 ABCDE
    4-3 EACBD
    5-1 DABC

    Feel free to post if in doubt

  10. #7
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    Another Set

    (6) A. To much of the Labour movement, it symbolises the brutality of the upper
    classes.
    B. And to everybody watching, the current mess over foxhunting symbolises the
    government's weakness.
    C. To foxhunting's supporters, Labour's 1991 manifesto commitment to ban it
    symbolises the party's metropolitan roots and hostility to the countryside.
    D. Small issues sometimes have large symbolic power.
    E. To those who enjoy thundering across the countryside in red coats after foxes,
    foxhunting symbolises the ancient roots of rural lives.
    1. DEACB 2 ECDBA 3. CEADB 4. DBAEC

    (7) A. In the case of King Merolchazzar's courtship of the Princess of the Outer Isles,
    there occurs a
    regrettable hitch.
    B. She acknowledges the gifts, but no word of a meeting date follows.
    C. The monarch, hearing good reports of a neighbouring princess, dispatches
    messengers with gifts to her
    court, beseeching an interview.
    D. The princess names a date, and a formal meeting takes place; after that
    everything buzzes along pretty smoothly.
    E. Royal love affairs in olden days were conducted on the correspondence method.
    1. ACBDE 2. ABCDE 3. ECDAB 4. ECBAD

    (8)A. Who can trace to its first beginnings the love of Damon for Pythias, of David for
    Jonathan, of Swan for Edgar?
    B. Similarly with men.
    C. There is about great friendships between man and man a certain inevitability that
    can only be compared with the age-old association of ham and eggs.
    D. One simply feels that it is one of the things that must be so.
    E. No one can say what was the mutual magnetism that brought the deathless
    partnership of these wholesome and palatable foodstuffs about.
    1. ACBED 2. CEDBA 3. ACEBD 4. CEABD

    expecting more people to participate. Come on people only 3.5-4 Months to CAT.

  11. #8
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    hi chin2parikh,

    Please verify my answers.

    A#6) Statement D seems to come either at start or at end. So only option A suits it. Flow of the option too remains plausible.

    A#7) Passage flow, Usually X happens and Y follows but some with exception Z.

    The sentence E can be either start or end of passage. Now to go with the flow C then D follows, But in case of king so & so A statement B follows.
    option 3 ECDAB seems suitable.

    A#8) Going with the flow of the passage,

    X&Y sticks together; Similarly Z's too.

    They are talking about Ham & Egg's in C, so E must follow logically.
    Sentence B say's similarity to eggs and hams relation so example for this similarity A follows B.

    Only CEDBA seems applicable.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rajasekaran View Post
    hi chin2parikh,

    Please verify my answers.

    A#6) Statement D seems to come either at start or at end. So only option A suits it. Flow of the option too remains plausible.

    A#7) Passage flow, Usually X happens and Y follows but some with exception Z.

    The sentence E can be either start or end of passage. Now to go with the flow C then D follows, But in case of king so & so A statement B follows.
    option 3 ECDAB seems suitable.

    A#8) Going with the flow of the passage,

    X&Y sticks together; Similarly Z's too.

    They are talking about Ham & Egg's in C, so E must follow logically.
    Sentence B say's similarity to eggs and hams relation so example for this similarity A follows B.

    Only CEDBA seems applicable.
    Hi raj good start.will post official answers by tomorrow afternoon as waiting for some more people to post answers so that we can have good group.

  14. #10
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    Official Answers set-2

    6-A
    7-3
    8-2.
    All right raj.

    Another set at night.

  15. #11
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    Now Before we go ahead with PJ here are some basic rules to be followed while solving PJ questions. This rules are very important one and should be learned by heart. These rules were previously given by Subodh Kant many thanks to him.

    RULE NO:1


    Acronym Approach – full form vs short form

    In PJ we encounter full and short names some times acronymes of some term or institution. ex-

    World Trade Organisation - WTO

    Dr. Manmohan Singh - Dr. Singh

    Karl Marx - Marx

    President George W. Bush - President bush or the president

    The rule is that if both full form as well as short form is present in different sentences, then the sentence containing full form will come before the sentence containing short form

    here is an example -

    A. If you are used to having your stimulation come in from outside, your mind never develops its own habits of thinking and reflecting

    B. Marx thought that religion was the opiate, because it soothed people's pain and suffering and prevented them from rising in rebellion

    C. If Karl Marx was alive today, he would say that television is the opiate of the people.

    D. Television and similar entertainments are even more of an opiate because of their addictive tendencies.

    a. BACD b. ADBC c. BDCA d. CBDA

    Sentence B has Marx (short Form) and sentence C has Karl Marx (Full form). So C will come before B. now look at the options. In a, b and c B is placed before C - hence rejected. D is the right answer.
    Last edited by chin2parikh; 02-Jul-11 at 7:03 PM.

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    Rule No-2

    Time Sequence Approach (TSA) – either dates or time sequence indicating words

    Be aware of the time indication either by giving years - or by using time indicating words. Arrange the sentences using their proper time sequence.

    Here are a few time sequence indicating words -

    Before after later when

    Example

    5. A. Then two astronomers—the German, Johannes Kepler, and the Italian, Galileo Galilei—started publicly to support the Copernican theory, despite the fact that the orbits it predicted did not quite match the ones observed.
    B. His idea was that the sun was stationary at the centre and that the earth and the planets move in circular orbits around the sun.
    C. A simple model was proposed in 1514 by a Polish priest, Nicholas Copernicus.
    D. Nearly a century passed before this idea was taken seriously.

    a. CDBA b. CBDA c. BCAD d. CADB

    First look at the oldest year present which is 1514 in sentence C. so C will be the first sentence. C must be followed by B as it explains the idea of NICHOLAS. so CB is the link and answer is CBDA.

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    RULE-3

    Examples – after an hypothesis or theory

    If any sentence is working as an example - place it after (not necessarily just after) the idea or theory it explains. because one has to explain the idea.


    See this example.

    3. A. The potential exchanges between the officials of IBBF and the Maharashtra Body-Building Association has all the trappings of a drama we are accustomed to.
    B. In the case of sportsperson, there is room for some sympathy, but the apathy of the administrators, which has even led to sanctions from international bodies, is unpardonable.
    C. A case in the point is the hefty penalty of US $10,000 slapped on the Indian Body-Building Federation for not fulfilling its commitment for holding the Asian Championships in Mumbai in October.
    D. It is a matter of deep regret and concern that the sports administrators often cause more harm to the image of the country than sportsmen and sportswomen do through their dismal performances.
    a. CABD b. DBCA c. DABC d. CDBA

    Here C is an example of D. So it will come after D. Only option b and c remains. Now go by ACRONYM Method discussed earlier. (IBBF in A. and Indian Body-Building Federation in C.) C will come before A. So only b remains.

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    Rule No-4- THE ARTICLES

    Atricles can be divided into two categorie - definite (the) and indefinite (a and an). when the author uses 'a / an' - he want to make a general statement - want to introduce the noun followed by a/an for the first time but when he uses 'the' he want to refer back to some previously discussed noun.

    It means having 'the' is very unlikely in the opening sentence.

    If 'a/an' and 'the' both are used for the same noun then the sentence containing 'the' will come after the sentence containing a/an.

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    Rule No-5 The Noun-Pronoun Method

    1. Pronoun - whenever will come - will come in the immediate sentence containing respective noun.
    i. e. a sequence can be like this

    Noun
    Pronoun
    pronoun
    Pronoun

    or like

    Noun
    Pronoun
    .............. no pronoun
    Noun
    Pronoun

    i.e. the pronun sequence will continue till it is halted by a break (i.e. a sentence containing no pronoun) then if necessary it will start with the noun again. We can't write pronoun after a break. It is not a correct form of writing.

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    RULE NO-6-The Opening Sentence



    Identify the opening sentence of the jumbled paragraph.It will have following characteristics.


    1. It will introduce an idea first hand.

    2. In most of the cases it will use indefinite article a/an. i.e. if both definite and indefinite articles are used for the same noun then the sentence containing noun with indefinite article a/an will come first (may be opening sentence).

    3.The sentence can stand alone

    4. It will not have pronouns (exception: if respective noun is not mentioned anywhere)

    5.It will not have contrast words / or words indicating continuation / or words like hence , therefore, so,

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    Rule No-7-Key Word Approach


    Key Words Approach KWA (helpful for 6 sentences) – Some words will be repeated in two consecutive sentences.
    In most of the cases we repeat some important words of one sentence in the sentence that follows.

    hence if you are seeing any important (not like he, she, that, is, are type) then chances are that these two sentences will be consecutive. Remember it gives you an idea that which sentences can be consecutive but for CA or AC you have to look for some other clue or meaning.

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    RULE NO-8- Indicating Word Approach


    take care of words that indicate something helpful to decide sequence.

    Some words indicates some specific nature of sentences that will come before or that will follow

    Look for the words like

    But
    So
    Therefore
    And
    However

    think what they are indicating

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    Rule No-9-structure Approach

    Structure Approach SA – link sentences logically i.e.

    Link the sentences logically i.e. see what is the role played by a specific sentence -

    Premise
    Conclusion
    Support
    Example
    Continuation

    and then search for some proper sentence thet should come before or the one which will follow

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    Rule No-10-Signal word List


    Writers use transitions to link their ideas logically. These transitions or signal words are clues that can help you figure out what the sentence actually means and its sequence. Para-jumble sentences often contain several signal words, combining them in complex ways.

    NOTE: The list given below is not a comprehensive list. You must collect the signal words while reading.

    Cause and Effect Signals

    Look for words or phrases explicitly indicating that one thing causes another or logically determines another.

    accordingly
    in order to
    because
    so...that
    consequently
    therefore
    given
    thus
    hence
    when...then
    if...then

    Support Signal Words

    Look for the words or phrases supporting a given sentences. These words containing sentences will not be the opening sentence. These sentences will follow immediately the sentence supported.

    furthermore
    additionally
    also
    and
    too
    as well
    besides
    indeed
    likewise
    moreover




    Contrast Signals (Explicit)

    (Precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication.)

    Look for function words or phrases (conjunctions, sentence adverbs, etc.) that explicitly indicate a contrast between one idea and another, setting up a reversal of a thought.

    albeit
    nevertheless
    although
    nonetheless
    but
    notwithstanding
    despite
    on the contrary
    even though
    on the other hand however
    rather than
    In contrast
    still
    In spite of
    while
    Instead of
    yet


    Contrast Signals (Implicit)

    (Implied though not directly expressed; inherent in the nature of something)

    Look out for words which indicates contrast or turn a situation or something unexpected possibly even unwanted, has occurred.

    anomaly
    anomalous
    anomalously
    illogic
    illogical
    illogically
    incongruity
    incongruous
    incongruously
    irony
    ironic
    ironically
    paradox
    paradoxical
    paradoxically
    surprise
    surprising
    surprisingly
    unexpected
    unexpectedly


    Time sequence indicating words

    Before
    after
    later
    when

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